Special Pathogen Response Network (SPRN)
The 2014 Ebola epidemic was the largest in history, affecting multiple countries in West Africa. As of March 2016, MDHHS and Local Health Department partners successfully monitored 414 travelers with a recent travel history to West African countries in which there was an ongoing Ebola outbreak. None of the travelers exhibited any signs of Ebola infection during their 21 day monitoring period. MDHHS continued monitoring the referred travelers until all national monitoring ended in December 2015.
Although the risk of an Ebola outbreak in the Michigan is very low, state and local partners continue to prepare and prevent this from happening. MDHHS realizes that preparedness efforts for Ebola also provide support to prevent outbreaks of other special pathogens.
Below is a compilation of Ebola and special pathogen guidance resources for the community and clinicians. Anyone who may be showing symptoms of Ebola or similar illness should receive medical evaluation and subsequent follow up with public health.
Important clinical guidance for Ebola can be found at www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola. Of particular interest is the document related to the twelve domains of hospital preparedness entitled “Infection Prevention and Control Recommendations0 for Hospitalized Patients Under Investigation (PUIs) for Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in U.S. Hospitals.”
More references and science based support is found on the HHS ASPR website.
Special Pathogen Information for Michigan Healthcare Providers:
- Four Tiers of MI Hospitals for EVD Preparedness and Response (defined)
- MI Hospital Tier levels by Region
- Hospital PPE Support Algorithm
- Highly Infectious Disease Hospital Notification Algorithm
- MDHHS Traveler Evaluation and Monitoring (TEAM) Protocol Monitoring Protocol
- Ebola Virus Disease/Special Pathogen Response Network Exercise Toolkit
- Ebola Action Guide for EMS, 9-1-1 and PSAPS
- EMS Agencies Designated for Transport of Patients with Special Pathogens
- Category A Biohazard Waste Management for Residential Locations
The MDHHS Bureau of Laboratories website contains information to assist in proper collection and submission of specimens. The site lists off-hours contact information, a lab services guide, and a biosafety laboratory preparedness section which includes malaria testing and clinical lab risk assessment template.