What is Integrated Pest Management (IPM)?
To manage pests with the least possible impact on people, property, and the environment.
Integrated pest management (IPM) is a
pest management system that uses all
suitable techniques in a total management
system, to prevent pests from reaching
unacceptable levels, or to reduce existing
pest populations to acceptable levels.
The Natural Resources and Environmental
Protection Act, Act 451 of 1994, as
amended, and Regulation 637 require that
before a pesticide application is made in
schools, public buildings, and health care
facilities, two things must take place:
A pesticide applicator must attend a
Michigan Department of Agriculture & Rural Development (MDARD) approved IPM Training Program before making a pesticide application in schools, public
buildings, or health care facilities.
A verifiable IPM Program must be in place for each building.
Who Needs to Comply?
Anyone making a pesticide application in:
Public and private schools
kindergarten through twelfth grades, including:
Any school grades K-12
Health Care Facilities
A facility which is not a private home,
where people may stay one or more
nights and receive medical care, such
as a nursing home or hospital.
A building that is owned or operated
by a federal, state, or local government
including public universities.
IPM Key Facts
A person who applies pesticides by any
method for any purpose at any place.
Certification is required to apply
pesticides in a workplace. Certification is
not required for pesticide applicators
using "general use ready-to-use"
pesticides in the course of their
employment; however, IPM training is
still required. This exemption does not
apply to applicators working for a
Ready-to-use pesticide is any pesticide
used directly from its original container,
consistent with label directions, and does
not require mixing or loading prior to
Pest Control Operator (PCO)
or Commercial Applicator
The PCO shall provide the IPM program
and initial service inspection record to
the building manager at the time of the
Schools/Daycare Centers Only
The administrator shall provide written
notification to parents or guardians of
children attending the school of their
right to be informed before any pesticide
application is made on school property.
Required Record Keeping Information
Date of service
Target pest or pests
Number of pests found
Conditions conducive to infestation
Pest management recommendations
Structural or habitat modifications
Name of pesticide or pesticides used
Quantity of pesticide or pesticides used
Location where pesticide is applied
Name of pest control firm used, including their emergency telephone number.
Steps in Establishing an IPM Program
Develop an official IPM policy
Designate pest management roles
Set pest management objectives
Inspect site and identify pest or pests
Set action thresholds
Apply IPM strategies
Michigan Department of Agriculture & Rural Development
Pesticide & Plant Management Division
Attention: Gary King
P.O. Box 30017, Lansing, MI 48909
Ph: (517) 373-9747 Fax: (517) 335-4540