Vision screening of pre-school children is conducted by Local Health Department staff at least once between the ages of 3 and 5 years, and school-age children are screened in grades 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9, or in conjunction with driver training classes.
Many children enter school with vision problems. Children usually do not know that they see differently. Early identification of an eye problem is important. Conditions like amblyopia, or lazy eye, can be prevented if detected and treated during pre-school years.
The Most Important Thing About First Grade... You Get Your Eyes Checked
All county or district health departments have a Vision Screening Program which includes initial screening, retesting, and referral of children.
Vision screening of pre-school and school-age children includes tests using screening and testing procedures approved by the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH):
- Clearness of vision
- Eye muscle balance
These tests are used to screen pre-school and school-age children aid in identifying children who may have vision problems that require additional evaluation and follow-up.
A referral is made to an eye care professional after a child has failed one or more of the battery of vision screening tests or has an observable symptom. Follow-up for all referrals is conducted helping to assure that care is received. Completed follow-up is reported to MDCH. At least ten percent of the children screened in Michigan are referred annually to an eye care professional.
Of all children screened in Michigan annually, the Michigan Vision Screening Test Battery routinely identifies 10-15% of those screened as needing eye care.
Only a licensed optometrist or ophthalmologist can diagnose visual conditions.
Screenings are intended for all children in Michigan without cost and are conducted in all schools and at your Local Health Department by appointment.
Vision Screening Battery (PDF)
Michigan's Hearing and Vision Law
Vision Training Request Form for Health Departments
Vision Program Consultant:
Rachel Schumann, Ph.D., RN
Michigan's Public Health Hearing & Vision Screening Program
Vision Screening Order Form DCH-0504
Quarterly Report Batch Sheet, DCH-0605
Kindergarten Entry/Preschool Hearing/Vision Screening Record DCH-0479