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September 16, 2021
LANSING - Michigan Attorney General Dana Nessel joined a coalition of 23 other attorneys general in filing an amicus brief in support of the U.S. Department of Justice's (DOJ) challenge to Texas' new unconstitutional ban on abortions. The brief specifically supports DOJ's motion for a preliminary injunction of the law, which went into effect earlier this month.
"My sentiments on this issue have never changed, nor has my commitment to protecting a woman's right to make decisions in respect to her own body," Nessel said. "We cannot stand idly by as Texas legislators show blatant disregard for federal precedent. Outlawing abortion will not prevent abortions-it only prevents access to safe abortions. We, as elected officials, have a responsibility to recognize the harm this law inflicts and I am proud to join my colleagues in this fight against this constitutional upheaval."
The brief, filed Wednesday in the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas, argues that by banning nearly all pre-viability abortions within Texas's borders, the law, Senate Bill 8 (SB8), violates nearly 50 years of Supreme Court precedent affirming the constitutional right to terminate a pregnancy before viability. The brief further contends that the Texas legislature sought to circumvent prior Supreme Court rulings and to prevent judicial review of the law by delegating enforcement authority to private individuals instead of the government and, as such, SB 8 is an "unprecedented attack on our constitutional order" and the rule of law.
The coalition contends that the clear purpose of SB 8's private enforcement scheme is to produce an "across-the-board ban on constitutionally protected activity," and that the private enforcement mechanism does not shield Texas's unconstitutional law from judicial review. The brief describes how Texas created a structure within its state court system that requires courts to provide monetary and injunctive relief to claimants who bring cases against doctors who provide abortions and those who "aid and abet" such constitutionally protected care. The coalition argues that the federal district court should not allow Texas to render the constitutionally protected rights recognized in Roe v. Wade legally void through the law's transparent scheme.
Finally, the brief argues that it is essential for the federal district court to grant a preliminary injunction of the law to stop the irreparable harm that SB 8 is inflicting on people in Texas and across the country, including the amici states. Forcing a patient to carry an unwanted pregnancy to term, the coalition argues, will lead to negative health and socioeconomic consequences, including placing people who are forced to carry a pregnancy to term at greater risk of life-threatening illnesses and harming their ability to maintain full-time employment.
The brief describes how the law is already significantly impacting abortion provider clinics in Texas and beyond, including in amici states. Clinics in nearby states are already reporting a rise in calls from Texas patients seeking abortions, and one day after the law went into effect, all abortion clinics in New Mexico were reportedly booked for weeks. This rise in abortion caseloads in other states from Texas patients and the increase in needed travel for patients could result in many people - especially low-income people - being unable to receive the care they need. The law also threatens the many people who help patients in Texas obtain access to an abortion by creating a more than $10,000 potential liability for anyone who so much as gives a patient a ride to an abortion provider or otherwise "aids or abets" an abortion. The amici states, the brief explains, are committed to shielding their residents and clinicians from these harms when they help a patient in Texas obtain constitutionally protected care.
Joining Attorney General Nessel in filing this brief are the attorneys general of California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin.