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Medical and Health Administrator
A Michigan Jobs & Career Portal service.
Health Administrators direct and coordinate the functions of a hospital or health institution and the activities of staff. They are responsible for the efficient operation of the health care facility.
Health Administrators may:
Be responsible for the total operation of the hospital or institution
Direct activities of medical, nursing, technical, clerical, service, and maintenance staffs of hospitals
Direct the hiring and training of personnel
Administer fiscal operations such as budget planning, accounting, and establishing rates for health services
Promote public relations with the community
Maintain and develop professional standards, policies, and procedures for various institutional activities
Negotiate for improvements and additions to buildings and equipment
Prepare official reports of hospital or institution activities
Attend meetings of the governing body of the institution
Develop or expand programs or services for scientific research, preventive medicine, medical and vocational rehabilitation, and community health and welfare
Participate in hospital associations and professional activities
Click here to watch a video on Health Administrators.
Health Administrators may specialize in these areas:
187.117-010 HOSPITAL ADMINISTRATORS coordinate the functions and the staff activities of a hospital.
075.167-010 NURSING SUPERVISORS coordinate, supervise, and evaluate the activities of the nursing staff working in specific nursing services such as obstetrics, orthopedics, pediatrics, and surgery.
187.117-018 INSTITUTION DIRECTORS are Health Administrators who direct and coordinate the functions of clinics, health maintenance organizations (HMO's), preferred provider organizations (PPO's) and other special medical facilities.
Health Administrators may also specialize in the administration of certain management functions and be designated by such titles as policy development administrator or health program analyst.
In addition to learning about these specialties, you may also find it helpful to explore the following Career Exploration Scripts:
WORKING CONDITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS
In small hospitals, Health Administrators may personally coordinate the functions and activities that combine to make an organization work. In larger hospitals, they may work through a staff of assistant administrators who direct daily operations. For example, a chief of medical staff may be available to deal with strictly medical matters. The Health Administrator remains informed through formal and informal meetings with assistants, medical staff and other hospital workers. Usually, the Administrator is in complete charge and is responsible only to a policy making body such as a board of trustees. Health Administrators working in positions other than hospital administration have varied working conditions.
Most Health Administrators spend their days in a clean, well lighted, and air-conditioned environment. They usually spend some time in an office and some time walking throughout the hospital.
Health Administrators often work long hours. They work five and one half days a week. However, since hospitals operate around the clock, 365 days a year, Administrators may be called at all hours to settle emergency problems.
Health Administrators may have to attend meetings and conventions of professional associations. State Public Health Department and voluntary Health Agency Administrators travel to inspect facilities in the field.
The Administrator may belong to several hospital associations, such as The American College of Healthcare Executives of The American Hospital Association. Those who belong to associations must pay dues.
You Should Prefer:
You Should Be Able To:
Math Problem You Should Be Able to Solve:
Assume that an ophthalmologist's bill for a cataract operation amounts to $700.00 and the fiscal intermediary finds that this exceeds the usual and customary amount by $150.00. The intermediary pays the doctor 80% of $550.00, which is $440.00. The patient pays the doctor 20% of $550.00 (assuming he has paid the $50.00 deductible), which is $110.00. What is the total amount paid to the ophthalmologist?
Reading Example You Should Be Able to Read and Comprehend:
Proponents of national health insurance consider it a technique for increasing cash flow improving the distribution and delivery of medical care, and controlling charges. It would modify methods for reimbursing providers not only by directly discouraging the costly fee for service approach but also by favoring capitation and salary reimbursement indirectly through the allocation of its medical funds.
Writing Example You Should Be Able to Produce:
Prepare release papers for a patient who is leaving the hospital.
Thinking Skill You Should Be Able to Demonstrate:
Should be able to demonstrate excellent analytical skills, organizational skills, and be detail oriented in running the operations of a health institution.
A graduate degree in health care or business administration and significant experience as an Assistant Administrator in a hospital or other institution are usually required for positions in health administration. The Administrator may also be a physician with training in administration or an individual with at least five years of hospital experience in a key position such as head nurse or business manager.
Administrators of facilities which provide nursing care services must be licensed by the Michigan Department of Community Health Click here for more information on State of Michigan Licensing, see Nursing Home Administrator for specific information.
EDUCATION AND PREPARATION OPPORTUNITIES
NOTE: A Bachelor's Degree (four years of study beyond high school) or a Master's Degree (five to six years of study beyond high school) or a Professional Degree or Doctorate (seven to ten years of study beyond high school) may qualify a person for this occupation.
The following education and preparation opportunities are helpful in preparing for occupations in this Career Exploration Script:
0600 BUSINESS , 0700 CAREERS , 0900 COMMUNICATIONS , 1000 COMPUTERS , 1100 ECONOMICS , 1700 GOVERNMENT , 1800 HEALTH & HEALTH CAREERS , 2200 MATH, 2900 SCIENCE , 3000 SOCIAL STUDIES , 3100 STUDY & WORKOPTIONS , 3300 TECHNOLOGY
***VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS***
There are no Vocational Education Programs related to this Career Exploration Script.
074 HEALTH CARE ADMINISTRATION
Programs in Health Care Administration provide opportunities to gain the knowledge and skills needed for employment in health care management. Positions are found in hospitals, medical care centers, and nursing homes.
Courses within this program may vary from school to school but may include:
There are no Apprenticeships related to this Career Exploration Script.
***MILITARY TRAINING PROGRAMS***
Please check the Military web site at http://www.Todaysmilitary.com
HEALTH SERVICES ADMINISTRATORS
In hospitals and clinics, all of the departments - emergency, X-ray, nursing, maintenance, administration, and food service - must work together to provide quality health care. Health services administrators manage hospitals, clinics, and other health care facilities. They also manage individual departments or specific health care programs within a hospital.
What They Do
Health services administrators in the military perform some or all of the following duties:
A 4-year college degree in health care, public health, business, nursing administration, or a related field is required to enter most of the specialties in this occupation. Some specialties require further education or prior experience in the health services field.
Helpful attributes include:
Health services administrators work in hospitals, clinics, and other health care facilities. Most work at facilities on land, but some work aboard hospital ships and ships with large sick bays.
Job training provided for some specialties in this occupation. This training consists of 10 to 12 weeks of classroom instruction and practical exercises. Course content typically includes:
Civilian health services administrators usually work for hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, health maintenance organizations (HMOs), or other health care facilities. They may also work for colleges and universities, public health agencies, insurance companies, or health management firms. Civilian health services administrators perform duties similar to those performed in the military. Depending on the programs or facilities they manage, civilian health services administrators may also be called hospital administrators, nursing service directors, emergency medical services coordinators, and outpatient services directors.
The services need new health administrators due to changes in personnel and the demands of the field. After job training, health services administrators may be assigned to a variety of positions depending on their specialty. Usually, they work under the direction of experienced officers. With experience, they may manage one or more departments in a facility. In time, they may direct a health services facility. Eventually, they may advance to senior management positions responsible for planning health service at many facilities.
OPPORTUNITIES FOR EXPERIENCE AND METHODS OF ENTRY
Volunteer, part-time, or summer jobs as nurse aide, orderly, lab assistant, or clerk may help you to explore this field. Postsecondary programs in health care administration and military service may offer opportunities for experience.
School-to-Work opportunities include:
job shadowing experiences
touring a local Health Administrator employer
volunteer work with a Health Administrator employer
community service work with an agency
Assistance in locating a position may be provided by university placement bureaus or civil service offices. Openings may be listed in publications of health associations and newspaper want ads In addition, you should access and search the Internet's on-line employment services sites such as:
You should also enter an electronic resume on these on-line services.
EARNINGS AND ADVANCEMENT
Salaries of Health Administrators depend on the level of job responsibility, size and type of organization, size of the administrative staff, the budget, and, to some extent, geographic location.
Nationally, the average annual base salaries (late 2010) of Health Administrators employed by hospitals were:
In 2010, mid-level Health Administrators with a master's degree or equivalent experience employed in federal hospitals earned from $41,563 to $93,175 a year. Assistant Administrators with a bachelor's degree started at $33,979. The salaries of these federal government workers may be higher in some urban areas.
In Michigan hospitals, the annual salaries (mid 2010) of Administrators who performed specific job functions were:
Most Health Administrators receive benefits including life, accident, disability, and hospitalization insurance; paid vacations and holidays; and retirement plans. Those in hospitals may also receive optical and dental insurance. Some hospitals may provide Health Administrators with an automobile. These benefits are usually paid for, at least in part, by the employer.
Health Administrators' advancement potential depends primarily on graduate education, experience, and administrative ability. They advance by taking positions with more responsibility. They may begin in small hospitals with broad responsibilities or in large institutions in positions narrow in scope. Advancement usually consists of assuming greater responsibility. Administrative Assistants may advance to become Assistant Administrator, Associate Administrator, and Administrator. Advancement to Administrator may occur in various ways. Sometimes, an administrative assistant may be promoted to assistant Administrator, after completing a residency, and work up to Administrator. More often, the less experienced person moves to a different hospital for a position offering more money or more responsibility.
EMPLOYMENT AND OUTLOOK
Nationally, there were about 283,500 individuals employed as Medicine and Health Managers in 2008 Employment is expected to grow faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2018 as quality and quantity of services increase and as hospital management becomes more complex. Additionally, about 6.0% of them were self-employed. Hospital mergers, shared services, and corporate realignment may limit the number of the top administrative positions. Opportunities will be best for those with graduate degrees. The industry distribution for Health Administrators looks like this:
To find employers, click Employer/Business Locator.
There are about 9,575 Health Administrators employed in Michigan. Most worked in urban areas in hospitals, clinics, community mental health facilities, health maintenance organizations (HMO's) and preferred provider organizations (PPO's). Others worked for health planning agencies, public health departments, voluntary health agencies, research organizations, government agencies, and rehabilitation centers.
Employment of Health Administrators in Michigan is expected to increase faster than the average for all occupations through the year 2018. An average of 310 openings per year is expected, with 130 due to growth and 180 due to replacement of Administrators who retire, die, or leave the labor force for other reasons. Some additional openings will occur as workers change jobs or occupations.
Opportunities are becoming more available outside of the hospital. The demand for Administrators will be affected by the formation of more home health agencies, consulting firms, rehabilitation centers, universities and research institutions, mental health organizations, and group medical practices, and health maintenance organizations (facilities which offer members a broad range of medical services for a monthly fee paid in advance). Administrators also will be needed in nursing and convalescent homes to handle the growing amount of administrative work expected as these facilities expand. Other Administrators will continue to head various health-related associations.
SOURCES OF ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Copyright © 2011 Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth
PoliciesMichigan NewsMichigan.gov Survey
Copyright © 2014 State of Michigan