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Dry Cleaning Workbook

Picture of three clothes hangers. The dry cleaning industry is a service industry for the cleaning of garments, draperies, leather goods, and other fabric items.   The number and size of dry cleaning firms varies.  Commercial facilities are by far the most prevalent and include full service, retail operations located in shopping centers and near densely populated areas.  Industrial dry cleaners operate the largest facilities which are often part of a business that rents uniforms, towels or other garments. 

Two general types of cleaning fluids are used in the industry, petroleum solvents and synthetic solvents.  Petroleum solvents are combustible hydrocarbon mixtures similar to kerosene.  Operations using petroleum solvents are known as petroleum plants.  Synthetic solvents, the most common of which is Perchloroethylene (PERC) are nonflammable halogenated hydrocarbons.  PERC and other solvents may be emitted from dry cleaning machines during operation of the units or during the solvent reclamation processes.  The dry cleaning industry is the most significant emission source of PERC in the United States.  

The National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities and the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) for petroleum solvent dry cleaning facilities are two federal standards established under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 to control air emissions of PERC and petroleum solvents from new and existing dry cleaning facilities.  Each standard contains a variety of emission control, monitoring, operation and maintenance, recordkeeping, reporting and compliance requirements, depending on the emission source type. 

The Dry Cleaners are monitored by the Dry Cleaning Program of the Air Quality Division, Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment. 

NEW - Dry Cleaning, Environmental Results Program Self-Audit (July 2007) 

  • Self-Audit Forms (English)   PDF     Template 
  • Self Audit Forms (Korean)  PDF 
  • Return to Compliance (RTC) Plan Form (English)  PDF     Template 
  • Return to Compliance (RTC) Plan Form (Korean)  PDF 
  • Self Audit Workbook  PDF 
  • Notification of Compliance Status Form (Coming Soon!) 


  Technical Assistance Resources 


Michigan Dry Cleaning Environmental Compliance Workbook (January 2004) -  This Workbook explains the environmental protection standards that apply to dry cleaners in Michigan.  The Workbook also includes best management practices and pollution prevention techniques that go beyond what is required by the regulations.  This Workbook should be used in conjunction with the accompanying Compliance Audit Checklist and can also be used as a reference for your facility.  Questions regarding the content of this publication may be directed to Jim Ostrowski, Michigan Clean Air Assistance Program at (517) 241-8057 or ostrowsj@michigan.gov . 

Air Quality Regulations Affecting Petroleum Dry Cleaning Operations  - This fact sheet explains the air quality requirements that apply to dry cleaners that use petroleum solvents 


  Compliance and Recordkeeping Forms 


Perchloroethylene Consumption Record - Use this form to comply with the perchloroethylene usage recordkeeping requirement of the National Emission Standard for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities. (July 1996)    Word Template  PDF Icon 
Dry-To-Dry Machine Inspection, Monitoring, and Repair Record Form - Owners of dry-to-dry perchloroethylene dry cleaning machines can use this form to comply with the recordkeeping requirements associated with the inspection, monitoring and repair requirements of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities. (pdf) (July 1996) 

Word Template 

PDF Icon

Transfer Machine System Inspection, Monitoring, and Repair Record Forms - Owners of perchloroethylene transfer machine systems can use this form to comply with the recordkeeping requirements associated with the inspection, monitoring, and repair requirements of the National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAP) for Perchloroethylene Dry Cleaning Facilities. (July 1996)  Word Template 

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For More Information or Additional Assistance, contact the
Michigan Clean Air Assistance Program  at 800-662-9278 

Do you have an outreach idea or suggestion for our Program?  Please feel free to submit your requests to: davisdk@michigan.gov. 


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