|Health Care Job Openings||Colleges & Universities||Job Fairs|
A Michigan Jobs & Career Portal service.
Radiologic Technicians (also called Radiographers, Radiographic Technologists, X-ray Technologists, or X-ray Technicians) assist radiologists or other physicians in the use of x-ray and fluoroscopic equipment in the diagnosis of disease or injury. X-rays act on photographic film to produce radiographs or pictures which allow the physician to study internal organs and bones. Fluoroscopes utilize x-rays to allow the physician to observe directly the internal parts of a patient's body through an image display system.
Radiologic Technicians may:
Arrange devices which lessen discomfort and prevent the patient from moving
Position the patient for x-ray of the desired area and shield other areas from radiation
Adjust equipment to give a clear view of the patient's body
Measure the thickness of areas to be x-rayed
Determine proper voltage, current, and exposure time for each x-ray
Prepare and administer mixtures which the patients may need to take
Keep records and files of x-ray services
Label film with the patient's name, age, or other identifying data
Clean and make minor adjustments to equipment
Train other employees
Click here to learn more about the field of Radiologic Technology.
Tools, equipment and materials used may include:
Radiologic Technicians may use x-ray equipment and other specialized diagnostic equipment, such as computerized tomography machines (which produce computerized cross-section images), magnetic resonance imaging equipment, and mammography equipment. They may also use:
Radiologic Technicians may specialize in these areas:
078.362-026 RADIOLOGIC TECHNICIANS with additional training may specialize according to whether they work primarily in diagnosis or treatment of diseases. They may also specialize in the use of specialized equipment (see Medical Special Procedures Technologist, Career Exploration script #429 ) or in procedures using the radiation on certain parts of the body. Some of these workers, called nuclear medicine technologists, specialize in the use of radioactive materials in the examination of patients (See Career Exploration script #306 ). Technologists who assist radiologists in the treatment of patients with diseases, such as certain types of cancer, are called radiation therapy technologists.
In addition to learning about these specialties, you may find it helpful to explore the following Career Exploration scripts:
Radiologic Technicians usually work under the direction of physicians in well-equipped rooms of hospitals, doctors' offices, HMOs, or clinics. In hospitals, some Technicians may work at the patient's bedside or in emergency or surgery rooms operating mobile x-ray equipment. Many technicians are on their feet a lot and may be required to lift or turn disabled patients. Others work in medical laboratories and for private industry where conditions vary.
Radiologic Technicians are protected from radiation by using protective equipment such as lead shieldings, by following rigid safety procedures, and by wearing film badges to monitor exposure to radiation.
In hospitals, Technicians generally work an 8-hour day, 40-hour week that may include evening and weekend or on-call hours. Some hospitals offer extremely flexible work schedules. For example, a technician may choose to work three 13-hour days a week. Part-time work is widely available. Working hours in doctors' offices and other locations vary.
Radiologic Technicians may join the American Society of Radiologic Technologists , state-affiliated organizations, or employee associations at work. Members must pay periodic membership fees.
You Should Prefer:
You Should Be Able To:
Math Problem You Should Be Able to Solve:
Using scatter-air ratios, calculate the tissue-air ratio for a 4x15 cm field at a depth of 10cm in a water phantom. Use 10 degrees intervals over one quadrant.
Reading Example You Should Be Able to Read and Comprehend:
At higher values of temperature, there is a limit to the filament heating current and thus to the tube current, as the filament may undergo distortion, while at temperatures significantly lower than required for the filament to actually melt, the evaporation of tungsten atoms will take place.
Writing Example You Should Be Able to Produce:
Prepare a file for a patient including information regarding the patient's chest x-rays.
Thinking Skill You Should Be Able to Demonstrate:
Must demonstrate excellent analytical skills when assessing and preparing individuals for x-rays and when processing film.
Although certification is not mandatory at present in Michigan, most employers require that the Technician be registered with national organizations such as The American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) . To be registered, Technicians must complete formal training in an American Medical Association (AMA) approved hospital or school. High school graduation or its equivalent is required for acceptance into a radiologic technology program. Special registration is also available for Technicians who obtain additional education and training in nuclear medicine technology, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, radiation therapy technology, and other related special areas.
NOTE: A High School Diploma or Equivalent or a Certificate (program of up to one year of study beyond high school) or an Associates Degree (two years of study beyond high school) or a Bachelor's Degree (four years of study beyond high school) may qualify a person for this occupation.
The following education and preparation opportunities are helpful in preparing for occupations in this Career Exploration script:
0600 BUSINESS , 0700 CAREERS , 0900 COMMUNICATIONS , 1000 COMPUTERS , 1800 HEALTH & HEALTH CAREERS , 2200 MATH , 2900 SCIENCE , 3300 TECHNOLOGY
***VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS***
There are no Vocational Education Programs related to this Career Exploration script
149 RADIOLOGIC TECHNOLOGY
Radiologic Technology programs provide opportunities to gain the knowledge and skills needed for employment in hospitals and clinics taking and processing X-ray photographs of patients for doctors and other medical specialists.
Courses vary from school to school but may include:
There are no Apprenticeships related to this Career Exploration script
***MILITARY TRAINING PROGRAMS***
Please check the Military web site at http://www.todaysmilitary.com.
RADIOLOGIC (X-RAY) TECHNICIANS
Radiology (the use of X-rays) is a health care service provided to men and women in the military. X-ray photographs help doctors detect injuries and illnesses. Radiology is also used to treat some diseases, such as cancer. Radiologic technicians operate X-ray and related equipment used in diagnosing and treating injuries and diseases. They work as part of a medical team of doctors and specialists to provide health care to patients.
What They Do
Radiologic technicians in the military perform some or all of the following duties:
Radiologic technicians work in hospitals and clinics. In combat situations, they may work in mobile field hospitals. They follow strict safety procedures to minimize exposure to radiation.
Job training consists of classroom instruction, including practice with radiologic equipment. Extensive on-the-job training is also provided. Training length varies depending on specialty. Course content typically includes:
Additional training occurs through advanced courses.
Helpful school subjects include algebra, biology, and other science courses. Helpful attributes include:
Civilian radiologic technicians work in hospitals, diagnostic clinics, and medical laboratories. They perform duties similar to military radiologic technicians. They may specialize in various area of radiology and may be called X-ray technologists or nuclear medical technologists.
After job training, technicians start taking routine X-rays. With experience, they may specialize in nuclear medicine and administer radiation and radioisotopic treatment and therapy. In time, they may advance to become supervisors of radiologic units.
Volunteer work in hospitals or with such organizations as the Red Cross is a good method of exploring the health services occupations. Experience is also available in the military or through a postsecondary program in radiologic technology.
School-to-Work opportunities include:
job shadowing experiences
touring a local Radiologic Technician employer
volunteer work with a Radiologic Technician employer
community service work with an agency
Radiologic Technicians may find jobs through placement offices connected with training programs, by direct application to employers, and by reading newspaper want ads. Professional associations also keep lists of job openings. Assistance may be available from local Michigan Works! offices. In addition, you should access and search the Internet's on-line employment services sites such as:
You should also enter an electronic resume on these on-line services.
Radiologic Technicians' wages vary by length of employment, level of training, geographic location, and the employer.
Nationally, the annual salaries (mid 2009) of Radiologic Technicians who were employed by hospitals and related institutions were:
The median yearly earnings of "all" workers in the U.S. were $37,544 in 2008.
In the federal government, new graduates of approved radiological technology programs started at $35,426 per year in 2009. The salaries of these federal government workers may be higher in some urban areas.
In Michigan hospitals, annual salaries (mid 2009) of Radiologic Technicians were:
In late 2008, X-Ray Technicians employed by the State of Michigan earned from $29,566 to $53,014 per year. Overtime duty or emergency calls may add to the Technician's salary.
Students in radiologic training programs in hospitals may sometimes receive fringe benefits in the form of books and uniforms. Most Radiologic Technicians receive life and hospitalization insurance, paid vacations, uniforms, sick leave, and pension plans. Those in hospitals may also receive dental and/or optical insurance.
Radiologic Technicians who have earned a bachelor's degree start at about the same pay as graduates from 2 and 3 year programs. The potential for promotion is best for Technicians who hold bachelor's degrees. Registered Technologists with additional specialized education would find advancement more rapidly than those without specialization. Advancement to radiologic specialist, radiologic instructor, or supervisor is possible. Advancement depends on experience, training, and ability.
Nationally, there were about 196,200 Radiologic Technicians employed in 2006. Employment in this occupation is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2016. Radiology is a dynamic field with vast potential and current as well as new uses of imaging equipment are virtually certain to increase demand for Technicians. The industry distribution for Radiologic Technicians looked like this:
To find employers, click Employer/Business Locator.
Despite faster than average employment growth as radiation is increasingly used to diagnose and treat diseases, graduates of American Medical Association approved programs may face competition for choice positions. As outpatient utilization (visits and surgeries) continues to rise, employment opportunities should likewise increase in such outpatient facilities as well as in Health Maintenance Organizations. There is a shortage of Radiologic Technicians. Part-time workers will find the best opportunities in physicians' offices and clinics.
There are approximately 6,175 Radiologic Technicians employed in Michigan. Most worked in urban areas. All were employed in the health services industry, primarily in hospitals. The remainder worked in medical laboratories, HMO's, clinics, and physicians' or dentists' offices.
Employment of Radiologic Technicians in Michigan is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2016. An average of 150 annual openings is expected, with 70 due to growth and 80 to replace those who retire or leave the labor force for other reasons. Additional openings will occur as workers change jobs or occupations.
Michigan's growing and aging population (which tends to require more diagnostic and therapeutic services), expansion of the kinds of facilities that provide radiologic services, and new uses of imaging equipment will result in the need for additional Radiologic Technicians. The steady decline in graduates of radiography programs in the past ten years, along with the increase in demand, has led to a current shortage of Radiologic Technicians. Technicians trained in nuclear medicine and radiation therapy will have the best opportunities, particularly because of the discovery of new medical uses for radioactive isotopes.
MICHIGAN'S EMPLOYMENT OUTLOOK TO 2016
Copyright © 2009 Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth