Office of Community CorrectionsThe Office of Community Corrections (OCC) within Field Operations Administration of the MDOC administers Public Act 511 passed in 1988. The goal of the Act is to reduce prison commitments through a State grant programs for community-based sanctions and services.
OCC works in cooperation with local governments to reduce admissions to prison, improve local jail utilization, improve rehabilitative services to offenders and strengthen offender accountability.
Local governments apply for grants by establishing community corrections advisory boards which develop comprehensive corrections plans. The plans identify local policies and practices, as well as programs and services which will help achieve their goals.
OCC requires each community corrections advisory board to identify linkages with Michigan Works! agencies, the local Substance Abuse Coordinating Agency, the local community health departments, local school districts and other agencies to help provide cost-effective and non-duplicated services to offenders.
The State Community Corrections Board reviews the local comprehensive community corrections plans and applications them makes recommendations to the Director of the MDOC. The Director then makes the final grant award decision.
Grants are awarded to help support services such as substance-abuse treatment, and provide residential programs for certain types of offenders. Cognitive restructuring is frequently a part of treatment programming in the community.
Most of the offenders enrolled in treatment-type programs are sentenced felons. Offenders with higher sentencing guideline scores, probation violators and those who have convictions for driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol account for increasing proportions of new enrollees in residential programs. Misdemeanants account for the majority of enrollments in community service programs.
By supporting appropriate use of non-prison sanctions for offenders who might otherwise come to prison, the department has helped reduce the state prison commitment rate. The Department of Corrections Statistical Report reflects that the State's prison commitment rate was 34.7% in 1989, decreased to 25% in the mid 1990's and remained relatively stable through 2002.
During 2003, the Department placed a renewed emphasis on the use of community-based sanctions/services for straddle cell offenders, probation violators, and parole violators to control the State's prison growth. The rate of prison dispositions has steadily declined from 21.8% in CY 2003 to 20.6% through FY 2005. In FY 2006, the rate climbed back to 21.7% as a result of some highly publicized crimes earlier in the year. The prison disposition rate declined to 18.9% through June 2009. Based on the CY 1989 prison disposition rate of 34.7%, if this rate was applied to the total felony dispositions (55,590 dispositions) through CY 2009 the Department would have experienced over 8,550 additional prison dispositions - the cost to incarcerate these additional offenders would have been over $270 million.