Module 3: Worksite Analysis


Conduct comprehensive worksite surveys to establish safety and health hazard inventories and update them periodically as changes
occur.  Analyze planned and new facilities, processes, materials, and equipment; and perform routine hazard analysis of jobs,
processes and/or varied phases of work, as needed.

Worksite Analysis is a combination of systematic actions to provide you with the information you need to recognize and
understand the hazards and potential hazards of your workplace.   These actions are as follows:

A comprehensive hazard survey is the most basic of all the tools used to establish the inventory of hazards and potential hazards
at your worksite.  After a baseline has been established, periodic comprehensive surveys need to be done to take advantage
of new information about hazards or the introduction of new hazards into the workplace.  Each time there is a change of facilities,
equipment, processes or materials in your workplace, they should be analyzed for hazards before they are introduced.  Ideally,
auditing segments of the survey should be assessed for continuous improvement.

Care should be taken to recognize the possibility of multiple and simultaneous exposure to a variety of hazards.  Adequate
protection against the highest level of each of the hazards should be provided.  The following are some criteria used in evaluating hazards:

It is important to identify all hazards and potential hazards. 

Topic 1: Job Safety Analysis

Hazards exist in every workplace in many different forms: sharp edges, falling objects, flying sparks, chemicals, noise and
a myriad of other potentially dangerous situations.  If you want to protect your employees from hazards, you must understand
just what those hazards are.  Are you sure you know all of the generally recognized hazards, which could be part of your
workplace or working conditions?  For the industrial hygiene survey at a minimum, inventory all chemical and hazardous
materials in the plant and review the hazard communication program.  Many industries need noise level surveys and a
review of a respirator program.  Involve employees in the activities related to hazard identification because they have the
experience and usually know what operations create hazards.

Utilizing a Job Safety Analysis is useful in gaining a better understanding of the steps involved in performing a job duty. 
This analysis breaks a job into tasks and steps and then analyzes the hazards that are potential in each step.  The analysis
then provides an opportunity to identify methods of prevention or control to reduce exposure.


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