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September Unemployment Rates Edge Down Slightly in Most of Michigan's Regional Labor Markets

Contact: Paula Stevens (517) 373-9280
Agency: Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

October 22, 2009 Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates were little changed throughout the state in September.  Rates edged downward in 11 of Michigan's 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth.  Total employment and labor force levels declined seasonally in nearly all major regions over the month.

"In a year marked with high unemployment, September was a relatively calm month for Michigan's regional labor markets." said Rick Waclawek, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives. "Typical seasonal patterns dominated the changes taking place this month."

From August to September, there were mostly minor movements in regional unemployment rates, as 15 of the 17 areas reported rate changes of only plus or minus 0.3 of a percentage point.  Jobless rates were down over the month in 11 regions, with the largest decline of 0.6 of a percentage point posted in the Monroe Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA).  Five areas recorded mostly minor jobless rate gains in September, with the most notable being a seasonal increase of 0.6 of a percentage point in the Northwest Lower Michigan Region.  The jobless rate in the Saginaw-Saginaw Township North MSA was unchanged over the month.

Unemployment Rates Up Significantly Over Year
From September 2008 to September 2009, jobless rates were up substantially in all 17 regions with a median increase of 4.7 percentage points.  The over-the-year rate hikes ranged from 2.9 percentage points in the Ann Arbor MSA to 8.4 percentage points in the Detroit-Warren-Livonia MSA.  Most unemployment rate increases fell within the 4.0 to 5.8 percentage point range.

Total Employment Down Over Month, Year
Over the month, total employment declined seasonally in 14 of the state's major regions, with a median decrease of 1.5 percent.  The largest percentage decrease was posted in the Northwest Lower Michigan Region (-4.3%) due to the winding down of the summer tourism season.  Employment increased slightly over the month in the Lansing-East Lansing and Flint MSAs, and the Monroe MSA reported no change.

Since September 2008, total employment fell in all 17 regions with an average drop of 7.6 percent.  The smallest percentage declines over the year were registered in the Upper Peninsula and the Northwest Lower Michigan Region, while the most pronounced percentage drops were recorded in the Flint and Detroit-Warren-Livonia MSAs.

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Year
In September, 16 of the17 regions reported seasonal work force reductions, with a median decline of 1.6 percent.  The labor force level in the Lansing-East Lansing MSA was essentially unchanged over the month.

From September 2008 to September 2009, decreased labor force levels were registered in all of the state's major labor market areas, with significant drops seen in most areas.

Seasonal Gain in Education Jobs
The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan rose by 47,000 in September to 3,870,000.  Government led the job gains with increases in local government education (+42,000) and state government education (+14,000) as students returned to colleges, universities and local schools.  The seasonal advance in local government education jobs was evident throughout the state, while state government education job gains were concentrated in the Lansing-East Lansing and Ann Arbor MSAs.

Private sector jobs throughout Michigan declined by 7,000 in September as mostly seasonal reductions in leisure and hospitality services (-14,000), trade, transportation and utilities (-10,000) and construction (-6,000) were partially offset by gains in professional and business services (+10,000) manufacturing (+8,000) and education and health services (+7,000).

The September gain in manufacturing jobs was mainly due to minor recalls in the auto industry with about half the increase recorded in the Detroit-Warren-Livonia MSA.  Nearly all the increase in professional and business services took place within the temporary help services sub category, while the advance in education and health services was bolstered by a seasonal hike in private education.

From September 2008 to September 2009, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs fell statewide by 305,000 or 7.3 percent.  All of the 14 major metropolitan areas in the state recorded significant payroll job drops since September 2008.  Metropolitan area declines ranged from 4.3 to 8.2 percent in this period.  The largest over-the-year numerical reductions were posted in the Detroit-Warren-Livonia (-148,000), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (-18,000), Flint (-11,000) and Lansing-East Lansing (-10,000) MSAs.

County Jobless Rates Mixed, Little Changed Over Month, Up Over Year
Thirty-nine of Michigan's 83 counties recorded minor unemployment rate reductions over the month, while 38 counties reported small increases.  Average rate changes in September remained within the narrow band of plus or minus 0.3 of a percentage point.  Six counties recoded no jobless rate change from August to September.

From September 2008 to September 2009, unemployment rates rose in all 83 counties, with a substantial median increase of 5.0 percentage points.  In this period, the six counties that constitute the Detroit-Warren-Livonia MSA ranked within the top ten largest county increases.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted September workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for September.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads "Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth."

The Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth (DELEG) is investing in Michigan's future by helping to create the jobs of today and tomorrow, ensuring that our children and adults have the skills these jobs demand, making Michigan a better place to do business, and training and placing those who need jobs.

 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

 month

 year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

184,100

176,400

175,600

-0.5%

-4.6%

Total Employment

172,300

159,700

159,200

-0.3%

-7.6%

Unemployment

11,800

16,700

16,400

-1.8%

39.0%

Rate (percent)

6.4

9.4

9.3

   
           

Contact: Mark Reffitt, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 492-5550

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

 month

 year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

68,300

67,700

66,600

-1.6%

-2.5%

Total Employment

62,800

59,200

58,300

-1.5%

-7.2%

Unemployment

5,500

8,500

8,300

-2.4%

50.9%

Rate (percent)

8.0

12.5

12.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

 month

 year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

54,400

54,400

53,600

-1.5%

-1.5%

Total Employment

50,300

47,800

47,000

-1.7%

-6.6%

Unemployment

4,200

6,600

6,600

0.0%

57.1%

Rate (percent)

7.6

12.1

12.3

   
           

Contact: Rhea Acuna, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-LIVONIA MSA

     

month

 year

(Data in thousands)

         

( Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,097

2,116

2,090

-1.2%

-0.3%

Total Employment

1,910

1,757

1,729

-1.6%

-9.5%

Unemployment

186

359

361

0.6%

94.1%

Rate (percent)

8.9

17.0

17.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

 month

 year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

200,000

190,000

189,700

-0.2%

-5.2%

Total Employment

179,000

159,400

159,800

0.3%

-10.7%

Unemployment

21,000

30,600

29,900

-2.3%

42.4%

Rate (percent)

10.5

16.1

15.8

   
           

Contact: Rhea Acuna, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

 year

(Barry, Ionia, Kent , Newaygo counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

398,800

392,800

388,400

-1.1%

-2.6%

Total Employment

368,700

345,800

342,300

-1.0%

-7.2%

Unemployment

30,100

47,000

46,100

-1.9%

53.2%

Rate (percent)

7.5

12.0

11.9

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (616) 336-4883

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

HOLLAND - GRAND HAVEN MSA

     

month

 year

(Ottawa County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

133,100

129,800

128,600

-0.9%

-3.4%

Total Employment

123,500

113,100

112,100

-0.9%

-9.2%

Unemployment

9,600

16,700

16,500

-1.2%

71.9%

Rate (percent)

7.2

12.9

12.8

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (616) 336-4883

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

 month

 year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

75,900

75,000

73,800

-1.6%

-2.8%

Total Employment

69,000

63,700

62,800

-1.4%

-9.0%

Unemployment

6,900

11,300

11,000

-2.7%

59.4%

Rate (percent)

9.1

15.1

14.9

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

 month

 year

( Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

173,100

169,900

166,900

-1.8%

-3.6%

Total Employment

160,500

150,200

147,400

-1.9%

-8.2%

Unemployment

12,500

19,800

19,500

-1.5%

56.0%

Rate (percent)

7.2

11.6

11.7

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

 month

 year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

248,500

240,400

240,400

0.0%

-3.3%

Total Employment

231,300

213,300

214,000

0.3%

-7.5%

Unemployment

17,200

27,100

26,400

-2.6%

53.5%

Rate (percent)

6.9

11.3

11.0

   
           

Contact: Mark Reffitt, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 492-5550

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

 month

 year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

75,700

74,900

74,300

-0.8%

-1.8%

Total Employment

68,700

63,800

63,800

0.0%

-7.1%

Unemployment

7,100

11,100

10,600

-4.5%

49.3%

Rate (percent)

9.3

14.8

14.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

MUSKEGON - NORTON SHORES MSA

     

month

 year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

89,000

89,300

87,800

-1.7%

-1.3%

Total Employment

80,800

74,800

73,700

-1.5%

-8.8%

Unemployment

8,200

14,400

14,100

-2.1%

72.0%

Rate (percent)

9.2

16.2

16.0

   
           

Contact: Jason Palmer, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (616) 336-4883

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

 month

 year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

80,300

78,500

77,000

-1.9%

-4.1%

Total Employment

73,500

68,000

66,600

-2.1%

-9.4%

Unemployment

6,700

10,500

10,400

-1.0%

55.2%

Rate (percent)

8.4

13.4

13.5

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

SAGINAW-Saginaw Township North MSA

     

 month

 year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

94,000

91,200

90,400

-0.9%

-3.8%

Total Employment

85,900

79,400

78,800

-0.8%

-8.3%

Unemployment

8,100

11,800

11,700

-0.8%

44.4%

Rate (percent)

8.7

12.9

12.9

   
           

Contact: Rhea Acuna, DELEG Regional Economic Analyst (989) 776-1508

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

 month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

157,900

158,500

155,900

-1.6%

-1.3%

Total Employment

146,100

140,000

138,000

-1.4%

-5.5%

Unemployment

11,800

18,500

18,000

-2.7%

52.5%

Rate (percent)

7.5

11.7

11.5

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

 month

 year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency,Ogemaw, Oscoda,

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties

         

Civilian Labor Force

95,800

96,400

94,400

-2.1%

-1.5%

Total Employment

86,700

82,600

80,900

-2.1%

-6.7%

Unemployment

9,100

13,800

13,400

-2.9%

47.3%

Rate (percent)

9.5

14.3

14.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

 month

 year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

156,700

161,100

155,300

-3.6%

-0.9%

Total Employment

143,700

141,000

135,000

-4.3%

-6.1%

Unemployment

13,000

20,100

20,300

1.0%

56.2%

Rate (percent)

8.3

12.5

13.1

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

           
 

Sep-08

Aug-09

Sep-09

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

 month

 year

Civilian Labor Force

4,909

4,885

4,826

-1.2%

-1.7%

Total Employment

4,492

4,167

4,113

-1.3%

-8.4%

Unemployment

417

718

713

-0.7%

71.0%

Rate (percent)

8.5

14.7

14.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DELEG Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

 

MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
SEPTEMBER 2009

             

1

Mackinac County

6.1

 

43

Gratiot County

13.7

2

Isabella County

8.5

 

44

Newaygo County

13.8

3

Cheboygan County

8.6

 

45

Ontonagon County

13.8

4

Leelanau County

9.0

 

46

St. Joseph County

13.9

5

Washtenaw County

9.3

 

47

Charlevoix County

13.9

6

Clinton County

9.4

 

48

Alpena County

13.9

7

Marquette County

10.1

 

49

Branch County

14.0

8

Houghton County

10.2

 

50

Monroe County

14.2

9

Midland County

10.2

 

51

Kalkaska County

14.3

10

Eaton County

10.3

 

52

Roscommon County

14.6

11

Barry County

10.5

 

53

Otsego County

14.7

12

Kalamazoo County

11.2

 

54

Antrim County

14.7

13

Cass County

11.4

 

55

Huron County

14.8

14

Delta County

11.5

 

56

Jackson County

14.9

15

Chippewa County

11.6

 

57

Missaukee County

15.0

16

Ingham County

11.6

 

58

Shiawassee County

15.2

17

Kent County

11.7

 

59

Oceana County

15.2

18

Iron County

11.7

 

60

Osceola County

15.3

19

Keweenaw County

11.9

 

61

Oakland County

15.6

20

Alger County

12.0

 

62

Arenac County

15.8

21

Benzie County

12.0

 

63

Genesee County

15.8

22

Grand Traverse County

12.0

 

64

Presque Isle County

16.0

23

Dickinson County

12.0

 

65

Muskegon County

16.0

24

Emmet County

12.2

 

66

Lenawee County

16.1

25

Bay County

12.3

 

67

Tuscola County

16.3

26

Calhoun County

12.4

 

68

Iosco County

16.4

27

Menominee County

12.5

 

69

Gladwin County

16.5

28

Manistee County

12.6

 

70

Alcona County

16.7

29

Schoolcraft County

12.7

 

71

Clare County

16.8

30

Ogemaw County

12.7

 

72

Hillsdale County

17.2

31

Ottawa County

12.8

 

73

Lake County

17.5

32

Mason County

12.9

 

74

Montcalm County

17.6

33

Saginaw County

12.9

 

75

Sanilac County

17.8

34

Mecosta County

13.0

 

76

Lapeer County

18.1

35

Van Buren County

13.2

 

77

Macomb County

18.1

36

Allegan County

13.2

 

78

Wexford County

18.3

37

Luce County

13.2

 

79

Wayne County

18.3

38

Gogebic County

13.3

 

80

Montmorency County

18.9

39

Ionia County

13.4

 

81

St. Clair County

19.0

40

Berrien County

13.5

 

82

Oscoda County

19.1

41

Livingston County

13.6

 

83

Baraga County

24.3

42

Crawford County

13.7

       
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