The Hearing Screening Program supports the screening of children by the Local Health Department at least once between the ages of 3 and 5 years and every other year between the ages of 5 and 10 years. Many Local Health Departments also screen children who are younger than 3 using Otoacoustic Emissions (OAEs).
Many children are unaware that they hear differently from their peers. Early identification of hearing problems can alleviate speech/language delays, social/emotional delays, academic delays and psychological delays.
The program is a 3 stage process that involves a preliminary screening (Stage I), an Intermediate Sweep and/or audiogram (Stage II) and the Medical Referral stage (Stage III). About 5% of all children screened require a medical referral.
The GOALS of the hearing screening program are to:
- Identify hearing loss in children as early as possible,
- Reduce preventable hearing loss and ear disease by providing assistance in obtaining prompt medical care for children at-risk for hearing loss,
- Identify hearing impaired children so that their educational, medical and social needs may be defined, and
- Help parents and school personnel to understand the child's needs related to the hearing loss.
A referral is made to the child's primary care provider office, pediatrician's office, Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) physician's office or audiologist's office. Follow-up for all referrals is conducted to assure that care is received. Completed follow-up is reported to MDCH.
Local Health Departments also sponsor Otology clinics in which the child is evaluated by an audiologist and ENT, FREE of charge. The clinics are sponsored by Children's Special Health Care Services (CSHCS).
Screenings are intended for all children in Michigan, and are conducted in all schools and at your Local Health Department by appointment.
Hearing Screening Protocol (PDF)
Michigan's Hearing and Vision Law
Michigan's Public Health Hearing & Vision Screening Program
Hearing Screening Order Form, DCH-0521
Anatomy of the Ear, DCH-0519
A Diagram of the Ear, DCH-0159A
Hearing Training Application, DCH-0520
Hearing Screening Class List, DCH-0524
Report of Hearing Evaluation, DCH-0525
Hearing Otology Clinic Report, DCH-0526
Quarterly Hearing Screening Report DCH-604
Otology Clinic Payment Voucher Worksheet, DCH-0528 Hearing Program Consultant: Jennifer Dakers MA, CCC-A