WIC & Family Planning Epidemiologist

What is Family Planning?
Family planning services provide information and the means for men and women to exercise personal choice in determining the number and spacing of their children.  Authorized under Title X of the Public Health Service Act, the Family Planning Act of 1970 was the first US statute to provide authority, funding and support for comprehensive and voluntary family planning services to all who want and need them.  The Michigan Family planning program provides contraceptive services and reproductive healthcare to low income men and women. 

Basic Principles
·       All services are voluntary and confidential
·       Abortions are not provided
·       Services are available to men and women
·       Services are provided respecting the dignity of each individual; without any discrimination or coercion
·       Client charges are based on income; services are not denied due to inability to pay
·       The Family Planning Program does not exclude, deny benefits to, or otherwise discriminate against any person on the ground of race, color, or national origin, or on the   basis of disability, gender or age.

The Family Planning epidemiologist position is funded from Title X federal funds.

What is WIC?
In 1972, recognizing that poor nutritional status is preventable, Congress created the Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC).  Administered by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the goal of WIC is to "safeguard the health of low-income women, infants and children up to age 5 who are at nutritional risk".  This is accomplished by providing federal grants to the States for supplemental foods, health care referrals and professional nutrition education targeting low-income women, infants and children.  In Michigan, the WIC administration is housed within the Bureau of Family, Maternal, and Child Health in the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS).  Program outreach and data collection are preformed by the existing forty-nine WIC agencies.  

Eligibility criteria that must be met to participate in WIC are to be: 

  • a pregnant or post-partum woman, infant, or child under the age of five; 
  • a resident of Michigan; 
  • at or below 185% of the Poverty Income Guideline or participate in another state-administered program that utilizes the same income guidelines; 
  • classified by a health professional as "nutritionally at risk" 

The WIC program epidemiologist is funded by federal funds from the WIC program. 

Family Planning & WIC Epidemiologist Roles & Responsibilities:
This position provides epidemiological support to the Department, the Bureau of Disease Control, Prevention and Epidemiology, and Bureau of Family, Maternal, and Child Health and is the recognized resources on all epidemiologic matters concerning the Title X/Family planning and Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). This includes epidemiologic study design, statistical analysis, technical expertise, program evaluation, and policy and program development. This position plays an important role in identifying and then advising on the epidemiological priorities in collaboration with program staff. In addition, the WIC/Family Planning Epidemiologist actively collaborates with other maternal child health programs as well as other MCH epidemiologists. 


Family Planning
Family Planning Newsletter: What is Family Planning? - Volume 1, Issue 1 
Family Planning Newsletter: What is Preconception Health? - Volume 2, Issue 1
Family Planning Newsletter: Impact of the Recession - Volume 2, Issue 1 
Technical Report 2009 - Local Agency Survey 
Family Planning Annual Report-MI 2011
Family Planning Annual Report-MI 2009 
Preconception Health Indicators - 2010 
Preconception Health Status Table
Preconception Health Fact Sheets Introduction
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Health & Social Determinants
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Access to Health Care 
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Reproductive Health & Family Planning
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Tobacco & Alcohol Use
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Nutrition & Physical Activity
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Mental Health & Social Support
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Chronic Conditions
Preconception Health Fact Sheets: Infections  

Recent Presentations:
Comparison of maternal pre-pregnancy weight classification methods and the effect on gestational weight gain classification among MI adolescents 2003-2007; McKane PL, Grigorescu V, Eghtedary K (2010). 16th Annual Maternal & Child Health Epidemiology Conference, San Antonio, TX. Dec 2010. 

Predictors of repeat pregnancy among Michigan adolescents ages 10-19 years ~Special Supplemental Nutrition program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC), 2003-2007; McKane PL, Korzeniewski S, Grigorescu V, Eghtedary K (2009).  Poster Presented at the following: December 10, 2009 - 15th Annual Maternal & Child Health Epidemiology Conference, Tampa, FL; June 3, 2010 - Healthy Mothers ~ Healthy Babies, 2010, Mt. Pleasant, MI; April 27, 2010 - Michigan WIC Annual Conference, Acme, MI; March 19, 2010 - Michigan Epidemiology Conference, East Lansing, MI 

Feasibility of individual level data collection by Michigan Title X family planning local agencies; McKane PL & Grigorescu.  Presented at the following conferences:  Michigan Epidemiology Conference, April 2011 Ann Arbor, MI (poster); Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists Annual Conference, June 2011, Pittsburgh, PA (poster); 2011 Western Regional Maternal and Child Health Epidemiology Conference June 2011, San Francisco, CA (poster), Michigan Title X Family Planning Update, September 2011, Holland, MI (poster).

The effect of maternal prenatal BMI on child overweight, obesity and morbid obesity among Michigan WIC participants. McKane PL, Grigorescu V, Eghtedary K 17th Annual Maternal & Child Health Epidemiology Conference, December 2011, New Orleans, LA (poster); Michigan Epidemiology Conference, March 2012, East Lansing MI (Poster).

Data-to-Action Using data analysis to estimate the impact of state funding cuts to the Michigan Family Planning Program on the cost of unintended birth. McKane P, Zaagman A, Derman B, Larder C, Lightning J, Dobynes Dunbar P, Miller C.  Presented at the Michigan Epidemiology Conference, March 2012, East Lansing MI (Poster), Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists Annual Conference, June 2012, Omaha, NE (Oral)

Research/Professional Interests: 

  • Longitudinal data analysis 
  • Program evaluation   
  • Data linkages 

Contact Info:    
Epidemiologist: Patricia McKane, DVM, MPH
Email: mckanep@michigan.gov 
Phone: 517-335-9456
Fax: 517-335-9790
201 Townsend St.
P.O. Box
Lansing, MI 48909

WIC Program 
Family Planning Program  
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