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In August 1843, Adam Crosswhite escaped from the farm of Francis Giltner in Carrol County, Kentucky, with his wife Sarah and their four children. The family lived in Marshall, Michigan, until 1847, when Francis Giltner sent his son David, nephew Francis Troutman and others to Marshall to recapture the Crosswhite family. African Americans and European Americans in the community resisted the recapture of the Crosswhites through legal and physical means. The Crosswhites escaped and settled in Buxton, Ontario. They returned to Marshall after the Civil War. Adam is buried in Marshall.
Go to Adam Crosswhite's deposition and a newspaper article about the case.
Go back to this lesson plan:
Contact the Michigan Historical Center.