MDHHS Information about the ongoing Zika virus outbreak in South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean.
Zika Virus Information
In May 2015, Zika virus (pronunciation: zeeka) was found for the first time in the Americas. Currently, a large outbreak is ongoing in the region including South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, and U.S. citizens travelling to these regions are at risk for infection. Click HERE for the most up-to-date map of affected countries from the Pan American Health Organization.
Zika virus is transmitted to people by mosquitoes. Illness in healthy people is generally mild. The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika virus infection.
Important Information for Pregnant Women:
Zika can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. Brazil has reported microcephaly and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus while pregnant. For more information visit www.cdc.gov/birthdefects
Until more is known and out of an abundance of caution, pregnant women should consider postponing travel to any area where Zika virus transmission is ongoing. Pregnant women who do travel to one of these areas should talk to their doctors or other healthcare providers first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip. Women trying to become pregnant should consult with their healthcare providers before traveling to these areas and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip.
Official CDC Guidance Documents:
Interim Guidelines for Pregnant Women During a Zika Virus Outbreak — United States, 2016
CDC Health Alert Network advisory for Zika virus
Travelers can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites. When traveling to countries with chikungunya virus, use insect repellent, wear long sleeves and pants, and stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens.
Updated information regarding the ongoing outbreak in the Caribbean, including case counts and countries affected can be found at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website.
Local transmission of Zika virus in Michigan is unlikely. The day-biting mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) have not been identified in the state.
Informational graphics regarding travel guidance for Michigan travelers to Zika affected areas can be viewed and downloaded here:
Michigan Traveler Boarding Pass - Information regarding Zika virus and other arbovirus prevention while travelling.
Zika Virus Infection and Pregnancy Infographic - Learn how to prevent mosquito-borne diseases and protect your baby
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Zika virus fact sheet for the general public.
There is currently no vaccine for Zika virus, however it is important to know which vaccines are recommended while traveling.
A list of travel clinics offering travel immunizations can be found here.