Environmental Impact Statement Process
Federal law requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) when a federally funded project has the potential to significantly affect the natural or human environment. The types of effects considered include:
- community impacts
- visual impacts
- changes to the local traffic network.
(You will find a comprehensive list of effects considered in a typical EIS in the table at the end of this page.)
The EIS provides a detailed discussion of these effects. It informs decision makers and the public of reasonable alternatives that would minimize adverse effects or enhance quality of life.
Steps for this EIS
- MDOT began the EIS process for the Blue Water Bridge Plaza Reconstruction in January 2005.
- A draft EIS is expected to be released for public review in summer 2007.
- Following the release of the Draft EIS, MDOT will hold a formal public hearing.
- After the public hearing, MDOT and Federal Highways Administration will prepare a Final EIS.
- The study will conclude with a Record of Decision, which will formally select one of several alternatives for design and construction.
Effects studied in a typical EIS
The table below shows types of effects considered in a typical EIS. Not all are applicable to the Blue Water Bridge Plaza study.
Types of effects considered in a typical EIS
||Aesthetic and Visual Impacts
Coastal Barriers/Critical Dunes
Community and Neighborhood Impacts
Cultural Resources and Historic properties
Groundwater, Drainage, and Surface Water Quality
Indirect and Cumulative Impacts
Land Use and Zoning
Maintenance and Enhancement of Long-Term Productivity
Permanent and Lasting Commitments of Resources
Plants, Wildlife, and Threatened and Endangered Species
Potential Contaminated Sites
Public Safety and Security
Relationship between Local Short-Term Uses of the Human Environment