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• DescriptionLyme disease is an illness caused by a spirochete bacterium (Borrelia burgdorferi). This disease is transmitted to people and animals primarily by the bite of the tick, Ixodes scapularis.

• The vector: Black-legged ticks. Black-legged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) are responsible for transmitting Lyme disease bacteria to humans in the northeastern and north-central United States.

• History and Distribution Lyme disease has now been reported from 43 states, including Michigan.

• Treatment and Prevention Prompt diagnosis and treatment with antibiotics can cure the infection and prevent later complications in both humans and domestic animals.

• Transmission and Development The tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the most common carrier of Lyme disease in the mid-west and eastern states.

• Lyme Disease Clinical Signs and Pathology Lyme disease in humans is usually not a life-threatening illness and one should regard the health risks it does pose with concern rather than alarm.

• Suggestions for Michigan's Public Be aware of Lyme disease, but do not be so concerned that you cannot enjoy the outdoors.

• Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Tick Tips Current information on how to reduce your risk of tick contact while recreating, or at home.

• Tick Identification and Testing PDF icon

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