April Unemployment Rates Fall in All Michigan Regional Labor Markets

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in April declined in all of the state’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Total employment levels increased in nearly all regions over the month, while workforce totals decreased moderately in most areas.

“Seasonal movement dominated Michigan’s regional labor markets in April,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “With the coming of spring 2017, highly seasonal industries recorded robust hiring.”

Between March and April, unemployment rates dropped seasonally in all 17 major regions, with reductions ranging from -0.6 to -2.6 percentage points.  The median over-the-month rate decline was a full percentage point.  The largest jobless rate decreases in April were posted in the state’s three northernmost labor market regions, as rates fell in the Northeast Lower Michigan region (-2.6), the Northwest Lower Michigan region (-1.8), and the Upper Peninsula (-1.5).  Three Michigan regions in April displayed jobless rates below 3.0 percent; the Ann Arbor (2.2%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (2.4%), and Lansing-East Lansing (2.9%) Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), with all three presenting rates well below Michigan’s non-seasonally adjusted April rate of 3.7 percent.

Unemployment Rates Down Over Year

Since April 2016, jobless rates fell in all 17 regions, with rate drops ranging from -0.3 of a percentage point in the Monroe MSA to -1.4 percentage points registered in both the Northeast and Northwest Lower Michigan regions.  The median over-the-year decrease for all areas was -0.9 of a percentage point.

Total Employment Up Over Month, Year

From March to April, total employment rose in 15 regions and was flat in the Bay City MSA and the Upper Peninsula.  Regional increases ranged from 0.2 to 1.5 percent with a median hike of 0.6 percent.  The largest over-the-month gains were posted in the Northeast Lower Michigan region (+1.5%), the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+1.4%), and the Jackson MSA (+1.1%).

Since April 2016 total employment advanced in 14 areas, with a median gain of 1.1 percent.  The largest over-the-year increases were recorded in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (+3.0%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.4%), and the Kalamazoo-Portage (+2.1%) MSAs.  Employment was essentially unchanged since April 2016 in the Midland and Monroe MSAs, while employment declined in the Bay City MSA (-0.6%).                                                                                           

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Year

During April, workforce levels declined seasonally in 15 areas, with decreases ranging from -0.2 to -1.6 percent, for a median drop of a half percent.  The workforce in the Jackson MSA inched upward over the month by 0.1 percent, while the labor force in the Midland MSA was essentially unchanged.

Since April 2016, labor force levels declined in ten regions and increased in seven.  Over-the-year workforce reductions were mostly minor with a -0.4 percent median decrease.  The largest workforce drops were registered in the Bay City MSA (-1.7%), the Upper Peninsula (-1.1%), and the Midland MSA (-1.0%).  Labor force additions since April 2016 were led by the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (+2.4%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+1.5%), and Kalamazoo-Portage (+1.2%) MSAs.

Gains in Seasonal Industries Push April Payroll Jobs Higher

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan increased by 38,000 or 0.9 percent in April to 4,366,000.  Seasonal industry sectors dominated the April gain, with significant job additions in leisure and hospitality services (+13,000), construction (+10,000), and professional and business services (+9,000).  The state’s remaining major sectors recorded mostly moderate upward or downward movement.

In April, payroll jobs rose in 13 of the state’s 14 major metropolitan areas.  Regional job gains ranged from 0.2 percent to 1.4 percent with a median advance of 0.7 percent.  The largest over-the-month job gains on a percentage basis were posted in the Jackson (+1.4%), Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (+1.2%), and Midland (+1.1%) MSAs.  Payroll jobs fell over the month in the Bay City MSA (-0.8%).

Since April 2016, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs rose statewide by 61,000 or 1.4 percent.  All major industry sectors in Michigan reported over-the-year job gains with the exception of trade, transportation and utilities (-4,000).  Professional and business services (+16,000) and leisure and hospitality services (+12,000) led the state’s industry sectors in job growth over the year.

From April 2016 to April 2017, payroll jobs rose in nine of the 14 Michigan metro areas.  Regional increases ranged from 0.3 to 2.2 percent, with a median gain of 1.2 percent.  The largest percentage over-the-year advances in jobs were recorded in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.2%), Kalamazoo-Portage (+2.1%), and Detroit-Warren-Livonia (+1.9%) MSAs.  Over-the-year job reductions occurred in the Bay City (-2.2%), Monroe (-1.4%), Midland (-0.3%), and Niles-Benton Harbor (-0.3%) MSAs.  The overall job level in the Flint MSA was unchanged since April 2016.

County Jobless Rates Down Over Month, Year

All of Michigan’s 83 counties recorded jobless rate reductions in April, with a median decline of -1.2 percentage points.  The most pronounced over-the-month drops occurred primarily in the state’s northern counties.

Since April 2016, unemployment rates fell in 83 counties, with a significant median decrease of -1.1 percentage points.                                         

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted April workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for April. 

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”                                                                                  

 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

193,200

194,600

194,300

-0.2%

0.6%

Total Employment

187,300

189,000

190,000

0.5%

1.4%

Unemployment

5,900

5,500

4,300

-21.8%

-27.1%

Rate (percent)

3.0

2.8

2.2

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

64,200

64,700

64,400

-0.5%

0.3%

Total Employment

61,400

61,800

62,100

0.5%

1.1%

Unemployment

2,900

2,900

2,300

-20.7%

-20.7%

Rate (percent)

4.5

4.4

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

52,100

51,800

51,200

-1.2%

-1.7%

Total Employment

49,300

49,000

49,000

0.0%

-0.6%

Unemployment

2,800

2,800

2,300

-17.9%

-17.9%

Rate (percent)

5.3

5.5

4.4

   
           

Contact: Kevin Doyle, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-2161

   
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,030

2,090

2,078

-0.6%

2.4%

Total Employment

1,936

1,984

1,995

0.6%

3.0%

Unemployment

94

105

83

-21.0%

-11.7%

Rate (percent)

4.6

5.0

4.0

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

182,200

182,300

181,500

-0.4%

-0.4%

Total Employment

172,600

172,400

173,800

0.8%

0.7%

Unemployment

9,600

9,900

7,700

-22.2%

-19.8%

Rate (percent)

5.3

5.4

4.3

   
           

Contact: Kevin Doyle, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-2161

 

 

   
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

563,800

573,800

572,200

-0.3%

1.5%

Total Employment

545,800

556,000

558,700

0.5%

2.4%

Unemployment

18,000

17,800

13,600

-23.6%

-24.4%

Rate (percent)

3.2

3.1

2.4

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,600

74,200

74,300

0.1%

-0.4%

Total Employment

71,100

71,000

71,800

1.1%

1.0%

Unemployment

3,400

3,200

2,500

-21.9%

-26.5%

Rate (percent)

4.6

4.4

3.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

167,000

170,000

169,000

-0.6%

1.2%

Total Employment

160,400

163,300

163,700

0.2%

2.1%

Unemployment

6,700

6,700

5,300

-20.9%

-20.9%

Rate (percent)

4.0

3.9

3.1

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

248,000

249,900

249,300

-0.2%

0.5%

Total Employment

239,100

240,700

242,200

0.6%

1.3%

Unemployment

8,900

9,200

7,100

-22.8%

-20.2%

Rate (percent)

3.6

3.7

2.9

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

41,200

40,800

40,800

0.0%

-1.0%

Total Employment

39,400

39,000

39,400

1.0%

0.0%

Unemployment

1,800

1,900

1,500

-21.1%

-16.7%

Rate (percent)

4.4

4.6

3.6

   
           

Contact: Kevin Doyle, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-2161

   
           
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,200

77,200

77,000

-0.3%

-0.3%

Total Employment

74,100

73,700

74,100

0.5%

0.0%

Unemployment

3,100

3,500

2,900

-17.1%

-6.5%

Rate (percent)

4.0

4.6

3.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

76,800

76,900

76,600

-0.4%

-0.3%

Total Employment

72,900

73,200

73,600

0.5%

1.0%

Unemployment

3,900

3,700

3,000

-18.9%

-23.1%

Rate (percent)

5.1

4.8

3.9

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

73,300

73,400

72,700

-1.0%

-0.8%

Total Employment

70,000

70,000

70,200

0.3%

0.3%

Unemployment

3,300

3,400

2,600

-23.5%

-21.2%

Rate (percent)

4.5

4.6

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

88,400

88,600

88,300

-0.3%

-0.1%

Total Employment

84,000

83,900

84,700

1.0%

0.8%

Unemployment

4,400

4,600

3,700

-19.6%

-15.9%

Rate (percent)

5.0

5.2

4.1

   
           

Contact: Kevin Doyle, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-2161

   
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

138,800

139,600

137,300

-1.6%

-1.1%

Total Employment

129,000

129,300

129,300

0.0%

0.2%

Unemployment

9,800

10,200

8,000

-21.6%

-18.4%

Rate (percent)

7.1

7.3

5.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

81,300

82,100

81,000

-1.3%

-0.4%

Total Employment

74,700

74,400

75,500

1.5%

1.1%

Unemployment

6,600

7,700

5,400

-29.9%

-18.2%

Rate (percent)

8.1

9.3

6.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

145,300

146,300

145,600

-0.5%

0.2%

Total Employment

136,600

137,000

138,900

1.4%

1.7%

Unemployment

8,700

9,300

6,700

-28.0%

-23.0%

Rate (percent)

6.0

6.4

4.6

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Apr-16

Mar-17

Apr-17

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,787

4,868

4,844

-0.5%

1.2%

Total Employment

4,570

4,636

4,664

0.6%

2.1%

Unemployment

217

232

180

-22.4%

-17.1%

Rate (percent)

4.5

4.8

3.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

                                                       

 MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

 APRIL 2017

             

1

Ottawa County

2.1

 

43

Charlevoix County

4.6

2

Washtenaw County

2.2

 

44

Missaukee County

4.6

3

Kent County

2.4

 

45

St. Clair County

4.6

4

Clinton County

2.6

 

46

Alpena County

4.6

5

Allegan County

2.7

 

47

Marquette County

4.7

6

Eaton County

2.8

 

48

Wayne County

4.8

7

Kalamazoo County

2.8

 

49

Lapeer County

5.0

8

Ionia County

2.8

 

50

Tuscola County

5.0

9

Barry County

2.9

 

51

Sanilac County

5.1

10

Ingham County

2.9

 

52

Manistee County

5.2

11

Livingston County

2.9

 

53

Otsego County

5.2

12

Oakland County

3.0

 

54

Gladwin County

5.3

13

Isabella County

3.1

 

55

Houghton County

5.3

14

Grand Traverse County

3.3

 

56

Delta County

5.3

15

Lenawee County

3.3

 

57

Benzie County

5.7

16

Cass County

3.4

 

58

Alcona County

5.8

17

Hillsdale County

3.4

 

59

Clare County

5.8

18

St. Joseph County

3.4

 

60

Crawford County

5.8

19

Jackson County

3.4

 

61

Lake County

5.9

20

Branch County

3.5

 

62

Antrim County

6.0

21

Montcalm County

3.6

 

63

Iron County

6.1

22

Calhoun County

3.6

 

64

Oceana County

6.1

23

Midland County

3.6

 

65

Iosco County

6.2

24

Berrien County

3.6

 

66

Emmet County

6.4

25

Monroe County

3.7

 

67

Kalkaska County

6.4

26

Newaygo County

3.8

 

68

Ogemaw County

6.7

27

Huron County

3.9

 

69

Gogebic County

6.7

28

Macomb County

3.9

 

70

Arenac County

6.8

29

Mecosta County

3.9

 

71

Luce County

6.8

30

Muskegon County

3.9

 

72

Chippewa County

7.0

31

Leelanau County

4.0

 

73

Oscoda County

7.1

32

Shiawassee County

4.0

 

74

Roscommon County

7.5

33

Dickinson County

4.1

 

75

Baraga County

7.6

34

Saginaw County

4.1

 

76

Presque Isle County

7.9

35

Van Buren County

4.2

 

77

Schoolcraft County

7.9

36

Gratiot County

4.2

 

78

Montmorency County

8.9

37

Wexford County

4.3

 

79

Alger County

9.1

38

Mason County

4.3

 

80

Keweenaw County

9.1

39

Genesee County

4.3

 

81

Ontonagon County

9.2

40

Osceola County

4.4

 

82

Cheboygan County

10.7

41

Menominee County

4.4

 

83

Mackinac County

12.5

42

Bay County

4.4