Office of Community Corrections
Michigan Public Act 511, also known as the Community Corrections Act, was established in 1988 in an effort to improve the State’s prison commitment rates through the development and utilization of evidence-based, community corrections programming that targets Group 2 straddle cell offenders, probation violators, and parole violators. Counties and regions establishing a Community Corrections Advisory Board (CCAB) appointed member stakeholders as required by PA-511 to identify and target local criminogenic needs that impact prison commitments and recidivism. CCABs are obligated to abide by PA-511 and Michigan Office of Community Corrections requirements when receiving MOCC funding, including but not limited to data tracking and analysis, as well as minimum program eligibility and utilization requirements.
In 2014, Public Act 466 added revisions to PA-511 that included revisions to membership requirements and modifications to comprehensive corrections plan requirements. Passed in March 2017, additional revisions to PA-511 were approved to include specific recidivism measurements as they apply to probation and parole violators and OCC programming.
Section 12 of PA-511 requires that the Michigan Office of Community Corrections submit a biannual report detailing the effectiveness of the programs and plans funded under this Act, including an explanation of how the rate of prisoner commitments to the State prison system has been affected.
Current analysis of Michigan’s felony disposition data, as well as prison disposition data, continues to support the State’s community corrections target population. Further analysis also indicates that community sanctions and treatment provide effective alternatives to prison and jail sentences while increasing public safety and decreasing recidivism.