Prescription Drugs and Opioids in Michigan
Prescription drug misuse is a serious problem in Michigan. Prescription drug overdose deaths are on the rise across the state. Two types of prescription drugs are the leading cause of misuse. These are painkillers (opioids) and tranquilizers (benzodiazepines). Opioids include both illegal drugs, such as heroin, and prescription pain medicine. Common opioids used to treat pain include oxycodone, hydrocodone, morphine, methadone, and codeine.
From 1999 to 2016, the total number of overdose deaths involving any type of opioid increased more than 17 times in Michigan, from 99 to 1,689. Data from the Michigan Automated Prescription System (MAPS) reported 11.4 million prescription for painkillers in 2015 were written, about 115 opioid prescriptions per 100 people.
Overdose deaths significantly increased as a result of increased prescription drug and heroin use.
In 2016, 2,335 people died of drug overdoses. That is more deaths than car accidents.
This website provides information on prescription drug and opioid misuse prevention and treatment for patients and families, prescribers, community members, and pharmacists.
Information for Patients and Families
Michigan has taken action to prevent prescription drug and opioid abuse deaths and increase access to treatment for people addicted to drugs. This section provides helpful information if you or someone you know may have a substance use disorder.
Information for Opioid Prescribers
State and federal government are acting to reduce improper prescribing of prescription drugs. Information on prescribing guidelines and updated monitoring systems is provided in this section.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration provided a toolkit to reduce opioid misuse.
Information for Pharmacists
The State of Michigan and the federal government are acting to reduce misuse of prescription drugs.
Information on updated prescription drug monitoring program and the naloxone standing order is found here.
The MDHHS Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration provided a toolkit for reducing opioid abuse.
Strategies to prevent overdose deaths
The federal Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) created a toolkit for prescription drug and opioid misuse.
SAMHSA provides 5 strategies for communities to prevent prescription drug misuse and deaths. Efforts are under way to address all 5 strategies in Michigan. However, there is more that communities can do to reduce prescription drug misuse.
These strategies are: