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The Birth Hospital's Role in Newborn Hearing Screening
Hospitals and birth centers perform hearing screenings on newborns before discharge. If a newborn does not pass the hearing screening, a follow-up screening is performed before discharge or as an outpatient. It is the responsibility of the hospital to have a hearing screening performed on newborns.
What are the guidelines for conducting hearing screenings in the nursery?
•Test the newborn no earlier than 12 hours after birth.
View the complete Guidelines Newborn Hearing Screening MDCH 1132
What are the guidelines for conducting hearing screenings in the NICU?
Since the incidence of sensory, as well as neural hearing loss is approximately ten-times higher in the NICU versus well-baby nursery, A-ABR is the recommended screening technology for use in the NICU population (JCIH 2007). The hearing screen should be performed as close to discharge as possible.
If a newborn does not pass his/her hearing screening, is it acceptable to repeat the screening more than one time?
If a newborn does not pass the initial hearing screening, it is acceptable to repeat the screening one more time. This should be done several hours after the initial test, preferably right before discharge. No more than two hearing screens should be performed prior to discharge.
What is the responsibility of the birth facility for newborns that did not receive a hearing screening before discharge?
An infant that does not complete an initial hearing screening for any reason should be scheduled for an appointment to return to the birth facility for completion of the hearing screening or the designated refer site of the hospital.
How should the birth facility inform parents of the newborn hearing screening results?
The person performing the hearing screening should give parents the following information in clear, non-technical terms and in the native language of the family:
NOTE: It is recommended that a birth facility have a formal or informal relationship with an audiology facility to refer families for a diagnostic evaluation.
What information should be sent to the MI Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program and when does it need to be sent?
Hospitals and birth centers are to notify the Michigan Early Hearing Detection and intervention Program of the hearing screening results of every newborn. Hearing results should be sent within 7 days of performing the hearing screen.
What is the responsibility of the birth facility to communicate newborn hearing screening results to primary care providers?
The primary care provider is to be notified of the results of the newborn hearing screening.
What information will I receive from the EHDI program?
The Michigan newsletter for birth hospitals is provided quarterly and gives information on EHDI program updates and how to improve newborn hearing screening and follow-up.
Michigan Current Quarterly Report- Birth hospitals receive the most current data and statistics for the hospital's newborn hearing screening program.
Reporting forms for providers:
PoliciesMichigan NewsMichigan.gov Survey
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