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Jobs, Hours and Pay in Michigan Underground Copper Mines in 1924

Occupation Average Full-time Hours Per Week Average Earnings Per Hour Average Full-time Earnings Per Week
Blacksmiths (surface & underground) 54.0 $.445 $24.03
Blacksmiths' helpers (surface & underground) 54.0 .354 19.12
Carpenters (surface & underground) 53.9 .425 22.91
Carpenters' helpers (surface & underground) 54.0 .363 19.60
Chute loaders (underground) 48.0 .503 24.14
Compressormen (surface & underground) 56.9 .446 25.38
Drilling machine operators (company miners, underground) 48.0 .557 26.74
Drilling machine operators (contract miners, underground) 48.0 .676 32.45
Drivers (surface) 54.0 .358 19.33
Drivers, mule (underground) 48.0 .400 19.20
Dryhousemen (surface) 55.3 .324 17.92
Electricians (surface & underground) 51.7 .465 24.04
Electricians' helpers (surface & underground) 54.0 .368 19.87
Engineers, stationary (surface) 61.5 .420 25.83
Firemen, stationary (surface) 56.3 .426 23.98
Hoistmen (surface) 53.5 .473 25.31
Hoistmen (underground) 48.0 .428 20.54
Laborers (underground) 48.0 .474 22.75
Loading machine operators (underground) 48.0 .413 19.82
Machinists (surface & underground) 53.8 .478 25.72
Machinists' helpers (surface & underground) 54.0 .377 20.36
Motormen (underground) 48.0 .457 21.94
Muckers (underground) 48.0 .501 24.05
Nippers (underground) 48.0 .342 16.42
Oilers (surface & underground) 54.5 .333 18.15
Ore sorters (surface & underground) 48.0 .412 19.78
Pipemen (surface & underground) 48.5 .481 23.33
Powdermen (underground) 48.0 .463 22.22
Roof trimmers (underground) 48.0 .482 23.14
Skippers (underground) 48.0 .459 22.03
Stationmen (underground) 48.0 .495 23.76
Timbermen (underground) 48.0 .464 22.27
Timbermen's helpers (underground) 48.0 .406 19.49
Tool dressers (surface) 54.0 .401 21.65
Topmen (surface) 54.2 .343 18.59
Trackmen (underground) 48.0 .460 22.08
Trackmen's helpers (underground) 48.0 .413 19.82
Trammers (underground) .551 48.0 26.45
Trip riders (underground) 48.0 .467 22.42
Truck operators (surface) 54.0 .383 20.68
Watchmen (surface) 66.3 .352 23.34
Other employees (surface & underground) 50.1 .497 24.90

Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Monthly Labor Review. Vol. 20, Jan-June 1925. Washington: Government Printing Office, pages 1033-1039. This table is adapted from more extensive data provided in that report.

Contact the Michigan Historical Museum.

Updated 08/06/2010

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