Native American tribes are sovereign nations.  As such, the State of Michigan does not have general regulatory authority over Indian casinos. Instead, they are regulated by the National Indian Gaming Commission and the government of the appropriate tribal community.

The State of Michigan does have oversight authority over compliance with the Tribal-State Class III Gaming Compacts.  The compacts are written agreements between the tribal communities and the State and signed by the Governor.

The Governor assigned the MGCB staff responsibility for auditing compliance with compact provisions. The five-member Board has no involvement with tribal casinos.

The MGCB staff’s oversight responsibility is limited to:

  • Inspecting tribal facilities and documents to examine the extent of compliance with Tribal-State Gaming Compacts and related agreements.

  • Examining casinos' electronic games of chance (slot machines, video poker, etc.) to assure that devices are operating in accordance with terms of compacts.

  • Conducting financial audits to assure that tribes are making required payments to local governments, and, if applicable, to the Michigan Economic Development Corporation/Michigan Strategic Fund.