Occupational Outlook

Disclaimer:
1. The average wages and State wide demand for the listed occupations are estimates and will vary by industry, geography, and a candidates skills and experience.
2. Median hourly wage represents the rate of pay per hour at which half of those working in the profession made more than the amount noted and half made less in calendar year 2005. It is not the average pay per hour.
To receive more information on the high demand occupations for this area, please contact your local Michigan Works! Office. For a listing of the nearest office, please visit this website www.michiganworks.org and refer to the listing on the right hand side of the first page or phone 1-800-285-WORKS (9675).

Occupation Category: Architecture and Engineering Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aerospace engineering and operations technicians
SOC Code: 173021
Operate, install, calibrate, and maintain integrated computer/communications systems consoles, simulators, and other data acquisition, test, and measurement instruments and equipment to launch, track, position, and evaluate air and space vehicles. May record and interpret test data.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $48,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Wind Tunnel Technician; Flight Data Technician; Altitude Chamber Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aerospace engineers
SOC Code: 172011
Perform a variety of engineering work in designing, constructing, and testing aircraft, missiles, and spacecraft. May conduct basic and applied research to evaluate adaptability of materials and equipment to aircraft design and manufacture. May recommend improvements in testing equipment and techniques.Number of People in the Field:201 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $58,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Aerodynamicist; Flight Test Engineer; Aeronautical Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural engineers
SOC Code: 172021
Apply knowledge of engineering technology and biological science to agricultural problems concerned with power and machinery, electrification, structures, soil and water conservation, and processing of agricultural products. Number of People in the Field:54 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $58,610.00
Illustrative Examples: Farm Equipment Engineer; Agricultural Research Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Architects, except landscape and naval
SOC Code: 171011
Plan and design structures, such as private residences, office buildings, theaters, factories, and other structural property.Number of People in the Field:3126 Total Average Annual Openings: 34Median Annual Salary: $66,070.00
Illustrative Examples: Architectural Designer; Building Consultant; Site Planner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Architectural and civil drafters
SOC Code: 173011
Prepare detailed drawings of architectural and structural features of buildings or drawings and topographical relief maps used in civil engineering projects, such as highways, bridges, and public works. Utilize knowledge of building materials, engineering practices, and mathematics to complete drawings.Number of People in the Field:2876 Total Average Annual Openings: 79Median Annual Salary: $40,180.00
Illustrative Example: Structural Drafter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Biomedical engineers
SOC Code: 172031
Apply knowledge of engineering, biology, and biomechanical principles to the design, development, and evaluation of biological and health systems and products, such as artificial organs, prostheses, instrumentation, medical information systems, and heath management and care delivery systems.Number of People in the Field:131 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $56,680.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cartographers and photogrammetrists
SOC Code: 171021
Collect, analyze, and interpret geographic information provided by geodetic surveys, aerial photographs, and satellite data. Research, study, and prepare maps and other spatial data in digital or graphic form for legal, social, political, educational, and design purposes. May work with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). May design and evaluate algorithms, data structures, and user interfaces for GIS and mapping systems. Number of People in the Field:105 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $58,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Field Map Editor; Mapper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemical engineers
SOC Code: 172041
(Fuels Engineer) Design chemical plant equipment and devise processes for manufacturing chemicals and products, such as gasoline, synthetic rubber, plastics, detergents, cement, paper, and pulp, by applying principles and technology of chemistry, physics, and engineering. Number of People in the Field:776 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $66,760.00
Illustrative Examples: Absorption and Adsorption Engineer; Explosives Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Civil engineering technicians
SOC Code: 173022
Apply theory and principles of civil engineering in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of structures and facilities under the direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.Number of People in the Field:1967 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $41,790.00
Illustrative Example: Highway Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Civil engineers
SOC Code: 172051
(Municipal Engineer) Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units. Include architectural, structural, traffic, ocean, and geotechnical engineers. Exclude "Hydrologists" (192043). Number of People in the Field:5179 Total Average Annual Openings: 75Median Annual Salary: $61,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Bridge Engineer; Construction Engineer; Concrete Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Civil Engineers, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 172052
Perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures, and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, water and sewage systems, and waste disposal units. Include architectural, structural, traffic, ocean, and geotechnical engineers. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Civil Engineers, R&D
SOC Code: 172053
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Civil Engineers.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer hardware engineers
SOC Code: 172061
Research, design, develop, and test computer or computerrelated equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computerrelated equipment and components. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers, Applications" (151031) and "Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software (151032)." Number of People in the Field:776 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $70,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Hardware Engineers, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 172062
Design, develop, and test computer or computerrelated equipment for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. May supervise the manufacturing and installation of computer or computerrelated equipment and components. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers, Application, NonR&D" (151034) and "Computer Software Engineers, System Software, Non R&D" (151036). Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Hardware Engineers, R&D
SOC Code: 172063
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Hardware Engineers. Exclude "Computer Software Engineers, Application, R&D" (151035) and "Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software, R&D" (151037). Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Drafters, All Other
SOC Code: 173019
All drafters not listed separatelyNumber of People in the Field:795 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Geological Drafter; Hull Drafter .
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronic engineering technicians
SOC Code: 173023
Apply electrical and electronic theory and related knowledge, usually under the direction of engineering staff, to design, build, repair, calibrate, and modify electrical components, circuitry, controls, and machinery for subsequent evaluation and use by engineering staff in making engineering design decisions. Exclude "Broadcast Technicians" (274012).Number of People in the Field:4226 Total Average Annual Openings: 82Median Annual Salary: $50,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Calibration Laboratory Technician; Semiconductor Development Technician; Instrumentation Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronics drafters
SOC Code: 173012
Prepare wiring diagrams, circuit board assembly diagrams, and layout drawings used for manufacture, installation, and repair of electrical equipment in factories, power plants, and buildings.Number of People in the Field:827 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $44,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical engineers
SOC Code: 172071
Design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. Exclude Computer Hardware Engineers (172061).Number of People in the Field:6168 Total Average Annual Openings: 111Median Annual Salary: $72,720.00
Illustrative Examples: Power Distribution Engineer; Illuminating Engineer; Relay Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical Engineers, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 172073
Design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use. Exclude Computer Hardware Engineers, NonR&D (172062).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical Engineers, R&D
SOC Code: 172074
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Electrical Engineers. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers, R&D"(172063).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electro-mechanical technicians
SOC Code: 173024
Operate, test, and maintain unmanned, automated, servomechanical, or electromechanical equipment. May operate unmanned submarines, aircraft, or other equipment at worksites, such as oil rigs, deep ocean exploration, or hazardous waste removal. May assist engineers in testing and designing robotics equipment. Number of People in the Field:464 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $62,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electronics engineers, except computer
SOC Code: 172072
Research, design, develop, and test electronic components and systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications, aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or instruments and controls. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers" (172061). Number of People in the Field:2188 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $72,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Communications Engineer; Circuit Design Engineer; Guidance and Control Systems Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 172075
Design, develop, and test electronic components and systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use utilizing knowledge of electronic theory and materials properties. Design electronic circuits and components for use in fields such as telecommunications, aerospace guidance and propulsion control, acoustics, or instruments and controls. Exclude Computer Hardware Engineers, NonR&D (172062). Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electronics Engineers, Except Computer, R&D
SOC Code: 172076
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Electronics Engineers, Except Computer. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers, R&D" (172063).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Engineering Technicians, Except Drafters, All Other
SOC Code: 173029
All engineering technicians, except drafters, not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9592 Total Average Annual Openings: 219Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Laser Specialist; Metallurgical Technician; Material Stress Tester
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Engineers, All Other
SOC Code: 172199
All engineers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:28327 Total Average Annual Openings: 503Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Optical Engineer; Salvage Engineer; Ordnance Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental engineering technicians
SOC Code: 173025
Apply theory and principles of environmental engineering to modify, test, and operate equipment and devices used in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental pollution, including waste treatment and site remediation. May assist in the development of environmental pollution remediation devices under direction of engineer.Number of People in the Field:896 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $46,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Air Analysis Technician; Soil Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental engineers
SOC Code: 172081
(Public Health Engineer) Design, plan, or perform engineering duties in the prevention, control, and remediation of environmental health hazards utilizing various engineering disciplines. Work may include waste treatment, site remediation, or pollution control technology.Number of People in the Field:1816 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $75,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Soil Engineer; Industrial Hygiene Engineer; Pollution Control Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors
SOC Code: 172111
(Industrial Health Engineer) Promote worksite or product safety by applying knowledge of industrial processes, mechanics, chemistry, psychology, and industrial health and safety laws. Include industrial product safety engineers.Number of People in the Field:570 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $71,470.00
Illustrative Examples: FireProtection Engineer; Product Safety Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial engineering technicians
SOC Code: 173026
Apply engineering theory and principles to problems of industrial layout or manufacturing production, usually under the direction of engineering staff. May study and record time, motion, method, and speed involved in performance of production, maintenance, clerical, and other worker operations for such purposes as establishing standard production rates or improving efficiency.Number of People in the Field:5760 Total Average Annual Openings: 111Median Annual Salary: $45,580.00
Illustrative Examples: Methods Study Analyst; Quality Control Technician; Time Study Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial engineers
SOC Code: 172112
(Industrial Quality Control Engineer) Design, develop, test, and evaluate integrated systems for managing industrial production processes including human work factors, quality control, inventory control, logistics and material flow, cost analysis, and production coordination. Exclude "Health and Safety Engineers, Except Mining Safety Engineers and Inspectors" (172111).Number of People in the Field:17751 Total Average Annual Openings: 404Median Annual Salary: $73,240.00
Illustrative Examples: Packaging Engineer; Time Study Engineer; Plant Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Landscape architects
SOC Code: 171012
Plan and design land areas for such projects as parks and other recreational facilities, airports, highways, hospitals, schools, land subdivisions, and commercial, industrial, and residential sites.Number of People in the Field:703 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $55,010.00
Illustrative Examples: Environmental Planner; Land Planner; Landscape Designer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Marine engineers and naval architects
SOC Code: 172121
Design, develop, and evaluate the operation of marine vessels, ship machinery, and related equipment, such as power supply and propulsion systems.Number of People in the Field:202 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $70,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Marine Architect; Port Engineer; Ship Surveyor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Materials engineers
SOC Code: 172131
(Metallurgical Engineer) Evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. Develop new uses for known materials. Include those working with composite materials or specializing in one type of material, such as graphite, metal and metal alloys, ceramics and glass, plastics and polymers, and naturally occurring materials. Include metallurgists and metallurgical engineers, ceramic engineers, and welding engineers. Number of People in the Field:991 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $72,020.00
Illustrative Example: Corrosion Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical drafters
SOC Code: 173013
(Die Designer) Prepare detailed working diagrams of machinery and mechanical devices, including dimensions, fastening methods, and other engineering information.Number of People in the Field:6796 Total Average Annual Openings: 186Median Annual Salary: $51,200.00
Illustrative Example: Aeronautical Drafter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical engineering technicians
SOC Code: 173027
Apply theory and principles of mechanical engineering to modify, develop, and test machinery and equipment under direction of engineering staff or physical scientists.Number of People in the Field:2640 Total Average Annual Openings: 51Median Annual Salary: $45,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Heat Transfer Technician; Optomechanical Technician; Tool Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical engineers
SOC Code: 172141
Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of such equipment as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.Number of People in the Field:19435 Total Average Annual Openings: 536Median Annual Salary: $72,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Combustion Engineer; Plant Equipment Engineer; Hydraulic Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical Engineers, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 172143
Perform engineering duties in planning and designing tools, engines, machines, and other mechanically functioning equipment. Oversee installation, operation, maintenance, and repair of such equipment as centralized heat, gas, water, and steam systems.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical Engineers, R&D
SOC Code: 172144
These persons spend the majority of their time performing reseach and development activities relating to their work as Mechanical Engineers.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers
SOC Code: 172151
Determine the location and plan the extraction of coal, metallic ores, nonmetallic minerals, and building materials, such as stone and gravel. Work involves conducting preliminary surveys of deposits or undeveloped mines and planning their development; examining deposits or mines to determine whether they can be worked at a profit; making geological and topographical surveys; evolving methods of mining best suited to character, type, and size of deposits; and supervising mining operations.Number of People in the Field:53 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $69,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Exploration Engineer; Mineral Engineer; Mine Equipment Design Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nuclear Engineers
SOC Code: 172161
Conduct research on nuclear engineering problems or apply principles and theory of nuclear science to problems concerned with release, control, and utilization of nuclear energy and nuclear waste disposal.Number of People in the Field:460 Total Average Annual Openings: 14Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Atomic Process Engineer; Radiation Engineer; Reactor Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Petroleum engineers
SOC Code: 172171
Devise methods to improve oil and gas well production and determine the need for new or modified tool designs. Oversee drilling and offer technical advice to achieve economical and satisfactory progress.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $72,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Drilling Engineer; Natural Gas Engineer; Oil Well Surveying Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Surveying and mapping technicians
SOC Code: 173031
Perform surveying and mapping duties, usually under the direction of a surveyor, cartographer, or photogrammetrist to obtain data used for construction, mapmaking, boundary location, mining, or other purposes. May calculate mapmaking information and create maps from source data, such as surveying notes, aerial photography, satellite data, or other maps to show topographical features, political boundaries, and other features. May verify accuracy and completeness of topographical maps. Exclude "Surveyors" (171022), "Cartographers and Photogrammetrists" (171021), and "Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (192042). Number of People in the Field:1653 Total Average Annual Openings: 65Median Annual Salary: $34,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Cartographic Technician; Map Drafter; Stereo Map Plotter Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Surveyors
SOC Code: 171022
Make exact measurements and determine property boundaries. Provide data relevant to the shape, contour, gravitation, location, elevation, or dimension of land or land features on or near the earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, mining, land evaluation, construction, and other purposes.Number of People in the Field:1951 Total Average Annual Openings: 71Median Annual Salary: $50,210.00
Illustrative Examples: Geodetic Surveyor; Land Examiner; Mineral Surveyor
  

  

Occupation Category: Arts, Design, Entertainment, Sports, and Media Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Actors
SOC Code: 272011
Play parts in stage, television, radio, video, or motion picture productions for entertainment, information, or instruction. Interpret serious or comic role by speech, gesture, and body movement to entertain or inform audience. May dance and sing.Number of People in the Field:521 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Elocutionist; Extra; Dramatic Reader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Art directors
SOC Code: 271011
Formulate design concepts and presentation approaches, and direct workers engaged in art work, layout design, and copy writing for visual communications media, such as magazines, books, newspapers, and packaging.Number of People in the Field:1903 Total Average Annual Openings: 49Median Annual Salary: $60,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Artists and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 271019
All artists and related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:513 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $38,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Art Appraiser; Calligrapher; Inker and Opaquer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Athletes and sports competitors
SOC Code: 272021
Compete in athletic events.Number of People in the Field:464 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $34,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Ball Player; Jockey; Racing Car Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Audio and video equipment technicians
SOC Code: 274011
Set up or set up and operate audio and video equipment including microphones, sound speakers, video screens, projectors, video monitors, recording equipment, connecting wires and cables, sound and mixing boards, and related electronic equipment for concerts, sports events, meetings and conventions, presentations, and news conferences. May also set up and operate associated spotlights and other custom lighting systems. Exclude "Sound Engineering Technicians" (274014).Number of People in the Field:1005 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $31,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Video Control Operator; Audio Visual Production Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Broadcast news analysts
SOC Code: 273021
Analyze, interpret, and broadcast news received from various sources.Number of People in the Field:131 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $56,380.00
Illustrative Examples: News Anchor; Commentator; Newscaster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Broadcast technicians
SOC Code: 274012
(Control Room Technician) Set up, operate, and maintain the electronic equipment used to transmit radio and television programs. Control audio equipment to regulate volume level and quality of sound during radio and television broadcasts. Operate radio transmitter to broadcast radio and television programs.Number of People in the Field:997 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $40,130.00
Illustrative Example: Audio Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Camera Operators, Television, Video, and Motion Picture
SOC Code: 274031
Operate television, video, or motion picture camera to photograph images or scenes for various purposes, such as TV broadcasts, advertising, video production, or motion pictures.Number of People in the Field:410 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Cinematographer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Choreographers
SOC Code: 272032
Create and teach dance. May direct and stage presentations.Number of People in the Field:511 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $35,120.00
Illustrative Example: Dance Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Coaches and scouts
SOC Code: 272022
Instruct or coach groups or individuals in the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. May evaluate athletes' strengths and weaknesses as possible recruits or to improve the athletes' technique to prepare them for competition. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category. Exclude "Athletic Trainers" (299091).Number of People in the Field:4333 Total Average Annual Openings: 103Median Annual Salary: $22,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Boxing Trainer; Horse Trainer; Baseball Club Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Commercial and industrial designers
SOC Code: 271021
Develop and design manufactured products, such as cars, home appliances, and children's toys. Combine artistic talent with research on product use, marketing, and materials to create the most functional and appealing product design.Number of People in the Field:7803 Total Average Annual Openings: 93Median Annual Salary: $69,090.00
Illustrative Examples: Body Stylist; Color Consultant; Jewelry Designer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Craft artists
SOC Code: 271012
Create or reproduce handmade objects for sale and exhibition using a variety of techniques, such as welding, weaving, pottery, and needlecraft.Number of People in the Field:70 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $13,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Architectural Modeler; Furniture Reproducer; Ivory Carver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dancers
SOC Code: 272031
Perform dances. May also sing or act.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Designers, all other
SOC Code: 271029
All designers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:629 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $45,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Copyist; Frame Stylist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Editors
SOC Code: 273041
(Technical Editor) Perform variety of editorial duties, such as laying out, indexing, and revising content of written materials, in preparation for final publication. Include technical editors.Number of People in the Field:3309 Total Average Annual Openings: 74Median Annual Salary: $42,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Copy Editor; Censor; Reviewer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 272099
All entertainers and performers, sports and related workers not listed separatelyNumber of People in the Field:253 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Circus Performer; Comedian; Magician.
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fashion designers
SOC Code: 271022
Design clothing and accessories. Create original garments or design garments that follow well established fashion trends. May develop the line of color and kinds of materials.Number of People in the Field:87 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $44,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Costume Designer; Custom Furrier; Stylist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Film and video editors
SOC Code: 274032
Edit motion picture soundtracks, film, and video.Number of People in the Field:474 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $41,470.00
Illustrative Examples: Cue Selector; Video Tape Duplicator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators
SOC Code: 271013
Create original artwork using any of a wide variety of mediums and techniques, such as painting and sculpture.Number of People in the Field:1548 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $70,240.00
Illustrative Examples: Art Restorer; Statue Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Floral designers
SOC Code: 271023
(Florist) Design, cut, and arrange live, dried, or artificial flowers and foliage.Number of People in the Field:2226 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $22,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Corsage Maker; Flower Arranger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Graphic designers
SOC Code: 271024
(Graphic Artist) Design or create graphics to meet specific commercial or promotional needs, such as packaging, displays, or logos. May use a variety of mediums to achieve artistic or decorative effects.Number of People in the Field:6577 Total Average Annual Openings: 78Median Annual Salary: $42,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Catalogue Illustrator; Layout Artist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Interior designers
SOC Code: 271025
Plan, design, and furnish interiors of residential, commercial, or industrial buildings. Formulate design which is practical, aesthetic, and conducive to intended purposes, such as raising productivity, selling merchandise, improving life style. May specialize in a particular field, style, phase of interior design. Exclude "Merchandise Displayers and Window Trimmers" (271026). Number of People in the Field:2227 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $43,580.00
Illustrative Examples: Decorator; Furniture Arranger; Home Lighting Adviser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Interpreters and translators
SOC Code: 273091
Translate or interpret written, oral, or sign language text into another language for others.Number of People in the Field:436 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $36,740.00
Illustrative Examples: Braille Translator; Deaf Interpreter; Language Translator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Media and communication equipment workers, all other
SOC Code: 274099
All media and communication equipment workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:424 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $31,230.00
Illustrative Examples: Radar Operator; Light Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Media and communication workers, all other
SOC Code: 273099
All media and communication workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:2272 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $44,140.00
Illustrative Examples: Graphologist; Stage Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Merchandise displayers and window trimmers
SOC Code: 271026
Plan and erect commercial displays, such as those in windows and interiors of retail stores and at trade exhibitions.Number of People in the Field:3348 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $23,060.00
Illustrative Examples: Mannequin Decorator; Display Artist; Model Dresser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Multi-media artists and animators
SOC Code: 271014
Create special effects, animation, or other visual images using film, video, computers, or other electronic tools and media for use in products or creations, such as computer games, movies, music videos, and commercials.Number of People in the Field:1379 Total Average Annual Openings: 41Median Annual Salary: $43,150.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Artist; Computer Graphics Illustrator; Special Effects Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Music directors and composers
SOC Code: 272041
Conduct, direct, plan, and lead instrumental or vocal performances by musical groups, such as orchestras, choirs, and glee clubs. Include arrangers, composers, choral directors, and orchestrators.Number of People in the Field:1767 Total Average Annual Openings: 58Median Annual Salary: $32,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Choirmaster; Orchestra Conductor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Musicians and singers
SOC Code: 272042
Play one or more musical instruments or entertain by singing songs in recital, in accompaniment, or as a member of an orchestra, band, or other musical group. Musical performers may entertain onstage, radio, TV, film, video, or record in studios. Exclude "Dancers" (272031).Number of People in the Field:5401 Total Average Annual Openings: 144Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Cantor; Church Organist; Instrumentalist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Photographers
SOC Code: 274021
Photograph persons, subjects, merchandise, or other commercial products. May develop negatives and produce finished prints. Include scientific photographers, aerial photographers, and photojournalists.Number of People in the Field:3386 Total Average Annual Openings: 64Median Annual Salary: $27,710.00
Illustrative Example: Camera Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Producers and directors
SOC Code: 272012
(Stage Manager) Produce or direct stage, television, radio, video, or motion picture productions for entertainment, information, or instruction. Responsible for creative decisions, such as interpretation of script, choice of guests, set design, sound, special effects, and choreography.Number of People in the Field:2127 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $47,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Independent Film Maker; Program Arranger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Public address system and other announcers
SOC Code: 273012
Make announcements over loud speaker at sporting or other public events. May act as master of ceremonies or disc jockey at weddings, parties, clubs, or other gathering places.Number of People in the Field:825 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $22,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Ringmaster; Train Caller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Public relations specialists
SOC Code: 273031
(Publicist) Engage in promoting or creating good will for individuals, groups, or organizations by writing or selecting favorable publicity material and releasing it through various communications media. May prepare and arrange displays, and make speeches.Number of People in the Field:9416 Total Average Annual Openings: 203Median Annual Salary: $48,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Lobbyist; Press Secretary
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Radio and television announcers
SOC Code: 273011
Talk on radio or television. May interview guests, act as master of ceremonies, read new flashes, identify station by giving call letters, or announce song title and artist.Number of People in the Field:1980 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $19,200.00
Illustrative Example: Broadcaster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Radio operators
SOC Code: 274013
Receive and transmit communications using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment in accordance with government regulations. May repair equipment.Number of People in the Field:91 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $50,030.00
Illustrative Example: Radio Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Reporters and correspondents
SOC Code: 273022
Collect and analyze facts about newsworthy events by interview, investigation, or observation. Report and write stories for newspaper, news magazine, radio, or television. Exclude "Broadcast News Analysts" (273021).Number of People in the Field:1461 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $29,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Critic; Foreign Correspondent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Set and exhibit designers
SOC Code: 271027
Design special exhibits and movie, television, and theater sets. May study scripts, confer with directors, and conduct research to determine appropriate architectural styles.Number of People in the Field:300 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $44,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Set Decorator; Stage Scenery Designer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sound engineering technicians
SOC Code: 274014
(Sound Editor) Operate machines and equipment to record, synchronize, mix, or reproduce music, voices, or sound effects in sporting arenas, theater productions, recording studios, or movie and video productions.Number of People in the Field:193 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $32,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Film Recordist; Sound Effects Person
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Technical writers
SOC Code: 273042
Write technical materials, such as equipment manuals, appendices, or operating and maintenance instructions. May assist in layout work.Number of People in the Field:1604 Total Average Annual Openings: 43Median Annual Salary: $56,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Documentation Writer; Assembly Instructions Writer; Specifications Writer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Umpires, referees, and other sports officials
SOC Code: 272023
Officiate at competitive athletic or sporting events. Detect infractions of rules and decide penalties according to established regulations. Include all sporting officials, referees, and competition judges.Number of People in the Field:659 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $29,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Handicapper; Paddock Judge; Athletic Events Scorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Writers and authors
SOC Code: 273043
Originate and prepare written material, such as scripts, stories, advertisements, and other material. Exclude "Public Relations Specialists" (273031) and "Technical Writers" (273042).Number of People in the Field:3733 Total Average Annual Openings: 80Median Annual Salary: $47,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Crossword Puzzle Maker; Copy Writer; Playwright
  

  

Occupation Category: Building and Grounds Cleaning and Maintenance Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Building cleaning workers, all other
SOC Code: 372019
All building cleaning workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:309 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $21,330.00
Illustrative Examples: Chimney Sweep; Air Purifier Servicer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of housekeeping and janitorial workers
SOC Code: 371011
Supervise work activities of cleaning personnel in hotels, hospitals, offices, and other establishments.Number of People in the Field:6253 Total Average Annual Openings: 174Median Annual Salary: $33,650.00
Illustrative Examples: Building Superintendent; Household Manager; Housekeeping Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers
SOC Code: 371012
Plan, organize, direct, or coordinate activities of workers engaged in landscaping orgroundskeeping activities, such as planting and maintaining ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, and lawns, and applying fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals, according to contract specifications. May also coordinate activities of workers engaged in terracing hillsides, building retaining walls, constructing pathways, installing patios, and similar activities in following a landscape design plan. Work may involve reviewing contracts to ascertain service, machine, and work force requirements; answering inquiries from potential customers regarding methods, material, price ranges; and preparing estimates according to labor, material, and machine costs. Number of People in the Field:6080 Total Average Annual Openings: 71Median Annual Salary: $40,010.00
Illustrative Examples: Landscape Contractor; Golf Course Superintendent; Nursery Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Grounds maintenance workers, all other
SOC Code: 373019
All grounds maintenance workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1439 Total Average Annual Openings: 30Median Annual Salary: $21,670.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners
SOC Code: 372011
Keep buildings in clean and orderly condition. Perform heavy cleaning duties, such as cleaning floors, shampooing rugs, washing walls and glass, and removing rubbish. Duties may include tending furnace and boiler, performing routine maintenance activities, notifying management of need for repairs, and cleaning snow or debris from sidewalk. Number of People in the Field:73258 Total Average Annual Openings: 1499Median Annual Salary: $23,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Floor Cleaner; Building Custodian; Window Washer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Landscaping and groundskeeping workers
SOC Code: 373011
(Greenskeeper, Sprinkler Installer) Landscape or maintain grounds of property using hand or power tools or equipment. Workers typically perform a variety of tasks, which may include any combination of the following: sod laying, mowing, trimming, planting, watering, fertilizing, digging, raking, sprinkler installation, and installation of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units. Exclude "Farmworkers and Laborers, Crop, Nursery, and Greenhouse" (452092). Number of People in the Field:34571 Total Average Annual Openings: 905Median Annual Salary: $22,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Landscape Gardener; Outdoor Sprinkler Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Maids and housekeeping cleaners
SOC Code: 372012
Perform any combination of light cleaning duties to maintain private households or commercial establishments, such as hotels, restaurants, and hospitals, in a clean and orderly manner. Duties include making beds, replenishing linens, cleaning rooms and halls, and vacuuming. Number of People in the Field:36940 Total Average Annual Openings: 827Median Annual Salary: $19,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Bed Maker; Chamber Maid; Housekeeper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pest control workers
SOC Code: 372021
(Exterminator) Spray or release chemical solutions or toxic gases and set traps to kill pests and vermin, such as mice, termites, and roaches, that infest buildings and surrounding areas.Number of People in the Field:815 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $30,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Exterminator Helper; Fumigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation
SOC Code: 373012
Mix or apply pesticides, herbicides, fungicides, or insecticides through sprays, dusts, vapors, soil incorporation or chemical application on trees, shrubs, lawns, or botanical crops. Usually requires specific training and State or Federal certification. Exclude "Commercial Pilots" (532012) who operate aviation equipment to dust or spray crops.Number of People in the Field:1189 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $28,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Fruit Sprayer; Weed Controller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tree trimmers and pruners
SOC Code: 373013
Cut away dead or excess branches from trees or shrubs to maintain rightofway for roads, sidewalks, or utilities, or to improve appearance, health, and value of tree. Prune or treat trees or shrubs using handsaws, pruning hooks, sheers, and clippers. May use truckmounted lifts and power pruners. May fill cavities in trees to promote healing and prevent deterioration. Exclude workers who primarily perform duties of "Pesticide Handlers, Sprayers, and Applicators, Vegetation" (373012) and "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (373011). Number of People in the Field:1325 Total Average Annual Openings: 34Median Annual Salary: $28,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Tree Doctor; Grape Vine Pruner
  

  

Occupation Category: Business and Financial Operations Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Accountants and auditors
SOC Code: 132011
(Bursar) Examine, analyze, and interpret accounting records for the purpose of giving advice or preparing statements. Install or advise on systems of recording costs or other financial and budgetary data.Number of People in the Field:35162 Total Average Annual Openings: 629Median Annual Salary: $54,210.00
Illustrative Examples: Certified Public Accountant; Tax Accountant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes
SOC Code: 131011
Represent and promote artists, performers, and athletes to prospective employers. May handle contract negotiation and other business matters for clients.Number of People in the Field:231 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $36,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Booking Agent; Boxing Promoter; Theatrical Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Appraisers and assessors of real estate
SOC Code: 132021
Appraise real property to determine its fair value. May assess taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules.Number of People in the Field:3135 Total Average Annual Openings: 76Median Annual Salary: $50,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Building Appraiser; County Assessor; Property Evaluator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Budget Analysts
SOC Code: 132031
Examine budget estimates for completeness, accuracy, and conformance with procedures and regulations. Analyze budgeting and accounting reports for the purpose of maintaining expenditure controls.Number of People in the Field:1933 Total Average Annual Openings: 28Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Budget Examiner; Fiscal Agent; Fiscal Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Business operations specialists, all other
SOC Code: 131199
All business operations specialists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:50618 Total Average Annual Openings: 794Median Annual Salary: $65,090.00
Illustrative Examples: Grant Coordinator; Liaison Officer; Purser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators
SOC Code: 131031
(Insurance Appraiser) Review settled claims to determine that payments and settlements have been made in accordance with company practices and procedures, ensuring that proper methods have been followed. Report overpayments, underpayments, and other irregularities. Confer with legal counsel on claims requiring litigation.Number of People in the Field:6313 Total Average Annual Openings: 107Median Annual Salary: $56,610.00
Illustrative Examples: Health Insurance Adjuster; Arson Investigator; Claims Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists
SOC Code: 131072
Conduct programs of compensation and benefits and job analysis for employer. May specialize in specific areas, such as position classification and pension programs.Number of People in the Field:3336 Total Average Annual Openings: 43Median Annual Salary: $53,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Occupational Analyst; Relocation Director; Wage Conciliator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Compliance officers, except agriculture, construction, health and safety, and transportation
SOC Code: 131041
(Coroner) Examine, evaluate, and investigate eligibility for or conformity with laws and regulations governing contract compliance of licenses and permits, and other compliance and enforcement inspection activities not classified elsewhere. Exclude "Tax Examiners, Collectors, and Revenue Agents" (132081) and "Financial Examiners" (132061).Number of People in the Field:2631 Total Average Annual Openings: 56Median Annual Salary: $48,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Truant Officer; Inspector of Weights and Measures
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cost estimators
SOC Code: 131051
Prepare cost estimates for product manufacturing, construction projects, or services to aid management in bidding on or determining price of product or service. May specialize according to particular service performed or type of product manufactured.Number of People in the Field:6333 Total Average Annual Openings: 131Median Annual Salary: $58,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Construction Estimator; Crating and Moving Estimator; Job Estimator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Credit analysts
SOC Code: 132041
Analyze current credit data and financial statements of individuals or firms to determine the degree of risk involved in extending credit or lending money. Prepare reports with this credit information for use in decisionmaking.Number of People in the Field:1783 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $46,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Emergency management specialists
SOC Code: 131061
(Public Safety Director) Coordinate disaster response or crisis management activities, provide disaster preparedness training, and prepare emergency plans and procedures for natural (e.g., hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), wartime, or technological (e.g., nuclear power plant emergencies, hazardous materials spills) disasters or hostage situations.Number of People in the Field:278 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $50,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Civil Defense
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Employment, recruitment, and placement specialists
SOC Code: 131071
Recruit and place workers.Number of People in the Field:4418 Total Average Annual Openings: 93Median Annual Salary: $47,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Employment Interviewer; Personnel Recruiter; Placement Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Financial analysts
SOC Code: 132051
Conduct quantitative analyses of information affecting investment programs of public or private institutions.Number of People in the Field:5239 Total Average Annual Openings: 69Median Annual Salary: $67,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Bond Analyst; Investment Analyst; Securities Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Financial examiners
SOC Code: 132061
Enforce or ensure compliance with laws and regulations governing financial and securities institutions and financial and real estate transactions. May examine, verify correctness of, or establish authenticity of records.Number of People in the Field:386 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $66,140.00
Illustrative Examples: Bank Examiner; Payroll Examiner; Pension Examiner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Financial specialists, all other
SOC Code: 132099
All financial specialists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9640 Total Average Annual Openings: 184Median Annual Salary: $52,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Bail Bondsman; Executor of Estate; Foreign Exchange Trader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Human resources, training, and labor relations specialists, all other
SOC Code: 131079
All human resources, training, and labor relations specialists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:14829 Total Average Annual Openings: 369Median Annual Salary: $54,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Personnel Arbitrator; Employee Relations Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insurance appraisers, auto damage
SOC Code: 131032
Appraise automobile or other vehicle damage to determine cost of repair for insurance claim settlement and seek agreement with automotive repair shop on cost of repair. Prepare insurance forms to indicate repair cost or cost estimates and recommendations.Number of People in the Field:603 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $48,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Damage Estimator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insurance underwriters
SOC Code: 132053
Review individual applications for insurance to evaluate degree of risk involved and determine acceptance of applications.Number of People in the Field:2494 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $52,260.00
Illustrative Examples: Bond Underwriter; Insurance Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Loan counselors
SOC Code: 132071
(Credit Counselor) Provide guidance to prospective loan applicants who have problems qualifying for traditional loans. Guidance may include determining the best type of loan and explaining loan requirements or restrictions.Number of People in the Field:842 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $38,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Farm Mortgage Agent; Financial Aid Counselor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Loan officers
SOC Code: 132072
(Loan Examiner) Evaluate, authorize, or recommend approval of commercial, real estate, or credit loans. Advise borrowers on financial status and methods of payments. Include mortgage loan officers and agents, collection analysts, loan servicing officers, and loan underwriters.Number of People in the Field:11081 Total Average Annual Openings: 227Median Annual Salary: $45,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Loan Reviewer; Escrow Officer; Mortgage Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Logisticians
SOC Code: 131081
Analyze and coordinate the logistical functions of a firm or organization. Responsible for the entire life cycle of a product, including acquisition, distribution, internal allocation, delivery, and final disposal of resources.Number of People in the Field:3565 Total Average Annual Openings: 53Median Annual Salary: $65,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Logistics Engineer; Logistics Analyst; Logistics Planner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Management analysts
SOC Code: 131111
(Business Consultant, Program Analyst) Conduct organizational studies and evaluations, design systems and procedures, conduct work simplifications and measurement studies, and prepare operations and procedures manuals to assist management in operating more efficiently and effectively. Include program analysts and management consultants. Exclude "Computer Systems Analysts" (151051) and "Operations Research Analysts" (152031).Number of People in the Field:14530 Total Average Annual Openings: 194Median Annual Salary: $73,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Industrial Analyst; Price Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Meeting and convention planners
SOC Code: 131121
Coordinate activities of staff and convention personnel to make arrangements for group meetings and conventions.Number of People in the Field:1112 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $38,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Conference Planner; Conference Service Coordinator; Convention Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Personal financial advisors
SOC Code: 132052
(Estate Planner) Advise clients on financial plans utilizing knowledge of tax and investment strategies, securities, insurance, pension plans, and real estate. Duties include assessing clients' assets, liabilities, cash flow, insurance coverage, tax status, and financial objectives to establish investment strategies.Number of People in the Field:3566 Total Average Annual Openings: 110Median Annual Salary: $75,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Budget Counselor; Financial Planner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Purchasing agents and buyers, farm products
SOC Code: 131021
Purchase farm products either for further processing or resale. Include Christmas tree contractors, grain brokers and market operators, grain buyers, and tobacco buyers.Number of People in the Field:334 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $46,250.00
Illustrative Examples: Cotton Broker; Livestock Buyer; Tobacco Buyer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products
SOC Code: 131023
Purchase machinery, equipment, tools, parts, supplies, or services necessary for the operation of an establishment. Purchase raw or semifinished materials for manufacturing. Include contract specialists, field contractors, purchasers, price analysts, tooling coordinators, and media buyers. Exclude "Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products" (131021) and "Wholesale and Retail Buyers, Except Farm Products" (131022).Number of People in the Field:12274 Total Average Annual Openings: 285Median Annual Salary: $55,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Fuel Buyer; Lumber Buyer; Radio Time Buyer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tax examiners, collectors, and revenue agents
SOC Code: 132081
Determine tax liability or collect taxes from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations.Number of People in the Field:990 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $60,410.00
Illustrative Examples: Tax Investigator; Revenue Agent; Tax Auditor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tax Preparers
SOC Code: 132082
Prepare tax returns for individuals or small businesses but do not have the background or responsibilities of an accredited or certified public accountant. Number of People in the Field:2101 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Income Tax Advisor; Income Tax Consultant; Tax Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Training and development specialists
SOC Code: 131073
Conduct training and development programs for employees.Number of People in the Field:5147 Total Average Annual Openings: 81Median Annual Salary: $50,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Training Coordinator; Workforce Development Specialist; Supervisor, Training Personnel
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products
SOC Code: 131022
Buy merchandise or commodities, other than farm products, for resale to consumers at the wholesale or retail level, including both durable and nondurable goods. Analyze past buying trends, sales records, price, and quality of merchandise to determine value and yield. Select, order, and authorize payment for merchandise according to contractual agreements. May conduct meetings with sales personnel and introduce new products. Include assistant buyers.Number of People in the Field:4308 Total Average Annual Openings: 112Median Annual Salary: $48,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Importer; Merchandiser; Wholesale Jobber
  

  

Occupation Category: Community and Social Services Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Child, family, and school social workers
SOC Code: 211021
(Foster Care Worker) Provide social services and assistance to improve the social and psychological functioning of children and their families and to maximize the family wellbeing and the academic functioning of children. May assist single parents, arrange adoptions, and find foster homes for abandoned or abused children. In schools, they address such problems as teenage pregnancy, misbehavior, and truancy. May also advise teachers on how to deal with problem children. Number of People in the Field:13171 Total Average Annual Openings: 258Median Annual Salary: $45,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Adoption Agent; Child Abuse Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Clergy
SOC Code: 212011
Conduct religious worship and perform other spiritual functions associated with beliefs and practices of religious faith or denomination. Provide spiritual and moral guidance and assistance to members.Number of People in the Field:2540 Total Average Annual Openings: 84Median Annual Salary: $29,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Bishop; Parish Priest; Rabbi
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Community and social service specialists, all other
SOC Code: 211099
All community and social service specialists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:4062 Total Average Annual Openings: 128Median Annual Salary: $42,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Community Organization Worker; Veteran's Service Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Counselors, all other
SOC Code: 211019
All counselors not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:554 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $38,210.00
Illustrative Examples: Mental Hygienist; Race Relations Adviser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Directors, religious activities and education
SOC Code: 212021
Direct and coordinate activities of a denominational group to meet religious needs of students. Plan, direct, or coordinate church school programs designed to promote religious education among church membership. May provide counseling and guidance relative to marital, health, financial, and religious problems. Number of People in the Field:1630 Total Average Annual Openings: 47Median Annual Salary: $30,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Religious Education; Minister of Education; Youth Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Educational, vocational, and school counselors
SOC Code: 211012
(Guidance Counselor) Counsel individuals and provide group educational and vocational guidance services.Number of People in the Field:6503 Total Average Annual Openings: 163Median Annual Salary: $53,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Curriculum Counselor; Educational Adviser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Health educators
SOC Code: 211091
(Public Health Analyst) Promote, maintain, and improve individual and community health by assisting individuals and communities to adopt healthy behaviors. Collect and analyze data to identify community needs prior to planning, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating programs designed to encourage healthy lifestyles, policies and environments. May also serve as a resource to assist individuals, other professionals, or the community, and may administer fiscal resources for health education programs. Number of People in the Field:1481 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $47,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Public Health Advisor; Public Health Representative
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Marriage and Family Therapists
SOC Code: 211013
(Marriage Counselor) Diagnose and treat mental and emotional disorders, whether cognitive, affective, or behavioral, within the context of marriage and family systems. Apply psychotherapeutic and family systems theories and techniques in the delivery of professional services to individuals, couples, and families for the purpose of treating such diagnosed nervous and mental disorders. Exclude "Social Workers" (211021 through 211029) and "Psychologists" of all types (193031 through 193039). Number of People in the Field:217 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Family Counselor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical and public health social workers
SOC Code: 211022
Provide persons, families, or vulnerable populations with the psychosocial support needed to cope with chronic, acute, or terminal illnesses, such as Alzheimer's, cancer, or AIDS. Services include advising family care givers, providing patient education and counseling, and making necessary referrals for other social services. Number of People in the Field:4907 Total Average Annual Openings: 148Median Annual Salary: $43,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Bereavement Counselor; Hospice Social Worker; Medical Caseworker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mental health and substance abuse social workers
SOC Code: 211023
Assess and treat individuals with mental, emotional, or substance abuse problems, including abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and/or other drugs. Activities may include individual and group therapy, crisis intervention, case management, client advocacy, prevention, and education. Number of People in the Field:4491 Total Average Annual Openings: 139Median Annual Salary: $39,360.00
Illustrative Examples: Community Mental Health Worker; Psychiatric Social Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mental health counselors
SOC Code: 211014
Counsel with emphasis on prevention. Work with individuals and groups to promote optimum mental health. May help individuals deal with addictions and substance abuse; family, parenting, and marital problems; suicide; stress management; problems with selfesteem; and issues associated with aging and mental and emotional health. Exclude "Social Workers" (211021 through 211029), "Psychiatrists" (291066), and "Psychologists" (193031 through 193039). Number of People in the Field:2307 Total Average Annual Openings: 75Median Annual Salary: $38,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists
SOC Code: 211092
Provide social services to assist in rehabilitation of law offenders in custody or on probation or parole. Make recommendations for actions involving formulation of rehabilitation plan and treatment of offender, including conditional release and education and employment stipulations. Number of People in the Field:2520 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Attendance Officer; Parole Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rehabilitation counselors
SOC Code: 211015
Counsel individuals to maximize the independence and employability of persons coping with personal, social, and vocational difficulties that result from birth defects, illness, disease, accidents, or the stress of daily life. Coordinate activities for residents of care and treatment facilities. Assess client needs and design and implement rehabilitation programs that may include personal and vocational counseling, training, and job placement. Number of People in the Field:1978 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $40,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Coordinator of Rehabilitation Services; Homemaking Rehabilitation Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Religious workers, all other
SOC Code: 212099
All religious workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:454 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $26,130.00
Illustrative Examples: Religious Healer; Ecclesiastical Worker; Missionary
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social and human service assistants
SOC Code: 211093
Assist professionals from a wide variety of fields, such as psychology, rehabilitation, or social work, to provide client services, as well as support for families. May assist clients in identifying available benefits and social and community services and help clients obtain them. May assist social workers with developing, organizing, and conducting programs to prevent and resolve problems relevant to substance abuse, human relationships, rehabilitation, or adult daycare. Exclude "Rehabilitation Counselors" (211015), "Personal and Home Care Aides" (399021), Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs (434061), and "Psychiatric Technicians" (292053). Number of People in the Field:8264 Total Average Annual Openings: 295Median Annual Salary: $27,210.00
Illustrative Examples: Case Aide; Home Visitor; Human Services Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social workers, all other
SOC Code: 211029
All social workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1190 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $57,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Case Worker; Case Supervisor; Welfare Investigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors
SOC Code: 211011
Counsel and advise individuals with alcohol, tobacco, drug, or other problems, such as gambling and eating disorders. May counsel individuals, families, or groups or engage in prevention programs. Exclude "Social Workers" (211021 through 211029), "Psychologists" (193031 through 193039), and "Mental Health Counselors" (211014) providing these services. Number of People in the Field:1561 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $36,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Addiction Counselor; Chemical Dependency Counselor; Drug Counselor
  

  

Occupation Category: Computer and Mathematical Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Actuaries
SOC Code: 152011
Analyze statistical data, such as mortality, accident, sickness, disability, and retirement rates and construct probability tables to forecast risk and liability for payment of future benefits. May ascertain premium rates required and cash reserves necessary to ensure payment of future benefits.Number of People in the Field:843 Total Average Annual Openings: 36Median Annual Salary: $58,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Actuarial Mathematician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer and information scientists, research
SOC Code: 151011
Conduct research into fundamental computer and information science as theorists, designers, or inventors. Solve or develop solutions to problems in the field of computer hardware and software.Number of People in the Field:432 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $86,480.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer programmers
SOC Code: 151021
Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. Develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information. May program web sites.Number of People in the Field:15950 Total Average Annual Openings: 350Median Annual Salary: $64,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Programmer Aide; Mainframe Programmer; Systems Programmer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Programmers, Non R&D
SOC Code: 151022
Convert project specifications and statements of problems and procedures to detailed logical flow charts for coding into computer language. Develop and write computer programs to store, locate, and retrieve specific documents, data, and information. May program web sites.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Programmers, R&D
SOC Code: 151023
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to computer programming.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer software engineers, applications
SOC Code: 151031
Develop, create, and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. May analyze and design databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers" (172061).Number of People in the Field:9755 Total Average Annual Openings: 274Median Annual Salary: $75,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Applications Developer; Programmer Analyst; Software Designer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Software Engineers, Applications, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 151034
Develop, create, and modify general computer applications software or specialized utility programs. Analyze user needs and develop software solutions. Design software or customize software for client use with the aim of optimizing operational efficiency. May analyze and design databases within an application area, working individually or coordinating database development as part of a team. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers, NonR&D" (172062).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Software Engineers, Applications, R&D
SOC Code: 151035
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Software Engineers, Applications. Exclude "Computer Hardware Engineers, R&D" (172063).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer software engineers, systems software
SOC Code: 151032
Research, design, develop, and test operating systemslevel software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. Apply principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis.Number of People in the Field:4510 Total Average Annual Openings: 122Median Annual Salary: $74,420.00
Illustrative Examples: EDP Systems Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 151036
Design, develop, and test operating systemslevel software, compilers, and network distribution software for medical, industrial, military, communications, aerospace, business, scientific, and general computing applications. Set operational specifications and formulate and analyze software requirements. Apply principles and techniques of computer science, engineering, and mathematical analysis.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software, R&D
SOC Code: 151037
These persons spenc the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Computer Software Engineers, Systems Software. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer specialists, all other
SOC Code: 151099
All computer specialists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9298 Total Average Annual Openings: 88Median Annual Salary: $58,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Laboratory Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer support specialists
SOC Code: 151041
(Help Desk Representative) Provide technical assistance to computer system users. Answer questions or resolve computer problems for clients in person, via telephone or from remote location. May provide assistance concerning the use of computer hardware and software, including printing, installation, word processing, electronic mail, and operating systems. Exclude Network and Computer Systems Administrators (151071).Number of People in the Field:14027 Total Average Annual Openings: 198Median Annual Salary: $41,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Customer Support Analyst; Help Desk Technician; Work Station Support Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer systems analysts
SOC Code: 151051
Analyze science, engineering, business, and all other data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations. May analyze or recommend commercially available software. Exclude persons working primarily as "Engineers" (172011 through 172199), "Mathematicians" (152021), or "Scientists" (191011 through 193099). May supervise computer programmers.Number of People in the Field:16166 Total Average Annual Openings: 249Median Annual Salary: $72,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Health Systems Computer Analyst; Data Processing Systems Project Planner; Information Systems Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Systems Analysts, Non R&D
SOC Code: 151052
Analyze data processing problems for application to electronic data processing systems. Analyze user requirements, procedures, and problems to automate or improve existing systems and review computer system capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer Systems Analysts, R&D
SOC Code: 151053
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities involving electronic data processing.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Database administrators
SOC Code: 151061
Coordinate changes to computer databases, test and implement the database applying knowledge of database management systems. May plan, coordinate, and implement security measures to safeguard computer databases.Number of People in the Field:2624 Total Average Annual Openings: 66Median Annual Salary: $61,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Automatic Data Processing Planner; Database Design Analyst; Database Security Administrator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mathematical scientists, all other
SOC Code: 152099
All mathematical scientists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:2115 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $63,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Geometrician; Harmonic Analyst; Weight Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mathematical Technicians
SOC Code: 152091
Apply standardized mathematical formulas, principles, and methodology to technological problems in engineering and physical sciences in relation to specific industrial and research objectives, processes, equipment, and products.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mathematicians
SOC Code: 152021
Conduct research in fundamental mathematics or in application of mathematical techniques to science, management, and other fields. Solve or direct solutions to problems in various fields by mathematical methods.Number of People in the Field:381 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Algebraist; Cipher Expert
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Network and computer systems administrators
SOC Code: 151071
(LAN/WAN Administrator) Install, configure, and support an organization's local area network (LAN), wide area network (WAN), and Internet system or a segment of a network system. Maintain network hardware and software. Monitor network to ensure network availability to all system users and perform necessary maintenance to support network availability. May supervise other network support and client server specialists and plan, coordinate, and implement network security measures. Exclude "Computer Support Specialists" (151041).Number of People in the Field:6892 Total Average Annual Openings: 187Median Annual Salary: $55,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Network Control Operator; Network Security Administrator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Network systems and data communications analysts
SOC Code: 151081
(Internet Developer, Webmaster) Analyze, design, test, and evaluate network systems, such as local area networks (LAN), wide area networks (WAN), Internet, intranet, and other data communications systems. Perform network modeling, analysis, and planning. Research and recommend network and data communications hardware and software. Include telecommunications specialists who deal with the interfacing of computer and communications equipment. May supervise computer programmers. Number of People in the Field:5397 Total Average Annual Openings: 221Median Annual Salary: $63,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Systems Integrator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Operations research analysts
SOC Code: 152031
(Procedure Analyst) Formulate and apply mathematical modeling and other optimizing methods using a computer to develop and interpret information that assists management with decision making, policy formulation, or other managerial functions. May develop related software, service, or products. Frequently concentrates on collecting and analyzing data and developing decision support software. May develop and supply optimal time, cost, or logistics networks for program evaluation, review, or implementation.Number of People in the Field:1744 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $65,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Method Consultant; Standards Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Statisticians
SOC Code: 152041
Engage in the development of mathematical theory or apply statistical theory and methods to collect, organize, interpret, and summarize numerical data to provide usable information. May specialize in fields, such as biostatistics, agricultural statistics, business statistics, economic statistics, or other fields. Include mathematical statisticians. Number of People in the Field:524 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $63,480.00
Illustrative Examples: Biometrician; Sampling Expert; Statistical Analyst
  

  

Occupation Category: Construction and Extraction Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Boilermakers
SOC Code: 472011
Construct, assemble, maintain, and repair stationary steam boilers and boiler house auxiliaries.Align structures or plate sections to assemble boiler frame tanks or vats, following blueprints. Work involves use of hand and power tools, plumb bobs, levels, wedges, dogs, or turnbuckles. Assist in testing assembled vessels. Direct cleaning of boilers and boiler furnaces. Inspect and repair boiler fittings, such as safety valves, regulators, automaticcontrol mechanisms, water columns, and auxiliary machines. Number of People in the Field:802 Total Average Annual Openings: 30Median Annual Salary: $50,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Boiler Installer; Boiler Mechanic; Pressure Tester
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Brickmasons and blockmasons
SOC Code: 472021
Lay and bind building materials, such as brick, structural tile, concrete block, cinder block, glass block, and terracotta block, with mortar and other substances to construct or repair walls, partitions, arches, sewers, and other structures. Exclude "Stonemasons" (472022). Classify installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers" (373011). Number of People in the Field:6550 Total Average Annual Openings: 88Median Annual Salary: $50,040.00
Illustrative Examples: Adobe Layer; Chimney Builder; Furnace Liner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Carpenters
SOC Code: 472031
Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors. May also install cabinets, siding, drywall and batt or roll insulation. Include brattice builders who build doors or brattices (ventilation walls or partitions) in underground passageways to control the proper circulation of air through the passageways and to the working places. Number of People in the Field:37585 Total Average Annual Openings: 551Median Annual Salary: $39,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Shipwright; Cabinetmaker; Wood Floor Layer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Carpet installers
SOC Code: 472041
Lay and install carpet from rolls or blocks on floors. Install padding and trim flooring materials. Exclude "Floor Layers, Except Carpet, Wood, and Hard Tiles" (472042).Number of People in the Field:2346 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $36,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Floor Coverer; Rug Layer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cement masons and concrete finishers
SOC Code: 472051
Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; use saws to cut expansion joints. Classify installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers. (373011). Number of People in the Field:4164 Total Average Annual Openings: 78Median Annual Salary: $39,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Curb Builder; Concrete Floor Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Construction and building inspectors
SOC Code: 474011
Inspect structures using engineering skills to determine structural soundness and compliance with specifications, building codes, and other regulations. Inspections may be general in nature or may be limited to a specific area, such as electrical systems or plumbing.Number of People in the Field:3653 Total Average Annual Openings: 75Median Annual Salary: $49,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Highway Inspector; Electrical Inspector; Architectural Inspector
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Construction and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 474099
All construction and related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:3864 Total Average Annual Openings: 68Median Annual Salary: $32,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Aluminum Pool Installer; Building Wrecker; Waterproofer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Construction laborers
SOC Code: 472061
Perform tasks involving physical labor at building, highway, and heavy construction projects, tunnel and shaft excavations, and demolition sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, clean up rubble and debris, and remove asbestos, lead, and other hazardous waste materials. May assist other craft workers. Exclude construction laborers who primarily assist a particular craft worker, and classify them under "Helpers, Construction Trades" (473011 through 473016). Number of People in the Field:19738 Total Average Annual Openings: 246Median Annual Salary: $32,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Air Hammer Operator; Asphalt Patcher; Construction Craft Laborer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Continuous mining machine operators
SOC Code: 475041
Operate selfpropelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $39,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Derrick operators, oil and gas
SOC Code: 475011
Rig derrick equipment and operate pumps to circulate mud through drill hole.Number of People in the Field:187 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $31,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Rotary Derrick Operator; Well Service Derrick Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Drywall and ceiling tile installers
SOC Code: 472081
(Lather) Apply plasterboard or other wallboard to ceilings or interior walls of buildings. Apply or mount acoustical tiles or blocks, strips, or sheets of shockabsorbing materials to ceilings and walls of buildings to reduce or reflect sound. Materials may be of decorative quality. Include lathers who fasten wooden, metal, or rockboard lath to walls, ceilings or partitions of buildings to provide support base for plaster, fireproofing, or acoustical material. Exclude "Carpenters" (472031), and "Tile and Marble Setters" (472044). Number of People in the Field:2432 Total Average Annual Openings: 50Median Annual Salary: $38,760.00
Illustrative Examples: Acoustical Carpenter; Sheet Rock Hanger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Earth drillers, except oil and gas
SOC Code: 475021
(Auger Operator) Operate a variety of drillssuch as rotary, churn, and pneumaticto tap subsurface water and salt deposits, to remove core samples during mineral exploration or soil testing, and to facilitate the use of explosives in mining or construction. May use explosives. Include horizontal and earth boring machine operators.Number of People in the Field:366 Total Average Annual Openings: 14Median Annual Salary: $33,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Earth Boring Machine Operator; Tunneling Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electricians
SOC Code: 472111
Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. May install or service street lights, intercom systems, or electrical control systems. Exclude "Security and Fire Alarm Systems Installers" (492098).Number of People in the Field:23316 Total Average Annual Openings: 432Median Annual Salary: $58,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Electrical Sign Servicer; House Wirer; Chief Electrician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Elevator installers and repairers
SOC Code: 474021
(Escalator Installer) Assemble, install, repair, or maintain electric or hydraulic freight or passenger elevators, escalators, or dumbwaiters.Number of People in the Field:910 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $62,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Elevator Mechanic; Hydraulic Elevator Constructor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters
SOC Code: 475031
Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials. May perform specialized handling, storage, and accounting procedures. Include seismograph shooters. Exclude "Earth Drillers, Except Oil and Gas" (475021) who may also work with explosives. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $39,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Dynamiter; Explosives Expert; Blast Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Extraction workers, all other
SOC Code: 475099
All extraction workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:240 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $35,360.00
Illustrative Examples: Chute Operator; Coal Digger; Sandfill Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fence erectors
SOC Code: 474031
Erect and repair metal and wooden fences and fence gates around highways, industrial establishments, residences, or farms, using hand and power tools.Number of People in the Field:347 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $33,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Wire Fence Builder; Wood Fence Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of construction trades and extraction workers
SOC Code: 471011
(Quarry Boss) Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction or extraction workers.Number of People in the Field:18638 Total Average Annual Openings: 274Median Annual Salary: $58,250.00
Illustrative Example: Cement Contractor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles
SOC Code: 472042
Apply blocks, strips, or sheets of shockabsorbing, sounddeadening, or decorative coverings to floors.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $30,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Composition Floor Setter; Linoleum Layer; Soft Tile Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Floor sanders and finishers
SOC Code: 472043
Scrape and sand wooden floors to smooth surfaces using floor scraper and floor sanding machine, and apply coats of finish.Number of People in the Field:66 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $28,950.00
Illustrative Examples: Floor Sanding Machine Operator; Floor Surfacer; Hardwood Finisher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Glaziers
SOC Code: 472121
Install glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces, such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings, and tabletops.Number of People in the Field:1440 Total Average Annual Openings: 28Median Annual Salary: $37,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Window Glass Installer; Plate Glass Installer; Stained Glass Glazier
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hazardous materials removal workers
SOC Code: 474041
Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous materials, including asbestos, leadbased paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid, radioactive materials, contaminated soil, etc. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. May operate earthmoving equipment or trucks.Number of People in the Field:1525 Total Average Annual Openings: 39Median Annual Salary: $38,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Asbestos Remover; Irradiated Fuel Handler; Hazardous Waste Remover
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers, construction trades, all other
SOC Code: 473019
All construction trades helpers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1389 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $29,670.00
Illustrative Examples: Cement Mixer; Glazier's Helper; Surveyor's Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters
SOC Code: 473011
Help brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, or tile and marble setters by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons or tile and marble setters, and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061). Number of People in the Field:2143 Total Average Annual Openings: 88Median Annual Salary: $30,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Brick Carrier; Brick Washer; Tile Layers Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--carpenters
SOC Code: 473012
Help carpenters by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist carpenters, and classify them under Construction Laborers (472061). Number of People in the Field:1863 Total Average Annual Openings: 77Median Annual Salary: $22,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Carpenter's Mate; Joiner's Helper; Cabinetmaker's Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--electricians
SOC Code: 473013
Help electricians by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist electricians, and classify them under Construction Laborers (472061).Number of People in the Field:2070 Total Average Annual Openings: 85Median Annual Salary: $25,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Utilities Ground Worker; Electrician's Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--extraction workers
SOC Code: 475081
Help extraction craft workers, such as earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators, by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include supplying equipment or cleaning work area. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate extraction trade occupation (475011 through 475099). Number of People in the Field:350 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $27,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Blaster's Helper; Tunnel Mucker; Mining Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons
SOC Code: 473014
Help painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist painters, paperhangers, plasterers, or stucco masons, and classify them under Construction Laborers (472061). Number of People in the Field:154 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $25,740.00
Illustrative Example: Plaster Tender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters
SOC Code: 473015
Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers, and classify them under "Construction Laborers" (472061).Number of People in the Field:1008 Total Average Annual Openings: 42Median Annual Salary: $27,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Pipe Cutter; Plumber's Assistant; Water Main Installer's Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--roofers
SOC Code: 473016
Help roofers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (472011 through 472221). Exclude construction laborers who do not primarily assist roofers, and classify them under Construction Laborers (472061). Number of People in the Field:551 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $24,350.00
Illustrative Example: Roofer's Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Highway maintenance workers
SOC Code: 474051
Maintain highways, municipal and rural roads, airport runways, and rightsofway. Duties include patching broken or eroded pavement, repairing guard rails, highway markers, and snow fences. May also mow or clear brush from along road or plow snow from roadway. Exclude Tree Trimmers and Pruners (373013).Number of People in the Field:4389 Total Average Annual Openings: 69Median Annual Salary: $36,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Snow Plow Operator; Road Patcher; Road Sign Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall
SOC Code: 472131
Line and cover structures with insulating materials. May work with batt, roll, or blown insulation materials.Number of People in the Field:866 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $30,510.00
Illustrative Examples: Composition Weatherboard Installer; Fiberglass Insulation Installer; Insulation Blower
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insulation workers, mechanical
SOC Code: 472132
Apply insulating materials to pipes or ductwork, or other mechanical systems in order to help control and maintain temperature.Number of People in the Field:405 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $38,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Boiler Coverer; Pipe Coverer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mine cutting and channeling machine operators
SOC Code: 475042
Operate machinerysuch as longwall shears, plows, and cutting machinesto cut or channel along the face or seams of coal mines, stone quarries, or other mining surfaces to facilitate blasting, separating, or removing minerals or materials from mines or from the earth's surface. Include shale planers.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $26,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Coal Cutter; Long Wall Mining Machine Tender; Shale Planer Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mining Machine Operators, All Other
SOC Code: 475049
All mining machine operators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Extraction Machine Operator; Hydraulic Operator; Rock Duster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators
SOC Code: 472073
Operate one or several types of power construction equipment, such as motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks, shovels, tractors, or frontend loaders to excavate, move, and grade earth, erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties. Exclude "Crane and Tower Operators" (537021) and equipment operators who work in extraction or other nonconstruction industries. Number of People in the Field:8661 Total Average Annual Openings: 216Median Annual Salary: $43,910.00
Illustrative Examples: Bulldozer Operator; Power Grader Operator; Steam Shovel Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Painters, construction and maintenance
SOC Code: 472141
Paint walls, equipment, buildings, bridges, and other structural surfaces, using brushes, rollers, and spray guns. May remove old paint to prepare surface prior to painting. May mix colors or oils to obtain desired color or consistency. Exclude "Paperhangers" (472142).Number of People in the Field:10528 Total Average Annual Openings: 146Median Annual Salary: $37,950.00
Illustrative Examples: Bridge Painter; Traffic Line Painter; House Painter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Paperhangers
SOC Code: 472142
Cover interior walls and ceilings of rooms with decorative wallpaper or fabric, or attach advertising posters on surfaces, such as walls and billboards. Duties include removing old materials from surface to be papered.Number of People in the Field:365 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $26,920.00
Illustrative Examples: Billboard Poster; Wallpaperer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators
SOC Code: 472071
Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Include concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.Number of People in the Field:1286 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $35,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Asphalt Spreader Operator; Black Top Machine Operator; Road Grader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pile-Driver Operators
SOC Code: 472072
Operate pile drivers mounted on skids, barges, crawler treads, or locomotive cranes to drive pilings for retaining walls, bulkheads, and foundations of structures, such as buildings, bridges, and piers.Number of People in the Field:141 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Nozzle Operator; Pile Driver Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pipelayers
SOC Code: 472151
Lay pipe for storm or sanitation sewers, drains, and water mains. Perform any combination of the following tasks: grade trenches or culverts, position pipe, or seal joints. Exclude "Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers" (514121).Number of People in the Field:728 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $35,200.00
Illustrative Examples: Trench Pipe Layer; Pipe Liner; Sewer Connector
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Plasterers and stucco masons
SOC Code: 472161
Apply interior or exterior plaster, cement, stucco, or similar materials. May also set ornamental plaster.Number of People in the Field:247 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $52,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Dry Plasterer; Stucco Worker; Ornamental Plasterer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters
SOC Code: 472152
Assemble, install, alter, and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems.Number of People in the Field:16337 Total Average Annual Openings: 359Median Annual Salary: $54,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Gas Line Installer; Hot Water Heater Installer; Sprinkling System Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators
SOC Code: 474061
Lay, repair, and maintain track for standard or narrowgauge railroad equipment used in regular railroad service or in plant yards, quarries, sand and gravel pits, and mines. Include ballast cleaning machine operators and railroad bed tamping machine operators.Number of People in the Field:328 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $38,920.00
Illustrative Examples: Ballast Cleaning Machine Operator; Track Surfacing Machine Operator; Track Dresser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Reinforcing iron and rebar workers
SOC Code: 472171
Position and secure steel bars or mesh in concrete forms in order to reinforce concrete. Use a variety of fasteners, rodbending machines, blowtorches, and hand tools. Include rod busters.Number of People in the Field:465 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $51,110.00
Illustrative Examples: Reinforcing Rod Layer; Rod Buster; Steel Tier
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rock Splitters, Quarry
SOC Code: 475051
Separate blocks of rough dimension stone from quarry mass using jackhammer and wedges.Number of People in the Field:84 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Quarry Plug and Feather Driller; Rock Breaker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Roof Bolters, Mining
SOC Code: 475061
Operate machinery to install roof support bolts in underground mine.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Roofers
SOC Code: 472181
Cover roofs of structures with shingles, slate, asphalt, aluminum, wood, and related materials. May spray roofs, sidings, and walls with material to bind, seal, insulate, or soundproof sections of structures.Number of People in the Field:4177 Total Average Annual Openings: 91Median Annual Salary: $35,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Slater; Hot Tar Roofer; Terra Cotta Roofer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rotary drill operators, oil and gas
SOC Code: 475012
Set up or operate a variety of drills to remove petroleum products from the earth and to find and remove core samples for testing during oil and gas exploration.Number of People in the Field:301 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $35,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Cable Tool Operator; Core Driller; Well Driller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Roustabouts, oil and gas
SOC Code: 475071
Assemble or repair oil field equipment using hand and power tools. Perform other tasks as needed.Number of People in the Field:259 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $30,700.00
Illustrative Examples: Connection Worker; Oil Field Laborer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Segmental Pavers
SOC Code: 474091
Lay out, cut, and paste segmental paving units. Include installers of bedding and restraining materials for the paving units.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Concrete Paver Installer; Interlocking Concrete Pavement Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners
SOC Code: 474071
Clean and repair septic tanks, sewer lines, or drains. May patch walls and partitions of tank, replace damaged drain tile, or repair breaks in underground piping.Number of People in the Field:888 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: $32,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Sewage Screen Operator; Septic Tank Cleaner; Electric Sewer Cleaning Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining
SOC Code: 475013
(Fishing Tool Operator) Operate equipment to increase oil flow from producing wells or to remove stuck pipe, casing, tools, or other obstructions from drilling wells. May also perform similar services in mining exploration operations. Include fishingtool technicians.Number of People in the Field:82 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $32,490.00
Illustrative Example: Well Cleaner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sheet metal workers
SOC Code: 472211
(Duct Installer, Metal) Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Include sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes. Number of People in the Field:5820 Total Average Annual Openings: 138Median Annual Salary: $49,880.00
Illustrative Example: Tinsmith
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Stonemasons
SOC Code: 472022
Build stone structures, such as piers, walls, and abutments. Lay walks, curbstones, or special types of masonry for vats, tanks, and floors.Number of People in the Field:288 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $34,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Granite Setter; Monument Installer; Rock Mason
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Structural iron and steel workers
SOC Code: 472221
Raise, place, and unite iron or steel girders, columns, and other structural members to form completed structures or structural frameworks. May erect metal storage tanks and assembleprefabricated metal buildings. Exclude "Reinforcing Iron and Rebar Workers" (472171).Number of People in the Field:2098 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $48,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Bolter; Guard Rail Installer; Construction Ironworker Helpers, Construction Trades
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tapers
SOC Code: 472082
Seal joints between plasterboard or other wallboard to prepare wall surface for painting or papering.Number of People in the Field:1031 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $46,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Sheet Rock Taper; Wall Taper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Terrazzo workers and finishers
SOC Code: 472053
Apply a mixture of cement, sand, pigment, or marble chips to floors, stairways, and cabinet fixtures to fashion durable and decorative surfaces.Number of People in the Field:146 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $35,750.00
Illustrative Example: Artificial Marble Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tile and marble setters
SOC Code: 472044
Apply hard tile, marble, and wood tile to walls, floors, ceilings, and roof decks.Number of People in the Field:1266 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $40,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Ceramic Tile Installer; Hard Tile Setter; Marble Installer
  

  

Occupation Category: Education, Training, and Library Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Adult literacy, remedial education, and GED teachers and instructors
SOC Code: 253011
Teach or instruct out-of-school youths and adults in remedial education classes, preparatory classes for the General Educational Development test, literacy, or English as a Second Language. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution.Number of People in the Field:1449 Total Average Annual Openings: 30Median Annual Salary: $48,880.00
Illustrative Example: Adult Education Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural Sciences Teachers, Postsecondary
SOC Code: 251041
Teach courses in the agricultural sciences. Include teachers of agronomy, dairy sciences, fisheries management, horticultural sciences, poultry sciences, range management, and agricultural soil conservation. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:258 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Dairy Science Teacher; Farm Management Teacher; Agricultural Soil Conservation Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251061
Teach courses in anthropology or archeology. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:116 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $67,360.00
Illustrative Example: Paleology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Architecture teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251031
Teach courses in architecture and architectural design, such as architectural environmental design, interior architecture/design, and landscape architecture. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:258 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $63,740.00
Illustrative Example: Landscape Architecture Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Archivists
SOC Code: 254011
Appraise, edit, and direct safekeeping of permanent records and historically valuable documents. Participate in research activities based on archival materials.Number of People in the Field:173 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $39,080.00
Illustrative Example: Docent Coordinator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251062
Teach courses pertaining to the culture and development of an area (e.g., Latin America), an ethnic group, or any other group (e.g., women's studies, urban affairs). Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:167 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $49,550.00
Illustrative Example: Ethnology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251121
Teach courses in drama, music, and the arts including fine and applied art, such as painting and sculpture, or design and crafts. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:2211 Total Average Annual Openings: 89Median Annual Salary: $45,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Photography Teacher; Piano Teacher; Music Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251051
Teach courses in the physical sciences, except chemistry and physics. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:156 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $69,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Climatology Teacher; Geology Teacher; Oceanography Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Audio-visual collections specialists
SOC Code: 259011
Prepare, plan, and operate audiovisual teaching aids for use in education. May record, catalogue, and file audiovisual materials.Number of People in the Field:221 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $35,240.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Biological science teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251042
Teach courses in biological sciences. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:1023 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $64,260.00
Illustrative Examples: Bacteriology Teacher; Biochemistry Teacher; Genetics Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Business teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251011
Teach courses in business administration and management, such as accounting, finance, human resources, labor relations, marketing, and operations research. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:1695 Total Average Annual Openings: 67Median Annual Salary: $66,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Accounting Teacher; Marketing Teacher; Shorthand Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemistry teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251052
Teach courses pertaining to the chemical and physical properties and compositional changes of substances. Work may include instruction in the methods of qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching, and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Exclude "Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (251042) who teach biochemistry.Number of People in the Field:621 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: $59,420.00
Illustrative Examples: Food Technology Teacher; Pharmacognosy Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Communications teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251122
Teach courses in communications, such as organizational communications, public relations, radio/television broadcasting, and journalism. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:791 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $56,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Journalism Teacher; Public Speaking Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer science teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251021
Teach courses in computer science. May specialize in a field of computer science, such as the design and function of computers or operations and research analysis. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:1225 Total Average Annual Openings: 53Median Annual Salary: $65,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251111
Teach courses in criminal justice, corrections, and law enforcement administration. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:231 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $51,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Criminology Teacher; Penology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Curators
SOC Code: 254012
Administer affairs of museum and conduct research programs. Direct instructional, research, and public service activities of institution.Number of People in the Field:276 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $45,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Art Gallery Director; Museum Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Economics teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251063
Teach courses in economics. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:397 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $71,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Agricultural Economics Teacher; Industrial Economics Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251081
Teach courses pertaining to education, such as counseling, curriculum, guidance, instruction, teacher education, and teaching English as a second language. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:1904 Total Average Annual Openings: 74Median Annual Salary: $44,720.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education, training, and library workers, all other
SOC Code: 259099
All education, training, and library workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:4523 Total Average Annual Openings: 126Median Annual Salary: $33,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Elementary school teachers, except special education
SOC Code: 252021
Teach pupils in public or private schools at the elementary level basic academic, social, and other formative skills. Exclude "Special Education Teachers" (252041 through 252043). Number of People in the Field:46471 Total Average Annual Openings: 963Median Annual Salary: $55,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Engineering teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251032
Teach courses pertaining to the application of physical laws and principles of engineering for the development of machines, materials, instruments, processes, and services. Include teachers of subjects, such as chemical, civil, electrical, industrial, mechanical, mineral, and petroleum engineering. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Exclude "Computer Science Teachers,Postsecondary" (251021).Number of People in the Field:945 Total Average Annual Openings: 36Median Annual Salary: $71,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Aeronautics Engineering Teacher; Civil Engineering Teacher; Electrical Engineering Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
English language and literature teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251123
Teach courses in English language and literature, including linguistics and comparative literature. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:2149 Total Average Annual Openings: 88Median Annual Salary: $58,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Classics Teacher; Etymology Teacher; Creative Writing Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental Science Teachers, Postsecondary
SOC Code: 251053
Teach courses in environmental science. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farm and Home Management Advisors
SOC Code: 259021
(Agricultural Extension Agent) Advise, instruct, and assist individuals and families engaged in agriculture, agriculturalrelated processes, or home economics activities. Demonstrate procedures and apply research findings to solve problems; instruct and train in product development, sales, and the utilization of machinery and equipment to promote general welfare. Include county agricultural agents, feed and farm management advisers, home economists, and extension service advisors.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Feed Adviser; Home Economic Extension Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251124
Teach courses in foreign (i.e., other than English) languages and literature. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:611 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $52,910.00
Illustrative Examples: Arabic Teacher; Russian Teacher; Spanish Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forestry and Conservation Science Teachers, Postsecondary
SOC Code: 251043
Teach courses in environmental and conservation science. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Exclude Agricultural Science Teachers (251041).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Forest Management Teacher; Forest Pathology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Geography teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251064
Teach courses in geography. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:251 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $57,400.00
Illustrative Example: Cartography Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Graduate Teaching Assistants
SOC Code: 251191
Assist department chairperson, faculty members, or other professional staff members in college or university by performing teaching or teachingrelated duties, such as teaching lower level courses, developing teaching materials, preparing and giving examinations, and grading examinations or papers. Graduate assistants must be enrolled in a graduate school program. Graduate assistants who primarily perform nonteaching duties, such as laboratory research, should be reported in the occupational category related to the work performed. Number of People in the Field:6812 Total Average Annual Openings: 245Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Health specialties teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251071
Teach courses in health specialties, such as veterinary medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, therapy, laboratory technology, and public health. Exclude "Nursing Instructors and Teachers, Postsecondary" (251072) and "Biological Science Teachers, Postsecondary" (251042) who teach medical science.Number of People in the Field:3318 Total Average Annual Openings: 126Median Annual Salary: $74,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Pharmacology Teacher; Dentistry Teacher; Nutrition Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
History teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251125
Teach courses in human history and historiography. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:611 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: $54,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Home economics teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251192
Teach courses in child care, family relations, finance, nutrition, and related subjects as pertaining to home management. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:131 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $50,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Food and Nutrition Teacher; Sewing Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Instructional coordinators
SOC Code: 259031
(Curriculum Specialist) Develop instructional material, coordinate educational content, and incorporate current technology in specialized fields that provide guidelines to educators and instructors for developing curricula and conducting courses. Include educational consultants and specialists, and instructional material directors. Number of People in the Field:5211 Total Average Annual Openings: 132Median Annual Salary: $58,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Instructional Materials; Educational Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Kindergarten teachers, except special education
SOC Code: 252012
Teach elemental natural and social science, personal hygiene, music, art, and literature to children from 4 to 6 years old. Promote physical, mental, and social development. May be required to hold State certification. Exclude "Special Education Teachers" (252041 through 252043). Number of People in the Field:5384 Total Average Annual Openings: 87Median Annual Salary: $49,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Law teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251112
Teach courses in law. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:248 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $96,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Librarians
SOC Code: 254021
Administer libraries and perform related library services. Work in a variety of settings, including public libraries, schools, colleges and universities, museums, corporations, government agencies, law firms, nonprofit organizations, and healthcare providers. Tasks may include selecting, acquiring, cataloguing, classifying, circulating, and maintaining library materials; and furnishing reference, bibliographical, and readers' advisory services. May perform indepth, strategic research, and synthesize, analyze, edit, and filter information. May set up or work with databases and information systems to catalogue and access information.Number of People in the Field:5765 Total Average Annual Openings: 119Median Annual Salary: $50,420.00
Illustrative Examples: School Library Media Specialist; Circulation Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Library science teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251082
Teach courses in library science. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:119 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $68,050.00
Illustrative Example: Teacher of Medical Record Librarians
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Library technicians
SOC Code: 254031
(Assistant Librarian, Bookmobile Driver) Assist librarians by helping readers in the use of library catalogs, databases, and indexes to locate books and other materials; and by answering questions that require only brief consultation of standard reference. Compile records; sort and shelve books; remove or repair damaged books; register patrons; check materials in and out of the circulation process. Replace materials in shelving area (stacks) or files. Include bookmobile drivers who operate bookmobiles or light trucks that pull trailers to specific locations on a predetermined schedule and assist with providing services in mobile libraries. Number of People in the Field:6131 Total Average Annual Openings: 257Median Annual Salary: $24,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251022
Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:1339 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $62,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Actuarial Science Teacher; Calculus Teacher; Geometry Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Middle school teachers, except special and vocational education
SOC Code: 252022
(Junior High School Teacher) Teach students in public or private schools in one or more subjects at the middle, intermediate, or junior high level, which falls between elementary and senior high school as defined by applicable State laws and regulations. Exclude "Middle School Vocational Education Teachers" (252023) and "Special Education Teachers" (252041 through 252043). Number of People in the Field:18546 Total Average Annual Openings: 404Median Annual Salary: $56,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Museum technicians and conservators
SOC Code: 254013
Prepare specimens, such as fossils, skeletal parts, lace, and textiles, for museum collection and exhibits. May restore documents or install, arrange, and exhibit materials.Number of People in the Field:273 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $24,960.00
Illustrative Example: Museum Registrar
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251072
Demonstrate and teach patient care in classroom and clinical units to nursing students. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:1552 Total Average Annual Openings: 63Median Annual Salary: $62,900.00
Illustrative Examples: Registered Nursing Instructor; Practical Nursing Instructor; Nurses Aide Instructor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251126
Teach courses in philosophy, religion, and theology. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:561 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $57,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Divinity Teacher; Metaphysics Teacher; Theology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physics teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251054
Teach courses pertaining to the laws of matter and energy. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:456 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $64,250.00
Illustrative Examples: Aerodynamics Teacher; Ballistics Teacher; Thermodynamics Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Political science teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251065
Teach courses in political science, international affairs, and international relations. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:332 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $60,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Government Teacher; International Relations Teacher; Public Policy Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Postsecondary teachers, all other
SOC Code: 251199
All postsecondary teachers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:17045 Total Average Annual Openings: 693Median Annual Salary: $65,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Interior Design Teacher; Military Science Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Preschool teachers, except special education
SOC Code: 252011
(Day Care Teacher, Nursery School Teacher) Instruct children (normally up to 5 years of age) in activities designed to promote social, physical, and intellectual growth needed for primary school in preschool, day care center, or other child development facility. May be required to hold State certification. Exclude "Child Care Workers" (399011) and "Special Education Teachers" (252041 through 252043). Number of People in the Field:9303 Total Average Annual Openings: 257Median Annual Salary: $26,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Head Start Teacher; Childhood Development Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Psychology teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251066
Teach courses in psychology, such as child, clinical, and developmental psychology, and psychological counseling. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:930 Total Average Annual Openings: 37Median Annual Salary: $55,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Child Development Teacher; Human Relations Teacher; Applied Psychology Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251193
Teach courses pertaining to recreation, leisure, and fitness studies, including exercise physiology and facilities management. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:879 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $51,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Swimming Teacher; Leisure Studies Instructor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Secondary school teachers, except special and vocational education
SOC Code: 252031
(High School Teacher) Instruct students in secondary public or private schools in one or more subjects at the secondary level, such as English, mathematics, or social studies. May be designated according to subject matter specialty, such as typing instructors, commercial teachers, or English teachers. Exclude "Vocational Education Secondary School Teachers" (252032) and Special Education Teachers (252041 through 252043). Number of People in the Field:27065 Total Average Annual Openings: 847Median Annual Salary: $56,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Self-enrichment education teachers
SOC Code: 253021
Teach or instruct courses other than those that normally lead to an occupational objective or degree. Courses may include selfimprovement, nonvocational, and nonacademic subjects. Teaching may or may not take place in a traditional educational institution.Number of People in the Field:6296 Total Average Annual Openings: 154Median Annual Salary: $35,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Art Teacher; Flying Teacher; Citizenship Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other
SOC Code: 251069
All postsecondary social sciences teachers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:638 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $58,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Urban Planning Teacher; Labor Relations Teacher; Survey Research Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social work teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251113
Teach courses in social work. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research. Number of People in the Field:266 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $58,990.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sociology teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251067
Teach courses in sociology. Include both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of both teaching and research.Number of People in the Field:667 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $53,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Special education teachers, middle school
SOC Code: 252042
Teach middle school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired.Number of People in the Field:2330 Total Average Annual Openings: 83Median Annual Salary: $55,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Special education teachers, preschool, kindergarten, and elementary school
SOC Code: 252041
Teach elementary and preschool school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired. Number of People in the Field:7201 Total Average Annual Openings: 274Median Annual Salary: $56,990.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Special education teachers, secondary school
SOC Code: 252043
Teach secondary school subjects to educationally and physically handicapped students. Include teachers who specialize and work with audibly and visually handicapped students and those who teach basic academic and life processes skills to the mentally impaired.Number of People in the Field:4419 Total Average Annual Openings: 138Median Annual Salary: $57,990.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Teacher assistants
SOC Code: 259041
(Teacher Aide) Perform duties that are instructional in nature or deliver direct services to students or parents. Serve in a position for which a teacher or another professional has ultimate responsibility for the design and implementation of educational programs and services.Number of People in the Field:42313 Total Average Annual Openings: 1065Median Annual Salary: $24,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Examination Proctor; Paper Grader; Paraprofessional Teacher Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Teachers and instructors, all other
SOC Code: 253099
All teachers and instructors not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:23948 Total Average Annual Openings: 475Median Annual Salary: $51,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Consumer Education Specialist; Lecturer; Private Tutor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Vocational education teachers, middle school
SOC Code: 252023
Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the middle school level. Exclude Special Education Teachers (252041 through 252043) Number of People in the Field:505 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $38,440.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Vocational education teachers, postsecondary
SOC Code: 251194
(Adult Education Teacher) Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the postsecondary level (but at less than the baccalaureate) to students who have graduated or left high school. Include correspondence school instructors; industrial, commercial and government training instructors; and adult education teachers and instructors who prepare persons to operate industrial machinery and equipment and transportation and communications equipment. Teaching may take place in public or private schools whose primary business is education or in a school associated with an organization whose primary business is other than education. Number of People in the Field:2011 Total Average Annual Openings: 95Median Annual Salary: $52,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Real Estate Instructor; Auto Mechanics Teacher; Barbering Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Vocational education teachers, secondary school
SOC Code: 252032
Teach or instruct vocational or occupational subjects at the secondary school level.Number of People in the Field:2718 Total Average Annual Openings: 91Median Annual Salary: $57,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  

  

Occupation Category: Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural Equipment Operators
SOC Code: 452091
Drive and control farm equipment to till soil and to plant, cultivate, and harvest crops. May perform tasks, such as crop baling or hay bucking. May operate stationary equipment to perform postharvest tasks, such as husking, shelling, threshing, and ginning.Number of People in the Field:2036 Total Average Annual Openings: 68Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Baler; Combine Operator; Tractor Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural Inspectors
SOC Code: 452011
Inspect agricultural commodities, processing equipment, and facilities, and fish and logging operations, to ensure compliance with regulations and laws governing health, quality, and safety.Number of People in the Field:193 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Cattle Examiner; Meat Grader; Grain Sampler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural workers, all other
SOC Code: 452099
All agricultural workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:701 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $22,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Irrigation Worker; Livestock Showman
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Animal Breeders
SOC Code: 452021
Breed animals, including cattle, goats, horses, sheep, swine, poultry, dogs, cats, or pet birds. Select and breed animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require a knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree. Exclude "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (392021) who may occasionally breed animals as part of their other caretaking duties. Exclude Animal Scientists (191011) whose primary function is research. Number of People in the Field:301 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Artificial Inseminator; Chicken Fancier; Horse Breeder
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fallers
SOC Code: 454021
(Lumberjack) Use axes or chainsaws to fell trees using knowledge of tree characteristics and cutting techniques to control direction of fall and minimize tree damage.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $26,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Cross Cut Sawyer; Timber Cutter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farm Labor Contractors
SOC Code: 451012
Recruit, hire, furnish, and supervise seasonal or temporary agricultural laborers for a fee. May transport, house, and provide meals for workers.Number of People in the Field:71 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Harvesting Contractor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse
SOC Code: 452092
(Nursery Worker) Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; cleaning, grading, sorting, packing and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Exclude "Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (452041). Exclude "Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (454011 through 454029). Number of People in the Field:21750 Total Average Annual Openings: 672Median Annual Salary: $19,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Apple Picker; Tobacco Cutter; Vegetable Loader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farmworkers, farm and ranch animals
SOC Code: 452093
Attend to live farm, ranch, or aquacultural animals that may include cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses and other equines, poultry, finfish, shellfish, and bees. Attend to animals produced for animal products, such as meat, fur, skins, feathers, eggs, milk, and honey. Duties may include feeding, watering, herding, grazing, castrating, branding, debeaking, weighing, catching, and loading animals. May maintain records on animals; examine animals to detect diseases and injuries; assist in birth deliveries; and administer medications, vaccinations, or insecticides as appropriate. May clean and maintain animal housing areas. Include workers who shear wool from sheep, and collect eggs in hatcheries. Number of People in the Field:2676 Total Average Annual Openings: 83Median Annual Salary: $19,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Horse Groomer; Beekeeper; Livestock Feeder
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of farming, fishing, and forestry workers
SOC Code: 451011
Directly supervise and coordinate the activities of agricultural, forestry, aquacultural, and related workers. Exclude "FirstLine Supervisors/Managers of Landscaping, Lawn Service, and Groundskeeping Workers" (371012). Illustrative Examples: Christmas Tree Farm Manager; Harvest Crew Supervisor; Fish Hatchery Supervisor Number of People in the Field:2153 Total Average Annual Openings: 56Median Annual Salary: $48,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Christmas Tree Farm Manager; Harvest Crew Supervisor; Fish Hatchery Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fishers and Related Fishing Workers
SOC Code: 453011
Use nets, fishing rods, traps, or other equipment to catch and gather fish or other aquatic animals from rivers, lakes, or oceans, for human consumption or other uses. May haul game onto ship. Includes aquacultural laborers who work on fish farms with "Agricultural Workers, All Other" (452099).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Fishing Boat Captain; Crabber; Seaweed Harvester
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forest and conservation workers
SOC Code: 454011
(Forester Aide) Under supervision, perform manual labor necessary to develop, maintain, or protect forest, forested areas, and woodlands through such activities as raising and transporting tree seedlings; combating insects, pests, and diseases harmful to trees; and building erosion and water control structures and leaching of forest soil. Include forester aides, seedling pullers, and tree planters. Number of People in the Field:384 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $25,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Christmas Tree Farm Worker; Seedling Puller; Forestry Laborer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Graders and sorters, agricultural products
SOC Code: 452041
Grade, sort, or classify unprocessed food and other agricultural products by size, weight, color, or condition. Exclude "Agricultural Inspectors" (452011).Number of People in the Field:994 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $14,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Chicken Grader; Cotton Classer; Fruit Sorter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hunters and Trappers
SOC Code: 453021
Hunt and trap wild animals for human consumption, fur, feed, bait, or other purposes.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Predatory Animal Exterminator; Bird Trapper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Log graders and scalers
SOC Code: 454023
Grade logs or estimate the marketable content or value of logs or pulpwood in sorting yards, millpond, log deck, or similar locations. Inspect logs for defects or measure logs to determine volume. Exclude "Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products" (131021).Number of People in the Field:70 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $31,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Timber Estimator; Landing Scaler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Logging equipment operators
SOC Code: 454022
Drive logging tractor or wheeled vehicle equipped with one or more accessories, such as bulldozer blade, frontal shear, grapple, logging arch, cable winches, hoisting rack, or crane boom, to fell tree; to skid, load, unload, or stack logs; or to pull stumps or clear brush.Number of People in the Field:916 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: $26,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Log Hauler; Logging Tractor Operator; Skidder Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Logging workers, all other
SOC Code: 454029
All logging workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:77 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $24,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Barker; Cable Hooker; Rigging Slinger
  

  

Occupation Category: Food Preparation and Serving Related Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bartenders
SOC Code: 353011
Mix and serve drinks to patrons, directly or through waitstaff.Number of People in the Field:18390 Total Average Annual Openings: 825Median Annual Salary: $15,420.00
Illustrative Examples: Barkeeper; Taproom Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chefs and head cooks
SOC Code: 351011
Direct the preparation, seasoning, and cooking of salads, soups, fish, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foods. May plan and price menu items, order supplies, and keep records and accounts. May participate in cooking.Number of People in the Field:4214 Total Average Annual Openings: 180Median Annual Salary: $31,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Executive Chef; Pastry Chef; Sous Chef
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food
SOC Code: 353021
Perform duties which combine both food preparation and food service.Number of People in the Field:84110 Total Average Annual Openings: 5200Median Annual Salary: $15,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Caterers Aide; Deli Clerk; Mess Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, all other
SOC Code: 352019
All cooks not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:434 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $21,130.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, fast food
SOC Code: 352011
Prepare and cook food in a fast food restaurant with a limited menu. Duties of the cooks are limited to preparation of a few basic items and normally involve operating largevolume singlepurpose cooking equipment.Number of People in the Field:24675 Total Average Annual Openings: 1165Median Annual Salary: $14,470.00
Illustrative Examples: Fry Cook; Pizza Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, institution and cafeteria
SOC Code: 352012
Prepare and cook large quantities of food for institutions, such as schools, hospitals, or cafeterias.Number of People in the Field:10394 Total Average Annual Openings: 429Median Annual Salary: $23,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Camp Cook; Mess Cook; Galley Cook
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, Private Household
SOC Code: 352013
Prepare meals in private homes.Number of People in the Field:143 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, restaurant
SOC Code: 352014
Prepare, season, and cook soups, meats, vegetables, desserts, or other foodstuffs in restaurants. May order supplies, keep records and accounts, price items on menu, or plan menu.Number of People in the Field:24338 Total Average Annual Openings: 1133Median Annual Salary: $20,070.00
Illustrative Examples: Broiler Cook; Specialty Foreign Food Cook; Gardemanger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooks, short order
SOC Code: 352015
Prepare and cook to order a variety of foods that require only a short preparation time. May take orders from customers and serve patrons at counters or tables. Exclude "Fast Food Cooks" (352011).Number of People in the Field:10165 Total Average Annual Openings: 429Median Annual Salary: $18,040.00
Illustrative Examples: Barbecue Cook; Griddle Cook
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop
SOC Code: 353022
Serve food to diners at counter or from a steam table. Include counter attendants who also wait tables with "Waiters and Waitresses" (353031).Number of People in the Field:10688 Total Average Annual Openings: 1181Median Annual Salary: $15,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Canteen Operator; Snack Bar Attendant; Hot Dog Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers
SOC Code: 359011
(Busser) Facilitate food service. Clean tables, carry dirty dishes, replace soiled table linens; set tables; replenish supply of clean linens, silverware, glassware, and dishes; supply service bar with food, and serve water, butter, and coffee to patrons.Number of People in the Field:11373 Total Average Annual Openings: 584Median Annual Salary: $15,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Lunchroom Attendant; Tray Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dishwashers
SOC Code: 359021
Clean dishes, kitchen, food preparation equipment, or utensils.Number of People in the Field:14969 Total Average Annual Openings: 797Median Annual Salary: $14,900.00
Illustrative Examples: Kitchen Cleaner; Glass Washer; Pot Washer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of food preparation and serving workers
SOC Code: 351012
Supervise workers engaged in preparing and serving food.Number of People in the Field:26327 Total Average Annual Openings: 884Median Annual Salary: $27,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Cafeteria Manager; Caterer; Bar Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food preparation and serving related workers, all other
SOC Code: 359099
All food preparation and serving related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:6740 Total Average Annual Openings: 300Median Annual Salary: $16,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Vending Machine Attendant; Cafeteria Line Runner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food preparation workers
SOC Code: 352021
(Kitchen Helper) Perform a variety of food preparation duties other than cooking, such as preparing cold foods and shellfish, slicing meat, and brewing coffee or tea.Number of People in the Field:30495 Total Average Annual Openings: 1614Median Annual Salary: $17,680.00
Illustrative Examples: Coffee Maker; Sandwich Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food servers, nonrestaurant
SOC Code: 353041
(TrayService Worker) Serve food to patrons outside of a restaurant environment, such as in hotels, hospital rooms, or cars. Exclude "DoortoDoor Sales Workers, News and Street Vendors, and Related Workers" (419091) and "Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop" (353022).Number of People in the Field:8436 Total Average Annual Openings: 369Median Annual Salary: $20,740.00
Illustrative Examples: Curb Attendant; Hospital TrayService Worker; Room Service Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop
SOC Code: 359031
Welcome patrons, seat them at tables or in lounge, and help ensure quality of facilities and service.Number of People in the Field:10909 Total Average Annual Openings: 488Median Annual Salary: $15,200.00
Illustrative Examples: Maitre D'; Dining Room Host
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Waiters and waitresses
SOC Code: 353031
Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in dining establishment. Exclude Counter Attendants, Cafeteria, Food Concession, and Coffee Shop (353022).Number of People in the Field:84185 Total Average Annual Openings: 5467Median Annual Salary: $13,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Cocktail Waiter; Wine Steward; Head Waitress
  

  

Occupation Category: Healthcare Practitioner and Technical Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Anesthesiologists
SOC Code: 291061
Administer anesthetics during surgery or other medical procedures.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Athletic trainers
SOC Code: 299091
Evaluate, advise, and treat athletes to assist recovery from injury, avoid injury, or maintain peak physical fitness.Number of People in the Field:488 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $41,500.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Audiologists
SOC Code: 291121
Assess and treat persons with hearing and related disorders. May fit hearing aids and provide auditory training. May perform research related to hearing problems.Number of People in the Field:516 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $58,080.00
Illustrative Example: Hearing Therapist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cardiovascular technologists and technicians
SOC Code: 292031
(E.K.G. Technician, Vascular Technologist) Conduct tests on pulmonary or cardiovascular systems of patients for diagnostic purposes. May conduct or assist in electrocardiograms, cardiac catheterizations, pulmonaryfunctions, lung capacity, and similar tests. Include vascular technologists.Number of People in the Field:1996 Total Average Annual Openings: 65Median Annual Salary: $45,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Cardiographer; Cardiopulmonary Technologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chiropractors
SOC Code: 291011
Adjust spinal column and other articulations of the body to correct abnormalities of the human body believed to be caused by interference with the nervous system. Examine patient to determine nature and extent of disorder. Manipulate spine or other involved area. May utilize supplementary measures, such as exercise, rest, water, light, heat, and nutritional therapy. Number of People in the Field:2241 Total Average Annual Openings: 82Median Annual Salary: $62,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dental hygienists
SOC Code: 292021
Clean teeth and examine oral areas, head, and neck for signs of oral disease. May educate patients on oral hygiene, take and develop Xrays, or apply fluoride or sealants.Number of People in the Field:7546 Total Average Annual Openings: 232Median Annual Salary: $58,450.00
Illustrative Example: Oral Hygienist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dentists, all other specialists
SOC Code: 291029
All dentists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:186 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $99,040.00
Illustrative Examples: Endodontist; Periodontist; Oral Pathologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dentists, General
SOC Code: 291021
Diagnose and treat diseases, injuries, and malformations of teeth and gums and related oral structures. May treat diseases of nerve, pulp, and other dental tissues affecting vitality of teeth. Exclude "Prosthodontists" (291024), "Orthodontists" (291023), "Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons" (291022) and "Dentists, all other specialists" (291029). Number of People in the Field:6684 Total Average Annual Openings: 146Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Diagnostic medical sonographers
SOC Code: 292032
(Ultrasound Technologist) Produce ultrasonic recordings of internal organs for use by physicians.Number of People in the Field:1484 Total Average Annual Openings: 51Median Annual Salary: $53,910.00
Illustrative Example: Ultrasonic Tester
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dietetic technicians
SOC Code: 292051
Assist dietitians in the provision of food service and nutritional programs. Under the supervision of dietitians, may plan and produce meals based on established guidelines, teach principles of food and nutrition, or counsel individuals. Number of People in the Field:921 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $24,760.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dietitians and nutritionists
SOC Code: 291031
Plan and conduct food service or nutritional programs to assist in the promotion of health and control of disease. May supervise activities of a department providing quantity food services, counsel individuals, or conduct nutritional research.Number of People in the Field:1711 Total Average Annual Openings: 59Median Annual Salary: $45,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Public Health Dietitian; Nutrition Director; Research Dietitian
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Emergency medical technicians and paramedics
SOC Code: 292041
Assess injuries, administer emergency medical care, and extricate trapped individuals. Transport injured or sick persons to medical facilities.Number of People in the Field:5767 Total Average Annual Openings: 126Median Annual Salary: $27,550.00
Illustrative Example: E.M.T.
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Family and General Practitioners
SOC Code: 291062
Diagnose, treat, help prevent diseases and injuries commonly occur in the general population.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other
SOC Code: 291199
All health diagnosing and treating practitioners not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:3306 Total Average Annual Openings: 109Median Annual Salary: $60,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Acupuncturist; Homeopathic Doctor; Hypnotherapist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Health technologists and technicians, all other
SOC Code: 292099
All health technologists and technicians not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:6775 Total Average Annual Openings: 188Median Annual Salary: $34,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Dialysis Technician; Encephalographer; Hearing Aid Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other
SOC Code: 299099
All healthcare practitioners and technical workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:2145 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $40,950.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Internists, general
SOC Code: 291063
Diagnose and provide nonsurgical treatment of diseases and injuries of internal organ systems. Provide care mainly for adults who have a wide range of problems associated with the internal organs. Include subspecialists, such as cardiologists and gastroenterologists, with "All Other Physicians" (291069).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $142,070.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses
SOC Code: 292061
(Maternity Nurse) Care for ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled persons in hospitals, nursing homes, clinics, private homes, group homes, and similar institutions. May work under the supervision of a registered nurse. Licensing required. Number of People in the Field:17616 Total Average Annual Openings: 425Median Annual Salary: $38,800.00
Illustrative Example: Licensed Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical and clinical laboratory technicians
SOC Code: 292012
Perform routine medical laboratory tests for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May work under the supervision of a medical technologist.Number of People in the Field:4393 Total Average Annual Openings: 174Median Annual Salary: $30,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Blood Bank Technician; Cytotechnician; Serology Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical and clinical laboratory technologists
SOC Code: 292011
Perform complex medical laboratory tests for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. May train or supervise staff.Number of People in the Field:4719 Total Average Annual Openings: 170Median Annual Salary: $50,040.00
Illustrative Examples: Blood Bank Technologist; Cytotechnologist; Immunohematologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical records and health information technicians
SOC Code: 292071
(Medical Records Librarian) Compile, process, and maintain medical records of hospital and clinic patients in a manner consistent with medical, administrative, ethical, legal, and regulatory requirements of the health care system. Process, maintain, compile, and report patient information for health requirements and standards. Number of People in the Field:5468 Total Average Annual Openings: 151Median Annual Salary: $29,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Disability Rater; Medical Records Specialist; Medical Library Historian
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nuclear medicine technologists
SOC Code: 292033
Prepare, administer, and measure radioactive isotopes in therapeutic, diagnostic, and tracer studies utilizing a variety of radioisotope equipment. Prepare stock solutions of radioactive materials and calculate doses to be administered by radiologists. Subject patients to radiation. Execute blood volume, red cell survival, and fat absorption studies following standard laboratory techniques. Number of People in the Field:1023 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $60,700.00
Illustrative Example: Radioisotope Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Obstetricians and Gynecologists
SOC Code: 291064
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent diseases of women, especially those affecting the reproductive system and the process of childbirth.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: OB/Gyn
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Occupational health and safety specialists
SOC Code: 299011
Review, evaluate, and analyze work environments and design programs and procedures to control, eliminate, and prevent disease or injury caused by chemical, physical, and biological agents or ergonomic factors. May conduct inspections and enforce adherence to laws and regulations governing the health and safety of individuals. May be employed in the public or private sector. Include environmental protection officers. Number of People in the Field:902 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $56,670.00
Illustrative Examples: Health Sanitarian; Industrial Hygienist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Occupational health and safety technicians
SOC Code: 299012
Collect data on work environments for analysis by occupational health and safety specialists. Implement and conduct evaluation of programs designed to limit chemical, physical, biological, and ergonomic risks to workers.Number of People in the Field:296 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $34,440.00
Illustrative Example: Mine Examiner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Occupational therapists
SOC Code: 291122
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that help restore vocational, homemaking, and daily living skills, as well as general independence, to disabled persons.Number of People in the Field:3653 Total Average Annual Openings: 107Median Annual Salary: $55,330.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Opticians, dispensing
SOC Code: 292081
Design, measure, fit, and adapt lenses and frames for client according to written optical prescription or specification. Assist client with selecting frames. Measure customer for size of eyeglasses and coordinate frames with facial and eye measurements and optical prescription. Prepare work order for optical laboratory containing instructions for grinding and mounting lenses in frames. Verify exactness of finished lens spectacles. Adjust frame and lens position to fit client. May shape or reshape frames. Include contact lens opticians. Number of People in the Field:3419 Total Average Annual Openings: 62Median Annual Salary: $29,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Contact Lens Fitter; Eyeglass Fitter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Optometrists
SOC Code: 291041
Diagnose, manage, and treat conditions and diseases of the human eye and visual system. Examine eyes and visual system, diagnose problems or impairments, prescribe corrective lenses, and provide treatment. May prescribe therapeutic drugs to treat specific eye conditions.Number of People in the Field:1423 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $99,680.00
Illustrative Example: Doctor of Optometry
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
SOC Code: 291022
Perform surgery on mouth, jaws, and related head and neck structure to execute difficult and multiple extractions of teeth, to remove tumors and other abnormal growths, to correct abnormal jaw relations by mandibular or maxillary revision, to prepare mouth for insertion of dental prosthesis, or to treat fractured jaws. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Dental Surgeon
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Orthodontists
SOC Code: 291023
Examine, diagnose, and treat dental malocclusions and oral cavity anomalies. Design and fabricate appliances to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.Number of People in the Field:303 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Orthotists and prosthetists
SOC Code: 292091
Assist patients with disabling conditions of limbs and spine or with partial or total absence of limb by fitting and preparing orthopedic braces or prostheses.Number of People in the Field:393 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $61,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Artificial Limb Fitter; Orthopedic Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pediatricians, general
SOC Code: 291065
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent children's diseases and injuries.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $132,720.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pharmacists
SOC Code: 291051
Dispense drugs prescribed by physicians and other health practitioners and provide information to patients about medications and their use. May advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosage, interactions, and side effects of medications.Number of People in the Field:8225 Total Average Annual Openings: 233Median Annual Salary: $95,230.00
Illustrative Examples: Apothecary; Druggist; Industrial Pharmacist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pharmacy technicians
SOC Code: 292052
Prepare medications under the direction of a pharmacist. May measure, mix, count out, label, and record amounts and dosages of medications. Number of People in the Field:8798 Total Average Annual Openings: 199Median Annual Salary: $25,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physical therapists
SOC Code: 291123
Assess, plan, organize, and participate in rehabilitative programs that improve mobility, relieve pain, increase strength, and decrease or prevent deformity of patients suffering from disease or injury.Number of People in the Field:5415 Total Average Annual Openings: 147Median Annual Salary: $65,980.00
Illustrative Examples: Physiotherapist; Pulmonary Physical Therapist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physician assistants
SOC Code: 291071
Provide healthcare services typically performed by a physician, under the supervision of a physician. Conduct complete physicals, provide treatment, and counsel patients. May, in some cases, prescribe medication. Must graduate from an accredited educational program for physician assistants. Exclude "Emergency Medical Technicians and Paramedics" (292041), "Medical Assistants" (319092), and "Registered Nurses" (291111). Number of People in the Field:1914 Total Average Annual Openings: 77Median Annual Salary: $74,640.00
Illustrative Example: Anesthesiologist Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physicians and surgeons, all other
SOC Code: 291069
All physicians and surgeons not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:25444 Total Average Annual Openings: 664Median Annual Salary: $143,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Cardiologist; Dermatologist; Ophthalmologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Podiatrists
SOC Code: 291081
Diagnose and treat diseases and deformities of the human foot.Number of People in the Field:392 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Podiatric Surgeon; Foot Orthopedist; Pododermatologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Prosthodontists
SOC Code: 291024
Construct oral prostheses to replace missing teeth and other oral structures to correct natural and acquired deformation of mouth and jaws, to restore and maintain oral function, such as chewing and speaking, and to improve appearance.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Psychiatric technicians
SOC Code: 292053
Care for mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed individuals, following physician instructions and hospital procedures. Monitor patients' physical and emotional wellbeing and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral medications and hypodermic injections. Number of People in the Field:1055 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $30,070.00
Illustrative Example: Mental Health Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Psychiatrists
SOC Code: 291066
Diagnose, treat, and help prevent disorders of the mind.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Psychoanalyst; Neuropsychiatrist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Radiation therapists
SOC Code: 291124
Provide radiation therapy to patients as prescribed by a radiologist according to established practices and standards. Duties may include reviewing prescription and diagnosis; acting as liaison with physician and supportive care personnel; preparing equipment, such as immobilization, treatment, and protection devices; and maintaining records, reports, and files. May assist in dosimetry procedures and tumor localization. Number of People in the Field:687 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $56,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Dosimetrist; Radiation Therapy Technologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Radiologic technologists and technicians
SOC Code: 292034
(XRay Technician) Take Xrays and CAT scans or administer nonradioactive materials into patient's blood stream for diagnostic purposes. Include technologists who specialize in other modalities, such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance. Include workers whose primary duties are to demonstrate portions of the human body on Xray film or fluoroscopic screen.Number of People in the Field:5964 Total Average Annual Openings: 180Median Annual Salary: $46,240.00
Illustrative Examples: CAT Scan Operator; Skiagrapher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Recreational therapists
SOC Code: 291125
Plan, direct, or coordinate medicallyapproved recreation programs for patients in hospitals, nursing homes, or other institutions. Activities include sports, trips, dramatics, social activities, and arts and crafts. May assess a patient condition and recommend appropriate recreational activity.Number of People in the Field:702 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $39,530.00
Illustrative Example: Therapeutic Recreation Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Registered nurses
SOC Code: 291111
(Nurse Midwife, Nurse Practitioner) Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and implement nursing care plans, and maintain medical records. Administer nursing care to ill, injured, convalescent, or disabled patients. May advise patients on health maintenance and disease prevention or provide case management. Licensing or registration required. Include advance practice nurses such as: nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse midwives, and certified registered nurse anesthetists. Advanced practice nursing is practiced by RNs who have specialized formal, postbasic education and who function in highly autonomous and specialized roles. Number of People in the Field:85088 Total Average Annual Openings: 2991Median Annual Salary: $57,850.00
Illustrative Example: Nursing Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Respiratory therapists
SOC Code: 291126
Assess, treat, and care for patients with breathing disorders. Assume primary responsibility for all respiratory care modalities, including the supervision of respiratory therapy technicians. Initiate and conduct therapeutic procedures; maintain patient records; and select, assemble, check, and operate equipment. Number of People in the Field:3500 Total Average Annual Openings: 162Median Annual Salary: $46,470.00
Illustrative Examples: Inhalation Therapist; Respiratory Care Practitioner; Oxygen Therapist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Respiratory therapy technicians
SOC Code: 292054
Provide specific, well defined respiratory care procedures under the direction of respiratory therapists and physicians.Number of People in the Field:547 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $39,100.00
Illustrative Example: Oxygen Therapy Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Speech-language pathologists
SOC Code: 291127
(Speech Therapist) Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders. May select alternative communication systems and teach their use. May perform research related to speech and language problems.Number of People in the Field:3547 Total Average Annual Openings: 103Median Annual Salary: $63,210.00
Illustrative Examples: Oral Therapist; Speech Clinician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Speech-Language Pathologists, Non R&D
SOC Code: 291155
Assess and treat persons with speech, language, voice, and fluency disorders.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Speech-Language Pathologists, R&D
SOC Code: 291156
These persons spend the majority of their time researching speech and language disorders.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Surgeons
SOC Code: 291067
Treat diseases, injuries, and deformities by invasive methods, such as manual manipulation or by using instruments and appliances.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Orthopedic Surgeon; Cardiovascular Surgeon; Plastic Surgeon
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Surgical technologists
SOC Code: 292055
(Surgical Orderly) Assist in operations, under the supervision of surgeons, registered nurses, or other surgical personnel. May help set up operating room, prepare and transport patients for surgery, adjust lights and equipment, pass instruments and other supplies to surgeons and surgeon's assistants, hold retractors, cut sutures, and help count sponges, needles, supplies, and instruments. Number of People in the Field:2554 Total Average Annual Openings: 67Median Annual Salary: $37,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Operating Room Technician; Scrub Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Therapists, all other
SOC Code: 291129
All therapists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:586 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $44,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Corrective and Manual Arts Therapist; Hydrotherapist; Music Therapist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Veterinarians
SOC Code: 291131
(Veterinary Inspector) Diagnose and treat diseases and dysfunctions of animals. May engage in a particular function, such as research and development, consultation, administration, technical writing, sale or production of commercial products, or rendering of technical services to commercial firms or other organizations. Include veterinarians who inspect livestock.Number of People in the Field:2634 Total Average Annual Openings: 60Median Annual Salary: $71,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Animal Pathologist; Animal Surgeon; Veterinary Bacteriologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Veterinary technologists and technicians
SOC Code: 292056
Perform medical tests in a laboratory environment for use in the treatment and diagnosis of diseases in animals. Prepare vaccines and serums for prevention of diseases. Prepare tissue samples, take blood samples, and execute laboratory tests, such as urinalysis and blood counts. Clean and sterilize instruments and materials and maintain equipment and machines. Number of People in the Field:2094 Total Average Annual Openings: 37Median Annual Salary: $32,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Animal Technician; Veterinary Xray Operator
  

  

Occupation Category: Healthcare Support Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dental assistants
SOC Code: 319091
Assist dentist, set up patient and equipment, and keep records.Number of People in the Field:10560 Total Average Annual Openings: 532Median Annual Salary: $31,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Healthcare support workers, all other
SOC Code: 319099
All healthcare support workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:8536 Total Average Annual Openings: 211Median Annual Salary: $27,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Phlebotomist; Reducing Salon Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Home health aides
SOC Code: 311011
Provide routine, personal healthcare, such as bathing, dressing, or grooming, to elderly, convalescent, or disabled persons in the home of patients or in a residential care facility.Number of People in the Field:27253 Total Average Annual Openings: 1333Median Annual Salary: $19,170.00
Illustrative Example: Home Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Massage Therapists
SOC Code: 319011
Massage customers for hygienic or remedial purposes.Number of People in the Field:2656 Total Average Annual Openings: 86Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Masseuse; Masseur; Rubber
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical assistants
SOC Code: 319092
(Morgue Attendant, Physician's Aide) Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of physician. Administrative duties may include scheduling appointments, maintaining medical records, billing, and coding for insurance purposes. Clinical duties may include taking and recording vital signs and medical histories, preparing patients for examination, drawing blood, and administering medications as directed by physician. Exclude Physician Assistants (291071). Number of People in the Field:15072 Total Average Annual Openings: 737Median Annual Salary: $26,470.00
Illustrative Example: Ophthalmic Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical equipment preparers
SOC Code: 319093
Prepare, sterilize, install, or clean laboratory or healthcare equipment. May perform routine laboratory tasks and operate or inspect equipment.Number of People in the Field:1403 Total Average Annual Openings: 41Median Annual Salary: $28,930.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical transcriptionists
SOC Code: 319094
Use transcribing machines with headset and foot pedal to listen to recordings by physicians and other healthcare professionals dictating a variety of medical reports, such as emergency room visits, diagnostic imaging studies, operations, chart reviews, and final summaries. Transcribe dictated reports and translate medical jargon and abbreviations into their expanded forms. Edit as necessary and return reports in either printed or electronic form to the dictator for review and signature, or correction. Number of People in the Field:3403 Total Average Annual Openings: 97Median Annual Salary: $31,210.00
Illustrative Example: Medical Stenographer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nursing aides, orderlies, and attendants
SOC Code: 311012
(Hospital Aide) Provide basic patient care under direction of nursing staff. Perform duties, such as feed, bathe, dress, groom, or move patients, or change linens. Exclude "Home Health Aides"Number of People in the Field:51233 Total Average Annual Openings: 1027Median Annual Salary: $24,140.00
Illustrative Examples: Certified Nursing Assistant; Infirmary Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Occupational therapist aides
SOC Code: 312012
Under close supervision of an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing patient and treatment room. Number of People in the Field:132 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $24,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Occupational therapist assistants
SOC Code: 312011
Assist occupational therapists in providing occupational therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, direct activity programs, and document the progress of treatments. Generally requires formal training. Number of People in the Field:826 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $39,620.00
Illustrative Example: Occupational Therapy Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pharmacy aides
SOC Code: 319095
Record drugs delivered to the pharmacy, store incoming merchandise, and inform the supervisor of stock needs. May operate cash register and accept prescriptions for filling.Number of People in the Field:2887 Total Average Annual Openings: 69Median Annual Salary: $19,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Dispensary Attendant; Prescription Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physical therapist aides
SOC Code: 312022
Under close supervision of a physical therapist or physical therapy assistant, perform only delegated, selected, or routine tasks in specific situations. These duties include preparing the patient and the treatment area.Number of People in the Field:782 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $23,450.00
Illustrative Example: Physiotherapy Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physical therapist assistants
SOC Code: 312021
Assist physical therapists in providing physical therapy treatments and procedures. May, in accordance with State laws, assist in the development of treatment plans, carry out routine functions, document the progress of treatment, and modify specific treatments in accordance with patient status and within the scope of treatment plans established by a physical therapist. Generally requires formal training. Number of People in the Field:2639 Total Average Annual Openings: 105Median Annual Salary: $36,990.00
Illustrative Example: Corrective Therapy Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Psychiatric Aides
SOC Code: 311013
Assist mentally impaired or emotionally disturbed patients, working under direction of nursing and medical staff.Number of People in the Field:1382 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Charge Attendant; Psychiatric Orderly
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers
SOC Code: 319096
Feed, water, and examine pets and other nonfarm animals for signs of illness, disease, or injury in laboratories and animal hospitals and clinics. Clean and disinfect cages and work areas, and sterilize laboratory and surgical equipment. May provide routine postoperative care, administer medication orally or topically, or prepare samples for laboratory examination under the supervision of veterinary or laboratory animal technologists or technicians, veterinarians, or scientists. Exclude "Nonfarm Animal Caretakers" (392021). Number of People in the Field:2193 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $21,080.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  

  

Occupation Category: Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aircraft mechanics and service technicians
SOC Code: 493011
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Include helicopter and aircraft engine specialists.Number of People in the Field:1956 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $46,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians, FAA Certified
SOC Code: 493012
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. FAA certification required. Include FAA certified helicopter and aircraft engine specialists.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aircraft Mechanics and Service Technicians, not FAA Certified
SOC Code: 493013
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul aircraft engines and assemblies, such as hydraulic and pneumatic systems. Include helicopter and aircraft engine specialists.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Automotive body and related repairers
SOC Code: 493021
Repair and refinish automotive vehicle bodies and straighten vehicle frames. Exclude "Painters, Transportation Equipment" (519122) and "Automotive Glass Installers and Repairers"(493022).Number of People in the Field:8493 Total Average Annual Openings: 162Median Annual Salary: $39,140.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Body Customizer; Collision Mechanic; Frame Straightener
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Automotive glass installers and repairers
SOC Code: 493022
Replace or repair broken windshields and window glass in motor vehicles.Number of People in the Field:835 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $38,500.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Glass Mechanic; Windshield Installer; Auto Glass Fitter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Automotive service technicians and mechanics
SOC Code: 493023
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul automotive vehicles. Exclude "Automotive Body and Related Repairers" (493021), "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031), and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (492096).Number of People in the Field:26250 Total Average Annual Openings: 681Median Annual Salary: $38,200.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Brake Mechanic; Fuel Injection Servicer; Auto Transmission Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Avionics technicians
SOC Code: 492091
Install, inspect, test, adjust, or repair avionics equipment, such as radar, radio, navigation, and missile control systems in aircraft or space vehicles.Number of People in the Field:239 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $37,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Aircraft Electrician; Automatic Pilot Mechanic; Missile Facilities Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bicycle repairers
SOC Code: 493091
Repair and service bicycles.Number of People in the Field:330 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $18,460.00
Illustrative Example: Bicycle Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists
SOC Code: 493031
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul trucks, buses, and all types of diesel engines. Include mechanics working primarily with automobile diesel engines.Number of People in the Field:7221 Total Average Annual Openings: 184Median Annual Salary: $40,010.00
Illustrative Examples: Tractor Trailer Mechanic; Diesel Mechanic; Farm Equipment Engine Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Camera and photographic equipment repairers
SOC Code: 499061
Repair and adjust cameras and photographic equipment, including commercial video and motion picture camera equipment.Number of People in the Field:76 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $33,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Camera Machinist; Photographic Equipment Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers
SOC Code: 499091
Install, service, adjust, or repair coin, vending, or amusement machines including video games, juke boxes, pinball machines, or slot machines.Number of People in the Field:1052 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $29,920.00
Illustrative Examples: Cigarette Machine Mechanic; Slot Machine Mechanic; Video Game Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Commercial Divers
SOC Code: 499092
Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment. May conduct tests or experiments, rig explosives, or photograph structures or marine life. Exclude "Fishers and Related Fishing Workers" (453011), "Athletes and Sports Competitors" (272021), and "Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers" (333051). Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Marine Diver; Scuba Diver; Skin Diver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers
SOC Code: 492011
(Cash Register Servicer) Repair, maintain, or install computers, word processing systems, automated teller machines, and electronic office machines, such as duplicating and fax machines.Number of People in the Field:3720 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $40,680.00
Illustrative Examples: ATM Specialist; Computer Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Control and Valve Installers and Repairers, Except Mechanical Door
SOC Code: 499012
(Electric Meter Installer) Install, repair, and maintain mechanical regulating and controlling devices, such as electric meters, gas regulators, thermostats, safety and flow valves, and other mechanical governors.Number of People in the Field:1675 Total Average Annual Openings: 41Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Gas Meter Prover; Thermostat Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers
SOC Code: 492092
Repair, maintain, or install electric motors, wiring, or switches.Number of People in the Field:909 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $37,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Armature Winder; Generator Mechanic; Electric Golf Cart Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment
SOC Code: 492093
Install, adjust, or maintain mobile electronics communication equipment, including sound, sonar, security, navigation, and surveillance systems on trains, watercraft, or other mobile equipment. Exclude "Avionics Technicians" (492091) and "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (492096). Number of People in the Field:435 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $43,740.00
Illustrative Example: Locomotive Electrician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment
SOC Code: 492094
(Radar Technician) Repair, test, adjust, or install electronic equipment, such as industrial controls, transmitters, and antennas. Exclude "Avionics Technicians" (492091), "Electronic Equipment Installers and Repairers, Motor Vehicles" (492096), and "Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers, Transportation Equipment" (492093). Number of People in the Field:1552 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $46,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Missile Pad Mechanic; Amplifier Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay
SOC Code: 492095
Inspect, test, repair, or maintain electrical equipment in generating stations, substations, and inservice relays.Number of People in the Field:1287 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $61,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Powerhouse Electrician; Relay Technician; Power Transformer Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical power-line installers and repairers
SOC Code: 499051
Install or repair cables or wires used in electrical power or distribution systems. May erect poles and light or heavy duty transmission towers. Exclude "Electrical and Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation, and Relay" (492095).Number of People in the Field:2277 Total Average Annual Openings: 71Median Annual Salary: $56,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Pole Climber; High Tension Tester; Electric Utility Wire Stretcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles
SOC Code: 492096
Install, diagnose, or repair communications, sound, security, or navigation equipment in motor vehicles.Number of People in the Field:696 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $32,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Phone Installer; Automotive Electrician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers
SOC Code: 492097
Repair, adjust, or install audio or television receivers, stereo systems, camcorders, video systems, or other electronic home entertainment equipment.Number of People in the Field:1290 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: $26,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Electric Organ Technician; Television Mechanic; Satellite Dish Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fabric Menders, Except Garment
SOC Code: 499093
Repair tears, holes, and other defects in fabrics, such as draperies, linens, parachutes, and tents.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Canvas Repairer; Bag Repairer; Seat Mender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farm equipment mechanics
SOC Code: 493041
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul farm machinery and vehicles, such as tractors, harvesters, dairy equipment, and irrigation systems. Exclude "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031).Number of People in the Field:543 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $29,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Irrigation Equipment Mechanic; Dairy Equipment Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of mechanics, installers, and repairers
SOC Code: 491011
Supervise and coordinate the activities of mechanics, installers, and repairers. Exclude team or work leaders.Number of People in the Field:15212 Total Average Annual Openings: 347Median Annual Salary: $58,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Marine Service Manager; Ground Crew Chief; Engine Repair Supervisor; Electrical and Electronic Equipment Mechanics, Installers, and Repairers
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers
SOC Code: 499021
Install or repair heating, central air conditioning, or refrigeration systems, including oil burners, hotair furnaces, and heating stoves.Number of People in the Field:8084 Total Average Annual Openings: 94Median Annual Salary: $44,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Furnace Converter; Gas Furnace Installer; Oil Burner Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers
SOC Code: 499098
Help installation, maintenance, and repair workers in maintenance, parts replacement, and repair of vehicles, industrial machinery, and electrical and electronic equipment. Perform duties, such as furnishing tools, materials, and supplies to other workers; cleaning work area, machines, and tools; and holding materials or tools for other workers. Number of People in the Field:3509 Total Average Annual Openings: 129Median Annual Salary: $24,090.00
Illustrative Examples: Mechanic's Helper; Diver's Helper; Blacksmith's Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Home appliance repairers
SOC Code: 499031
Repair, adjust, or install all types of electric or gas household appliances, such as refrigerators, washers, dryers, and ovens.Number of People in the Field:1622 Total Average Annual Openings: 37Median Annual Salary: $33,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Window Air Conditioner Mechanic; Vacuum Cleaner Repairer; Washing Machine Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial machinery mechanics
SOC Code: 499041
Repair, install, adjust, or maintain industrial production and processing machinery or refinery and pipeline distribution systems. Exclude "Millwrights" (499044), "Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanics, Except Engines" (493042), and "Maintenance Workers, Machinery" (499043) who perform only routine tasks.Number of People in the Field:8697 Total Average Annual Openings: 159Median Annual Salary: $50,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Conveyor Belt Installer; Turbine Mechanic; Hydroelectric Machinery Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other
SOC Code: 499099
All mechanical, installation, and repair workers and helpers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9428 Total Average Annual Openings: 204Median Annual Salary: $40,670.00
Illustrative Examples: Blacksmith; Cooper; Gunsmith
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Locksmiths and safe repairers
SOC Code: 499094
Repair and open locks; make keys; change locks and safe combinations; and install and repair safes.Number of People in the Field:740 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $31,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Key Maker; Vault Service Mechanic; Lock Expert
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Maintenance and repair workers, general
SOC Code: 499042
(Maintenance Mechanic) Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs. Exclude "Maintenance Workers, Machinery" (499043). Number of People in the Field:45349 Total Average Annual Openings: 803Median Annual Salary: $36,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Building Maintenance Repairer; Trouble Shooting Mechanic; Mechanical Adjuster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Maintenance workers, machinery
SOC Code: 499043
(Belt Repairer) Lubricate machinery, change parts, or perform other routine machinery maintenance. Exclude "Maintenance and Repair Workers, General" (499042).Number of People in the Field:3529 Total Average Annual Openings: 81Median Annual Salary: $39,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Grease Packer; Machine Oiler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Manufactured building and mobile home installers
SOC Code: 499095
Move or install mobile homes or prefabricated buildings.Number of People in the Field:685 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $28,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Mobile Home Mechanic; Housetrailer Servicer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mechanical door repairers
SOC Code: 499011
Install, service, or repair opening and closing mechanisms of automatic doors and hydraulic door closers. Include garage door mechanics.Number of People in the Field:335 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $34,580.00
Illustrative Example: Automatic Door Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical equipment repairers
SOC Code: 499062
Test, adjust, or repair biomedical or electromedical equipment.Number of People in the Field:646 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $39,720.00
Illustrative Examples: Biomedical Equipment Technician; Hearing Aid Mechanic; Surgical Instrument Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Millwrights
SOC Code: 499044
Install, dismantle, or move machinery and heavy equipment according to layout plans, blueprints, or other drawings.Number of People in the Field:5937 Total Average Annual Openings: 137Median Annual Salary: $62,900.00
Illustrative Examples: Machine Erector; Machine Rigger; Machinery Dismantler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines
SOC Code: 493042
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and surface mining. Exclude "Rail Car Repairers" (493043) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031). Number of People in the Field:2787 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $45,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Construction Equipment Mechanic; Fork Lift Mechanic; Bulldozer Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Motorboat mechanics
SOC Code: 493051
Repair and adjust electrical and mechanical equipment of gasoline or diesel powered inboard or inboardoutboard boat engines. Exclude "Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031).Number of People in the Field:990 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $30,900.00
Illustrative Example: Outboard Motor Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Motorcycle mechanics
SOC Code: 493052
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul motorcycles, scooters, mopeds, dirt bikes, or similar motorized vehicles.Number of People in the Field:507 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $30,740.00
Illustrative Examples: Motor Scooter Mechanic; Motorcycle Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Musical instrument repairers and tuners
SOC Code: 499063
Repair percussion, stringed, reed, or wind instruments. May specialize in one area, such as piano tuning. Exclude "Electronic Home Entertainment Equipment Installers and Repairers" (492097) who repair electrical and electronic musical instruments.Number of People in the Field:387 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $38,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Piano Tuner; Violin Repairer; Tone Regulator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics
SOC Code: 493053
Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul small engines used to power lawn mowers, chain saws, and related equipment.Number of People in the Field:1165 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $26,250.00
Illustrative Examples: Chainsaw Mechanic; Lawn Mower Repairer; Snowmobile Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other
SOC Code: 499069
All precision instrument and equipment repairers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:822 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $46,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Laboratory Equipment Installer; Gyro Mechanic; Meteorological Equipment Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Radio mechanics
SOC Code: 492021
Test or repair mobile or stationary radio transmitting and receiving equipment and twoway radio communications systems used in shiptoshore communications and found in service and emergency vehicles.Number of People in the Field:177 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $39,700.00
Illustrative Examples: Radio Electrician; Radio Rigger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rail car repairers
SOC Code: 493043
(Subway Car Mechanic) Diagnose, adjust, repair, or overhaul railroad rolling stock, mine cars, or mass transit rail cars. Exclude "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031).Number of People in the Field:427 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $41,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Streetcar Repairer; Mine Car Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Recreational vehicle service technicians
SOC Code: 493092
Diagnose, inspect, adjust, repair, or overhaul recreational vehicles including travel trailers. May specialize in maintaining gas, electrical, hydraulic, plumbing, or chassis/towing systems as well as repairing generators, appliances, and interior components. Include workers who perform customized van conversions. Exclude "Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics" (493023) and "Bus and Truck Mechanics and Diesel Engine Specialists" (493031) who also work on recreation vehicles. Number of People in the Field:386 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $29,170.00
Illustrative Example: RV Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons
SOC Code: 499045
Build or repair furnaces, kilns, cupolas, boilers, converters, ladles, soaking pits, ovens, etc., using refractory materials.Number of People in the Field:123 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $47,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Bondactor Machine Operator; Kiln Door Repairer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Riggers
SOC Code: 499096
Set up or repair rigging for construction projects, manufacturing plants, logging yards, ships and shipyards, or for the entertainment industry.Number of People in the Field:121 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $29,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Acrobatic Rigger; Rigging Slinger; Yard Rigger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Security and fire alarm systems installers
SOC Code: 492098
Install, program, maintain, and repair security and fire alarm wiring and equipment. Ensure that work is in accordance with relevant codes. Exclude "Electricians" (472111) who do a broad range of electrical wiring.Number of People in the Field:1103 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: $38,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Fire Alarm Installer; Burglar Alarm Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Signal and Track Switch Repairers
SOC Code: 499097
Install, inspect, test, maintain, or repair electric gate crossings, signals, signal equipment, track switches, section lines, or intercommunications systems within a railroad system.Number of People in the Field:474 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Signal Mechanic; Signal Maintainer; Third Rail Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers
SOC Code: 492022
Setup, rearrange, or remove switching and dialing equipment used in central offices. Service or repair telephones and other communication equipment on customers' property. May install equipment in new locations or install wiring and telephone jacks in buildings under construction.Number of People in the Field:7577 Total Average Annual Openings: 136Median Annual Salary: $55,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Central Office Equipment Installer; Electronics Installer; Exchange Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Telecommunications line installers and repairers
SOC Code: 499052
String and repair telephone and television cable, including fiber optics and other equipment for transmitting messages or television programming.Number of People in the Field:3465 Total Average Annual Openings: 110Median Annual Salary: $42,250.00
Illustrative Examples: Telecommunications Cable Splicer; Telecommunications Wire Stretcher; Cable Television Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tire repairers and changers
SOC Code: 493093
(Tire Balancer) Repair and replace tires.Number of People in the Field:2922 Total Average Annual Openings: 147Median Annual Salary: $21,880.00
Illustrative Example: Tire Fixer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Watch repairers
SOC Code: 499064
(Horologist) Repair, clean, and adjust mechanisms of timing instruments, such as watches and clocks. Include watchmakers.Number of People in the Field:116 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $33,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Watch and Clock Crowner; Watchmaker
  

  

Occupation Category: Legal Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers
SOC Code: 231021
Conduct hearings to decide or recommend decisions on claims concerning government programs or other governmentrelated matters and prepare decisions. Determine penalties or the existence and the amount of liability, or recommend the acceptance or rejection of claims, or compromise settlements.Number of People in the Field:315 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $91,560.00
Illustrative Example: Traffic Court Referee
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators
SOC Code: 231022
Facilitate negotiation and conflict resolution through dialogue. Resolve conflicts outside of the court system by mutual consent of parties involved. Number of People in the Field:228 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $86,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Court reporters
SOC Code: 232091
(Stenocaptioner) Use verbatim methods and equipment to capture, store, retrieve, and transcribe pretrial and trial proceedings or other information. Include stenocaptioners who operate computerized stenographic captioning equipment to provide captions of live or prerecorded broadcasts for hearingimpaired viewers. Number of People in the Field:804 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $43,680.00
Illustrative Examples: Court Transcriber; Mask Reporter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates
SOC Code: 231023
Arbitrate, advise, adjudicate, or administer justice in a court of law. May sentence defendant in criminal cases according to government statutes. May determine liability of defendant in civil cases. May issue marriage licenses and perform wedding ceremonies. Number of People in the Field:2057 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: $97,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Circuit Court Judge; Jurist; Justice
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Law clerks
SOC Code: 232092
Assist lawyers or judges by researching or preparing legal documents. May meet with clients or assist lawyers and judges in court. Exclude "Lawyers" (231011) and "Paralegals and Legal Assistants" (232011).Number of People in the Field:1190 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $37,260.00
Illustrative Example: Legal Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Lawyers
SOC Code: 231011
(District Attorney, Public Defender) Represent clients in criminal and civil litigation and other legal proceedings, draw up legal documents, and manage or advise clients on legal transactions. May specialize in a single area or may practice broadly in many areas of law. Number of People in the Field:19710 Total Average Annual Openings: 228Median Annual Salary: $92,960.00
Illustrative Examples: Attorney; Real Estate Attorney; Corporate Counsel
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Legal support workers, all other
SOC Code: 232099
All legal support workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1035 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $38,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Brief Writer; Legislative Aide; Patent Examiner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Paralegals and legal assistants
SOC Code: 232011
Assist lawyers by researching legal precedent, investigating facts, or preparing legal documents. Conduct research to support a legal proceeding, to formulate a defense, or to initiate legal action. Number of People in the Field:3630 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $45,360.00
Illustrative Examples: Legal Assistant; Legal Investigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers
SOC Code: 232093
Search real estate records, examine titles, or summarize pertinent legal or insurance details for a variety of purposes. May compile lists of mortgages, contracts, and other instruments pertaining to titles by searching public and private records for law firms, real estate agencies, or title insurance companies. Number of People in the Field:1738 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $36,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Abstract Clerk; Escrow Officer; Lien Searcher
  

  

Occupation Category: Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Agricultural and food science technicians
SOC Code: 194011
Work with agricultural scientists in food, fiber, and animal research, production, and processing; assist with animal breeding and nutrition work; under supervision, conduct tests and experiments to improve yield and quality of crops or to increase the resistance of plants and animals to disease or insects. Include technicians who assist food scientists or food technologists in the research, development, production technology, quality control, packaging, processing, and use of foods.Number of People in the Field:274 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $30,010.00
Illustrative Examples: Inseminator; Feed Research Technician; Dairy Technologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Animal Scientists
SOC Code: 191011
Conduct research in the genetics, nutrition, reproduction, growth, and development of domestic farm animals.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Dairy Scientist; Poultry Scientist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Anthropologists and archeologists
SOC Code: 193091
Study the origin, development, and behavior of humans. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of existing people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.Number of People in the Field:52 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $56,020.00
Illustrative Example: Political Anthropologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Astronomers
SOC Code: 192011
Observe, research, and interpret celestial and astronomical phenomena to increase basic knowledge and apply such information to practical problems. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Atmospheric and space scientists
SOC Code: 192021
(Meteorologist) Investigate atmospheric phenomena and interpret meteorological data gathered by surface and air stations, satellites, and radar to prepare reports and forecasts for public and other uses. Include weather analysts and forecasters whose functions require the detailed knowledge of a meteorologist. Number of People in the Field:92 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $73,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Climatologist; Weather Forecaster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Biochemists and biophysicists
SOC Code: 191021
Study the chemical composition and physical principles of living cells and organisms, their electrical and mechanical energy, and related phenomena. May conduct research to further understanding of the complex chemical combinations and reactions involved in metabolism, reproduction, growth, and heredity. May determine the effects of foods, drugs, serums, hormones, and other substances on tissues and vital processes of living organisms.Number of People in the Field:479 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $54,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Biological scientists, all other
SOC Code: 191029
All biological scientists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:587 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $56,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Geneticist; Paleobotanist; Plant Taxonomist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Biological technicians
SOC Code: 194021
Assist biological and medical scientists in laboratories. Set up, operate, and maintain laboratory instruments and equipment, monitor experiments, make observations, and calculate and record results. May analyze organic substances, such as blood, food, and drugs. Number of People in the Field:1073 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $31,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Biotechnologist; Wildlife Technician; Specimen Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemical technicians
SOC Code: 194031
(Assayer) Conduct chemical and physical laboratory tests to assist scientists in making qualitative and quantitative analyses of solids, liquids, and gaseous materials for purposes, such as research and development of new products or processes, quality control, maintenance of environmental standards, and other work involving experimental, theoretical, or practical application of chemistry and related sciences. Number of People in the Field:2241 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $35,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Fiber Analyst; Paint Tester
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemists
SOC Code: 192031
Conduct qualitative and quantitative chemical analyses or chemical experiments in laboratories for quality or process control or to develop new products or knowledge. Exclude "Geoscientists, Except Hydrologists and Geographers" (192042) and "Biochemists and Biophysicists" (191021).Number of People in the Field:2481 Total Average Annual Openings: 82Median Annual Salary: $53,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Inorganic Chemist; Chemical Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists
SOC Code: 193031
Diagnose and treat mental disorders; learning disabilities; and cognitive, behavioral, and emotional problems using individual, child, family, and group therapies. May design and implement behavior modification programs.Number of People in the Field:4815 Total Average Annual Openings: 164Median Annual Salary: $61,080.00
Illustrative Examples: Vocational Psychologist; Child Psychologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists, Non R&D
SOC Code: 193036
Diagnose and treat mental disorders; learning disabilities; and cognitive, behavioral, and emotional problems using individual, child, family, and group therapies. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Clinical, Counseling, and School Psychologists, R&D
SOC Code: 193037
These persons spend the majority of their time conducting psychological research.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Conservation scientists
SOC Code: 191031
Manage, improve, and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands from fire and rodent damage. May instruct farmers, agricultural production managers, or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation, contour plowing, or terracing to conserve soil and water; in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges; and in range and farm improvements, such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering. Exclude Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists (191023) and "Foresters" (191032).Number of People in the Field:398 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $61,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Range Manager; Conservation Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Economists
SOC Code: 193011
Conduct research, prepare reports, or formulate plans to aid in solution of economic problems arising from production and distribution of goods and services. May collect and process economic and statistical data using econometric and sampling techniques. Exclude "Market Research Analysts" (193021).Number of People in the Field:326 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $69,650.00
Illustrative Examples: Econometrician; Economic Research Analyst; Industrial Economist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental science and protection technicians, including health
SOC Code: 194091
Performs laboratory and field tests to monitor the environment and investigate sources of pollution, including those that affect health. Under direction of an environmental scientist or specialist, may collect samples of gases, soil, water, and other materials for testing and take corrective actions as assigned. Number of People in the Field:645 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $38,300.00
Illustrative Example: Pollution Control Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental scientists and specialists, including health
SOC Code: 192041
Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines may collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources. Exclude "Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (191023), "Conservation Scientists" (191031), "Forest and Conservation Technicians" (194093), "Fish and Game Wardens" (333031), and "Forest and Conservation Workers" (454011). Number of People in the Field:1638 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $57,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Environmental Analyst; Water Pollution Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health, Non-R&D
SOC Code: 192044
Study or perform investigations for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Utilizing knowledge of various scientific disciplines, may collect, synthesize, study, report, and take action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health, R&D
SOC Code: 192045
These persons spend the majority of their time performing research and development activities relating to their work as Environmental Scientists and Specialists, Including Health. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Epidemiologists
SOC Code: 191041
Investigate and describe the determinants and distribution of disease, disability, and other health outcomes and develop the means for prevention and control.Number of People in the Field:62 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $57,550.00
Illustrative Example: Malariologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food Scientists and Technologists
SOC Code: 191012
Use chemistry, microbiology, engineering, and other sciences to study the principles underlying the processing and deterioration of foods; analyze food content to determine levels of vitamins, fat, sugar, and protein; discover new food sources; research ways to make processed foods safe, palatable, and healthful; and apply food science knowledge to determine best ways to process, package, preserve, store, and distribute food.Number of People in the Field:163 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forensic science technicians
SOC Code: 194092
Collect, identify, classify, and analyze physical evidence related to criminal investigations. Perform tests on weapons or substances, such as fiber, hair, and tissue to determine significance to investigation. May testify as expert witnesses on evidence or crime laboratory techniques. May serve as specialists in area of expertise, such as ballistics, fingerprinting, handwriting, or biochemistry.Number of People in the Field:138 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $46,130.00
Illustrative Examples: Ballistic Expert; Fingerprint Classifier
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forest and conservation technicians
SOC Code: 194093
Compile data pertaining to size, content, condition, and other characteristics of forest tracts, under direction of foresters; train and lead forest workers in forest propagation, fire prevention and suppression. May assist conservation scientists in managing, improving, and protecting rangelands and wildlife habitats, and help provide technical assistance regarding the conservation of soil, water, and related natural resources. Number of People in the Field:370 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $38,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Grazing Examiner; Soil Tester; Tree Warden
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Foresters
SOC Code: 191032
Manage forested lands for economic, recreational, and conservation purposes. May inventory the type, amount, and location of standing timber, appraise the timber's worth, negotiate the purchase, and draw up contracts for procurement. May determine how to conserve wildlife habitats, creek beds, water quality, and soil stability, and how best to comply with environmental regulations. May devise plans for planting and growing new trees, monitor trees for healthy growth, and determine the best time for harvesting. Develop forest management plans for public and privatelyowned forested lands.Number of People in the Field:291 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $57,680.00
Illustrative Examples: Forest Ecologist; Timber Management Specialist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Geographers
SOC Code: 193092
Study nature and use of areas of earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Geological and petroleum technicians
SOC Code: 194041
Assist scientists in the use of electrical, sonic, or nuclear measuring instruments in both laboratory and production activities to obtain data indicating potential sources of metallic ore, gas, or petroleum. Analyze mud and drill cuttings. Chart pressure, temperature, and other characteristics of wells or bore holes. Investigate and collect information leading to the possible discovery of new oil fields.Number of People in the Field:87 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $27,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Field Scout; Crude Tester; Seismic Observer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers
SOC Code: 192042
(Seismologist) Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Include mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.Number of People in the Field:342 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $61,810.00
Illustrative Examples: Oceanographer; Paleontologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Historians
SOC Code: 193093
Research, analyze, record, and interpret the past as recorded in sources, such as government and institutional records, newspapers and other periodicals, photographs, interviews, films, and unpublished manuscripts, such as personal diaries and letters. Number of People in the Field:63 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $45,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Genealogist; Historical Society Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hydrologists
SOC Code: 192043
Research the distribution, circulation, and physical properties of underground and surface waters; study the form and intensity of precipitation, its rate of infiltration into the soil, movement through the earth, and its return to the ocean and atmosphere.Number of People in the Field:84 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $67,540.00
Illustrative Example: Hydrogeologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial-Organizational Psychologists
SOC Code: 193032
Apply principles of psychology to personnel, administration, management, sales, and marketing problems. Activities may include policy planning; employee screening, training and development; and organizational development and analysis. May work with management to reorganize the work setting to improve worker productivity.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Engineering Psychologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Life scientists, all other
SOC Code: 191099
All life scientists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1190 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $58,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other
SOC Code: 194099
All life, physical, and social science technicians not listed separately. Illustrative Examples: Laser Technician; Radiographer; Meteorological Aide Community and Social Services Occupations Counselors, Social Workers, and Other Community and Social Service Specialists Number of People in the Field:4382 Total Average Annual Openings: 100Median Annual Salary: $40,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Market research analysts
SOC Code: 193021
Research market conditions in local, regional, or national areas to determine potential sales of a product or service. May gather information on competitors, prices, sales, and methods of marketing and distribution. May use survey results to create a marketing campaign based on regional preferences and buying habits. Number of People in the Field:5377 Total Average Annual Openings: 143Median Annual Salary: $63,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Advertising Analyst; Marketing Consultant; Marketing Forecaster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Materials scientists
SOC Code: 192032
Research and study the structures and chemical properties of various natural and manmade materials, including metals, alloys, rubber, ceramics, semiconductors, polymers, and glass. Determine ways to strengthen or combine materials or develop new materials with new or specific properties for use in a variety of products and applications. Include glass scientists, ceramic scientists, metallurgical scientists, and polymer scientists. Number of People in the Field:312 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $53,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical scientists, except epidemiologists
SOC Code: 191042
(Pharmacologist) Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation or other research, production, technical writing, or related activities. Include medical scientists such as physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists. Exclude practitioners who provide medical or dental care or dispense drugs. Number of People in the Field:2671 Total Average Annual Openings: 94Median Annual Salary: $51,950.00
Illustrative Examples: Cancer Researcher; Toxicologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Microbiologists
SOC Code: 191022
(Cytologist) Investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Include medical microbiologists who study the relationship between organisms and disease or the effects of antibiotics on microorganisms.Number of People in the Field:603 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $53,010.00
Illustrative Examples: Bacteriologist; Virologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nuclear technicians
SOC Code: 194051
Assist scientists in both laboratory and production activities by performing technical tasks involving nuclear physics, primarily in operation, maintenance, production, and quality control support activities.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $74,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Accelerator Operator; Radiation Monitor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physical scientists, all other
SOC Code: 192099
All physical scientists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:597 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $68,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Physicists
SOC Code: 192012
Conduct research into the phases of physical phenomena, develop theories and laws on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply laws and theories to industry and other fields.Number of People in the Field:322 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $71,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Fluid Dynamicist; Rheologist; Thermodynamicist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Political Scientists
SOC Code: 193094
Study the origin, development, and operation of political systems. Research a wide range of subjects, such as relations between the United States and foreign countries, the beliefs and institutions of foreign nations, or the politics of small towns or a major metropolis. May study topics, such as public opinion, political decision making, and ideology. May analyze the structure and operation of governments, as well as various political entities. May conduct public opinion surveys, analyze election results, or analyze public documents. Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Political Analyst; Political Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Psychologists, all other
SOC Code: 193039
All psychologists not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:315 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $58,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social science research assistants
SOC Code: 194061
Assist social scientists in laboratory, survey, and other social research. May perform publication activities, laboratory analysis, quality control, or data management. Normally these individuals work under the direct supervision of a social scientist and assist in those activities which are more routine. Exclude "Graduate Teaching Assistants" (251191) who both teach and do research. Number of People in the Field:373 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $36,080.00
Illustrative Examples: City Planning Aide; Economic Research Assistant; Historian Research Assistant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social scientists and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 193099
All social scientists and related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:587 Total Average Annual Openings: 14Median Annual Salary: $61,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Ethnologist; Linguist; Philologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sociologists
SOC Code: 193041
Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Criminologist; Penologist; Social Welfare Research Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Soil and plant scientists
SOC Code: 191013
Conduct research in breeding, physiology, production, yield, and management of crops and agricultural plants, their growth in soils, and control of pests; or study the chemical, physical, biological, and mineralogical composition of soils as they relate to plant or crop growth. May classify and map soils and investigate effects of alternative practices on soil and crop productivity.Number of People in the Field:225 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $58,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Agronomist; Plant Pathologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Survey researchers
SOC Code: 193022
(Pollster) Design or conduct surveys. May supervise interviewers who conduct the survey in person or over the telephone. May present survey results to client. Exclude "Statisticians" (152041), "Economists" (193011), "Market Research Analysts" (193021), and "Interviewers, Except Eligibility and Loan" (434111).Number of People in the Field:480 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $47,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Negotiator; Escrow Representative; Factorer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Urban and regional planners
SOC Code: 193051
Develop comprehensive plans and programs for use of land and physical facilities of local jurisdictions, such as towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas. Number of People in the Field:1039 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $55,950.00
Illustrative Example: City Planner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Zoologists and wildlife biologists
SOC Code: 191023
(Ecologist, Herpetologist) Study the origins, behavior, diseases, genetics, and life processes of animals and wildlife. May specialize in wildlife research and management, including the collection and analysis of biological data to determine the environmental effects of present and potential use of land and water areas.Number of People in the Field:225 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $56,090.00
Illustrative Example: Ornithologist
  

  

Occupation Category: Management Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Administrative services managers
SOC Code: 113011
(Facilities Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate supportive services of an organization, such as recordkeeping, mail distribution, telephone operator/receptionist, and other office support services. May oversee facilities planning and maintenance and custodial operations. Exclude Purchasing Managers (113061).Number of People in the Field:5667 Total Average Annual Openings: 98Median Annual Salary: $66,080.00
Illustrative Examples: Space Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Advertising and promotions managers
SOC Code: 112011
(Media Director) Plan and direct advertising policies and programs or produce collateral materials, such as posters, contests, coupons, or giveaways, to create extra interest in the purchase of a product or service for a department, an entire organization, or on an account basis.Number of People in the Field:1173 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $93,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Campaign Director; Circulation Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chief executives
SOC Code: 111011
(County Commissioner) Determine and formulate policies and provide the overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within the guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers. Number of People in the Field:20903 Total Average Annual Openings: 353Median Annual Salary: $136,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Board Member; Chief Operating Officer; President
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Compensation and benefits managers
SOC Code: 113041
Plan, direct, or coordinate compensation and benefits activities and staff of an organization. Include job analysis and position description managers.Number of People in the Field:1213 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $70,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Employee Benefits Director; Job Analysis Manager; Wage and Salary Administrator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer and information systems managers
SOC Code: 113021
(Data Processing Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as electronic data processing, information systems, systems analysis, and computer programming. Exclude Computer Specialists (151011 through 151099).Number of People in the Field:7742 Total Average Annual Openings: 144Median Annual Salary: $95,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Programming Manager; Data Systems Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Construction managers
SOC Code: 119021
(General Contractor) Plan, direct, coordinate, or budget, usually through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with the construction and maintenance of structures, facilities, and systems. Participate in the conceptual development of a construction project and oversee its organization, scheduling, and implementation. Include specialized construction fields, such as carpentry or plumbing. Include general superintendents, project managers, and constructors who manage, coordinate, and supervise the construction process. Number of People in the Field:8463 Total Average Annual Openings: 135Median Annual Salary: $81,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Masonry Contractor Administrator; Developer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education administrators, all other
SOC Code: 119039
All education administrators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:903 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $72,410.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Extension Work; Director of Vocational Training; Health Education Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education administrators, elementary and secondary school
SOC Code: 119032
(School Principal) Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic, clerical, or auxiliary activities of public or private elementary or secondary level schools.Number of People in the Field:7586 Total Average Annual Openings: 205Median Annual Salary: $86,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Physical Education; Curriculum Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education administrators, postsecondary
SOC Code: 119033
(Dean, Registrar) Plan, direct, or coordinate research, instructional, student administration and services, and other educational activities at postsecondary institutions, including universities, colleges, and junior and community colleges.Number of People in the Field:4171 Total Average Annual Openings: 133Median Annual Salary: $78,070.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Student Affairs
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Education administrators, preschool and child care center/program
SOC Code: 119031
Plan, direct, or coordinate the academic and nonacademic activities of preschool and child care centers or programs. Exclude "Preschool Teachers" (252011).Number of People in the Field:1224 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $40,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Child Care Center; Head Start Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Engineering managers
SOC Code: 119041
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields. Exclude "Natural Sciences Managers" (119121).Number of People in the Field:9046 Total Average Annual Openings: 162Median Annual Salary: $102,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Engineering Research Manager; Safety Director; Technical Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farm, Ranch, and Other Agricultural Managers
SOC Code: 119011
(Nursery and Greenhouse Manager) On a paid basis, manage farms, ranches, aquacultural operations, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, cotton gins, packing houses, or other agricultural establishments for employers. Carry out production, financial, and marketing decisions relating to the managed operations following guidelines from the owner. May contract tenant farmers or producers to carry out the daytoday activities of the managed operation. May supervise planting, cultivating, harvesting, and marketing activities. May prepare cost, production, and other records. May perform physical work and operate machinery.Number of People in the Field:7673 Total Average Annual Openings: 189Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Fruit Grower; Farm Livestock Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Farmers and Ranchers
SOC Code: 119012
On an ownership or rental basis, operate farms, ranches, greenhouses, nurseries, timber tracts, or other agricultural production establishments which produce crops, horticultural specialties, livestock, poultry, finfish, shellfish, or animal specialties. Include operators of cotton gins, packing houses, and other postharvest operations. May plant, cultivate, harvest, perform postharvest activities, and market crops and livestock; may hire, train, and supervise farm workers or supervise a farm labor contractor; may prepare cost, production, and other records. May maintain and operate machinery and perform physical work.Number of People in the Field:38300 Total Average Annual Openings: 205Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Beekeeper; Dairy Farmer; Tobacco Grower
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Financial managers
SOC Code: 113031
(City Controller, Controller, County Treasurer) Plan, direct, and coordinate accounting, investing, banking, insurance, securities, and other financial activities of a branch, office, or department of an establishment.Number of People in the Field:12880 Total Average Annual Openings: 155Median Annual Salary: $86,700.00
Illustrative Examples: Bank Director; Comptroller; Budget Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food service managers
SOC Code: 119051
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that serves food and beverages.Number of People in the Field:9398 Total Average Annual Openings: 233Median Annual Salary: $41,040.00
Illustrative Examples: Banquet Director; Restaurant Manager; Catering Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Funeral directors
SOC Code: 119061
(Mortician) Perform various tasks to arrange and direct funeral services, such as coordinating transportation of body to mortuary for embalming, interviewing family or other authorized person to arrange details, selecting pallbearers, procuring official for religious rites, and providing transportation for mourners.Number of People in the Field:913 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $55,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Funeral Home Manager; Undertaker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming Managers
SOC Code: 119071
(Casino Manager) Plan, organize, direct, control, or coordinate gaming operations in a casino. Formulate gaming policies for their area of responsibility.Number of People in the Field:89 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Blackjack Manager; Dice Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
General and operations managers
SOC Code: 111021
(Park Superintendent) Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of companies or public and private sector organizations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Include owners and managers who head small business establishments whose duties are primarily managerial. Exclude "FirstLine Supervisors/Managers of Retail Sales Workers" (411011) and workers in other small establishments.Number of People in the Field:43910 Total Average Annual Openings: 736Median Annual Salary: $81,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Industrial Organization Manager; District Manager; Department Store General Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Human resources managers, all other
SOC Code: 113049
All Human Resources Managers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1964 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $87,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Industrial Relations; Employee Wellness/Fitness Coordinator; Personnel Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial production managers
SOC Code: 113051
(Quality Control Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate the work activities and resources necessary for manufacturing products in accordance with cost, quality, and quantity specifications.Number of People in the Field:8274 Total Average Annual Openings: 142Median Annual Salary: $83,420.00
Illustrative Examples: Factory Superintendent; Plant Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Legislators
SOC Code: 111031
(Council Member) Develop laws and statutes at the Federal, State, or local level. Include only elected officials.Number of People in the Field:2704 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $25,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Representative; Senator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Lodging managers
SOC Code: 119081
(Hotel Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate activities of an organization or department that provides lodging and other accommodations. Exclude "Food Service Managers" (119051) in lodging establishments.Number of People in the Field:862 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $45,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Housing; Innkeeper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Managers, all other
SOC Code: 119199
All managers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:28614 Total Average Annual Openings: 552Median Annual Salary: $86,930.00
Illustrative Examples: City Clerk; Publisher; Communications Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Marketing managers
SOC Code: 112021
Determine the demand for products and services offered by a firm and its competitors and identify potential customers. Develop pricing strategies with the goal of maximizing the firm's profits or share of the market while ensuring the firm's customers are satisfied. Oversee product development or monitor trends that indicate the need for new products and services.Number of People in the Field:2982 Total Average Annual Openings: 50Median Annual Salary: $85,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Fashion Coordinator; Marketing Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical and health services managers
SOC Code: 119111
Plan, direct, or coordinate medicine and health services in hospitals, clinics, managed care organizations, public health agencies, or similar organizations.Number of People in the Field:8223 Total Average Annual Openings: 228Median Annual Salary: $72,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Occupational Therapy; Medical Records Administrator; Public Health Administrator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Natural sciences managers
SOC Code: 119121
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics, statistics, and research and development in these fields. Exclude "Engineering Managers" (119041) and "Computer and Information Systems Managers" (113021).Number of People in the Field:970 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $90,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Geophysical Manager; Research and Development Director; Wildlife Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Postmasters and mail superintendents
SOC Code: 119131
Direct and coordinate operational, administrative, management, and supportive services of a U.S. post office; or coordinate activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office.Number of People in the Field:748 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $58,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Property, real estate, and community association managers
SOC Code: 119141
(Apartment Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate selling, buying, leasing, or governance activities of commercial, industrial, or residential real estate properties. Include managers of homeowner and condominium associations, rented or leased housing units, buildings, or land (including rightsofway).Number of People in the Field:5495 Total Average Annual Openings: 141Median Annual Salary: $47,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Condominium Association Manager; Trailer Park Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Public relations managers
SOC Code: 112031
Plan and direct public relations programs designed to create and maintain a favorable public image for employer or client; or if engaged in fundraising, plan and direct activities to solicit and maintain funds for special projects and nonprofit organizations.Number of People in the Field:1580 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $78,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Fundraising Director; Public Information Director; Publicity Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Purchasing managers
SOC Code: 113061
(Procurement Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate the activities of buyers, purchasing officers, and related workers involved in purchasing materials, products, and services. Include wholesale or retail trade merchandising managers and procurement managers.Number of People in the Field:2624 Total Average Annual Openings: 50Median Annual Salary: $83,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Purchasing; Merchandise Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales managers
SOC Code: 112022
(Customer Service Manager) Direct the actual distribution or movement of a product or service to the customer. Coordinate sales distribution by establishing sales territories, quotas, and goals and establish training programs for sales representatives. Analyze sales statistics gathered by staff to determine sales potential and inventory requirements and monitor the preferences of customers.Number of People in the Field:12000 Total Average Annual Openings: 228Median Annual Salary: $85,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Director of Sales; Export Manager; Regional Sales Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Social and community service managers
SOC Code: 119151
(Public Welfare Director, Volunteer Services Manager) Plan, organize, or coordinate the activities of a social service program or community outreach organization. Oversee the program or organization's budget and policies regarding participant involvement, program requirements, and benefits. Work may involve directing social workers, counselors, or probation officers.Number of People in the Field:3458 Total Average Annual Openings: 115Median Annual Salary: $51,230.00
Illustrative Examples: Child Welfare Director; Youth Program Director; Director of Casework Services
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Training and development managers
SOC Code: 113042
Plan, direct, or coordinate the training and development activities and staff of an organization.Number of People in the Field:581 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $74,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Efficiency Manager; Education and Training Manager; Training Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Transportation, storage, and distribution managers
SOC Code: 113071
(Airport Manager, Logistics Manager) Plan, direct, or coordinate transportation, storage, or distribution activities in accordance with governmental policies and regulations. Include logistics managers.Number of People in the Field:2571 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $74,310.00
Illustrative Examples: Schedule Planning Manager; Warehouse Manager
  

  

Occupation Category: Office and Administrative Support Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
All other information and record clerks
SOC Code: 434199
All information and record clerks not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9210 Total Average Annual Openings: 132Median Annual Salary: $29,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Student Admissions Clerk; Suggestion Clerk; Vault Custodian
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bill and account collectors
SOC Code: 433011
Locate and notify customers of delinquent accounts by mail, telephone, or personal visit to solicit payment. Duties include receiving payment and posting amount to customer's account; preparing statements to credit department if customer fails to respond; initiating repossession proceedings or service disconnection; keeping records of collection and status of accounts.Number of People in the Field:10918 Total Average Annual Openings: 263Median Annual Salary: $31,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Payment Collector; Collection Clerk; Installment Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Billing and posting clerks and machine operators
SOC Code: 433021
Compile, compute, and record billing, accounting, statistical, and other numerical data for billing purposes. Prepare billing invoices for services rendered or for delivery or shipment of goods.Number of People in the Field:18694 Total Average Annual Openings: 294Median Annual Salary: $30,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Calculating Machine Operator; Invoice Control Clerk; Rating Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks
SOC Code: 433031
Compute, classify, and record numerical data to keep financial records complete. Perform any combination of routine calculating, posting, and verifying duties to obtain primary financial data for use in maintaining accounting records. May also check the accuracy of figures, calculations, and postings pertaining to business transactions recorded by other workers.Number of People in the Field:59758 Total Average Annual Openings: 1053Median Annual Salary: $31,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Accounts Receivable Clerk; Ledger Clerk; Voucher Examiner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Brokerage clerks
SOC Code: 434011
Perform clerical duties involving the purchase or sale of securities. Duties include writing orders for stock purchases and sales, computing transfer taxes, verifying stock transactions, accepting and delivering securities, tracking stock price fluctuations, computing equity, distributing dividends, and keeping records of daily transactions and holdings. Number of People in the Field:651 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $35,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Portfolio Assistant; Dividend Clerk; Telephone Quotation Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cargo and freight agents
SOC Code: 435011
Expedite and route movement of incoming and outgoing cargo and freight shipments in airline, train, and trucking terminals, and shipping docks. Take orders from customers and arrange pickup of freight and cargo for delivery to loading platform. Prepare and examine bills of lading to determine shipping charges and tariffs. Number of People in the Field:964 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $34,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Routing Agent; Shipping Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Communications Equipment Operators, All Other
SOC Code: 432099
All communications equipment operators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:61 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Telegraph Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer operators
SOC Code: 439011
(Peripheral Equipment Operator) Monitor and control electronic computer and peripheral electronic data processing equipment to process business, scientific, engineering, and other data according to operating instructions. May enter commands at a computer terminal and set controls on computer and peripheral devices. Monitor and respond to operating and error messages. Exclude "Data Entry Keyers" (439021). Number of People in the Field:4405 Total Average Annual Openings: 91Median Annual Salary: $35,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Console Operator; Data Processing Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Correspondence clerks
SOC Code: 434021
Compose letters in reply to requests for merchandise, damage claims, credit and other information, delinquent accounts, incorrect billings, or unsatisfactory services. Duties may include gathering data to formulate reply and typing correspondence.Number of People in the Field:464 Total Average Annual Openings: 14Median Annual Salary: $31,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Collection Correspondent; Fan Mail Editor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Couriers and messengers
SOC Code: 435021
Pick up and carry messages, documents, packages, and other items between offices or departments within an establishment or to other business concerns, traveling by foot, bicycle, motorcycle, automobile, or public conveyance. Exclude "Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services" (533033). Number of People in the Field:3314 Total Average Annual Openings: 80Median Annual Salary: $22,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Message Delivery Clerk; Telegraph Messenger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Court, municipal, and license clerks
SOC Code: 434031
(Register of Deeds) Perform clerical duties in courts of law, municipalities, and governmental licensing agencies and bureaus. May prepare docket of cases to be called; secure information for judges and court; prepare draft agendas or bylaws for town or city council; answer official correspondence; keep fiscal records and accounts; issue licenses or permits; record data, administer tests, or collect fees. Include chief clerks with "Managers, All Other" (119199).Number of People in the Field:5580 Total Average Annual Openings: 117Median Annual Salary: $34,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Circuit Court Clerk; Warrant Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks
SOC Code: 434041
(Loan Adjuster) Authorize credit charges against customers' accounts. Investigate history and credit standing of individuals or business establishments applying for credit. May interview applicants to obtain personal and financial data; determine credit worthiness; process applications; and notify customers of acceptance or rejection of credit. Number of People in the Field:1330 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $34,440.00
Illustrative Examples: Credit Interviewer; Credit Rating Inspector
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Customer service representatives
SOC Code: 434051
Interact with customers to provide information in response to inquiries about products and services and to handle and resolve complaints. Exclude individuals whose duties are primarily sales or repair.Number of People in the Field:61520 Total Average Annual Openings: 1320Median Annual Salary: $29,880.00
Illustrative Examples: Complaint Adjuster; Passenger Relations Representative; Telephone Service Adviser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Data entry keyers
SOC Code: 439021
(Keypunch Operator) Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. Exclude Word Processors and Typists (439022).Number of People in the Field:6389 Total Average Annual Openings: 153Median Annual Salary: $25,790.00
Illustrative Example: Data Typist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Desktop publishers
SOC Code: 439031
Format typescript and graphic elements using computer software to produce publicationready material.Number of People in the Field:908 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $33,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Compositor; Electronic Pagination System Operator; Page Makeup System Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance
SOC Code: 435032
Schedule and dispatch workers, work crews, equipment, or service vehicles for conveyance of materials, freight, or passengers, or for normal installation, service, or emergency repairs rendered outside the place of business. Duties may include using radio, telephone, or computer to transmit assignments and compiling statistics and reports on work progress. Number of People in the Field:4589 Total Average Annual Openings: 95Median Annual Salary: $35,240.00
Illustrative Examples: Security Dispatcher; Repair Service Dispatcher; Taxicab Dispatcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Eligibility Interviewers, Government Programs
SOC Code: 434061
Determine eligibility of persons applying to receive assistance from government programs and agency resources, such as welfare, unemployment benefits, social security, and public housing.Number of People in the Field:2017 Total Average Annual Openings: 50Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Unemployment Benefits Claims Taker; County Service Officer; Welfare Interviewer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Executive secretaries and administrative assistants
SOC Code: 436011
Provide highlevel administrative support by conducting research, preparing statistical reports, handling information requests, and performing clerical functions such as preparing correspondence, receiving visitors, arranging conference calls, and scheduling meetings. May also train and supervise lowerlevel clerical staff. Exclude "Secretaries" (436012 through 43 6014). Number of People in the Field:39382 Total Average Annual Openings: 686Median Annual Salary: $38,720.00
Illustrative Example: Administrative Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
File clerks
SOC Code: 434071
(Tape Librarian) File correspondence, cards, invoices, receipts, and other records in alphabetical or numerical order or according to the filing system used. Locate and remove material from file when requested.Number of People in the Field:6054 Total Average Annual Openings: 183Median Annual Salary: $21,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Computer Tape Librarian; Document Clerk; Records Custodian
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of office and administrative support workers
SOC Code: 431011
Supervise and coordinate the activities of clerical and administrative support workers.Number of People in the Field:39745 Total Average Annual Openings: 774Median Annual Salary: $44,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Claims Supervisor; Stock Room Manager; Teller Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming Cage Workers
SOC Code: 433041
In a gaming establishment, conduct financial transactions for patrons. May reconcile daily summaries of transactions to balance books. Accept patron's credit application and verify credit references to provide checkcashing authorization or to establish house credit accounts. May sell gambling chips, tokens, or tickets to patrons, or to other workers for resale to patrons. May convert gaming chips, tokens, or tickets to currency upon patron's request. May use a cash register or computer to record transaction. Number of People in the Field:522 Total Average Annual Openings: 36Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks
SOC Code: 434081
Accommodate hotel, motel, and resort patrons by registering and assigning rooms to guests, issuing room keys, transmitting and receiving messages, keeping records of occupied rooms and guests' accounts, making and confirming reservations, and presenting statements to and collecting payments from departing guests. Number of People in the Field:5551 Total Average Annual Openings: 287Median Annual Salary: $17,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Register Clerk; Room Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping
SOC Code: 434161
(Personnel Clerk) Compile and keep personnel records. Record data for each employee, such as address, weekly earnings, absences, amount of sales or production, supervisory reports on ability, and date of and reason for termination. Compile and type reports from employment records. File employment records. Search employee files and furnish information to authorized persons. Number of People in the Field:4336 Total Average Annual Openings: 89Median Annual Salary: $35,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insurance claims and policy processing clerks
SOC Code: 439041
Process new insurance policies, modifications to existing policies, and claims forms. Obtain information from policyholders to verify the accuracy and completeness of information on claims forms, applications and related documents, and company records. Update existing policies and company records to reflect changes requested by policyholders and insurance company representatives. Exclude "Claims Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators" (131031). Number of People in the Field:6393 Total Average Annual Openings: 95Median Annual Salary: $32,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Claim Taker; Policy Issue Clerk; Underwriting Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Interviewers, except eligibility and loan
SOC Code: 434111
(Admitting Clerk) Interview persons by telephone, mail, in person, or by other means for the purpose of completing forms, applications, or questionnaires. Ask specific questions, record answers, and assist persons with completing form. May sort, classify, and file forms. Number of People in the Field:6897 Total Average Annual Openings: 233Median Annual Salary: $27,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Census Taker; Market Research Interviewer; Outpatient Admitting Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Legal secretaries
SOC Code: 436012
Perform secretarial duties utilizing legal terminology, procedures, and documents. Prepare legal papers and correspondence, such as summonses, complaints, motions, and subpoenas. May also assist with legal research.Number of People in the Field:7429 Total Average Annual Openings: 130Median Annual Salary: $37,720.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Library assistants, clerical
SOC Code: 434121
(Circulation Clerk) Compile records, sort and shelve books, and issue and receive library materials such as pictures, cards, slides and microfilm. Locate library materials for loan and replace material in shelving area, stacks, or files according to identification number and title. Register patrons to permit them to borrow books, periodicals, and other library materials. Number of People in the Field:4021 Total Average Annual Openings: 186Median Annual Salary: $19,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Braille and Talking Books Clerk; Microfilm Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Loan interviewers and clerks
SOC Code: 434131
(Mortgage Clerk) Interview loan applicants to elicit information; investigate applicants' backgrounds and verify references; prepare loan request papers; and forward findings, reports, and documents to appraisal department. Review loan papers to ensure completeness, and complete transactions between loan establishment, borrowers, and sellers upon approval of loan. Number of People in the Field:7188 Total Average Annual Openings: 89Median Annual Salary: $29,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Loan Closer; Loan Processor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service
SOC Code: 439051
Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Use hand or mail handling machines to time stamp, open, read, sort, and route incoming mail; and address, seal, stamp, fold, stuff, and affix postage to outgoing mail or packages. Duties may also include keeping necessary records and completed forms.Number of People in the Field:3517 Total Average Annual Openings: 110Median Annual Salary: $24,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Addressing Machine Operator; Mail Distributor; Mail Opener
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical secretaries
SOC Code: 436013
Perform secretarial duties utilizing specific knowledge of medical terminology and hospital, clinic, or laboratory procedures. Duties include scheduling appointments, billing patients, and compiling and recording medical charts, reports, and correspondence.Number of People in the Field:14690 Total Average Annual Openings: 346Median Annual Salary: $28,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Psychiatric Secretary; Dental Secretary
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Meter readers, utilities
SOC Code: 435041
Read meter and record consumption of electricity, gas, water, or steam.Number of People in the Field:1033 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $34,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Electric Meter Reader; Meter Record Clerk; Water Meter Reader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
New accounts clerks
SOC Code: 434141
Interview persons desiring to open bank accounts. Explain banking services available to prospective customers and assist them in preparing application form.Number of People in the Field:1212 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $26,970.00
Illustrative Example: Banking Services Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Office and administrative support workers, all other
SOC Code: 439199
All office and administrative support workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:18011 Total Average Annual Openings: 444Median Annual Salary: $30,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Notary Public; Envelope Stuffer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Office clerks, general
SOC Code: 439061
Perform duties too varied and diverse to be classified in any specific office clerical occupation, requiring limited knowledge of office management systems and procedures. Clerical duties may be assigned in accordance with the office procedures of individual establishments and may include a combination of answering telephones, bookkeeping, typing or word processing, stenography, office machine operation, and filing. Number of People in the Field:92125 Total Average Annual Openings: 2048Median Annual Salary: $24,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Administrative Clerk; Office Assistant; Real Estate Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Office machine operators, except computer
SOC Code: 439071
Operate one or more of a variety of office machines, such as photocopying, photographic, and duplicating machines, or other office machines. Exclude "Computer Operators" (439011), Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators (439051) and "Billing and Posting Clerks and Machine Operators" (433021). Number of People in the Field:1879 Total Average Annual Openings: 49Median Annual Salary: $24,200.00
Illustrative Examples: Check Embosser; Coin Wrapping Machine Operator; Copy Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Order clerks
SOC Code: 434151
Receive and process incoming orders for materials, merchandise, classified ads, or services such as repairs, installations, or rental of facilities. Duties include informing customers of receipt, prices, shipping dates, and delays; preparing contracts; and handling complaints. Exclude Dispatchers, Except Police, Fire, and Ambulance (435032) who both dispatch and take orders for services. Number of People in the Field:6597 Total Average Annual Openings: 151Median Annual Salary: $29,460.00
Illustrative Examples: Catalogue Clerk; Subscription Clerk; Classified Advertisement Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Payroll and timekeeping clerks
SOC Code: 433051
Compile and post employee time and payroll data. May compute employees' time worked, production, and commission. May compute and post wages and deductions. May prepare paychecks.Number of People in the Field:6653 Total Average Annual Openings: 166Median Annual Salary: $32,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Attendance Clerk; Payroll Bookkeeper; Timekeeper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers
SOC Code: 435031
(Emergency Operator) Receive complaints from public concerning crimes and police emergencies. Broadcast orders to police patrol units in vicinity of complaint to investigate. Operate radio, telephone, or computer equipment to receive reports of fires and medical emergencies and relay information or orders to proper officials. Number of People in the Field:2450 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $35,630.00
Illustrative Examples: 911 Operator; Public Safety Dispatcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Postal service clerks
SOC Code: 435051
Perform any combination of tasks in a post office, such as receive letters and parcels; sell postage and revenue stamps, postal cards, and stamped envelopes; fill out and sell money orders; place mail in pigeon holes of mail rack or in bags according to State, address, or other scheme; and examine mail for correct postage.Number of People in the Field:2390 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $45,050.00
Illustrative Examples: Parcel Post Clerk; Special Delivery Clerk; Stamp Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Postal service mail carriers
SOC Code: 435052
Sort mail for delivery. Deliver mail on established route by vehicle or on foot.Number of People in the Field:12673 Total Average Annual Openings: 370Median Annual Salary: $44,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Letter Carrier; Mail Deliverer; Route Carrier
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators
SOC Code: 435053
Prepare incoming and outgoing mail for distribution. Examine, sort, and route mail by State, type of mail, or other scheme. Load, operate, and occasionally adjust and repair mail processing, sorting, and canceling machinery. Keep records of shipments, pouches, and sacks; and other duties related to mail handling within the postal service. Must complete a competitive exam. Exclude "Postal Service Clerks" (435051) and "Postal Service Mail Carriers" (435052). Number of People in the Field:7507 Total Average Annual Openings: 180Median Annual Salary: $44,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Mail Weigher; Mail Handler Sorting Mail
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Procurement clerks
SOC Code: 433061
Compile information and records to draw up purchase orders for procurement of materials and services.Number of People in the Field:2089 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $33,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Property and Supply Officer; Purchasing Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Production, planning, and expediting clerks
SOC Code: 435061
(Assignment Agent) Coordinate and expedite the flow of work and materials within or between departments of an establishment according to production schedule. Duties include reviewing and distributing production, work, and shipment schedules; conferring with department supervisors to determine progress of work and completion dates; and compiling reports on progress of work, inventory levels, costs, and production problems. Exclude "Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping" (435111). Number of People in the Field:10175 Total Average Annual Openings: 234Median Annual Salary: $41,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Production Dispatcher; Expediter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Proofreaders and copy markers
SOC Code: 439081
(Braille Proofreader) Read transcript or proof type setup to detect and mark for correction any grammatical, typographical, or compositional errors. Exclude workers whose primary duty is editing copy. Include proofreaders of Braille. Illustrative Example: Copy Reader Number of People in the Field:761 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $31,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Tabulating Clerk; Compiler; Data Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Receptionists and information clerks
SOC Code: 434171
Answer inquiries and obtain information for general public, customers, visitors, and other interested parties. Provide information regarding activities conducted at establishment; location of departments, offices, and employees within organization. Exclude "Switchboard Operators, Including Answering Service" (432011). Number of People in the Field:36612 Total Average Annual Openings: 1153Median Annual Salary: $23,650.00
Illustrative Examples: Appointment Clerk; Front Desk Clerk; Referral and Information Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks
SOC Code: 434181
(Gate Agent) Make and confirm reservations and sell tickets to passengers and for large hotel or motel chains. May check baggage and direct passengers to designated concourse, pier, or track; make reservations, deliver tickets, arrange for visas, contact individuals and groups to inform them of package tours, or provide tourists with travel information, such as points of interest, restaurants, rates, and emergency service. Exclude "Travel Agents" (413041), "Hotel, Motel, and Resort Desk Clerks" (434081), and "Cashiers" (412011) who sell tickets for local transportation. Number of People in the Field:3053 Total Average Annual Openings: 82Median Annual Salary: $32,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Ticket Clerk; Hotel Reservationist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Secretaries, except legal, medical, and executive
SOC Code: 436014
Perform routine clerical and administrative functions such as drafting correspondence, scheduling appointments, organizing and maintaining paper and electronic files, or providing information to callers. Exclude legal, medical, or executive secretaries and administrative assistants (436011 through 436013).Number of People in the Field:58368 Total Average Annual Openings: 1017Median Annual Salary: $30,290.00
Illustrative Examples: Personal Secretary; Office Secretary; Receptionist Secretary
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks
SOC Code: 435071
(Freight Clerk) Verify and keep records on incoming and outgoing shipments. Prepare items for shipment. Duties include assembling, addressing, stamping, and shipping merchandise or material; receiving, unpacking, verifying and recording incoming merchandise or material; and arranging for the transportation of products. Exclude "Stock Clerks and Order Fillers" (435081) and "Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Samplers, Recordkeeping" (435111). Number of People in the Field:22477 Total Average Annual Openings: 446Median Annual Salary: $28,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Receiver; Garment Sorter; Freight Separator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Statistical Assistants
SOC Code: 439111
(Actuarial Clerk) Compile and compute data according to statistical formulas for use in statistical studies. May perform actuarial computations and compile charts and graphs for use by actuaries. Include actuarial clerks. Number of People in the Field:1653 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Tabulating Clerk; Compiler; Data Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Stock clerks and order fillers
SOC Code: 435081
(ToolCrib Attendant) Receive, store, and issue sales floor merchandise, materials, equipment, and other items from stockroom, warehouse, or storage yard to fill shelves, racks, tables, or customers' orders. May mark prices on merchandise and set up sales displays. Exclude "Laborers and Freight, Stock, and Material Movers, Hand" (537062), and "Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks" (435071). Number of People in the Field:52905 Total Average Annual Openings: 2643Median Annual Salary: $21,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Inventory Control Clerk; Warehouse Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Switchboard operators, including answering service
SOC Code: 432011
Operate telephone business systems equipment or switchboards to relay incoming, outgoing, and interoffice calls. May supply information to callers and record messages.Number of People in the Field:6388 Total Average Annual Openings: 166Median Annual Salary: $24,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Communication Center Operator; Exchange Operator; Telephone Answering Service Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Telephone Operators
SOC Code: 432021
(Directory Assistance Operator) Provide information by accessing alphabetical and geographical directories. Assist customers with special billing requests, such as charges to a third party and credits or refunds for incorrectly dialed numbers or bad connections. May handle emergency calls and assist children or people with physical disabilities to make telephone calls. Number of People in the Field:751 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Long Distance Operator; Routing Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tellers
SOC Code: 433071
Receive and pay out money. Keep records of money and negotiable instruments involved in a financial institution's various transactions.Number of People in the Field:18132 Total Average Annual Openings: 1114Median Annual Salary: $22,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Foreign Exchange Clerk; Money Order Clerk; Securities Teller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping
SOC Code: 435111
Weigh, measure, and check materials, supplies, and equipment for the purpose of keeping relevant records. Duties are primarily clerical by nature. Include workers who collect and keep record of samples of products or materials. Exclude production "Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers" (519061). Number of People in the Field:2327 Total Average Annual Openings: 60Median Annual Salary: $30,480.00
Illustrative Examples: Counter; Inventory Checker; Scale Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Word processors and typists
SOC Code: 439022
(Composing Data Keyer) Use word processor/computer or typewriter to type letters, reports, forms, or other material from rough draft, corrected copy, or voice recording. May perform other clerical duties as assigned. Include composing data keyers. Exclude "Data Entry Keyers" (439021), "Secretaries and Administrative Assistants" (436011 through 436014), "Court Reporters" (232091), and "Medical Transcriptionists" (319094). Number of People in the Field:6913 Total Average Annual Openings: 150Median Annual Salary: $33,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Clerk Typist; Dictaphone Typist
  

  

Occupation Category: Personal Care and Service Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Amusement and recreation attendants
SOC Code: 393091
(Caddy) Perform variety of attending duties at amusement or recreation facility. May schedule use of recreation facilities, maintain and provide equipment to participants of sporting events or recreational pursuits, or operate amusement concessions and rides.Number of People in the Field:7983 Total Average Annual Openings: 355Median Annual Salary: $17,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Arcade Attendant; Golf Course Starter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Animal trainers
SOC Code: 392011
Train animals for riding, harness, security, performance, or obedience, or assisting persons with disabilities. Accustom animals to human voice and contact; and condition animals to respond to commands. Train animals according to prescribed standards for show or competition. May train animals to carry pack loads or work as part of pack team. Number of People in the Field:824 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $21,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Dog Trainer; Horse Breaker; Lion Trainer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Baggage Porters and Bellhops
SOC Code: 396011
Handle baggage for travelers at transportation terminals or for guests at hotels or similar establishments.Number of People in the Field:774 Total Average Annual Openings: 24Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Baggage Handler; Lobby Porter; Skycap
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Barbers
SOC Code: 395011
Provide barbering services, such as cutting, trimming, shampooing, and styling hair, trimming beards, or giving shaves.Number of People in the Field:1217 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $25,610.00
Illustrative Examples: Barber Apprentice; Hair Cutter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Child care workers
SOC Code: 399011
(Bus Monitor) Attend to children at schools, businesses, private households, and child care institutions. Perform a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play. Exclude "Preschool Teachers" (252011) and "Teacher Assistants" (259041).Number of People in the Field:37185 Total Average Annual Openings: 1429Median Annual Salary: $18,760.00
Illustrative Examples: Baby Sitter; Governess; Nanny
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Concierges
SOC Code: 396012
Assist patrons at hotel, apartment or office building with personal services. May take messages, arrange or give advice on transportation, business services or entertainment, or monitor guest requests for housekeeping and maintenance.Number of People in the Field:207 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $21,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Costume attendants
SOC Code: 393092
Select, fit, and take care of costumes for cast members, and aid entertainers.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $22,580.00
Illustrative Examples: Wardrobe Custodian; Dresser
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Embalmers
SOC Code: 394011
Prepare bodies for interment in conformity with legal requirements.Number of People in the Field:474 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $41,070.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 393099
All entertainment attendants and related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1069 Total Average Annual Openings: 43Median Annual Salary: $17,620.00
Illustrative Example: Department Store Greeter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of personal service workers
SOC Code: 391021
Supervise and coordinate activities of personal service workers, such as supervisors of flight attendants, hairdressers, or caddies.Number of People in the Field:6156 Total Average Annual Openings: 213Median Annual Salary: $33,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Caddymaster; Barber Shop Manager; Health Club Manager
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors
SOC Code: 399031
(Personal Trainer) Instruct or coach groups or individuals in exercise activities and the fundamentals of sports. Demonstrate techniques and methods of participation. Observe participants and inform them of corrective measures necessary to improve their skills. Those required to hold teaching degrees should be reported in the appropriate teaching category. Exclude "Athletic Trainers" (299091). Number of People in the Field:6303 Total Average Annual Openings: 215Median Annual Salary: $21,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Exercise Teacher; Yoga Teacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Flight Attendants
SOC Code: 396031
Provide personal services to ensure the safety and comfort of airline passengers during flight. Greet passengers, verify tickets, explain use of safety equipment, and serve food or beverages.Number of People in the Field:3038 Total Average Annual Openings: 39Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Flight Steward; Airline Stewardess
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Funeral attendants
SOC Code: 394021
Perform variety of tasks during funeral, such as placing casket in parlor or chapel prior to service; arranging floral offerings or lights around casket; directing or escorting mourners; closing casket; and issuing and storing funeral equipment.Number of People in the Field:1326 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $21,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Mortician Helper; Pallbearer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming and sports book writers and runners
SOC Code: 393012
Assist in the operation of games such as keno and bingo. Scan winning tickets presented by patrons, calculate amount of winnings and pay patrons. May operate keno and bingo equipment. May start gaming equipment that randomly selects numbers. May announce number selected until total numbers specified for each game are selected. May pick up tickets from players, collect bets, receive, verify and record patrons' cash wagers. Number of People in the Field:386 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: $29,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Sheet Writer; Keno Writer; Keno Runner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming dealers
SOC Code: 393011
Operate table games. Stand or sit behind table and operate games of chance by dispensing the appropriate number of cards or blocks to players, or operating other gaming equipment. Compare the house's hand against players' hands and payoff or collect players' money or chips.Number of People in the Field:2451 Total Average Annual Openings: 124Median Annual Salary: $16,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Blackjack Dealer; Roulette Dealer; Craps Dealer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming Service Workers, All Other
SOC Code: 393019
All Gaming Service Workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Shill; Chip Mucker; Pit Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming supervisors
SOC Code: 391011
Supervise gaming operations and personnel in an assigned area. Circulate among tables and observe operations. Ensure that stations and games are covered for each shift. May explain and interpret operating rules of house to patrons. May plan and organize activities and create friendly atmosphere for guests in hotels/casinos. May adjust service complaints. Exclude "Slot Key Persons" (391012).Number of People in the Field:1133 Total Average Annual Openings: 42Median Annual Salary: $55,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Executive Casino Host; Table Games Supervisor; Pit Boss
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists
SOC Code: 395012
Provide beauty services, such as shampooing, cutting, coloring, and styling hair, and massaging and treating scalp. May also apply makeup, dress wigs, perform hair removal, and provide nail and skin care services.Number of People in the Field:19472 Total Average Annual Openings: 447Median Annual Salary: $19,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Beautician; Wig Stylist; Electrologist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants
SOC Code: 393093
Provide personal items to patrons or customers in locker rooms, dressing rooms, or coatrooms.Number of People in the Field:985 Total Average Annual Openings: 36Median Annual Salary: $16,400.00
Illustrative Examples: Bathhouse Attendant; Jockey Valet
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Makeup Artists, Theatrical and Performance
SOC Code: 395091
Apply makeup to performers to reflect period, setting, and situation of their role.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Manicurists and pedicurists
SOC Code: 395092
Clean and shape customers' fingernails and toenails. May polish or decorate nails.Number of People in the Field:1286 Total Average Annual Openings: 36Median Annual Salary: $15,480.00
Illustrative Example: Fingernail Sculptor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Motion picture projectionists
SOC Code: 393021
Set up and operate motion picture projection and related sound reproduction equipment.Number of People in the Field:419 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $17,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Chief Projectionist; Film Projector Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nonfarm animal caretakers
SOC Code: 392021
(Groomer) Feed, water, groom, bathe, exercise, or otherwise care for pets and other nonfarm animals, such as dogs, cats, ornamental fish or birds, zoo animals, and mice. Work in settings such as kennels, animal shelters, zoos, circuses, and aquariums. May keep records of feedings, treatments, and animals received or discharged. May clean, disinfect, and repair cages, pens, or fish tanks. Exclude "Veterinary Assistants and Laboratory Animal Caretakers" (319096). Number of People in the Field:4027 Total Average Annual Openings: 145Median Annual Salary: $18,090.00
Illustrative Examples: Dog Groomer; Kennel Worker; Stable Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Personal and home care aides
SOC Code: 399021
Assist elderly or disabled adults with daily living activities at the person's home or in a daytime nonresidential facility. Duties performed at a place of residence may include keeping house (making beds, doing laundry, washing dishes) and preparing meals. May provide meals and supervised activities at nonresidential care facilities. May advise families, the elderly, and disabled on such things as nutrition, cleanliness, and household utilities. Number of People in the Field:16783 Total Average Annual Openings: 638Median Annual Salary: $18,150.00
Illustrative Examples: Blind Escort; Caregiver; Geriatric Aide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Personal care and service workers, all other
SOC Code: 399099
All personal care and service workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:5590 Total Average Annual Openings: 174Median Annual Salary: $19,960.00
Illustrative Examples: Shoe Shiner; Chaperone; Servant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Recreation workers
SOC Code: 399032
(Camp Counselor) Conduct recreation activities with groups in public, private, or volunteer agencies or recreation facilities. Organize and promote activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies, taking into account the needs and interests of individual members. Number of People in the Field:10767 Total Average Annual Openings: 307Median Annual Salary: $20,000.00
Illustrative Examples: Playground Director; Activities Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Residential advisors
SOC Code: 399041
Coordinate activities for residents of boarding schools, college fraternities or sororities, college dormitories, or similar establishments. Order supplies and determine need for maintenance, repairs, and furnishings. May maintain household records and assign rooms. May refer residents to counseling resources if needed.Number of People in the Field:806 Total Average Annual Openings: 30Median Annual Salary: $24,960.00
Illustrative Examples: Dormitory Supervisor; House Parent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Shampooers
SOC Code: 395093
Shampoo and rinse customers' hair.Number of People in the Field:530 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $16,630.00
Illustrative Example: Scalp Treatment Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Skin care specialists
SOC Code: 395094
(Esthetician) Provide skin care treatments to face and body to enhance an individual's appearance.Number of People in the Field:1134 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $26,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Slot key persons
SOC Code: 391012
Coordinate/supervise functions of slot department workers to provide service to patrons. Handle and settle complaints of players. Verify and payoff jackpots. Reset slot machines after payoffs. Make minor repairs or adjustments to slot machines. Recommend removal of slot machines for repair. Report hazards and enforces safety rules.Number of People in the Field:802 Total Average Annual Openings: 28Median Annual Salary: $21,260.00
Illustrative Example: Slot Floor Person
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tour guides and escorts
SOC Code: 396021
Escort individuals or groups on sightseeing tours or through places of interest, such as industrial establishments, public buildings, and art galleries.Number of People in the Field:777 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $22,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Page; Sightseeing Guide
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Transportation attendants, except flight attendants and baggage porters
SOC Code: 396032
Provide services to ensure the safety and comfort of passengers aboard ships, buses, trains, or within the station or terminal. Perform duties, such as greeting passengers, explaining the use of safety equipment, serving meals or beverages, or answering questions related to travel.Number of People in the Field:257 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $19,700.00
Illustrative Examples: Club Car Attendant; Ground Attendant; Subway Conductor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Travel Guides
SOC Code: 396022
Plan, organize, and conduct long distance cruises, tours, and expeditions for individuals and groups.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Cruise Director
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers
SOC Code: 393031
Assist patrons at entertainment events by performing duties, such as collecting admission tickets and passes from patrons, assisting in finding seats, searching for lost articles, and locating such facilities as rest rooms and telephones.Number of People in the Field:2743 Total Average Annual Openings: 234Median Annual Salary: $15,900.00
Illustrative Examples: Door Attendant; Ticket Collector
  

  

Occupation Category: Production Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers
SOC Code: 512011
Assemble, fit, fasten, and install parts of airplanes, space vehicles, or missiles, such as tails, wings, fuselage, bulkheads, stabilizers, landing gear, rigging and control equipment, or heating and ventilating systems.Number of People in the Field:211 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $34,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Aircraft Riveter; Fuselage Framer; Skin Installer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Assemblers and fabricators, all other
SOC Code: 512099
All assemblers and fabricators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:21727 Total Average Annual Openings: 555Median Annual Salary: $50,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Barrel Raiser; Automobile Assembler, except engines; Doll Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bakers
SOC Code: 513011
Mix and bake ingredients according to recipes to produce breads, rolls, cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, or other baked goods. Include pastry chefs in restaurants and hotels with "Chefs and Head Cooks" (351011).Number of People in the Field:4775 Total Average Annual Openings: 138Median Annual Salary: $21,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Cake Maker; Head Baker; Pastry Finisher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bindery workers
SOC Code: 515011
(Hand Bindery Worker) Set up or operate binding machines that produce books and other printed materials. Include hand bindery workers. Exclude "Bookbinders" (515012).Number of People in the Field:1652 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $28,810.00
Illustrative Examples: Book Coverer; Stitching Machine Operator; Bookbinding Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bookbinders
SOC Code: 515012
Perform highly skilled hand finishing operations, such as grooving and lettering to bind books.Number of People in the Field:55 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Book Finisher; Book Mender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Butchers and meat cutters
SOC Code: 513021
Cut, trim, or prepare consumersized portions of meat for use or sale in retail establishments.Number of People in the Field:3553 Total Average Annual Openings: 81Median Annual Salary: $26,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Carver; Meat Department Manager; Cleaver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters
SOC Code: 517011
Cut, shape, and assemble wooden articles or set up and operate a variety of woodworking machines, such as power saws, jointers, and mortisers to surface, cut, or shape lumber or to fabricate parts for wood products. Exclude "Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (517041 through 517042) who specialize in one or a limited number of machine phases.Number of People in the Field:3624 Total Average Annual Openings: 95Median Annual Salary: $31,060.00
Illustrative Examples: Marquetry Worker; Antique Furniture Repairer; Wood Machinist
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cementing and gluing machine operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519191
(Taping Machine Operator) Operate or tend cementing and gluing machines to join items for further processing or to form a completed product. Processes include joining veneer sheets into plywood; gluing paper; joining rubber and rubberized fabric parts, plastic, simulated leather, or other materials. Exclude "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (516042).Number of People in the Field:378 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $25,990.00
Illustrative Examples: Bonding Molder; Paper Sealer; Taper Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemical equipment operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519011
(Acid Purifier) Operate or tend equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial or consumer products. Equipment used includes devulcanizers, steamjacketed kettles, and reactor vessels. Exclude "Chemical Plant and System Operators" (518091).Number of People in the Field:1611 Total Average Annual Openings: 48Median Annual Salary: $42,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Acetylene Plant Operator; Caustic Purification Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Chemical plant and system operators
SOC Code: 518091
Control or operate an entire chemical process or system of machines.Number of People in the Field:1801 Total Average Annual Openings: 54Median Annual Salary: $48,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Denitrator; Nitrogen Operator; Wash Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519192
(Fruit Washer) Operate or tend machines to wash or clean products, such as barrels or kegs, glass items, tin plate, food, pulp, coal, plastic, or rubber, to remove impurities.Number of People in the Field:449 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $23,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Acid Dipper; Degreaser Operator; Pulp Bleacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519121
Set up, operate, or tend machines to coat or paint any of a wide variety of products including food, glassware, cloth, ceramics, metal, plastic, paper, or wood, with lacquer, silver, copper, rubber, varnish, glaze, enamel, oil, or rustproofing materials. Exclude "Plating and Coating Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (514193) and "Painters, Transportation Equipment" (519122). Number of People in the Field:4516 Total Average Annual Openings: 119Median Annual Salary: $28,800.00
Illustrative Examples: Electrostatic Paint Operator; Silvering Applicator; Supercalender Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Coil winders, tapers, and finishers
SOC Code: 512021
Wind wire coils used in electrical components, such as resistors and transformers, and in electrical equipment and instruments, such as field cores, bobbins, armature cores, electrical motors, generators, and control equipment.Number of People in the Field:427 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $31,270.00
Illustrative Examples: Coil Builder; Motor Winder; Wire Coiler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514011
Operate computercontrolled machines or robots to perform one or more machine functions on metal or plastic work pieces.Number of People in the Field:9162 Total Average Annual Openings: 129Median Annual Salary: $31,900.00
Illustrative Examples: Numerical Control Machine Operator; Robot Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519193
(Chiller Tender) Operate or tend equipment, such as cooling and freezing units, refrigerators, batch freezers, and freezing tunnels, to cool or freeze products, food, blood plasma, and chemicals.Number of People in the Field:381 Total Average Annual Openings: 11Median Annual Salary: $31,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Ice Maker; Refrigerating Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519021
Set up, operate, or tend machines to crush, grind, or polish materials, such as coal, glass, grain, stone, food, or rubber.Number of People in the Field:1922 Total Average Annual Openings: 49Median Annual Salary: $27,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Beveling and Edging Machine Operator; Pulverizer Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cutters and trimmers, hand
SOC Code: 519031
Use hand tools or handheld power tools to cut and trim a variety of manufactured items, such as carpet, fabric, stone, glass, or rubber.Number of People in the Field:805 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $21,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Buttonhole Maker; Fur Trimmer; Thread Clipper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519032
(Shear Operator) Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut or slice materials, such as glass, stone, cork, rubber, tobacco, food, paper, or insulating material. Exclude "Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (517041 through 517042), "Cutting, Punching, and Press Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (514031), and "Textile Cutting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (516062). Number of People in the Field:2634 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $28,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Bias Machine Operator; Slate Trimmer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514031
Set up, operate, or tend machines to saw, cut, shear, slit, punch, crimp, notch, bend, or straighten metal or plastic material.Number of People in the Field:19747 Total Average Annual Openings: 437Median Annual Salary: $28,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Perforator Operator; Crimping Machine Operator; Four Slide Machine Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dental laboratory technicians
SOC Code: 519081
(Orthodontic Technician) Construct and repair full or partial dentures or dental appliances.Exclude "Dental Assistants" (319091).Number of People in the Field:1437 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $31,080.00
Illustrative Examples: Ceramist; Crown and Bridge Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514032
Set up, operate, or tend drilling machines to drill, bore, ream, mill, or countersink metal or plastic work pieces.Number of People in the Field:4174 Total Average Annual Openings: 106Median Annual Salary: $32,960.00
Illustrative Examples: Drill Press Operator; Jewel Cupping Machine Operator; Reaming Press Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers
SOC Code: 512022
Assemble or modify electrical or electronic equipment, such as computers, test equipment telemetering systems, electric motors, and batteries.Number of People in the Field:5165 Total Average Annual Openings: 117Median Annual Salary: $27,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Anode Builder; Battery Builder; Industrial Equipment Wirer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Electromechanical equipment assemblers
SOC Code: 512023
Assemble or modify electromechanical equipment or devices, such as servomechanisms, gyros, dynamometers, magnetic drums, tape drives, brakes, control linkage, actuators, and appliances.Number of People in the Field:2882 Total Average Annual Openings: 65Median Annual Salary: $27,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Appliance Assembler; Vending Machine Assembler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Engine and other machine assemblers
SOC Code: 512031
(Motor Installer) Construct, assemble, or rebuild machines, such as engines, turbines, and similar equipment used in such industries as construction, extraction, textiles, and paper manufacturing.Number of People in the Field:5764 Total Average Annual Openings: 157Median Annual Salary: $40,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Machine Builder; Turbine Assembler
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Etchers and engravers
SOC Code: 519194
Engrave or etch metal, wood, rubber, or other materials for identification or decorative purposes. Include such workers as etchercircuit processors, pantograph engravers, and silk screen etchers. Include photoengravers with "Prepress Technicians and Workers" (515022).Number of People in the Field:679 Total Average Annual Openings: 19Median Annual Salary: $30,330.00
Illustrative Examples: Embosser; Letterer; Siderographer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514021
Set up, operate, or tend machines to extrude or draw thermoplastic or metal materials into tubes, rods, hoses, wire, bars, or structural shapes.Number of People in the Field:6026 Total Average Annual Openings: 203Median Annual Salary: $25,740.00
Illustrative Examples: Draw Bench Operator; Tube Drawer; Wire Drawing Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers
SOC Code: 516091
Set up, operate, or tend machines that extrude and form continuous filaments from synthetic materials, such as liquid polymer, rayon, and fiberglass.Number of People in the Field:918 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $31,230.00
Illustrative Examples: Fiber Machine Tender; Box Spinner; Synthetic Filament Spinner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519041
(Brick or Block Maker) Set up, operate, or tend machines, such as glass forming machines, plodder machines, and tuber machines, to shape and form products, such as glassware, food, rubber, soap, brick, tile, clay, wax, tobacco, or cosmetics. Exclude "Paper Goods Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders" (519196) and "Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders" (516042). Number of People in the Field:3031 Total Average Annual Openings: 79Median Annual Salary: $27,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Briquette Maker; Cigarette Machine Operator; Rubber Laminating
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fabric and apparel patternmakers
SOC Code: 516092
Draw and construct sets of precision master fabric patterns or layouts. May also mark and cut fabrics and apparel.Number of People in the Field:144 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $28,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Pattern Grader; Shoe Patternmaker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fiberglass laminators and fabricators
SOC Code: 512091
Laminate layers of fiberglass on molds to form boat decks and hulls, bodies for golf carts, automobiles, or other products.Number of People in the Field:841 Total Average Annual Openings: 22Median Annual Salary: $27,360.00
Illustrative Examples: Fiberglass Ski Maker; Fiberglass Boat Builder; Golf Cart Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of production and operating workers
SOC Code: 511011
Supervise and coordinate the activities of production and operating workers, such as inspectors, precision workers, machine setters and operators, assemblers, fabricators, and plant and system operators. Exclude team or work leaders. Number of People in the Field:29854 Total Average Annual Openings: 572Median Annual Salary: $54,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Laundromat Manager; Station Chief; Assembly Line Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders
SOC Code: 513091
Operate or tend food or tobacco roasting, baking, or drying equipment, including hearth ovens, kiln driers, roasters, char kilns, and vacuum drying equipment.Number of People in the Field:525 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $22,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Coffee Roaster; Smokehouse Worker; Curing Room Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food batchmakers
SOC Code: 513092
Set up and operate equipment that mixes or blends ingredients used in the manufacturing of food products. Include candy makers and cheese makers.Number of People in the Field:1673 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $26,970.00
Illustrative Examples: Candy Maker; Honey Blender; Peanut Butter Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Food cooking machine operators and tenders
SOC Code: 513093
Operate or tend cooking equipment, such as steam cooking vats, deep fry cookers, pressure cookers, kettles, and boilers, to prepare food products. Exclude "Food and Tobacco Roasting, Baking, and Drying Machine Operators and Tenders" (513091).Number of People in the Field:974 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $24,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Doughnut Maker; Sausage Cooker; Potato Chip Fryer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514022
Set up, operate, or tend forging machines to taper, shape, or form metal or plastic parts.Number of People in the Field:3113 Total Average Annual Openings: 44Median Annual Salary: $29,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Cold Header Operator; Swager Operator; Drop Hammer Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Foundry mold and coremakers
SOC Code: 514071
Make or form wax or sand cores or molds used in the production of metal castings in foundries.Number of People in the Field:1252 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $33,480.00
Illustrative Examples: Core Setter; Mold Closer; Dry Sand Molder
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519051
Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. Includes activities, such as annealing glass, drying lumber, curing rubber, removing moisture from materials, or boiling soap.Number of People in the Field:795 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $32,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Brick Baker; Stoker; Tunnel Kiln Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Furniture finishers
SOC Code: 517021
Shape, finish, and refinish damaged, worn, or used furniture or new highgrade furniture to specified color or finish.Number of People in the Field:852 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: $30,680.00
Illustrative Examples: Furniture Polisher; Refinisher; Wood Grainer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gas Plant Operators
SOC Code: 518092
(Liquefaction Plant Operator) Distribute or process gas for utility companies and others by controlling compressors to maintain specified pressures on main pipelines.Number of People in the Field:242 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Pressure Dispatcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Grinding and polishing workers, hand
SOC Code: 519022
(Chipper, Glass Finisher) Grind, sand, or polish, using hand tools or handheld power tools, a variety of metal, wood, stone, clay, plastic, or glass objects. Include chippers, buffers, andfinishers.Number of People in the Field:2054 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $23,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Metal Sander; Gun Barrel Finisher; Hand Buffer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514033
Set up, operate, or tend grinding and related tools that remove excess material or burrs from surfaces, sharpen edges or corners, or buff, hone, or polish metal or plastic work pieces.Number of People in the Field:8342 Total Average Annual Openings: 151Median Annual Salary: $33,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Barrel Polisher; Jewel Bearing Facer; Metal Filer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514191
Set up, operate, or tend heating equipment, such as heattreating furnaces, flamehardening machines, induction machines, soaking pits, or vacuum equipment to temper, harden, anneal, or heattreat metal or plastic objects.Number of People in the Field:2198 Total Average Annual Openings: 89Median Annual Salary: $32,240.00
Illustrative Examples: Metal & Plastic Annealer; Metal & Plastic Temperer; Induction Machine Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Helpers--production workers
SOC Code: 519198
Help production workers by performing duties of lesser skill. Duties include supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Exclude apprentice workers and report them with the appropriate production occupation (511011 through 519199).Number of People in the Field:15278 Total Average Annual Openings: 448Median Annual Salary: $22,130.00
Illustrative Examples: Welder's Assistant; Tailor's Aide; Millwright's Helper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers
SOC Code: 519061
(Quality Checker) Inspect, test, sort, sample, or weigh nonagricultural raw materials or processed, machined, fabricated, or assembled parts or products for defects, wear, and deviations from specifications. May use precision measuring instruments and complex test equipment.Number of People in the Field:27907 Total Average Annual Openings: 607Median Annual Salary: $33,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Bearing Inspector; Testing and Regulating Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers
SOC Code: 519071
(Gemologist) Design, fabricate, adjust, repair, or appraise jewelry, gold, silver, other precious metals, or gems. Include diamond polishers and gem cutters and persons who perform precision casting and modeling of molds, casting metal in molds, or setting precious and semiprecious stones for jewelry and related products.Number of People in the Field:865 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $34,020.00
Illustrative Examples: Diamond Expert; Goldsmith
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Job printers
SOC Code: 515021
Set type according to copy; operate press to print job order; and read proof for errors and clarity of impression, and correct imperfections. Job printers are often found in small establishments where work combines several job skills.Number of People in the Field:1240 Total Average Annual Openings: 28Median Annual Salary: $33,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Job Press Operator; Apprentice Job Printer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514034
Set up, operate, or tend lathe and turning machines to turn, bore, thread, form, or face metal or plastic materials, such as wire, rod, or bar stock.Number of People in the Field:5748 Total Average Annual Openings: 104Median Annual Salary: $39,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Gear Cutter; Screw Machine Operator; Threading Machine Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers
SOC Code: 516011
Operate or tend washing or drycleaning machines to wash or dryclean industrial or household articles, such as cloth garments, suede, leather, furs, blankets, draperies, fine linens, rugs, and carpets. Include spotters and dyers of these articles.Number of People in the Field:7958 Total Average Annual Openings: 225Median Annual Salary: $20,460.00
Illustrative Examples: Laundry Carpet Cleaner; Silk Spotter; Washing Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Lay-out workers, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514192
Lay out reference points and dimensions on metal or plastic stock or workpieces, such as sheets, plates, tubes, structural shapes, castings, or machine parts, for further processing. Include shipfitters.Number of People in the Field:337 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $51,560.00
Illustrative Example: Location and Measurement Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Machinists
SOC Code: 514041
Set up and operate a variety of machine tools to produce precision parts and instruments. Include precision instrument makers who fabricate, modify, or repair mechanical instruments. May also fabricate and modify parts to make or repair machine tools or maintain industrial machines, applying knowledge of mechanics, shop mathematics, metal properties, layout, and machining procedures.Number of People in the Field:27335 Total Average Annual Openings: 607Median Annual Salary: $39,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Electrical Instrument Maker; Machine Fitter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers
SOC Code: 513022
Use hand tools to perform routine cutting and trimming of meat, poultry, and fish.Number of People in the Field:1386 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $21,770.00
Illustrative Examples: Calf Skinner; Eviscerator; Filleter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Medical appliance technicians
SOC Code: 519082
(Orthotics Technician) Construct, fit, maintain, or repair medical supportive devices, such asbraces, artificial limbs, joints, arch supports, and other surgical and medical appliances.Number of People in the Field:336 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $32,930.00
Illustrative Examples: Brace Maker; Prosthetics Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Metal workers and plastic workers, all other
SOC Code: 514199
All metalworkers and plastic workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9057 Total Average Annual Openings: 205Median Annual Salary: $52,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Balancing Machine Operator; Film Casting Operator; Nail Making Machine Setter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders
SOC Code: 514051
(Smelter) Operate or tend furnaces, such as gas, oil, coal, electricarc or electric induction, openhearth, or oxygen furnaces, to melt and refine metal before casting or to produce specified types of steel. Exclude "Heat Treating Equipment Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic" (514191).Number of People in the Field:1072 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $33,510.00
Illustrative Examples: Blast Furnace Blower; Bessemer Regulator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514035
Set up, operate, or tend milling or planing machines to mill, plane, shape, groove, or profile metal or plastic work pieces.Number of People in the Field:1746 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $35,200.00
Illustrative Examples: Broaching Machine Operator; Profiler Operator; Scribing Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519023
(Grain Mixer) Set up, operate, or tend machines to mix or blend materials, such as chemicals, tobacco, liquids, color pigments, or explosive ingredients. Exclude "Food Batchmakers" (513092).Number of People in the Field:3547 Total Average Annual Openings: 90Median Annual Salary: $31,600.00
Illustrative Examples: Batch Maker; Clay Mixer; Tumbler Tender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Model Makers, Metal and Plastic
SOC Code: 514061
Set up and operate machines, such as lathes, milling and engraving machines, and jig borers to make working models of metal or plastic objects. Include template makers.Number of People in the Field:1872 Total Average Annual Openings: 62Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Jig and Fixture Builder; Mandrel Maker; Mock Up Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Model Makers, Wood
SOC Code: 517031
Construct fullsize and scale wooden precision models of products. Include wood jig builders and loft workers.Number of People in the Field:256 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Wood Jig Builder; Loft Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic
SOC Code: 519195
Mold, shape, form, cast, or carve products such as food products, figurines, tile, pipes, and candles consisting of clay, glass, plaster, concrete, stone, or combinations of materials.Number of People in the Field:910 Total Average Annual Openings: 21Median Annual Salary: $29,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Cigar Roller; Glass Blower; Marble Finisher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514072
Set up, operate, or tend metal or plastic molding, casting, or coremaking machines to mold or cast metal or thermoplastic parts or products.Number of People in the Field:13408 Total Average Annual Openings: 312Median Annual Salary: $27,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Centrifugal Casting Machine Operator; Injection Molding Machine Setter; Core Mounter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514081
Set up, operate, or tend more than one type of cutting or forming machine tool or robot.Number of People in the Field:7819 Total Average Annual Openings: 213Median Annual Salary: $37,060.00
Illustrative Examples: Machine Tool Operator; Combination Machine Tool Setter; Metal and Plastic Transfer Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Nuclear Power Reactor Operators
SOC Code: 518011
Control nuclear reactors.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Nuclear Reactor Operator; Power Reactor Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Numerical tool and process control programmers
SOC Code: 514012
Develop programs to control machining or processing of parts by automatic machine tools, equipment, or systems.Number of People in the Field:1108 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $43,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Tool Programmer; NC Programmer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Ophthalmic laboratory technicians
SOC Code: 519083
(Lens Grinder) Cut, grind, and polish eyeglasses, contact lenses, or other precision opticalelements. Assemble and mount lenses into frames or process other optical elements. Include precision lens polishers or grinders, centereredgers, and lens mounters. Exclude "Opticians, Dispensing" (292081).Number of People in the Field:738 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $33,530.00
Illustrative Examples: Eyeglass Maker; Spectacle Truer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders
SOC Code: 519111
(Bottler, Cannery Worker) Operate or tend machines to prepare industrial or consumer products for storage or shipment. Include cannery workers who pack food products.Number of People in the Field:11887 Total Average Annual Openings: 232Median Annual Salary: $24,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Bottle Caser; Wrapper Layer; Strapping Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Painters, transportation equipment
SOC Code: 519122
Operate or tend painting machines to paint surfaces of transportation equipment, such as automobiles, buses, trucks, trains, boats, and airplanes. Include painters in auto body repair facilities.Number of People in the Field:1471 Total Average Annual Openings: 39Median Annual Salary: $50,890.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Painter; Rust Proofer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Painting, coating, and decorating workers
SOC Code: 519123
Paint, coat, or decorate articles, such as furniture, glass, plateware, pottery, jewelry, cakes, toys, books, or leather. Exclude "Artists and Related Workers" (271011 through 271019), Designers (271021 through 271029), "Photographic Process Workers" (519131), and Etchers and Engravers (519194).Number of People in the Field:1428 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $22,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Stenciler; Candy Dipper; Mirror Silverer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519196
Set up, operate, or tend paper goods machines that perform a variety of functions, such as converting, sawing, corrugating, banding, wrapping, boxing, stitching, forming, or sealing paper or paperboard sheets into products.Number of People in the Field:2850 Total Average Annual Openings: 58Median Annual Salary: $33,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Bag Machine Operator; Box Fabricator; Carton Forming Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Patternmakers, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514062
Lay out, machine, fit, and assemble castings and parts to metal or plastic foundry patterns, core boxes, or match plates.Number of People in the Field:1015 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $51,130.00
Illustrative Examples: Pattern Fitter; Stencil Cutter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Patternmakers, wood
SOC Code: 517032
Plan, lay out, and construct wooden unit or sectional patterns used in forming sand molds for castings.Number of People in the Field:89 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $48,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Experimental Wood Mechanic; Wood Die Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers
SOC Code: 518093
Control the operation of petroleum refining or processing units. May specialize in controlling manifold and pumping systems, gauging or testing oil in storage tanks, or regulating the flow of oil into pipelines.Number of People in the Field:138 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $45,510.00
Illustrative Examples: Absorption Plant Operator; Gasoline Plant Operator; Oil Refiner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Photographic process workers
SOC Code: 519131
(Photo Finisher) Perform precision work involved in photographic processing, such as editing photographic negatives and prints, using photomechanical, chemical, or computerized methods.Number of People in the Field:656 Total Average Annual Openings: 16Median Annual Salary: $24,110.00
Illustrative Examples: Photographic Colorist; Darkroom Technician
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Photographic processing machine operators
SOC Code: 519132
(Film Processor) Operate photographic processing machines, such as photographic printing machines, film developing machines, and mounting presses.Number of People in the Field:1446 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $20,820.00
Illustrative Examples: Film Printer; Reproduction Machine Loader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Plant and system operators, all other
SOC Code: 518099
All plant and system operators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:865 Total Average Annual Openings: 26Median Annual Salary: $52,110.00
Illustrative Examples: Asphalt Plant Operator; Lime Filter Operator; Incinerator Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514193
Set up, operate, or tend plating or coating machines to coat metal or plastic products with chromium, zinc, copper, cadmium, nickel, or other metal to protect or decorate surfaces. Include electrolytic processes.Number of People in the Field:2487 Total Average Annual Openings: 53Median Annual Salary: $26,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Anodizer; Electroplater; Galvanizer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pourers and casters, metal
SOC Code: 514052
Operate handcontrolled mechanisms to pour and regulate the flow of molten metal into molds to produce castings or ingots.Number of People in the Field:920 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: $27,780.00
Illustrative Examples: Ingot Header; Ladle Operator; Steel Pourer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Power distributors and dispatchers
SOC Code: 518012
Coordinate, regulate, or distribute electricity or steam.Number of People in the Field:365 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $64,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Feeder Switchboard Operator; Electric and Gas Load Dispatcher; Substation Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Power plant operators
SOC Code: 518013
(Auxiliary Equipment Tender) Control, operate, or maintain machinery to generate electric power. Include auxiliary equipment operators. Exclude "Nuclear Power Reactor Operators" (518011).Number of People in the Field:1640 Total Average Annual Openings: 37Median Annual Salary: $53,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Hydroelectric Operator; Generator Operator; Power House Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Prepress technicians and workers
SOC Code: 515022
(Compositor, Lithographer) Set up and prepare material for printing presses. Include prepress functions, such as compositing, typesetting, layout, pasteup, camera operating, scanning, film stripping, and photoengraving.Number of People in the Field:2035 Total Average Annual Openings: 46Median Annual Salary: $35,410.00
Illustrative Example: Photoengraving Etcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials
SOC Code: 516021
Press or shape articles by hand or machine.Number of People in the Field:1959 Total Average Annual Openings: 29Median Annual Salary: $18,140.00
Illustrative Examples: Clothes Ironer; Garment Steamer; Steam Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Printing machine operators
SOC Code: 515023
(Silk Screen Printer) Set up or operate various types of printing machines, such as offset, letterset, intaglio, or gravure presses or screen printers to produce print on paper or other materials.Number of People in the Field:5773 Total Average Annual Openings: 127Median Annual Salary: $32,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Bag Printer; Offset Press Operator; Lithoplate Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Production workers, all other
SOC Code: 519199
All production workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:31401 Total Average Annual Openings: 731Median Annual Salary: $30,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Barrel Header; Mop Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic
SOC Code: 514023
Set up, operate, or tend machines to roll steel or plastic forming bends, beads, knurls, rolls, or plate or to flatten, temper, or reduce gauge of material.Number of People in the Field:1913 Total Average Annual Openings: 42Median Annual Salary: $34,170.00
Illustrative Examples: Forming Roll Operator; Rolling Mill Operator; Tubing Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood
SOC Code: 517041
(Head Sawyer) Set up, operate, or tend wood sawing machines. Include head sawyers.Number of People in the Field:2020 Total Average Annual Openings: 63Median Annual Salary: $26,260.00
Illustrative Examples: Crozer Operator; Sawyer; Wood Cutter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Semiconductor processors
SOC Code: 519141
Perform any or all of the following functions in the manufacture of electronic semiconductors:load semiconductor material into furnace; saw formed ingots into segments; load individualsegment into crystal growing chamber and monitor controls; locate crystal axis in ingot using xray equipment and saw ingots into wafers; clean, polish, and load wafers into series of special purpose furnaces, chemical baths, and equipment used to form circuitry and change conductive properties.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $36,640.00
Illustrative Examples: Circuit Recorder; Crystal Grower; Wafer Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 519012
(Brewmaster) Set up, operate, or tend continuous flow or vattype equipment; filter presses; shaker screens; centrifuges; condenser tubes; precipitating, fermenting, or evaporating tanks; scrubbing towers; or batch stills. These machines extract, sort, or separate liquids, gases, or solids from other materials to recover a refined product. Include dairy processing equipment operators. Exclude "Chemical Equipment Operators and Tenders" (519011). Number of People in the Field:678 Total Average Annual Openings: 20Median Annual Salary: $29,330.00
Illustrative Examples: Dairy Processing Equipment Operator; Distiller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sewers, hand
SOC Code: 516051
(Hand Weaver) Sew, join, reinforce, or finish, usually with needle and thread, a variety of manufactured items. Include weavers and stitchers. Exclude "Fabric Menders, Except Garment" (499093).Number of People in the Field:1083 Total Average Annual Openings: 33Median Annual Salary: $18,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Hand Stitcher; Hosiery Mender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sewing machine operators
SOC Code: 516031
Operate or tend sewing machines to join, reinforce, decorate, or perform related sewing operations in the manufacture of garment or nongarment products.Number of People in the Field:2372 Total Average Annual Openings: 27Median Annual Salary: $21,930.00
Illustrative Examples: Blind Stitch Machine Operator; Loop Tacker; Hemmer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Shoe and Leather Workers and Repairers
SOC Code: 516041
Construct, decorate, or repair leather and leatherlike products, such as luggage, shoes, and saddles.Number of People in the Field:530 Total Average Annual Openings: 17Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Upper Cutter; Cobbler; Saddle Maker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Shoe Machine Operators and Tenders
SOC Code: 516042
Operate or tend a variety of machines to join, decorate, reinforce, or finish shoes and shoe parts.Number of People in the Field:85 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Counter Maker; Lasting Machine Operator; Shoe Archer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Slaughterers and meat packers
SOC Code: 513023
Work in slaughtering, meat packing, or wholesale establishments performing precision functions involving the preparation of meat. Work may include specialized slaughtering tasks, cutting standard or premium cuts of meat for marketing, making sausage, or wrapping meats. Exclude Meat, Poultry, and Fish Cutters and Trimmers (513022) who perform routine, lowerskilled meat cutting.Number of People in the Field:1183 Total Average Annual Openings: 45Median Annual Salary: $30,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Hog Sticker; Shactor; Beef Splitter
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Stationary engineers and boiler operators
SOC Code: 518021
Operate or maintain stationary engines, boilers, or other mechanical equipment to provide utilities for buildings or industrial processes. Operate equipment, such as steam engines, generators, motors, turbines, and steam boilers.Number of People in the Field:1991 Total Average Annual Openings: 31Median Annual Salary: $48,750.00
Illustrative Examples: Cooling System Operator; Low Pressure Firer; Steam Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Structural metal fabricators and fitters
SOC Code: 512041
Fabricate, lay out, position, align, and fit parts of structural metal products.Number of People in the Field:2685 Total Average Annual Openings: 61Median Annual Salary: $32,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Manufacturing Ornamental Metal Worker; Metal Box Maker; Protector Plate Attacher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers
SOC Code: 516052
Design, make, alter, repair, or fit garments.Number of People in the Field:2015 Total Average Annual Openings: 34Median Annual Salary: $24,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Coat Maker; Hand Finisher, Except Toys Shop Tailor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Team assemblers
SOC Code: 512092
Work as part of a team having responsibility for assembling an entire product or component of a product. Team assemblers can perform all tasks conducted by the team in the assembly process and rotate through all or most of them rather than being assigned to a specific task on a permanent basis. May participate in making management decisions affecting the work. Team leaders who work as part of the team should be included. Exclude assemblers (512011 through 512099) who continuously perform the same task. Number of People in the Field:56388 Total Average Annual Openings: 1440Median Annual Salary: $27,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders
SOC Code: 516061
Operate or tend machines to bleach, shrink, wash, dye, or finish textiles or synthetic or glass fibers. Number of People in the Field:108 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $27,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Bleach Range Operator; Rug Dyer; Skein Yarn Dyer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 516062
Set up, operate, or tend machines that cut textiles.Number of People in the Field:246 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $29,300.00
Illustrative Examples: Canvas Cutter; Rag Shredder; Welt Trimming Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 516063
(Loom Changer) Set up, operate, or tend machines that knit, loop, weave, or draw in textiles. Exclude "Sewing Machine Operators" (516031).Number of People in the Field:141 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $21,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Crochet Machine Operator; Ribbing Machine Operator; Looping Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 516064
(Slubber Machine Operator) Set up, operate, or tend machines that wind or twist textiles; or draw out and combine sliver, such as wool, hemp, or synthetic fibers. Include slubber machine and drawing frame operators.Number of People in the Field:117 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $34,370.00
Illustrative Examples: Beamer Operator; Bobbin Doffer; Frame Tender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other
SOC Code: 516099
All textile, apparel, and furnishings workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:138 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $27,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Napper; Carding Machine Operator; Mercerizer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Timing device assemblers, adjusters, and calibrators
SOC Code: 512093
Perform precision assembling or adjusting, within narrow tolerances, of timing devices, such as watches, clocks, or chronometers. Exclude "Watch Repairers" (499064).Number of People in the Field:59 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $34,380.00
Illustrative Examples: Chronometer Assembler; Hair Spring Truer; Escapement Matcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tire builders
SOC Code: 519197
(Retreader) Operate machines to build tires from rubber components.Number of People in the Field:200 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $23,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Tire Curer; Tube Builder
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tool and die makers
SOC Code: 514111
Analyze specifications, lay out metal stock, set up and operate machine tools, and fit and assemble parts to make and repair dies, cutting tools, jigs, fixtures, gauges, and machinists' hand tools.Number of People in the Field:17243 Total Average Annual Openings: 350Median Annual Salary: $51,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Die Sinker; Die Finisher; Sawsmith
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners
SOC Code: 514194
Perform precision smoothing, sharpening, polishing, or grinding of metal objects.Number of People in the Field:1279 Total Average Annual Openings: 39Median Annual Salary: $36,430.00
Illustrative Examples: Die Polisher; Precision Honer; Tool Maintenance Worker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Upholsterers
SOC Code: 516093
Make, repair, or replace upholstery for household furniture or transportation vehicles.Number of People in the Field:692 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $26,540.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Seat Maker; Casket Coverer; Auto Top Mechanic
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Water and liquid waste treatment plant and system operators
SOC Code: 518031
Operate or control an entire process or system of machines, often through the use of control boards, to transfer or treat water or liquid waste.Number of People in the Field:3269 Total Average Annual Openings: 113Median Annual Salary: $37,980.00
Illustrative Examples: Disposal Operator; Filtration Plant Operator; Sewage Plant Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers
SOC Code: 514121
Use handwelding, flamecutting, hand soldering, or brazing equipment to weld or join metal components or to fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products.Number of People in the Field:14401 Total Average Annual Openings: 396Median Annual Salary: $35,610.00
Illustrative Examples: Acetylene Burner; Arc Welder; Blow Torch Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders
SOC Code: 514122
(Laser Cutter Machine Operator) Set up, operate, or tend welding, soldering, or brazing machines or robots that weld, braze, solder, or heat treat metal products, components, or assemblies. Include workers who operate laser cutters or laserbeam machines.Number of People in the Field:5420 Total Average Annual Openings: 149Median Annual Salary: $49,320.00
Illustrative Examples: Electron Beam Welder Setter; LaserBeam Machine Operator; Ultrasonic Welding Machine Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Woodworkers, all other
SOC Code: 517099
All woodworkers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:413 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $23,810.00
Illustrative Examples: Wood Carver; Pole Framer; Veneer Taper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing
SOC Code: 517042
Set up, operate, or tend woodworking machines, such as drill presses, lathes, shapers, routers, sanders, planers, and wood nailing machines. Illustrative Examples: Frazer; Molding SanderNumber of People in the Field:2240 Total Average Annual Openings: 57Median Annual Salary: $28,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  

  

Occupation Category: Protective Service Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Animal control workers
SOC Code: 339011
Handle animals for the purpose of investigations of mistreatment, or control of abandoned, dangerous, or unattended animals.Number of People in the Field:374 Total Average Annual Openings: 40Median Annual Salary: $33,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Animal Warden; Dog Catcher; Humane Officer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bailiffs
SOC Code: 333011
Maintain order in courts of law.Number of People in the Field:921 Total Average Annual Openings: 18Median Annual Salary: $29,980.00
Illustrative Examples: Court Officer; Sergeant at Arms
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Crossing guards
SOC Code: 339091
(Flagger) Guide or control vehicular or pedestrian traffic at such places as streets, schools, railroad crossings, or construction sites.Number of People in the Field:1921 Total Average Annual Openings: 64Median Annual Salary: $19,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Gate Operator; School Patrol
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Detectives and criminal investigators
SOC Code: 333021
Conduct investigations related to suspected violations of Federal, State, or local laws to prevent or solve crimes. Exclude "Private Detectives and Investigators" (339021).Number of People in the Field:2335 Total Average Annual Openings: 59Median Annual Salary: $60,710.00
Illustrative Examples: Police Inspector; Deputy United States Marshal; Narcotics Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fire fighters
SOC Code: 332011
Control and extinguish fires or respond to emergency situations where life, property, or the environment is at risk. Duties may include fire prevention, emergency medical service, hazardous material response, search and rescue, and disaster management.Number of People in the Field:7858 Total Average Annual Openings: 216Median Annual Salary: $41,280.00
Illustrative Examples: Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician; Fireboat Operator; Smoke Jumper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fire inspectors and investigators
SOC Code: 332021
Inspect buildings to detect fire hazards and enforce local ordinances and State laws. Investigate and gather facts to determine cause of fires and explosions.Number of People in the Field:344 Total Average Annual Openings: 9Median Annual Salary: $48,460.00
Illustrative Example: Arson Investigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-Line Supervisors/Managers of Correctional Officers
SOC Code: 331011
Supervise and coordinate activities of correctional officers and jailers.Number of People in the Field:2057 Total Average Annual Openings: 56Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Prison Guard Supervisor; Prison Warden
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of fire fighting and prevention workers
SOC Code: 331021
(Fire Chief) Supervise and coordinate activities of workers engaged in fire fighting and fire prevention and control.Number of People in the Field:1263 Total Average Annual Openings: 55Median Annual Salary: $62,990.00
Illustrative Examples: Fire Captain; Fire Marshal
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Correctional Officers and Jailers
SOC Code: 333012
Guard inmates in penal or rehabilitative institution in accordance with established regulations and procedures. May guard prisoners in transit between jail, courtroom, prison, or other point. Include deputy sheriffs and police who spend the majority of their time guarding prisoners in correctional institutions. Number of People in the Field:12142 Total Average Annual Openings: 239Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Convict Guard; Custodial Officer; Prison Guard
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of police and detectives
SOC Code: 331012
(Police Chief) Supervise and coordinate activities of members of police force.Number of People in the Field:3021 Total Average Annual Openings: 89Median Annual Salary: $66,860.00
Illustrative Example: Precinct Captain
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers, protective service workers, all other
SOC Code: 331099
All protective service supervisors not listed separately above.Number of People in the Field:1556 Total Average Annual Openings: 38Median Annual Salary: $44,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Security Director; Supervisor Animal Cruelty Investigation; Supervisor Plant Protection
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Fish and Game Wardens
SOC Code: 333031
(Wildlife Officer) Patrol assigned area to prevent fish and game law violations. Investigate reports of damage to crops or property by wildlife. Compile biological data.Number of People in the Field:220 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: State Game Protector; Wildlife Control Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Forest Fire Inspectors and Prevention Specialists
SOC Code: 332022
Enforce fire regulations and inspect for forest fire hazards. Report forest fires and weather conditions.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Forest Fire Control Officer; District Ranger; Fire Ranger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators
SOC Code: 339031
Act as oversight and security agent for management and customers. Observe casino or casino hotel operation for irregular activities such as cheating or theft by either employees or patrons. May utilize oneway mirrors above the casino floor, cashier's cage, and from desk. Use of audio/video equipment is also common to observe operation of the business. Usually required to provide verbal and written reports of all violations and suspicious behavior to supervisor. Number of People in the Field:142 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $31,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Casino Surveillance Officer; Casino Investigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers
SOC Code: 339092
Monitor recreational areas, such as pools, beaches, or ski slopes to provide assistance and protection to participants.Number of People in the Field:3455 Total Average Annual Openings: 404Median Annual Salary: $17,790.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Parking enforcement workers
SOC Code: 333041
(Meter Maid) Patrol assigned area, such as public parking lot or section of city to issue tickets to overtime parking violators and illegally parked vehicles.Number of People in the Field:254 Total Average Annual Openings: 5Median Annual Salary: $29,850.00
Illustrative Examples: Parking Enforcement Officer; Parking Meter Checker
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Police and sheriff's patrol officers
SOC Code: 333051
Maintain order, enforce laws and ordinances, and protect life and property in an assigned patrol district. Perform combination of following duties: patrol a specific area on foot or in a vehicle; direct traffic; issue traffic summonses; investigate accidents; apprehend and arrest suspects, or serve legal processes of courts. Number of People in the Field:19397 Total Average Annual Openings: 473Median Annual Salary: $49,940.00
Illustrative Examples: Border Guard; Campus Police; City Constable
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Private detectives and investigators
SOC Code: 339021
Detect occurrences of unlawful acts or infractions of rules in private establishment, or seek, examine, and compile information for client.Number of People in the Field:1199 Total Average Annual Openings: 25Median Annual Salary: $34,750.00
Illustrative Example: House Detective
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Protective service workers, all other
SOC Code: 339099
All protective service workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:4251 Total Average Annual Openings: 456Median Annual Salary: $27,550.00
Illustrative Examples: Park Ranger; SurveillanceSystem Monitor; Bus Monitor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Security guards
SOC Code: 339032
(Bouncer) Guard, patrol, or monitor premises to prevent theft, violence, or infractions of rules.Number of People in the Field:29377 Total Average Annual Openings: 681Median Annual Salary: $22,490.00
Illustrative Examples: Bodyguard; Watchguard
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Transit and Railroad Police
SOC Code: 333052
Protect and police railroad and transit property, employees, or passengers.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Railroad Detective; Track Patrol
  

  

Occupation Category: Sales and Related Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Advertising sales agents
SOC Code: 413011
Sell or solicit advertising, including graphic art, advertising space in publications, custom made signs, or TV and radio advertising time. May obtain leases for outdoor advertising sites or persuade retailer to use sales promotion display items.Number of People in the Field:5588 Total Average Annual Openings: 100Median Annual Salary: $50,500.00
Illustrative Examples: Radio Time Salesperson; Yellow Pages Salesperson; Leasing Agent; Outdoor Advertising
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cashiers
SOC Code: 412011
(Toll Collector) Receive and disburse money in establishments other than financial institutions. Usually involves use of electronic scanners, cash registers, or related equipment. Often involved in processing credit or debit card transactions and validating checks.Number of People in the Field:106385 Total Average Annual Openings: 6882Median Annual Salary: $17,100.00
Illustrative Examples: Auction Clerk; Disbursement Clerk
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Counter and rental clerks
SOC Code: 412021
Receive orders for repairs, rentals, and services. May describe available options, compute cost, and accept payment.Number of People in the Field:13476 Total Average Annual Openings: 694Median Annual Salary: $18,820.00
Illustrative Examples: AirplaneCharter Clerk; Car Rental Agent; Skate Shop Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Demonstrators and product promoters
SOC Code: 419011
Demonstrate merchandise and answer questions for the purpose of creating public interest in buying the product. May sell demonstrated merchandise.Number of People in the Field:4801 Total Average Annual Openings: 105Median Annual Salary: $20,810.00
Illustrative Examples: Home Demonstrator; ExhibitDisplay Representative
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers
SOC Code: 419091
Sell goods or services doortodoor or on the street.Number of People in the Field:1610 Total Average Annual Openings: 56Median Annual Salary: $28,440.00
Illustrative Examples: Peddler; Direct Selling
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of non-retail sales workers
SOC Code: 411012
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of sales workers other than retail sales workers. May perform duties, such as budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, in addition to supervisoryduties.Number of People in the Field:16495 Total Average Annual Openings: 283Median Annual Salary: $68,560.00
Illustrative Examples: District Sales Manager; Dry Cleaning Manager; Blood-Donor Recruiter Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of retail sales workers
SOC Code: 411011
Directly supervise sales workers in a retail establishment or department. Duties may include management functions, such as purchasing, budgeting, accounting, and personnel work, inaddition to supervisory duties.Number of People in the Field:47122 Total Average Annual Openings: 772Median Annual Salary: $35,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Department Manager; Flower Shop Manager; Supervisor of Cashiers
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gaming change persons and booth cashiers
SOC Code: 412012
(Slot Attendant) Exchange coins and tokens for patrons' money. May issue payoffs and obtain customer's signature on receipt when winnings exceed the amount held in the slot machine. May operate a booth in the slot machine area and furnish change persons with money bank at the start of the shift, or count and audit money in drawers.Number of People in the Field:1219 Total Average Annual Openings: 84Median Annual Salary: $26,870.00
Illustrative Example: Carousel Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Insurance sales agents
SOC Code: 413021
Sell life, property, casualty, health, automotive, or other types of insurance. May refer clients to independent brokers, work as independent broker, or be employed by an insurance company.Number of People in the Field:11389 Total Average Annual Openings: 282Median Annual Salary: $46,580.00
Illustrative Examples: Insurance Broker; Insurance Solicitor; Pension Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Models
SOC Code: 419012
Model garments and other apparel to display clothing before prospective buyers at fashion shows, private showings, retail establishments, or photographer. May pose for photos to be used for advertising purposes. May pose as subject for paintings, sculptures, and other types of artistic expression.Number of People in the Field:62 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Fashion Model; Mannequin; Photographer's Model
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Parts salespersons
SOC Code: 412022
Sell spare and replacement parts and equipment in repair shop or parts store.Number of People in the Field:10033 Total Average Annual Openings: 305Median Annual Salary: $25,500.00
Illustrative Examples: Parts Clerk; Auto Parts Salesperson; Electronic Parts Salesperson
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Real Estate Brokers
SOC Code: 419021
Operate real estate office, or work for commercial real estate firm, overseeing real estate transactions. Other duties usually include selling real estate or renting properties and arranging loans.Number of People in the Field:1606 Total Average Annual Openings: 37Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Real estate sales agents
SOC Code: 419022
(Buyer Broker) Rent, buy, or sell property for clients. Perform duties, such as study property listings, interview prospective clients, accompany clients to property site, discuss conditions of sale, and draw up real estate contracts. Include agents who represent buyer.Number of People in the Field:8977 Total Average Annual Openings: 218Median Annual Salary: $38,570.00
Illustrative Examples: Apartment Rental Agent; Land Agent; Right of Way Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Retail salespersons
SOC Code: 412031
Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel in a retail establishment. Exclude "Cashiers" (412011).Number of People in the Field:152542 Total Average Annual Openings: 6143Median Annual Salary: $19,470.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Dealer; Haberdasher; Wallpaper Salesperson
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales and related workers, all other
SOC Code: 419099
All sales and related workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:9386 Total Average Annual Openings: 202Median Annual Salary: $34,520.00
Illustrative Examples: Bridal Consultant; Fund Raiser; Auctioneer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales engineers
SOC Code: 419031
Sell business goods or services, the selling of which requires a technical background equivalent to a baccalaureate degree in engineering. Exclude "Engineers" (172011 through 172199) whose primary function is not marketing or sales.Number of People in the Field:3595 Total Average Annual Openings: 105Median Annual Salary: $75,410.00
Illustrative Examples: Aeronautical Products Sales Engineer; Industrial Machinery Sales Engineer; Nuclear Equipment Sales Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales representatives, services, all other
SOC Code: 413099
All services sales representatives not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:10045 Total Average Annual Openings: 211Median Annual Salary: $47,470.00
Illustrative Examples: Data Processing Sales Representative; Telecommunications Consultant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products
SOC Code: 414012
Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers to businesses or groups of individuals. Work requires substantial knowledge of items sold.Number of People in the Field:45721 Total Average Annual Openings: 1228Median Annual Salary: $51,980.00
Illustrative Examples: Diamond Broker; Oil Distributor; Wool Merchant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products
SOC Code: 414011
Sell goods for wholesalers or manufacturers where technical or scientific knowledge is required in such areas as biology, engineering, chemistry, and electronics, normally obtained from at least 2 years of postsecondary education.Number of People in the Field:11720 Total Average Annual Openings: 312Median Annual Salary: $67,590.00
Illustrative Examples: Electronics Sales Representative; Oilfield Equipment Sales Representative; Pharmaceutical Representative
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents
SOC Code: 413031
(Stock Broker) Buy and sell securities in investment and trading firms, or call upon businesses and individuals to sell financial services. Provide financial services, such as loan, tax, and securities counseling. May advise securities customers about such things as stocks, bonds, and market conditions.Number of People in the Field:6647 Total Average Annual Openings: 149Median Annual Salary: $60,410.00
Illustrative Examples: Investment Banker; Stock Trader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Telemarketers
SOC Code: 419041
Solicit orders for goods or services over the telephone.Number of People in the Field:7528 Total Average Annual Openings: 118Median Annual Salary: $20,980.00
Illustrative Examples: Telephone Salesperson; Telephone Solicitor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Travel agents
SOC Code: 413041
Plan and sell transportation and accommodations for travel agency customers. Determine destination, modes of transportation, travel dates, costs, and accommodations required.Number of People in the Field:2505 Total Average Annual Openings: 54Median Annual Salary: $30,340.00
Illustrative Examples: Travel Consultant; Travel Counselor
  

  

Occupation Category: Transportation and Material Moving Occupations
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Air traffic controllers
SOC Code: 532021
Control air traffic on and within vicinity of airport and movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers according to established procedures and policies. Authorize, regulate, and control commercial airline flights according to government or company regulations to expedite and ensure flight safety.Number of People in the Field:429 Total Average Annual Openings: 12Median Annual Salary: $103,160.00
Illustrative Examples: Control Tower Operator; Flight Control Specialist; Flight Dispatcher
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Aircraft cargo handling supervisors
SOC Code: 531011
Supervise and coordinate the activities of helpers, laborers, or material movers.Number of People in the Field:161 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $49,080.00
Illustrative Examples: Ramp Boss; Ground Crew Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Airfield operations specialists
SOC Code: 532022
Ensure the safe takeoff and landing of commercial and military aircraft. Duties include coordination between airtraffic control and maintenance personnel; dispatching; using airfield landing and navigational aids; implementing airfield safety procedures; monitoring and maintaining flight records; and applying knowledge of weather information.Number of People in the Field:83 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $44,660.00
Illustrative Examples: Airfield Manager; Flight Director; Flight Operations Coordinator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Airline Pilots, Copilots, and Flight Engineers
SOC Code: 532011
Pilot and navigate the flight of multiengine aircraft in regularly scheduled service for the transport of passengers and cargo. Requires Federal Air Transport rating and certification in specific aircraft type used. Include aircraft instructors with similar certification.Number of People in the Field:3209 Total Average Annual Openings: 79Median Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Airline Captain; First Officer; Flight Navigator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians
SOC Code: 533011
Drive ambulance or assist ambulance driver in transporting sick, injured, or convalescent persons. Assist in lifting patients.Number of People in the Field:239 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $20,960.00
Illustrative Example: Patient Carrier
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bridge and lock tenders
SOC Code: 536011
Operate and tend bridges, canal locks, and lighthouses to permit marine passage on inland waterways, near shores, and at danger points in waterway passages. May supervise such operations. Include drawbridge operators, lock tenders and operators, and slip bridge operators.Number of People in the Field:170 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $34,360.00
Illustrative Examples: Drawbridge Operator; Lighthouse Keeper; Lock Master
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bus drivers, school
SOC Code: 533022
Transport students or special clients, such as the elderly or persons with disabilities. Ensure adherence to safety rules. May assist passengers in boarding or exiting.Number of People in the Field:17400 Total Average Annual Openings: 354Median Annual Salary: $30,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Non Available
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Bus drivers, transit and intercity
SOC Code: 533021
Drive bus or motor coach, including regular route operations, charters, and private carriage. May assist passengers with baggage. May collect fares or tickets.Number of People in the Field:6088 Total Average Annual Openings: 140Median Annual Salary: $29,230.00
Illustrative Examples: Motor Coach Operator; Jitney Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels
SOC Code: 535021
Command or supervise operations of ships and water vessels, such as tugboats and ferryboats, that travel into and out of harbors, estuaries, straits, and sounds and on rivers, lakes, bays, and oceans. Required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard. Exclude "Motorboat Operators" (535022).Number of People in the Field:250 Total Average Annual Openings: 10Median Annual Salary: $51,950.00
Illustrative Examples: Barge Captain; Deck Officer; Tugboat Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Cleaners of vehicles and equipment
SOC Code: 537061
(Detailer) Wash or otherwise clean vehicles, machinery, and other equipment. Use such materials as water, cleaning agents, brushes, cloths, and hoses. Exclude "Janitors and Cleaners, Except Maids and Housekeeping Cleaners" (372011).Number of People in the Field:12486 Total Average Annual Openings: 481Median Annual Salary: $20,030.00
Illustrative Examples: Barrel Washer; Auto Detailer; Machine Cleaner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Commercial pilots
SOC Code: 532012
(Crop Duster, Helicopter Pilot) Pilot and navigate the flight of small fixed or rotary winged aircraft, primarily for the transport of cargo and passengers. Requires Commercial Rating. Include aircraft instructors with similar certification.Number of People in the Field:540 Total Average Annual Openings: 14Median Annual Salary: $53,930.00
Illustrative Example: Test Pilot
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Conveyor operators and tenders
SOC Code: 537011
Control or tend conveyors or conveyor systems that move materials or products to and from stockpiles, processing stations, departments, or vehicles. May control speed and routing of materials or products.Number of People in the Field:1201 Total Average Annual Openings: 35Median Annual Salary: $26,920.00
Illustrative Examples: Belt Tender; Grain Elevator Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Crane and tower operators
SOC Code: 537021
(Cherry Picker Operator) Operate mechanical boom and cable or tower and cable equipment to lift and move materials, machines, or products in many directions. Exclude "Excavating and Loading Machine and Dragline Operators" (537032).Number of People in the Field:1531 Total Average Annual Openings: 32Median Annual Salary: $49,410.00
Illustrative Examples: Boomswing Operator; Scrap Drop Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Dredge operators
SOC Code: 537031
Operate dredge to remove sand, gravel, or other materials from lakes, rivers, or streams; and to excavate and maintain navigable channels in waterways.Number of People in the Field:136 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $39,900.00
Illustrative Example: Dredger
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Driver/sales workers
SOC Code: 533031
Drive truck or other vehicle over established routes or within an established territory and sell goods, such as food products, including restaurant takeout items, or pick up and deliver items, such as laundry. May also take orders and collect payments. Include newspaper delivery drivers. Exclude "Truck Drivers, Light or Delivery Services" (533033) and "Coin, Vending, and Amusement Machine Servicers and Repairers" (499091). Number of People in the Field:17006 Total Average Annual Openings: 329Median Annual Salary: $21,630.00
Illustrative Examples: Bakery Delivery Person; Milk Delivery Person; Bread Distributor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators
SOC Code: 537032
Operate or tend machinery equipped with scoops, shovels, or buckets, to excavate and load loose materials. Exclude "Dredge Operators" (537031).Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $41,620.00
Illustrative Examples: Back Hoe Operator; Payloader Operator; Shovel Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand
SOC Code: 531021
(Loadmaster) Direct ground crew in the loading, unloading, securing, and staging of aircraft cargo or baggage. Determine the quantity and orientation of cargo and compute aircraft center of gravity. May accompany aircraft as member of flight crew and monitor and handle cargo in flight, and assist and brief passengers on safety and emergency procedures. Include loadmasters.Number of People in the Field:5465 Total Average Annual Openings: 120Median Annual Salary: $45,560.00
Illustrative Examples: Cargo Supervisor; Yard Supervisor; Warehouse Supervisor
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
First-line supervisors/managers of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators
SOC Code: 531031
Directly supervise and coordinate activities of transportation and materialmoving machine and vehicle operators and helpers.Number of People in the Field:6395 Total Average Annual Openings: 163Median Annual Salary: $50,250.00
Illustrative Examples: Dockmaster; Gas Station Manager; Roadmaster
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators
SOC Code: 537071
(Gas Transfer Operator) Operate steam, gas, electric motor, or internal combustion engine driven compressors. Transmit, compress, or recover gases, such as butane, nitrogen, hydrogen, and natural gas.Number of People in the Field:43 Total Average Annual Openings: 1Median Annual Salary: $37,190.00
Illustrative Example: Gas Booster Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Hoist and winch operators
SOC Code: 537041
(Hydraulic Boom Operator) Operate or tend hoists or winches to lift and pull loads using poweroperated cable equipment. Exclude "Crane and Tower Operators" (537021).Number of People in the Field:210 Total Average Annual Openings: 8Median Annual Salary: $28,180.00
Illustrative Examples: Derrick Operator; Well Puller
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Industrial truck and tractor operators
SOC Code: 537051
(Fork Lift Driver) Operate industrial trucks or tractors equipped to move materials around a warehouse, storage yard, factory, construction site, or similar location. Exclude "Logging Equipment Operators" (454022).Number of People in the Field:22761 Total Average Annual Openings: 405Median Annual Salary: $33,460.00
Illustrative Examples: Skidder Operator; Stacker Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand
SOC Code: 537062
Manually move freight, stock, or other materials or perform other unskilled general labor. Include all unskilled manual laborers not elsewhere classified. Exclude "Material Moving Workers" (537011 through 537199) who use power equipment. Exclude "Construction Laborers" (472061) and "Construction Trades Helpers" (473011 through 473019).Number of People in the Field:69417 Total Average Annual Openings: 2611Median Annual Salary: $23,580.00
Illustrative Examples: Cargo Handler; Stevedore; Truck Loader and Unloader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Loading Machine Operators, Underground Mining
SOC Code: 537033
Operate underground loading machine to load coal, ore, or rock into shuttle or mine car or onto conveyors. Loading equipment may include power shovels, hoisting engines equipped with cabledrawn scraper or scoop, or machines equipped with gathering arms and conveyor.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Coke Loader
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Locomotive engineers
SOC Code: 534011
Drive electric, dieselelectric, steam, or gasturbineelectric locomotives to transport passengers or freight. Interpret train orders, electronic or manual signals, and railroad rules and regulations.Number of People in the Field:821 Total Average Annual Openings: 23Median Annual Salary: $52,120.00
Illustrative Examples: Diesel Engineer; Narrow Gauge Operator; Rail Car Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Locomotive Firers
SOC Code: 534012
Monitor locomotive instruments and watch for dragging equipment, obstacles on rightsofway, and train signals during run. Watch for and relay traffic signals from yard workers to yard engineer in railroad yard.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Assistant Engineer; Railroad Firer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Machine feeders and offbearers
SOC Code: 537063
Feed materials into or remove materials from machines or equipment that is automatic or tended by other workers.Number of People in the Field:5059 Total Average Annual Openings: 147Median Annual Salary: $25,500.00
Illustrative Examples: Hopper Filler; Board Catcher; Doffer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Material moving workers, all other
SOC Code: 537199
All material moving workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:2764 Total Average Annual Openings: 75Median Annual Salary: $35,610.00
Illustrative Examples: Elevator Operator; Hand Trucker; Longshore Equipment Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Motor vehicle operators, all other
SOC Code: 533099
All motor vehicle operators not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:2940 Total Average Annual Openings: 52Median Annual Salary: $21,960.00
Illustrative Examples: Motorcycle Delivery Driver; Assembly Line Driver; Street Cleaning Equipment Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Motorboat Operators
SOC Code: 535022
(Launch Operator) Operate small motordriven boats to carry passengers and freight between ships, or ship to shore. May patrol harbors and beach areas. May assist in navigational activities.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Example: Speedboat Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Packers and packagers, hand
SOC Code: 537064
(Bagger, Gift Wrapper) Pack or package by hand a wide variety of products and materials.Number of People in the Field:30864 Total Average Annual Openings: 583Median Annual Salary: $17,850.00
Illustrative Example: Boxer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Parking lot attendants
SOC Code: 536021
(Valet Parker) Park automobiles or issue tickets for customers in a parking lot or garage. May collect fee.Number of People in the Field:3223 Total Average Annual Openings: 106Median Annual Salary: $16,840.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Hop; Car Runner
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers
SOC Code: 537072
Tend, control, or operate powerdriven, stationary, or portable pumps and manifold systems to transfer gases, oil, other liquids, slurries, or powdered materials to and from various vessels and processes.Number of People in the Field:171 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $43,510.00
Illustrative Examples: Brewery Pumper; MainLine Station Engineer; Oil Pumper
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rail transportation workers, all other
SOC Code: 534099
All rail transportation workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:88 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $26,220.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Retarder Operator; Ballast Regulator Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers
SOC Code: 534013
Drive switching or other locomotive or dinkey engines within railroad yard, industrial plant, quarry, construction project, or similar location.Number of People in the Field:104 Total Average Annual Openings: 3Median Annual Salary: $33,870.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Mover; Larry Car Operator; Coal Tram Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators
SOC Code: 534021
Operate railroad track switches. Couple or uncouple rolling stock to make up or break up trains. Signal engineers by hand or flagging. May inspect couplings, air hoses, journal boxes, and hand brakes.Number of People in the Field:725 Total Average Annual Openings: 7Median Annual Salary: $54,390.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Hopper; Coupler; Switch Tender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Railroad conductors and yardmasters
SOC Code: 534031
Conductors coordinate activities of train crew on passenger or freight train. Coordinate activities of switchengine crew within yard of railroad, industrial plant, or similar location. Yardmasters coordinate activities of workers engaged in railroad traffic operations, such as the makeup or breakup of trains, yard switching, and review train schedules and switching orders.Number of People in the Field:1120 Total Average Annual Openings: 28Median Annual Salary: $47,860.00
Illustrative Examples: Car Dispatcher; Roadmaster; Yard Pilot
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Refuse and recyclable material collectors
SOC Code: 537081
(Trash Collector) Collect and dump refuse or recyclable materials from containers into truck. May drive truck.Number of People in the Field:5870 Total Average Annual Openings: 149Median Annual Salary: $32,730.00
Illustrative Examples: Garbage Collector; Scrap Metal Collector
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Sailors and marine oilers
SOC Code: 535011
(Able Seaman, Ordinary Seaman) Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel, measure water depth, turn wheel on bridge, or use emergency equipment as directed by captain, mate, or pilot. Break out, rig, overhaul, and store cargohandling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. Must hold governmentissued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquidcarrying vessels. Include able seamen and ordinary seamen. Number of People in the Field:304 Total Average Annual Openings: 15Median Annual Salary: $31,180.00
Illustrative Example: Deckhand
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Service station attendants
SOC Code: 536031
Service automobiles, buses, trucks, boats, and other automotive or marine vehicles with fuel, lubricants, and accessories. Collect payment for services and supplies. May lubricate vehicle, change motor oil, install antifreeze, or replace lights or other accessories, such as windshield wiper blades or fan belts. May repair or replace tires. Number of People in the Field:3492 Total Average Annual Openings: 190Median Annual Salary: $19,450.00
Illustrative Examples: Filling Station Attendant; Gas and Oil Servicer; Pump Attendant
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Ship engineers
SOC Code: 535031
(Marine Engine Mechanic) Supervise and coordinate activities of crew engaged in operating and maintaining engines, boilers, deck machinery, and electrical, sanitary, and refrigeration equipment aboard ship.Number of People in the Field:81 Total Average Annual Openings: 6Median Annual Salary: $54,660.00
Illustrative Example: Deck Engineer
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Shuttle Car Operators
SOC Code: 537111
Operate diesel or electricpowered shuttle car in underground mine to transport materials from working face to mine cars or conveyor.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Car Dumper; Cart Driver; Shuttle Buggy Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Subway and Streetcar Operators
SOC Code: 534041
Operate subway or elevated suburban train with no separate locomotive, or electricpowered streetcar to transport passengers. May handle fares.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: No Information is Available
Illustrative Examples: Monorail Operator; Tram Operator; Trolley Operator
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Tank car, truck, and ship loaders
SOC Code: 537121
Load and unload chemicals and bulk solids, such as coal, sand, and grain into or from tank cars, trucks, or ships using material moving equipment. May perform a variety of other tasks relating to shipment of products. May gauge or sample shipping tanks and test them for leaks.Number of People in the Field:No Information Available Total Average Annual Openings: No Information AvailableMedian Annual Salary: $24,350.00
Illustrative Examples: Coal Dumping Equipment Operator; Loader Operator; Spout Tender
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Taxi drivers and chauffeurs
SOC Code: 533041
(Hearse Driver) Drive automobiles, vans, or limousines to transport passengers. May occasionally carry cargo. Include hearse drivers. Exclude "Ambulance Drivers and Attendants, Except Emergency Medical Technicians" (533011) and "Bus Drivers" (533021 through 533022).Number of People in the Field:3968 Total Average Annual Openings: 74Median Annual Salary: $19,690.00
Illustrative Examples: Cab Driver; Limousine Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Traffic technicians
SOC Code: 536041
Conduct field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions, under direction of traffic engineer.Number of People in the Field:48 Total Average Annual Openings: 2Median Annual Salary: $43,080.00
Illustrative Example: Traffic Analyst
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Transportation inspectors
SOC Code: 536051
Inspect equipment or goods in connection with the safe transport of cargo or people. Include rail transport inspectors, such as freight inspectors, car inspectors, rail inspectors, and other nonprecision inspectors of other types of transportation vehicles.Number of People in the Field:581 Total Average Annual Openings: 13Median Annual Salary: $47,830.00
Illustrative Examples: Airplane Inspector; Motor Vehicle Examiner; Safety Agent
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Transportation workers, all other
SOC Code: 536099
All transportation workers not listed separately.Number of People in the Field:1209 Total Average Annual Openings: 39Median Annual Salary: $28,510.00
Illustrative Example: Rickshaw Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Truck drivers, heavy and tractor-trailer
SOC Code: 533032
Drive a tractortrailer combination or a truck with a capacity of at least 26,000 GVW, to transport and deliver goods, livestock, or materials in liquid, loose, or packaged form. May be required to unload truck. May require use of automated routing equipment. Requires commercial drivers' license.Number of People in the Field:52500 Total Average Annual Openings: 1143Median Annual Salary: $37,190.00
Illustrative Examples: Auto Carrier Driver; Cement Truck Driver; Moving Van Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Truck drivers, light or delivery services
SOC Code: 533033
Drive a truck or van with a capacity of under 26,000 GVW, primarily to deliver or pick up merchandise or to deliver packages within a specified area. May require use of automatic routing or location software. May load and unload truck. Exclude "Couriers and Messengers" (435021).Number of People in the Field:33686 Total Average Annual Openings: 398Median Annual Salary: $28,420.00
Illustrative Example: Parcel Post Truck Driver
  
Occupation TitleOccupation DescriptionJob Outlook Data
Wellhead pumpers
SOC Code: 537073
Operate power pumps and auxiliary equipment to produce flow of oil or gas from wells in oil field.Number of People in the Field:167 Total Average Annual Openings: 4Median Annual Salary: $29,910.00
Illustrative Example: Oil Well Service Operator