HIV PrEP and nPEP

PrEP (Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis)

What You Should Know About PrEP:  PrEP is a once-a-day HIV-prevention pill that can be taken by people who do not have HIV now, but who are at high risk of getting it.

The PrEP pill contains two medicines that are used in combination with other medicines to treat HIV. When someone who has been taking the pill is exposed to HIV through sex or injection drug use, the medicines can keep the virus from establishing a permanent infection.

When taken once a day as directed, PrEP has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV infection in high-risk people by up to 92 percent. But, it loses much of its effectiveness if it is not taken consistently.

 

View Wayne County (Michigan) PrEP Directory in a full screen map


nPEP (Non-Occupational Post-Exposure Prophylaxis)

What You Should Know About nPEP:  nPEP is a preventive treatment that can reduce the chance that a person who is exposed to HIV will become HIV-positive.

The nPEP treatment involves two to three antiretroviral medicines that work together to prevent HIV from making copies of itself and spreading through the body. To be effective, the medicines must be started as soon as possible — but not more than 72 hours (3 days) after — possible exposure to the virus. They also must be taken on schedule for 28 days.

nPEP medicines can reduce the risk of becoming HIV-positive. But, they are not always effective. Taking them does not guarantee that someone exposed to HIV will not become infected with HIV.