Sanitation & Public HealthThe various services of Cosmetology impact public health on a daily basis. It is important to educate consumers on the services cosmetology professionals provide to the public. Sufficient familiarity with sanitation procedures on the part of the public can reduce the probability of personal injury.
Likewise it is important for practitioners of cosmetology services to know that there are procedures available in rules promulgated by the department. The following rules will be of interest to professionals as well as to the general public:
- Rules 338.2171 thru 338.2179g address Health and Safety issues.
- R 338.2179a covers sanitary procedures for full service establishments or schools
- R 338.2179c covers manicuring procedures
- R 338.2179d covers electrology tools and sanitary procedures
- R 338.2179e covers blood spill procedures. Some cosmetology procedures may cause bleeding. The blood spill procedure was established to ensure adequate first aid to the client, and sanitation techniques for the shop to help prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
There is also a section concerning prohibited procedures which lists activities no licensee can do. R 338.2179g covers some of the prohibitions concerning the prohibited use of methyl methacrylate monomers and nail treatment techniques:
- The use of methyl methacrylate monomers, (MMA) a dental bonding product is still being used by some manicuring practitioners to attach artificial nails. Its use can cause severe allergic reactions in a client. Second, MMA bonds so strongly to a nail bed that the removal of the artificial nail will tear the nail bed and cause other health related problems. Salons continuing to use MMA are at risk for citation, fines or loss of license.
- Abrade, roughen, buff or file the nail plate until the nail bed is exposed. This treatment can create a major infection in the nail bed. This treatment is associated with the preparation of nail plates for the attachment of artificial nails.
OTHER AREAS OF INQUIRY
In the State of Michigan, there has been no formal stance taken on the chemical peel issue. However, our answer to the chemical peel question and whether an esthetician can administer them comes from Milady's Standard book, which is used in many schools to teach their students. Licensed cosmetologists or esthetician would be able to administer light chemical peels. Milady's defines light peels as being glycolic acid (30% or less), lactic acid (30% or less), enzyme peels, and Jessner's solution (1-3 coats). Anything more than this should be performed by a license physician.
Our stand on microdermabrasion is the same as it is for the laser issue, as the Dept. of Community Health states any licensed person can provide microdermabrasion if they are supervised by a physician in providing that service. See MDCH's statement at
In December 2005, the Bureau of Health Professions, Department of Community Health published a Policy Statement regarding the use of laser equipment. It basically states that a licensed or unlicensed person - meaning anyone - can provide laser services as long as they are under the supervision of a physician or dentist. So, this still means that a cosmetologist or esthetician cannot provide laser services as a cosmetologist or esthtetician. However, if they are working for and supervised by a doctor providing laser services, this is acceptable because they will not be providing the service as a cosmetologist or esthetician. Again, nothing has really changed regarding a licensed cosmetologist or esthetician providing laser services independently as a cosmetologist or esthetician -they still cannot do that. They would have to be an individual under the supervision of a doctor if they are providing laser services. Having a cosmetologist license has nothing to do with qualifying an individual to work for a doctor to provide laser equipment services, as they are not trained in cosmetology for using lasers and is not among the devises specifically described in the Occupational Code in providing cosmetology service of temporary hair removal or any other cosmetology services. (Waxes, tweezers, razors, clippers, scissors, and depilatories are to be used for hair removal - Sec. 1201(q)(iii)).
The definition of skin care services includes body wrapping; therefore, you must hold an active cosmetology or esthetician license in order to perform this service.
To report violations of these rules and prohibitions, an affected party may file a complaint with the Enforcement Division of the Corporations, Securities, & Commercial Licensing Bureau.