Native American Genealogy

Abrams Collection Genealogy Highlights
January/February 2001
Volume 3, Number 1


A wide variety of Native American resources are available to researchers that use the Library of Michigan's Abrams Foundation Historical Collection, Michigan Collection and Government Documents Collections. Titles may be located by searching ANSWER, the Library's online catalog. When searching for Native American genealogy resources on ANSWER, use the following keywords to retrieve the greatest number of citations:

  • name of tribe (i.e., Ojibwa) genealogy
  • name of tribe census
  • name of tribe annuity
  • name of tribe land tenure
  • native American or Indian genealogy
  • indian treaties

Adding a geographic location will allow you to narrow your search. For example, Ojibwa genealogy and Michigan will retrieve Native American resources that focus on the state of Michigan. When searching by keyword, it is not necessary to capitalize proper nouns.

This publication is not intended as a comprehensive list of Native American genealogy resources; rather, it is a list of notable genealogy materials available at the Library of Michigan. Searching ANSWER is the only way to determine if the Library of Michigan holds the resources that you seek. Clicking on the links in the list of resources below will take you directly to the ANSWER record for that item.

General History Resources

Hoxie, Frederick E. Encyclopedia of North American Indians. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1996.
Reference E 76.2 .E53 1996

Kinietz, Vernon. The Indians of the Western Great Lakes, 1615-1760. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1965.
Michigan E 78 .M6 K5 1965

Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe. The American Indians: Their History, Condition and Prospects, From Original Notes and Manuscripts. Buffalo, NY: G.H. Derby and Co., 1851.
Michigan E 77 .S42 1851a

United States. Dept. of the Interior. Library. Biographical and Historical Index of American Indians and Persons Involved in Indian Affairs. 8 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1966.
Reference Oversize Z 1209 .U494

Census Records

Lantz, Raymond C. Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan, 1870-1909. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1991.
Michigan E 99 .O9 L36 1991
Includes sections about 1870 annuity records and a 1907 alphabetical list of persons counted in the 1870 enumeration.

---. The Potawatomi Indians of Michigan, 1843-1904: Including Some Ottawa and Chippewa, 1843-1866 and Potawatomi of Indiana, 1869 and 1885. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books, 1992.
Michigan E 99 .P8 L35 1992
Individual entries are arranged by year and most are listed by their Native American name.

United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indian Census Rolls 1885-1940. Washington, D.C.: National Archives.
Genealogy Microfilm E 98 .C3 I53 1965
This set of microfilm includes census information for tribes throughout the United States.

---. ---. Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs: Durant Census Roll of the Ottawa and Chippewas of Michigan and the 1908 Supplemental Census Roll. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1969.
Genealogy Microfilm E 98 .C3 U5 1969
Entries are arranged alphabetically by their English name. Information includes Native American name, age, sex, band and residence.

---. National Archives and Records Administration. Correspondence, Field Notes and the Census Roll of All Members or Descendants of Members Who Were on the Roll of the Ottawa and the Chippewa Tribes of Michigan in 1870, and Living on March 4, 1907 (Durant Roll). Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1996.
Genealogy Microfilm E 99 .O9 C6 1996
Field notes may include tribal band, residence and extended family information.


Byers, Paula K., ed. Native American Genealogical Sourcebook. New York: Gale Research, 1995.
Genealogy E 98 .G44 N37 1995
Housed at the Genealogy Desk.

Carpenter, Cecelia Svinth. How to Research American Indian Blood Lines: A Manual on Indian Genealogical Research. South Prairie, WA: Meico Associates, 1984.
Genealogy E 98 .G44 C37z 1984

Confederation of American Indians, comp. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1986.
Reference E 93 .I3828 1986

Hill, Edward E. Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1982.
Genealogy Z 1209.2 .U5 H54 1982

Kirkham, E. Kay. Our Native Americans and Their Records of Genealogical Value. 2 vols. Logan, UT: Everton Publishers, 1980.
Genealogy Z 1209.2 .N67 K57

United States. National Archives and Records Administration. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington, D.C.: National Archives Trust Fund Board, General Services Administration, 1998.
Genealogy E 93 .U55 1998
Housed at the Genealogy Desk.

Land Records and Resources

Institute for the Development of Indian Law Inc. The American Indian Treaty Series. 9 vols. Washington, D.C.: Institute for the Development of Indian Law, 1973-75.
Reference E 95 .U55z

Lockwood, Charles. Indian Patents Issued in Leelanau County from Allotment List in the National Archives. Lansing, 1978.
Michigan HD 231 .L625z

McMullin, Phillip W. Grassroots of America: A Computerized Index to the American State Papers: Land Grants and Claims, 1789-1837, with Other Aids to Research. Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1994.
Genealogy J 33 .A488 1994 Index

United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Indian Claims Commission. Chippewa of Michigan Land Records: Tract Books No. 46, 46A, 46B and 46F. Washington, D.C.: National Archives, 1977.
Genealogy Microfilm E 99 .C6 C55z
Includes name of land allottee, date of issued patent and a description of the tract and its area.

---. Congress. American State Papers: Documents, Legislative and Executive, of the Congress of the United States. 9 vols. Greenville, SC: Southern Historical Press, 1994.
Genealogy J 33 .A488 1994

Internet Resources

American Indian Resource Directory

NARA Native American Records

Bureau of Indian Affairs

Index of Native American Genealogy Resources on the Internet

Native Genealogy: People of the Three Fires
This site is part of the RootsWeb database and offers historical information about the Ojibwa, Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes.