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Can I collect unemployment benefits if I am on a leave of absence?

Generally, yes. Under Executive Order 2020-24(2), you are considered unemployed and can collect benefits if you are on a new leave of absence because of being sick with or exposed to COVID-19, because you're in isolation or self-quarantine due to elevated risk or exposure to COVID-19, because you are caring with someone diagnosed to COVID-19, or because one of the recent government directives related to COVID-19 has created a new family care responsibility (e.g., you’re on a leave of absence to care for children who are off school). Note that under the executive order, you are not eligible for unemployment benefits if you were on a sick leave or receiving disability benefits before the order went into effect.