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Can I apply for unemployment insurance benefits if I'm out of work due to COVID-19?

For most people, yes. Executive Order 2020-24(1) suspends strict compliance with the Michigan Employment Security Act’s disqualification provisions, MCL 421.29(1)(a), to provide that people who are laid off or leave for medical reasons related to COVID-19 are not disqualified from benefits. This includes those who become ill, those in self-isolation or quarantine, those with exposure to COVID-19, those needing to care for family diagnosed with COVID-19, and those with sudden family care responsibilities arising from government directives (e.g., caring for children who are out of school). Note that the order does not suspend all of the possible disqualification reasons, so if you are unemployed for reasons unrelated to COVID-19, the usual disqualification provisions could still apply.