Zika Virus Information for Michigan Healthcare Providers
Current Recommendations for Michigan Patients:
Zika can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her baby during pregnancy or around the time of birth. Zika virus can also be spread through sexual transmission before, during, and after symptoms develop. Brazil has reported microcephaly and other poor pregnancy outcomes in babies of mothers who were infected with Zika virus while pregnant.
- Pregnant Michigan residents should avoid travel to areas with active Zika transmission. If you must travel, talk with your healthcare provider first and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites.
- Women and men who want to conceive should consult with their healthcare providers before traveling to these areas and strictly follow steps to avoid mosquito bites during the trip. Couples planning to conceive in the near future should consider avoiding nonessential to areas with active Zika virus transmission.
- Non-pregnant women who had possible exposure to Zika virus through travel or sexual contact should wait at least 8 weeks from symptom onset (if symptomatic) or last possible exposure (if not symptomatic) to attempt conception.
- Men who travel to areas with active Zika transmission should use condoms and avoid attempting conception with their partner for at least 6 months from symptom onset (if symptomatic), or last possible exposure (if not symptomatic).
- Men who have traveled to areas with active Zika transmission and have a pregnant partner should correctly and consistently use condoms or abstain from sex for the duration of the pregnancy.
Official CDC Guidance Documents
- Interim Guidelines for Pregnant Women During a Zika Virus Outbreak - United States, 2016
- CDC Health Alert Network advisory for Zika virus
- Interim Guidelines for the Evaluation and Testing of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection -- United States, 2016
- Recognizing, Managing, and Reporting Zika Virus Infections in Travelers Returning from Central America, South America, the Caribbean, and Mexico - United States, 2016 CDC Health Alert Network advisory