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  Michigan Business Tax
U53. In applying the agricultural exemption contained in the Michigan Business Tax Act (MBTA) at MCL 208.1207(1)(d) to a unitary business group (UBG), is the primary activity test to qualify for the exemption performed at the member entity level or group-wide level?
 
Answer:
The primary activity test, which is the determination whether an entity's farm activity exceeds its non-farm activity to qualify as a person whose primary activity is the production of agricultural goods, is performed at the member entity level in a UBG.

Section 207(1)(d) contains the same language as the section that supplied the agricultural exemption in the Single Business Tax Act (SBTA), MCL 208.35(1)(h). Section 207(1) directs that:

[t]he following are exempt from the tax imposed by this act:
(d) That portion of the tax base attributable to the production of agricultural goods by a person whose primary activity is the production of agricultural goods...

As the language granting the agricultural exemption in the MBTA repeats the section granting the agricultural exemption in the SBTA, guidance can be obtained from Revenue Administrative Bulletin (RAB) 1989-47, which explained the exemption for the Single Business Tax. RAB 1989-47 directs that, "The agricultural production exemption is not an exemption for the person, but is an exemption for the activity of producing agricultural goods." In a UBG, the activity of producing agricultural goods is conducted at the member-entity level. Thus, the primary activity test is performed at the member-entity level.


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