Vocational Work Experience Standards
Vocational Endorsement and Authorization
Work Experience Standards
State Board of Education Approved September 14, 2004
Reference: Administrative Rules Governing the Certification of Michigan Teachers, Part 6
· Occupational Area
The occupational area of the endorsement would generally be defined by the code (VA, VB, etc.).
· R 390.1161 State secondary provisional certification with vocational endorsement
(1) An applicant for vocational endorsement shall meet the requirements for State secondary provisional certification as described in part 2 of these rules as well as presenting evidence of completing:
(a) A program in vocational teacher education at an institution approved by the state board for the preparation of vocational teachers in the occupational area of the endorsement.
(b) A major or a minor in an approved program in the occupational area of the endorsement.
(c) Two years of work experience in the occupational area of the endorsement or completion of a planned equivalent program of directed supervised occupational experience approved by the department of education. The occupational experience shall be characterized by its relevancy and recency.
(2) Vocational endorsement is valid for teaching in the stated occupational area in approved vocational education programs.
· R 390.1163 Temporary vocational authorization
(1) A temporary vocational authorization document may be issued upon the report of a designated vocational teacher education institution to an applicant presenting evidence that he has met the following requirements:
(a) Possesses a baccalaureate degree.
(b) Has a major or minor in the field of specialization in which vocational authorization is being requested or equivalent graduate credits to substitute for the required major or minor.
(c) Has a minimum of 2 years of experience in the occupational area concerned or has completed a planned program of directed supervised occupational experience approved by the state board. The occupational experience shall be characterized by its relevancy and recency.
(2) Temporary vocational authorization is valid for teaching in those courses in which instruction is limited to the occupation specified on the authorization in approved vocational programs. It is valid for 6 years.
· R 390.1165 Annual authorization
(1) If a candidate does not meet the standards outlined for temporary vocational authorization, an evaluation of competency shall be made by the department of education. The department shall determine the adequacy of the candidate's combined education and occupational and teaching experience at the journeyman level in apprenticeable trades. If the candidate is deemed competent, a 1-year vocational authorization shall be issued to the school district. This annual vocational authorization is planned primarily for persons who will be teaching vocationally approved courses in grades 9 to 12.
(2) This annual authorization is valid for teaching those courses in approved programs in which instruction is limited to the occupation specified on the authorization.
(3) A school district shall certify that a vocational education certificated teacher is not available. A school district shall document that a vocational education certificated teaching opening was advertised, but a teacher was not available, before applying for the annual vocational authorization. The advertising requirement does not apply if the noncertificated teacher for whom the annual vocational authorization is sought is annually and continually enrolled and completing credit in an approved vocational teacher preparation program leading to vocational certification, or has submitted evidence of the equivalent, in continuing education units completed through professional development programs or professional activities defined and approved by the state board. The exemption from the advertising requirement shall not be granted for more than 8 consecutive school years.
REQUIREMENTS FOR WORK EXPERIENCE
Two years (4,000 hours) of recent (See Section on Recency) AND relevant work experience shall be required of a candidate for Vocational Authorization (Temporary or Annual).
· All work experience presented by the candidate must be completed within the six years immediately preceding application for the vocational authorization.
· All work experience must be acquired in the specific occupational area for which the candidate is seeking certification. (All work experience must align with the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) code descriptions of occupational areas contained in the Office of Career and Technical Preparation Administrative Guide for Career-Technical Education in Michigan.)
· Full-time and part-time work is allowable in calculating the total number of hours of work experience.
· All work experience shall be wage-earning employment or documented work experience in a family operated business.
· Self-employment is permitted, provided it is adequately documented that the applicant was actively conducting a business.
Relevance of Work Experience
All work experience must be in the specific occupational area of the endorsement. K-12 teaching experience cannot be counted.
· All employment experience must be documented. Applicants must provide a notarized affidavit affirming work experience signed by both the applicant and employer(s). Affidavits will be retained by:
The post-secondary institution (temporary)
the school district (annual)
Applicants must retain a minimum of three methods of documentation (W‑2s, tax returns, job/position descriptions, letters verifying work experience from employers) to substantiate their experience.
o Self-employment experience may be verified utilizing business records, tax returns, and notarized statements from clients or suppliers.
o Experience in family operated businesses may be documented with W-2s, tax returns, job/position descriptions, and business records or tax returns from the family-owned business.
WORK EXPERIENCE ALTERNATIVES
If the above cannot be completed, the following alternative methods to establish work experience may be considered.
All candidates choosing to use the alternative methods of establishing work experience (below) must also complete a minimum of 2,000 hours of actual hour-for-hour work experience in the specific occupational area.
Supervised Work Experience (Internships)
Up to 1,000 hours of the required work experience may be completed through a planned program of directed and supervised work experience at a post-secondary institution approved by the Michigan Department of Education.
Supervised work experience must meet all of the following criteria:
Carry course credit that is indicated on the candidate's official transcript.
Not be applied to the candidate's major or minor credit hour requirements.
Be a planned full-time work experience in the candidates occupational/teaching specialty.
Be supervised by a qualified representative from the post-secondary institution.
Provide quality work experience, including performance of actual job tasks.
Be relevant to the occupational area and comprehensive in nature.
Be applied at no more than a 1:2 ratio of hours worked toward the work experience requirement.
Up to 1,000 hours of time spent in student teaching (teacher internship) placements in a State approved career and technical education program classroom in the specific occupational area for which an endorsement is being sought may be used in computing the required 4,000 hours.
Hours performed during student teaching (teacher internship) must be supervised by a teacher education institution approved to recommend candidates for certification in the specific vocational occupational area, and must be documented on the candidate's official transcript.
The candidate may use successful completion of an occupational competency assessment considered acceptable by appropriate State staff to substitute for up to 1,000 hours of work experience. (See list of approved assessments.)
The assessment must be specific to the occupational field and performance must be documented. The results must be retained by:
the post-secondary institution (temporary)
the school district (annual)
A candidate who uses the occupational competency assessment for work experience may NOT also use the test for establishing university academic credit.
Business or Industrial Training Program
Up to 1,000 documented hours of time spent participating in or instructing a business or industrial training experience in the specific occupational area may be accepted toward the work experience requirement.
The learning agreement must indicate that the candidate training program was directly related to the specific occupational area in which certification is being sought.
Up to 1,000 hours of the time spent as a post-secondary instructor of an occupational program in the specific occupational area may be accepted toward the 4,000 required hours.
Up to 1,000 hours of the time employed as a paraprofessional in an approved Career and Technical Education/occupational program in the specific occupational area may be accepted toward the 4,000 required hours.
Work experience older than six years shall not be accepted, except in the following specific circumstances:
The candidate is currently teaching under an Annual Vocational Authorization issued to a school district by the Michigan Department of Education, Office of Professional Preparation Services.
o Work experience used for the original Annual Vocational Authorization may be accepted by a teacher education institution for temporary vocational authorization.
o Institutions will be required to document an individual's work experience in their files.
If the candidate has prior documented work experience, successful completion of an occupational competency assessment may be used to update 2,000 hours of the required 4,000 hours. The assessment instrument must be acceptable to appropriate State staff.
o The assessment must be specific to the occupational field and performance must be documented.
o A candidate who uses the occupational competency assessment for work experience may NOT also use the test for establishing university academic credit.
A candidate, who holds CURRENT, VALID State of Michigan licensure in the specific occupational area, may use the hours required to obtain their original licensure up to a maximum of 4,000 hours.
A candidate who holds a U.S. Bureau of Labor Journeyperson's credential in the specific occupational area may use the hours required to obtain their original credential up to 4,000 hours.
Last Uploaded July 18, 2005