Skip Navigation
Health Careers in MichiganMichigan.gov: Official Web Site for the State of Michigan
Michigan.gov Home
  • Health Careers Home
  • Sitemap
  • Contacts
  • close print view

    Electroencephalograph Technician

    Health Care Job Openings

    Colleges & Universities

    Job Fairs

    A Michigan Jobs & Career Portal service.     

     

    Job Duties

    Working Conditions/Requirements

    Education & Preparation

    Job Openings & Entry Method

    Earnings & Advancement

    Employment & Outlook

     

    Sources of Additional Information

     

    Electroencephalograph (EEG) Technicians operate specialized equipment which measures and records the electrical activity of the brain as a series of irregular lines on a continuous sheet of graph paper. (EEG - Electroencephalogram - "electro" means electricity - "encepho" means of the brain - "gram" means to record - an EEG detects electrical impulses in the brain and records them on a long piece of graph paper).

    The electroencephalograph tracings (brain wave records called electro-encephalograms or EEG's) are used by physicians to diagnose brain disorders, such as epilepsy; tumors; infectious diseases; and metabolic, psychiatric, and sleep disorders. EEG's are also used to assess damage and recovery after head injuries, cerebral vascular strokes, and to detect certain conditions such as learning difficulties. An EEG is used to record the end of all brain activity (death) so that a donor's vital organs (kidneys, etc.) may then be used in transplant operations.


    JOB DUTIES 

    Electroencephalograph Technicians may:

    Schedule appointments

    Attach electrode terminals to the switchbox of the EEG machine

    Question the patient to obtain medical history to be used by the physician and/or to determine the presence of factors likely to affect the recording

    Measure the patient's head with a tape measure to determine the exact location the electrodes must be placed (using specific 10-20 measuring system)

    Prepare the patient's scalp and attach the electrodes (metal wires) in a specified pattern (protocol) using adhesive tape, paste, or pins

    Adjust electrical control switches to measure brain waves between sets of electrodes over specific areas of the brain

    Observe the patient's behavior and make notes on the tracings

    Identify "artifacts" (conditions such as patient's movements, poor electrode contacts, or defective apparatus which affect the tracings)

    Prepare a written report of the tracings for the physician

    Make minor adjustments and repairs to equipment

    EEG Technicians may record other activities, such as heart function (electrocardiograms), respiration, and eye movements.

    The machines, equipment, and materials used may include:

    * Ink

    * Graph paper for EEG

    * Tape measure

    * Ohmmeter & voltmeter

    * Paste or glue

    * Calipers for measuring

    * Marking pencil

    * Oscilloscope screen & camera

    * Scissors & alcohol

    * Adhesive tape, gauze or cotton

    * Protocol (pattern of electrode placement & recording equipment)

    * Electroencephalograph machine and other medical diagnostic equipment


    OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES

    078.362-022  ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPH TECHNOLOGISTS operate specialized equipment which measures and records the electrical activity of the brain as a series of irregular lines on a continuous graph.

    In addition to learning about these specialties, you may also find it helpful to explore the following Career Exploration scripts:


    WORKING CONDITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS

    Technicians work under the supervision of a neurologist (physician who specializes in the nervous system) or a Chief EEG Technician. They usually work in hospitals, laboratories, or neurologists' offices. Work areas are quiet, clean, well lighted, and usually air-conditioned. Most of the EEG Technicians work is performed in rooms separated from heavy hospital traffic. Some Technicians may work in surgical or medical units at the patient's bedside.

    EEG Technicians generally work a 40-hour week, with little overtime or Saturday work. They may be on call for emergencies during evenings, weekends, and holidays.

    Technicians usually wear white uniforms and shoes. They may have to furnish and/or launder their own uniforms.

    EEG Technicians may belong to one or more associations such as the American Society of Electro-Neurodiagnostic Technologists and the EEG & Clinical Neuroscience Society (ECNS) . Association members must pay membership fees.

    You Should Prefer:

    ·          Helping people by direct contact

    ·          Performing scientific and technical activities

    You Should Be Able To:

    ·          Assume responsibility and work with little supervision

    ·          Gain the cooperation of patients and ease their fears

    ·          Coordinate eyes and hands to adjust machine controls

    ·          Make notations on moving graph paper

    ·          Work within precise limits or standards of accuracy

    ·          Follow and give instructions

    ·          Use logical step-by-step procedures to complete tasks

    ·          Work under pressure during emergencies

    Math Problem You Should Be Able to Solve:

    If a patient's heart beats 16 times every 15 seconds, what is their heart rate for a minute?

    Reading Example You Should Be Able to Read and Comprehend:

    A stroke is a form of cerebrovascular disease that affects the blood supply to the brain.

    Writing Example You Should Be Able to Produce:

    You should be able to write a report explaining the results of your tests to the physician.

    Thinking Skill You Should Be Able to Demonstrate:

    You should be able to decide the best way to hook up an EEG machine to a given patient that has special needs.

    EEG Technicians who have a year of training and a year of laboratory experience, and who successfully complete oral and written examinations are designated "Registered EEG Technologist" by the American Board of Registration of Electroencephalographic Technologists . The EEG & Clinical Neuroscience Society (ECNS) also registers EEG Technicians (Technologists). Although registration is not required, it may help in professional advancement.

    EDUCATION AND PREPARATION OPPORTUNITIES

    NOTE: On-The-Job Training provided by the employer or a High School Diploma or Equivalent or a High School Diploma with specific Vocational Education Classes or a Certificate (program of up to one years of study beyond high school) or an Associate Degree (two years of study beyond high school) may qualify a person for this occupation.

    The following education and preparation opportunities are helpful in preparing for occupations in the Career Exploration script:

    ***SCHOOL SUBJECTS***

    0700 CAREERS , 0900 COMMUNICATIONS , 1000 COMPUTERS , 1200 ELECTRONICS , 1800 HEALTH & HEALTH CAREERS , 2200 MATH, 2900 SCIENCE , 3300 TECHNOLOGY

    ***VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS***

    There are no Vocational Education Programs related to this Career Exploration script.

    Students should obtain the local Education & Training Opportunities  for information on what happens to students who successfully complete a program. This information is available at each high school or career/technical center.  

    ***POSTSECONDARY PROGRAMS***

    054 ELECTRODIAGNOSTIC TECHNOLOGY

    Programs in Electrodiagnostic Technology provide opportunities to gain the knowledge and skills needed to use diagnostic equipment such as electro-cardiograph and ultrasound scanning machines.

    Courses vary with the type of equipment but may include:

    The Circulatory System

    Medical Terminology

    Cardiac Anatomy & Physiology

    Clinical Experience

    Neuroanatomy & Neurophysiology

    Registry Seminar

    Pathological Imaging

    Machine Operations

    Diagnostic Sonography

    Medical Law & Ethics

    Search for a College and/or Instructional Program

    ***APPRENTICESHIP OPPORTUNITIES***

    There are no Apprenticeships related to this Career Exploration script. 

    ***MILITARY TRAINING PROGRAMS***

    Please check the Military web site at  http://www.todaysmilitary.com

    CARDIOPULMONARY AND EEG TECHNICIANS

    Military health care includes medical treatment for heart, lung, and brain disorders. Doctors need sophisticated tests to help diagnose and treat these problems. Cardiopulmonary and EEG (electro-encephalograph) technicians administer a variety of diagnostic tests of the heart, lungs, blood, and brain. They operate complex electronic testing equipment.

    What They Do

    Cardiopulmonary and EEG technicians in the military perform some or all of the following duties:

    ·          Take patients' blood pressure readings

    ·          Attach electrodes or microphones to patients' bodies

    ·          Help doctors revive heart attack victims

    ·          Adjust settings and operate test equipment

    ·          Watch dials, graphs, and screens during tests

    ·          Talk to physicians to learn what tests or treatments are needed

    ·          Keep records of test results and discuss them with medical staff

    ·          Operate electrocardiographs, electroencephalographs, and other test equipment

    Helpful Attributes

    Helpful school subjects include algebra, chemistry, biology, or related courses. Helpful attributes include:

    ·          Interest in electronic equipment

    ·          Ability to follow strict standards and procedures

    ·          Interest in learning how the heart, lungs, and blood work together

    ·          Ability to keep accurate records

    Work Environment

    Cardiopulmonary and EEG technicians usually work in hospitals and clinics. In combat situations, they may work in mobile field hospitals.

    Physical Demands

    Normal color vision is required for some specialties in order to set up and monitor equipment

    Training Provided

    Job training consists of 26 to 30 weeks of classroom instruction. Course content typically includes:

    ·          Diagnostic procedures

    ·          Operation and maintenance of diagnostic equipment

    ·          Preparation of patients for testing

    ·          Methods of resuscitation

    Further training occurs on the job and through advanced courses.

    Civilian Counterparts

    Civilian cardiopulmonary and EEG technicians work in hospitals, clinics, and doctors' offices. Their duties are similar to those performed in the military. They may specialize in either, cardiovascular (heart), pulmonary (lungs), or electroencephalographic (brain) testing.

    Opportunities

    New technicians are needed each year due to personnel changes and field demands. After job training, new technicians are assigned to hospitals and clinics, where they work under the supervision of physicians and senior technicians. With experience, they may supervise others and assist in managing clinics.

    E-Learning Courses and Programs

    OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXPERIENCE AND METHODS OF ENTRY

    Individuals may explore this field by working as a volunteer nurse's aide or orderly in a local hospital or nursing home. Individuals may receive training in military service also. Completion of first aid courses with local organizations may prove helpful. Practical experience may also be gained through a postsecondary program in electro-diagnostic technology.

    School-to-Work opportunities include:

    informal apprenticeships

    mentorships   

    job shadowing experiences

    touring a local Electroencephalograph Technician employer

    internships 

    volunteer work with a Electroencephalograph Technician employer

    community service work with an agency

    Most Electroencephalograph Technicians find positions by applying directly to employers, such as hospitals. Assistance in locating a job may be obtained from high school and college placement offices or Michigan Works! local offices. In addition, you should access and search the Internet's on-line employment services sites such as:

    Healthcaresource.com

    Healthvault.com

    Michigan Jobs & Career Portal

    Michigan Talent Bank

    simplyhired.com

    Indeed | one search. all jobs.

    Jobster

    MONSTER.COM

    CareerBuilder

    Medzilla.com - Doctors & Nurses

    RXCareerCenter.com

    You should also enter an electronic resume on these on-line services.


    EARNINGS AND ADVANCEMENT  

    Salaries of EEG Technicians vary with the Technician's training and experience, and the size, type, and location of the place of employment.

    Nationally, the annual salaries of EEG Technicians who were employed by hospitals and related institutions in early 2009 were between $34,800 and $45,500, with the average of $40,700. The median yearly earnings of  "all" workers in the U.S. were $37,544 in 2008.

    EEG Technicians, Grades 4-9, employed by the Federal government had salaries ranging from $24,156 to $53,234 per year in 2009. The salaries of these Federal government workers may be higher in some urban areas.

    In Michigan, EEG Technicians employed in hospitals and related institutions averaged $43,160 yearly in late 2008, with most earning between $37,315 and $52,000.

    Most EEG Technicians receive paid vacations and holidays; life, accident, disability, and hospitalization insurance; retirement plans; and sick pay. Some employers may also provide tuition assistance or free training, uniforms, and parking. These benefits are usually paid for, at least in part, by the employer.

    With additional training and experience, EEG Technicians may become laboratory supervisors, medical research assistants, or work with highly specialized surgical teams. They may also develop skills in monitoring a variety of medical diagnostic tests which could lead to positions with more responsibility or higher salaries.  

    EMPLOYMENT AND OUTLOOK  

    Nationally, the number of registered EEG Technicians is over 4,300. Employment of EEG Technicians is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2016 because of the increased use of electroencephalograms in diagnosis and surgery and for monitoring patients with brain disorders. However, recent health care cost containment regulations might have a negative impact on employment.

    The number of registered EEG Technicians in Michigan is approximately 140. Because of advances in medical technology, EEG equipment has become increasingly complex and requires more highly trained EEG Technicians. Employment opportunities are more favorable for registered EEG Technicians.  

    SOURCES OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION  

     

    American Society of Electroneurodiagnostic

    American Hospital Association

    Technologists

    One North Franklin

    6501 E. Commerce Ave. Suite 120

    Chicago, IL 60606-3421

    Kansas City, MO 64120

    (312) 422-3000

    (816) 931-1120

     

     

     

    American Board of Registration

     

    of Electroencephalographic and

    Michigan Jobs & Career Portal

    Evoked Potential Technologists

     

    2509 West Iles Ave,    Suite 102

     

    Springfield, IL 62704

     

    (217) 726-7980

     

     

     

    Local Military Recruiters

    School Placement Offices


    Copyright © 2009 Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth

     

    Related Content
     •  Psychiatric Technician
     •  Genetic Counselor
     •  Marriage Counselor/Marriage and Family Therapist
     •  Pharmacy Technician
     •  Ophthalmic Laboratory Technicians
     •  Medical Assistant
     •  Medical and Health Services Managers (Nursing Home/Healthcare Administrator)
     •  Medical and Clinical Laboratory Technologist
     •  Biomedical Engineer
     •  Biomedical Equipment Technician/Medical Equipment Repairers
     •  Physical Therapist Assistants and Aides
     •  Dentist
     •  Dental Laboratory Technician
     •  Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
     •  Home Health Aide
     •  Dietetic Technician
     •  Occupational Therapy Assistant and Aide
     •  Emergency Medical Technician and Paramedics
     •  Medical and Health Administrator
     •  Licensed Practical Nurse
    QR code

    Michigan.gov Home
  • State Web Sites
  • Health Careers Home
  • LARA Home

  • Accessibility PolicyLink PolicySecurity PolicyPrivacy PolicyMichigan NewsMichigan.gov Survey

    Copyright © 2001-2014 State of Michigan