September Jobless Rates Decline Seasonally in All Michigan Regions

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in September decreased in all of the state’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Workforce levels moved down in the majority of regions, while total employment trends were mixed across the state.  

“Labor market trends exhibited typical movement for September,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “Unemployment declines were largely influenced by usual September reductions in the labor force coupled with seasonal recalls in area schools as the academic year commenced.”

In the month of September, regional unemployment rates ranged from 2.6 to 4.4 percent.  Jobless rate declines ranged from -0.1 percentage points to -0.9 percentage points with a median drop of -0.2. The most pronounced over-the-month rate reductions were recorded in the Monroe (-0.9), Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (-0.5) and Upper Peninsula (-0.4) areas. The September Michigan non-seasonally adjusted rate was 3.5 percent, or one-tenth of a percentage point below that of the nation. 

Jobless Rates Decline Over Year

Since September 2017, jobless rates fell in all 17 Michigan labor market areas.  Unemployment rate reductions over the year ranged from 0.9 to 1.9 percentage points with a substantial median drop of 1.2 percentage points. The largest over-the-year rate cut occurred in the Monroe metro region (-1.9). Flint, Lansing-East Lansing, Muskegon, as well as Northeast Lower Michigan and the Upper Peninsula all recorded rate declines of 1.3 percentage points over the year. 

Total Employment Mixed Over Month, Up Over Year

In September, total employment levels rose in seven labor market areas, with a median advancement of 1.0 percent. The largest over-the-month employment gain occurred in the Lansing-East Lansing MSA, up by 2.4 percent since August. Nine Michigan regions recorded employment declines over the month, with a median reduction of -0.6 percent. The most pronounced monthly decrease occurred in the Northwest Lower Michigan region, where employment fell seasonally by 4.0 percent. Jackson’s total employment remained unchanged in September. 

Since September 2017, total employment moved up in 12 areas by 0.1 to 2.0 percent with a median uptick of 0.5 percent.  The largest over the year additions were seen in the Grand-Rapids-Wyoming (+2.0), Lansing-East Lansing (+1.1) and Ann Arbor (+0.9) MSAs. Minor employment reductions were recorded in four regions, with Bay City and Jackson exhibiting the most notable decline of 0.4 percent each. Muskegon demonstrated no employment change since September 2017. 

Labor Force Levels Fell Over Month and Year

During September, eleven metro regions exhibited over-the-month labor force drops, with a median decline of -0.8 percent. The most pronounced seasonal decrease occurred in the Northwest Lower Michigan region (-4.0), while the smallest occurred in the Kalamazoo-Portage metro area (-0.2). Workforce levels moved up in six Michigan regions with a median increase of 0.6 percent. The largest over-the-month labor force growth occurred in the Lansing-East Lansing metro area, up by 2.2 percent. 

Since September 2017, labor force reductions occurred in all regions with the exception of Grand Rapids-Wyoming, which advanced by 1.1 percent over the year. Workforce declines ranged from -0.2 to -1.6 percent, with a median drop of -1.0 percent. Labor force decreases were most pronounced in the Bay City and Jackson metro areas, which both dropped by 1.6 percent over the year.

Education Pushes Payroll Jobs Upward in September

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan progressed by 29,100, or 0.7 percent in September to 4,462,200. Although private sector jobs fell by -29,000 over the month, a large seasonal increase of 58,100 Government jobs pushed employment up considerably since August.

Job additions in universities and local schools accounted for a large portion of over-the-month employment gains. Local government educational services (+39,200), State government educational services (+24,900) and private Education and health services (+8,300) all exhibited considerable job additions as students returned to school for the beginning of the academic semester. Professional and business services also recorded employment advances over the month, up by 8,200.

Industries demonstrating considerable seasonal job declines in employment included Leisure and hospitality (-21,900) Construction (-7,100) and Trade, transportation, and utilities (-10,300). The Niles-Benton Harbor and Muskegon MSAs recorded large percentage monthly job cuts in Leisure and hospitality, down by 10.1 percent and 7.1 percent, respectively.

Payroll jobs rose in 11 of the state’s 14 metro regions with advances ranging from 0.5 to 4.1 percent, and a median increase of 1.5 percent. Metro regions with the most prominent over-the-month percent job gains included Lansing (4.1%) and Ann Arbor (3.3%). September job reductions occurred in the Muskegon (-0.8%) and Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (-0.1%) areas, while Niles-Benton Harbor remained unchanged.

Since September 2017, unadjusted nonfarm employment rose statewide by 60,300, or 1.4 percent. Twelve of Michigan’s 14 metro regions reported job gains over this period, led by Grand Rapids-Wyoming (2.9%) and Lansing-East Lansing (1.9%). Over-the-year job reductions occurred in the Muskegon and Jackson regions, with a loss of -0.2 percent each.

County Jobless Rates Down Over Month and Year

79 of Michigan’s 83 counties recorded unemployment rate declines in September, with a median reduction of 0.3 percentage points. One county exhibited a minor rate hike over the month, while three remained unchanged.  Since September 2017, unemployment rates fell in all counties with a significant median drop of 1.2 percentage points. 

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted September workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for September.                           

 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

195,600

192,900

195,100

1.1%

-0.3%

Total Employment

187,900

187,100

189,500

1.3%

0.9%

Unemployment

7,700

5,800

5,500

-5.2%

-28.6%

Rate (percent)

3.9

3.0

2.8

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

63,000

62,900

62,500

-0.6%

-0.8%

Total Employment

60,000

60,500

60,300

-0.3%

0.5%

Unemployment

3,100

2,400

2,200

-8.3%

-29.0%

Rate (percent)

4.8

3.8

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

50,800

50,400

50,000

-0.8%

-1.6%

Total Employment

48,400

48,400

48,200

-0.4%

-0.4%

Unemployment

2,500

2,000

1,800

-10.0%

-28.0%

Rate (percent)

4.9

4.0

3.7

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,140

2,114

2,126

0.6%

-0.7%

Total Employment

2,042

2,025

2,047

1.1%

0.2%

Unemployment

98

89

79

-11.2%

-19.4%

Rate (percent)

4.6

4.2

3.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

182,300

181,000

179,500

-0.8%

-1.5%

Total Employment

172,400

173,200

172,200

-0.6%

-0.1%

Unemployment

9,900

7,900

7,300

-7.6%

-26.3%

Rate (percent)

5.4

4.3

4.1

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

 

 

 

 

 

 

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

570,100

576,000

576,300

0.1%

1.1%

Total Employment

550,100

560,200

561,300

0.2%

2.0%

Unemployment

20,000

15,700

15,000

-4.5%

-25.0%

Rate (percent)

3.5

2.7

2.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,100

73,100

72,900

-0.3%

-1.6%

Total Employment

70,800

70,500

70,500

0.0%

-0.4%

Unemployment

3,300

2,600

2,400

-7.7%

-27.3%

Rate (percent)

4.4

3.6

3.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

167,800

166,400

166,100

-0.2%

-1.0%

Total Employment

160,600

160,900

160,800

-0.1%

0.1%

Unemployment

7,200

5,500

5,300

-3.6%

-26.4%

Rate (percent)

4.3

3.3

3.2

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

249,000

243,200

248,600

2.2%

-0.2%

Total Employment

238,700

235,600

241,300

2.4%

1.1%

Unemployment

10,300

7,600

7,300

-3.9%

-29.1%

Rate (percent)

4.2

3.1

2.9

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

40,200

40,200

39,800

-1.0%

-1.0%

Total Employment

38,500

38,800

38,600

-0.5%

0.3%

Unemployment

1,700

1,400

1,300

-7.1%

-23.5%

Rate (percent)

4.3

3.4

3.2

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   

 

 

 

 

       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,100

76,300

76,000

-0.4%

-1.4%

Total Employment

72,900

72,900

73,300

0.5%

0.5%

Unemployment

4,200

3,500

2,700

-22.9%

-35.7%

Rate (percent)

5.5

4.5

3.6

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,900

78,100

76,900

-1.5%

-1.3%

Total Employment

73,900

74,900

73,900

-1.3%

0.0%

Unemployment

4,000

3,200

3,000

-6.3%

-25.0%

Rate (percent)

5.2

4.1

3.9

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

73,700

73,600

73,000

-0.8%

-0.9%

Total Employment

70,300

70,800

70,400

-0.6%

0.1%

Unemployment

3,300

2,800

2,600

-7.1%

-21.2%

Rate (percent)

4.5

3.8

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

87,400

86,500

87,000

0.6%

-0.5%

Total Employment

83,000

82,900

83,600

0.8%

0.7%

Unemployment

4,400

3,600

3,400

-5.6%

-22.7%

Rate (percent)

5.1

4.2

3.9

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

139,900

137,300

138,000

0.5%

-1.4%

Total Employment

133,000

131,600

132,900

1.0%

-0.1%

Unemployment

6,900

5,700

5,100

-10.5%

-26.1%

Rate (percent)

5.0

4.1

3.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

 

   

 

 

   

 

         
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

       

Civilian Labor Force

83,500

83,600

82,400

-1.4%

-1.3%

Total Employment

78,700

79,700

78,900

-1.0%

0.3%

Unemployment

4,800

3,900

3,600

-7.7%

-25.0%

Rate (percent)

5.7

4.7

4.4

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

151,200

156,800

150,500

-4.0%

-0.5%

Total Employment

144,600

151,500

145,500

-4.0%

0.6%

Unemployment

6,600

5,300

5,000

-5.7%

-24.2%

Rate (percent)

4.4

3.4

3.3

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Sep-17

Aug-18

Sep-18

% change

% change

MICHIGAN (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,914

4,875

4,885

0.2%

-0.6%

Total Employment

4,693

4,690

4,716

0.6%

0.5%

Unemployment

221

186

169

-9.1%

-23.5%

Rate (percent)

4.5

3.8

3.5

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

 

MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

SEPTEMBER 2018

             

1

Mackinac County

2.4

 

43

Houghton County

3.7

2

Ottawa County

2.5

 

44

Missaukee County

3.7

3

Clinton County

2.6

 

45

Sanilac County

3.7

4

Kent County

2.6

 

46

Van Buren County

3.7

5

Grand Traverse County

2.7

 

47

Bay County

3.7

6

Allegan County

2.7

 

48

Iron County

3.8

7

Barry County

2.8

 

49

Mecosta County

3.8

8

Eaton County

2.8

 

50

Delta County

3.8

9

Washtenaw County

2.8

 

51

Antrim County

3.9

10

Leelanau County

2.9

 

52

Kalkaska County

3.9

11

Livingston County

2.9

 

53

Lapeer County

3.9

12

Ionia County

2.9

 

54

Oceana County

3.9

13

Kalamazoo County

3.0

 

55

Otsego County

3.9

14

Oakland County

3.0

 

56

St. Clair County

3.9

15

Dickinson County

3.0

 

57

Muskegon County

3.9

16

Ingham County

3.1

 

58

Saginaw County

3.9

17

Charlevoix County

3.2

 

59

Luce County

4.0

18

Huron County

3.2

 

60

Gogebic County

4.0

19

St. Joseph County

3.2

 

61

Manistee County

4.1

20

Midland County

3.2

 

62

Tuscola County

4.1

21

Cheboygan County

3.3

 

63

Alpena County

4.1

22

Montcalm County

3.3

 

64

Chippewa County

4.1

23

Osceola County

3.3

 

65

Genesee County

4.1

24

Branch County

3.3

 

66

Baraga County

4.3

25

Hillsdale County

3.3

 

67

Gladwin County

4.3

26

Isabella County

3.3

 

68

Clare County

4.4

27

Newaygo County

3.4

 

69

Crawford County

4.4

28

Menominee County

3.4

 

70

Iosco County

4.4

29

Cass County

3.4

 

71

Alcona County

4.5

30

Lenawee county

3.4

 

72

Keweenaw County

4.5

31

Mason County

3.4

 

73

Oscoda County

4.5

32

Shiawassee County

3.4

 

74

Wayne County

4.5

33

Jackson County

3.4

 

75

Arenac County

4.6

34

Emmet County

3.5

 

76

Lake County

4.6

35

Macomb County

3.5

 

77

Alger County

4.7

36

Wexford County

3.6

 

78

Ogemaw County

4.8

37

Gratiot County

3.6

 

79

Schoolcraft County

4.9

38

Marquette County

3.6

 

80

Presque Isle County

5.1

39

Calhoun County

3.6

 

81

Roscommon County

5.4

40

Monroe County

3.6

 

82

Ontonagon County

5.5

41

Berrien county

3.6

 

83

Montmorency County

5.7

42

Benzie County

3.7