October Unemployment Rates Decline Slightly in Nearly All of Michigan's Regional Labor Markets

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in October edged down in 16 of the state’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Total employment and labor force levels declined seasonally in most regions over the month.

“October changes in the state’s various local labor markets were typically small and seasonal,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “Michigan’s metropolitan area payroll job levels continued to trend upward in most regions both over the month and over the year.”

During October, jobless rates moved down modestly in 16 areas while the rate in the Northeast Lower Michigan region was unchanged.  Rate decreases ranged from 0.1 to 0.5 of a percentage point with a median reduction of only 0.2 of a percentage point.  The largest over-the-month unemployment rate cuts were recorded in the Ann Arbor (-0.5), Monroe (-0.5) and Lansing-East Lansing (-0.4) Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). In October, major labor market area unemployment rates in Michigan ranged from 3.4 to 5.8 percent.  The October Michigan non-seasonally adjusted jobless rate was 4.2 percent, while the national unadjusted rate was 3.9 percent.

Unemployment Rates Edge Up Over Year

Since October 2016, jobless rates increased slightly in 11 areas, declined in four regions and were unchanged in the Midland and Niles-Benton Harbor MSAs.  Rate gains ranged from 0.1 to 0.3 of a percentage point with the largest hikes posted in the Battle Creek, Flint and Muskegon MSAs.  Minor over-the-year rate reductions occurred in the Ann Arbor MSA (-0.3), the Upper Peninsula (-0.3) and the Jackson MSA (-0.1), while the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn MSA displayed a significant drop of 1.5 percentage points.

Total Employment Down Over Month, Year

From September to October, total employment declined seasonally in 14 regions, with a median reduction of 0.8 percent.  The largest employment decreases were recorded in the Northeast Lower Michigan region (-2.3%) and the Northwest Lower Michigan region (-1.9%) as the summer tourism season came to a close.  Total employment rose slightly over the month in the Lansing-East Lansing (+0.5%) and Ann Arbor (+0.2%) MSAs, while employment in the Kalamazoo-Portage MSA was essentially unchanged.

Since October 2016, total employment decreased in 13 regions, with reductions ranging from 0.2 to

2.2 percent and a median drop of 1.1 percent.  The most pronounced declines were recorded in the Bay City (-2.2%), Midland (-2.0%) and Flint (-1.7%) MSAs.  Employment rose over the year in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Ann Arbor and Grand Rapids-Wyoming metro areas, while total employment was little changed over this period in the Kalamazoo-Portage region.

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Year

Between September and October, workforce levels declined seasonally in 16 regions and increased slightly in the Lansing-East Lansing MSA.  Over-the-month labor force reductions ranged from 0.2 to 2.4 percent with a median drop of 0.9 percent.

Since October 2016, labor force levels receded in 12 areas and grew slightly in four.  The median workforce reduction over this period was 0.9 percent with the largest declines registered in the Midland (-2.2%) and Bay City (-1.9%) MSAs along with the Upper Peninsula (-1.6%).  Minor over-the-year workforce advances were posted in the Ann Arbor, Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, Grand Rapids-Wyoming and Kalamazoo-Portage MSAs, while the labor force in the Saginaw MSA was little changed.

October Payroll Jobs Up Due to Professional Services and Education

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan rose by 25,000 in October to 4,453,000.  Seasonal job advances took place over the month in Local government education (+10,000) and State government education (+9,000) with the continued return of students to colleges, universities and local schools for the fall semester.

Seasonal job additions were also recorded in Professional and business services (+8,000) and Education and health services (+5,000).  These private sector gains were somewhat offset by seasonal job cuts in Leisure and hospitality services (-11,000).  The October job gains in Education and health services primarily occurred in Private education.

In October, payroll jobs increased in ten metro regions, with gains ranging from 0.3 to 1.3 percent.  The most notable job advances were recorded in both the Ann Arbor (+1.3%) and Lansing-East Lansing (+1.3%) MSAs.  Payroll jobs declined over the month in the Midland (-0.8%), Niles-Benton Harbor       (-0.6%) and Muskegon (-0.2%) metro areas, while jobs were little changed in the Bay City MSA.

Since October 2016, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs rose statewide by 45,000 or 1.0 percent.  Twelve of Michigan’s 14 major metropolitan regions displayed job advances over the year led by the Ann Arbor (+3.1%), Saginaw (+2.5%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.1%) and Kalamazoo-Portage (+2.0%) MSAs.  Job reductions were reported in the Bay City (-1.1%) and Midland (-0.8%) metro areas over the year.

County Jobless Rates Down Over Month, Mixed Over Year

Sixty-two of Michigan’s 83 counties recorded mostly minor unemployment rate decreases from September to October.  Rate reductions ranged from 0.1 to 0.8 of a percentage point with a modest median decline of 0.2 of a percentage point.  Eleven counties registered marginal rate hikes over the month, while the rates in ten counties were unchanged.

Since October 2016, unemployment rates were mixed and little changed.  Thirty-five counties reported minor unemployment rate increases, 33 counties saw minor declines and the rates in the remaining 15 counties were unchanged.  The median advance was 0.2 of a percentage point while the median reduction was 0.3 of a percentage point.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data. A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted October workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for October. 

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”                                                                                 

 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

195,100

196,500

195,900

-0.3%

0.4%

Total Employment

187,900

188,900

189,200

0.2%

0.7%

Unemployment

7,100

7,600

6,700

-11.8%

-5.6%

Rate (percent)

3.7

3.9

3.4

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

64,600

64,500

64,000

-0.8%

-0.9%

Total Employment

61,800

61,400

61,100

-0.5%

-1.1%

Unemployment

2,800

3,100

3,000

-3.2%

7.1%

Rate (percent)

4.3

4.8

4.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

51,800

51,400

50,800

-1.2%

-1.9%

Total Employment

49,500

48,900

48,400

-1.0%

-2.2%

Unemployment

2,400

2,500

2,400

-4.0%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

4.6

4.9

4.7

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,089

2,116

2,097

-0.9%

0.4%

Total Employment

1,970

2,023

2,008

-0.7%

1.9%

Unemployment

119

94

89

-5.3%

-25.2%

Rate (percent)

5.7

4.4

4.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

183,600

182,000

181,100

-0.5%

-1.4%

Total Employment

174,500

171,800

171,600

-0.1%

-1.7%

Unemployment

9,100

10,100

9,500

-5.9%

4.4%

Rate (percent)

5.0

5.6

5.3

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

570,800

573,200

571,800

-0.2%

0.2%

Total Employment

552,000

552,800

552,600

0.0%

0.1%

Unemployment

18,800

20,300

19,200

-5.4%

2.1%

Rate (percent)

3.3

3.5

3.4

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,600

74,200

73,900

-0.4%

-0.9%

Total Employment

71,400

70,800

70,700

-0.1%

-1.0%

Unemployment

3,300

3,400

3,200

-5.9%

-3.0%

Rate (percent)

4.4

4.6

4.3

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

169,400

169,900

169,500

-0.2%

0.1%

Total Employment

162,600

162,600

162,600

0.0%

0.0%

Unemployment

6,700

7,300

6,900

-5.5%

3.0%

Rate (percent)

4.0

4.3

4.1

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

250,200

247,400

247,900

0.2%

-0.9%

Total Employment

240,900

236,900

238,200

0.5%

-1.1%

Unemployment

9,200

10,500

9,800

-6.7%

6.5%

Rate (percent)

3.7

4.3

3.9

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

41,000

40,700

40,100

-1.5%

-2.2%

Total Employment

39,200

38,900

38,400

-1.3%

-2.0%

Unemployment

1,700

1,800

1,700

-5.6%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

4.2

4.4

4.2

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,600

77,900

77,300

-0.8%

-0.4%

Total Employment

73,900

73,600

73,500

-0.1%

-0.5%

Unemployment

3,700

4,300

3,900

-9.3%

5.4%

Rate (percent)

4.8

5.5

5.0

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

76,600

77,000

76,300

-0.9%

-0.4%

Total Employment

72,800

72,900

72,300

-0.8%

-0.7%

Unemployment

3,800

4,100

3,900

-4.9%

2.6%

Rate (percent)

4.9

5.3

5.2

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,000

73,900

72,900

-1.4%

-1.5%

Total Employment

70,700

70,500

69,700

-1.1%

-1.4%

Unemployment

3,300

3,400

3,200

-5.9%

-3.0%

Rate (percent)

4.4

4.6

4.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

88,500

89,000

88,500

-0.6%

0.0%

Total Employment

84,400

84,500

84,200

-0.4%

-0.2%

Unemployment

4,100

4,500

4,300

-4.4%

4.9%

Rate (percent)

4.6

5.1

4.8

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

140,200

139,600

138,000

-1.1%

-1.6%

Total Employment

132,900

132,400

131,200

-0.9%

-1.3%

Unemployment

7,300

7,200

6,800

-5.6%

-6.8%

Rate (percent)

5.2

5.1

4.9

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

82,500

84,000

82,000

-2.4%

-0.6%

Total Employment

77,800

79,100

77,300

-2.3%

-0.6%

Unemployment

4,700

4,900

4,700

-4.1%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

5.7

5.8

5.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

148,300

151,000

148,000

-2.0%

-0.2%

Total Employment

141,800

144,200

141,500

-1.9%

-0.2%

Unemployment

6,400

6,800

6,500

-4.4%

1.6%

Rate (percent)

4.3

4.5

4.4

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Oct-16

Sep-17

Oct-17

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,869

4,900

4,864

-0.7%

-0.1%

Total Employment

4,634

4,682

4,657

-0.5%

0.5%

Unemployment

235

219

206

-5.9%

-12.3%

Rate (percent)

4.8

4.5

4.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

                  MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

                                                    OCTOBER 2017

               

1

Livingston County

3.0

 

43

Benzie County

4.8

 

2

Ottawa County

3.2

 

44

Missaukee County

4.8

 

3

Clinton County

3.3

 

45

Sanilac County

4.8

 

4

Kent County

3.3

 

46

Saginaw County

4.8

 

5

Oakland County

3.3

 

47

Cheboygan County

4.9

 

6

Allegan County

3.3

 

48

Wexford County

4.9

 

7

Washtenaw County

3.4

 

49

Mecosta County

4.9

 

8

Barry County

3.5

 

50

Gratiot County

5.0

 

9

Grand Traverse County

3.6

 

51

Monroe County

5.0

 

10

Mackinac County

3.6

 

52

Iron County

5.1

 

11

Ionia County

3.6

 

53

Manistee County

5.1

 

12

Eaton County

3.8

 

54

Osceola County

5.1

 

13

Leelanau County

3.8

 

55

Delta County

5.1

 

14

Huron County

3.9

 

56

Otsego County

5.2

 

15

Kalamazoo County

3.9

 

57

Wayne County

5.2

 

16

Ingham County

4.2

 

58

Muskegon County

5.2

 

17

Macomb County

4.2

 

59

Antrim County

5.3

 

18

Cass County

4.2

 

60

Oceana County

5.3

 

19

Isabella County

4.2

 

61

Tuscola County

5.3

 

20

St. Joseph County

4.2

 

62

Gogebic County

5.3

 

21

Midland County

4.2

 

63

Genesee County

5.3

 

22

Lenawee County

4.3

 

64

Kalkaska County

5.5

 

23

Jackson County

4.3

 

65

Luce County

5.5

 

24

Montcalm County

4.4

 

66

Chippewa County

5.6

 

25

Newaygo County

4.4

 

67

Clare County

5.8

 

26

Dickinson County

4.4

 

68

Keweenaw County

5.9

 

27

Menominee County

4.4

 

69

Baraga County

6.0

 

28

Branch County

4.4

 

70

Crawford County

6.0

 

29

Berrien County

4.4

 

71

Gladwin County

6.0

 

30

Charlevoix County

4.5

 

72

Oscoda County

6.0

 

31

St. Clair County

4.5

 

73

Alcona County

6.1

 

32

Hillsdale County

4.5

 

74

Ogemaw County

6.1

 

33

Shiawassee County

4.5

 

75

Iosco County

6.2

 

34

Emmet County

4.6

 

76

Alger County

6.3

 

35

Lapeer County

4.6

 

77

Presque Isle County

6.3

 

36

Marquette County

4.6

 

78

Arenac County

6.7

 

37

Calhoun County

4.6

 

79

Ontonagon County

6.7

 

38

Houghton County

4.7

 

80

Schoolcraft County

6.8

 

39

Van Buren County

4.7

 

81

Roscommon County

7.0

 

40

Alpena County

4.7

 

82

Lake County

7.2

 

41

Mason County

4.7

 

83

Montmorency County

8.3

 

42

Bay County

4.7