Michigan Personal Freedom Acts 162 and 163
No. 162. [Jump to No. 163]
AN ACT to protect the rights and liberties of the inhabitants of this State.
SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That it shall be the duty of the prosecuting attorneys within their respective counties, whenever any inhabitant of this State is arrested or claimed as a fugitive slave, on being informed thereof, diligently and faithfully to use all lawful means to protect and defend every such person so arrested or claimed as a fugitive slave.
Sec. 2. All persons so arrested and claimed as fugitive slaves, shall be entitled to all the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus and of trial by jury.
Sec. 3. If such writ of habeas corpus shall be sued out in vacation, and if, upon the hearing of the same, the person imprisoned, arrested, or claimed as a fugitive slave, shall not be discharged, such person shall be entitled to an appeal to the circuit court for the county in which such hearing shall have been had, on furnishing such bail, and within such time as the officer granting the writ or hearing the case shall judge reasonable and proper.
Sec. 4. The court to which such appeal is taken, and any court to which a writ of habeas corpus in behalf of any such person claimed or arrested as a fugitive slave is made returnable, may and shall, on application of either party to such proceedings, allow and direct a trial by jury on all questions of fact in issue between the parties in the matter aforesaid; and the taxable costs of such trial shall be chargeable to the State, whenever the same would be otherwise chargeable to the person arrested or claimed as a fugitive slave.
Sec. 5. No person arrested and claimed as a fugitive slave shall be imprisoned in any jail or other prison in this State; and any person having the care or control of any jail or prison, and knowingly permitting the imprisonment of such alleged fugitive slave therein, shall be subjected to the payment of a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars.
Sec. 6. Every person who shall falsely declare, represent or pretend, that any free person entitled to freedom is a slave, or owes service or labor to any person or persons, with intent to procure, or aid or assist in procuring the forcible removal of such free person from this State as a slave, shall be imprisoned not less than three nor more than five years in the State Prison.
Sec. 7. Every person who shall wrongfully and maliciously seize, or procure to be seized, any free person entitled to freedom, with intent to have such person held in slavery, shall pay a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than one thousand dollars, and be imprisoned five years in the State Prison.
Sec. 8. In all cases arising under the provisions of sections six and seven of this act, the truth of any declaration, representation or pretense, that any person being or having been in this State, is or was a slave, or owes or did owe service or labor to any other person or persons, shall not be deemed proved except by the testimony of at least two credible witnesses, testifying to facts directly tending to establish the truth of such declaration, pretense, or representation, or by legal evidence equivalent thereto.
Sec. 9. No declaration, pretense, or representation, that any person is or was an apprentice for a fixed term of years, or owes or did owe service merely as such apprentice for such fixed term, shall be deemed prohibited by this act; and no such declaration, pretense, or representation, that any person is or was such an apprentice for such fixed term, or owes or did owe service merely as such an apprentice for such fixed term, shall be liable to any penalty under this act.
Sec. 10. All acts or parts of acts conflicting with the provisions of this act are hereby repealed.
Approved February 13, 1855.
No. 163. [Jump to No. 162]
AN ACT to prohibit the use of the common jails and other public buildings in the several counties for the detention of persons claimed as fugitive slaves.
SECTION 1. The people of the State of Michigan enact, That section one of chapter one hundred and forty-eight, title twenty-eight of the revised statutes of one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, be amended so as to read as follows:
Sec. 2. Section one of chapter one hundred and seventy-one, title thirty-two of the revised statutes of one thousand eight hundred and forty six, be amended so as to read as follows:
"Sec. 1. The common jails in the several counties in the charge of the respective sheriffs, shall be used as prisons:
- For the detention of persons charged with offences, and duly committed for trial;
- For the detention of persons who may be duly committed, to secure their attendance as witnesses on the trial of any criminal cause;
- For the confinement of persons committed pursuant to a sentence upon conviction for an offence, and of all other persons duly committed for any cause authorized by law; and the provisions of this section shall extend to persons detained or committed by the authority of the courts of the United States, as well as the courts and magistrates of this State: Provided, That nothing in this section contained shall be construed to require any such sheriff to receive or detain in any such jail any person claimed as a fugitive slave."
Sec. 3. This act shall take effect immediately.
Approved February 13, 1855.
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