October Jobless Rates Remain Stable in Michigan Regional Labor Market Areas

Lansing – Non-seasonally adjusted unemployment rates in October edged up slightly in 10 of Michigan’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget. Regional unemployment rates ranged from 2.6 to 4.6 percent, with 10 regions recording rates below that of the state’s at 3.8 percent. Although jobless rate increases ranged from 0.1 to 0.7 percentage points, the median advancement for all regions was a mere tenth of a percentage point.

“Regional labor market trends were steady in October,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “Jobless rates showed little change, while payroll employment rose in the majority of labor market areas.”

Both workforce levels and total employment advanced over the month in most Michigan regions. 

Unemployment Rates Down Over Year

Since October 2017, jobless rates declined in 16 of Michigan’s 17 regions.  Rate cuts over the year ranged from 0.4 to 0.9 percentage points with a median reduction of 0.8 percentage points. The Battle Creek, Bay City, Flint, Monroe, Muskegon, Northeast Lower, and Upper Peninsula regions all recorded over-the-year rate decreases of 0.9 percentage points. The Detroit MSA was the only area to exhibit a slight over the year uptick in the jobless rate, inching up by a tenth of a percentage point since October 2017.

Total Employment Up Over Month and Year

During the month of October, total employment advanced in 10 regions with a median increase of 0.8 percent. Regions exhibiting the most pronounced over-the-month employment gains included Lansing-East Lansing, with an advancement of 1.2 percent, and Jackson, which rose by 1.0 percent since September. Five Michigan regions demonstrated employment declines over the month, with a median decrease of 0.4 percent. The most notable reductions occurred in the Northeast and Northwest Lower Michigan regions, where employment fell seasonally by 1.5 and 1.2 percent, respectively. Midland and Niles-Benton Harbor MSA total employment remained unchanged over the month. 

Over the year, total employment advanced in 16 out of Michigan’s 17 labor market regions, with a median gain of 0.8 percent. The largest over-the-year increases occurred in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.1%), Lansing-East Lansing (+1.7%) and Ann Arbor (+1.6%) metro areas. Muskegon was the only Michigan region to recede in total employment over the year, edging down by 0.1 percent since October 2017.        

Workforce Levels Up Over Month, Mixed Over Year

In October, labor force levels rose in 11 Michigan regions with a median increase of 0.8 percent. Regions exhibiting the largest over-the-month gains included Lansing-East Lansing (+1.2%), Monroe (+1.1%), and Jackson (+1.1%). Four labor market areas had workforce declines in October, including Northeast Lower Michigan (-1.3%), Northwest Lower Michigan (-1.1%), Upper Peninsula (-0.2%), and Muskegon (-0.1%).

Since October 2017, labor force gains occurred in eight regions with a median increase of 0.5 percent. Grand Rapids-Wyoming exhibited the most pronounced over-the-year growth, rising by 1.4 percent. Labor force declines occurred in eight regions as well, with a median reduction of 0.5 percent. The largest decrease over-the-year occurred in Muskegon, which fell by 1 percent. Monroe’s workforce level remained unchanged over the year.

Professional and Business Services and Education Push Payroll Jobs Up Seasonally in October

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan rose by 24,000, or 0.5 percent in October to 4,484,000. Employment advances in both the private and public sector were nearly identical, with both total private jobs and government employment up by approximately 12,000 over the month. 

Essentially all of Michigan’s private sector job additions occurred in Professional and business services (+12,000). The Education and health services sector also recorded job gains, edging up by 5,000 over the month. Seasonal employment increases in the public sector included State government educational services (+8,000) and Local government educational services (+7,000), as hiring for the academic year continued.   Payroll job increases statewide were slightly offset by a seasonal reduction of 9,000 jobs within Leisure and hospitality.

Total nonfarm employment was up in 10 of the state’s 14 metro regions with advances ranging from 0.3 to 1.3 percent and a median increase of 0.9 percent. The largest over-the-month job gains on a percentage basis occurred in Lansing-East Lansing (1.3%), Jackson (1.2%) and Ann Arbor (1.1%). October job reductions occurred in the Muskegon (-0.5%) Midland (-0.3%) and Niles-Benton Harbor (-0.2%) regions, while Bay City remained unchanged.

Over the year, unadjusted nonfarm employment advanced statewide by 60,000, or 1.4 percent. 11 metro regions demonstrated job gains over this period, with Grand Rapids-Wyoming exhibiting the largest addition of 2.4 percent since October 2017. Over-the-year job reductions occurred in the Bay City (-0.6%) Muskegon (-0.6%) and Jackson (-0.3%) regions.

Majority of County Jobless Rates Up Over Month and Down Over Year

55 of Michigan’s 83 counties recorded unemployment rate increases in October, with a median advancement of 0.2 percentage points. Two counties exhibited rate declines over the month, while 26 remained unchanged. Since October 2017, 80 counties had lower jobless rates with a median rate cut of 0.9 percentage points. Two counties had rate increases over the year, while one remained unchanged.    

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted October workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for October.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”  

 

 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

195,000

195,100

197,000

1.0%

1.0%

Total Employment

188,300

189,600

191,300

0.9%

1.6%

Unemployment

6,600

5,500

5,800

5.5%

-12.1%

Rate (percent)

3.4

2.8

2.9

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

62,900

62,500

63,000

0.8%

0.2%

Total Employment

60,100

60,200

60,700

0.8%

1.0%

Unemployment

2,900

2,200

2,300

4.5%

-20.7%

Rate (percent)

4.5

3.6

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

50,500

50,000

50,300

0.6%

-0.4%

Total Employment

48,200

48,200

48,400

0.4%

0.4%

Unemployment

2,300

1,800

1,900

5.6%

-17.4%

Rate (percent)

4.6

3.7

3.7

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,122

2,126

2,137

0.5%

0.7%

Total Employment

2,030

2,047

2,044

-0.1%

0.7%

Unemployment

92

79

93

17.7%

1.1%

Rate (percent)

4.3

3.7

4.4

   
           

Contact: Shibani Putatunda, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3145

   
           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

181,700

179,600

181,000

0.8%

-0.4%

Total Employment

172,600

172,400

173,500

0.6%

0.5%

Unemployment

9,100

7,300

7,500

2.7%

-17.6%

Rate (percent)

5.0

4.0

4.1

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

 

   

 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

569,500

575,600

577,600

0.3%

1.4%

Total Employment

551,000

560,600

562,400

0.3%

2.1%

Unemployment

18,500

15,000

15,300

2.0%

-17.3%

Rate (percent)

3.3

2.6

2.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,100

72,800

73,600

1.1%

-0.7%

Total Employment

71,000

70,400

71,100

1.0%

0.1%

Unemployment

3,000

2,400

2,500

4.2%

-16.7%

Rate (percent)

4.1

3.4

3.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

168,000

166,300

167,700

0.8%

-0.2%

Total Employment

161,300

161,100

162,400

0.8%

0.7%

Unemployment

6,600

5,300

5,300

0.0%

-19.7%

Rate (percent)

3.9

3.2

3.2

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

249,700

248,700

251,700

1.2%

0.8%

Total Employment

240,200

241,400

244,200

1.2%

1.7%

Unemployment

9,400

7,300

7,500

2.7%

-20.2%

Rate (percent)

3.8

2.9

3.0

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

39,800

39,900

39,900

0.0%

0.3%

Total Employment

38,200

38,600

38,600

0.0%

1.0%

Unemployment

1,600

1,300

1,300

0.0%

-18.8%

Rate (percent)

4.1

3.2

3.3

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

 

 
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

76,800

76,000

76,800

1.1%

0.0%

Total Employment

73,100

73,300

73,700

0.5%

0.8%

Unemployment

3,700

2,700

3,100

14.8%

-16.2%

Rate (percent)

4.9

3.6

4.0

   
           

Contact: Shibani Putatunda, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3145

   
           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,400

76,700

76,600

-0.1%

-1.0%

Total Employment

73,600

73,800

73,500

-0.4%

-0.1%

Unemployment

3,800

3,000

3,100

3.3%

-18.4%

Rate (percent)

4.9

3.9

4.0

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

72,900

72,800

72,800

0.0%

-0.1%

Total Employment

69,800

70,200

70,200

0.0%

0.6%

Unemployment

3,100

2,600

2,600

0.0%

-16.1%

Rate (percent)

4.2

3.6

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

87,000

86,700

87,300

0.7%

0.3%

Total Employment

82,800

83,300

83,900

0.7%

1.3%

Unemployment

4,100

3,400

3,400

0.0%

-17.1%

Rate (percent)

4.7

3.9

3.9

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

138,500

138,100

137,800

-0.2%

-0.5%

Total Employment

132,000

133,000

132,500

-0.4%

0.4%

Unemployment

6,500

5,100

5,300

3.9%

-18.5%

Rate (percent)

4.7

3.7

3.8

   
           

Contact: Shibani Putatunda, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3145

   
           

 

 

       
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency,Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

       

Civilian Labor Force

81,900

82,500

81,400

-1.3%

-0.6%

Total Employment

77,400

78,900

77,700

-1.5%

0.4%

Unemployment

4,500

3,600

3,700

2.8%

-17.8%

Rate (percent)

5.5

4.4

4.6

   
           

Contact: Shibani Putatunda, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3145

   
           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

148,700

150,600

148,900

-1.1%

0.1%

Total Employment

142,500

145,600

143,800

-1.2%

0.9%

Unemployment

6,200

5,000

5,000

0.0%

-19.4%

Rate (percent)

4.2

3.3

3.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Oct-17

Sep-18

Oct-18

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,885

4,885

4,907

0.5%

0.5%

Total Employment

4,680

4,715

4,722

0.1%

0.9%

Unemployment

205

169

185

9.5%

-9.8%

Rate (percent)

4.2

3.5

3.8

   
           

Contact: Shibani Putatunda, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3145

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

      MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE - OCTOBER 2018

             

1

Ottawa County

2.5

 

43

Benzie County

3.8

2

Clinton County

2.6

 

44

Cheboygan County

3.8

3

Kent County

2.6

 

45

Houghton County

3.8

4

Mackinac County

2.7

 

46

Iron County

3.8

5

Allegan County

2.7

 

47

Sanilac County

3.8

6

Barry County

2.8

 

48

Mecosta County

3.8

7

Eaton County

2.8

 

49

Keweenaw County

3.9

8

Grand Traverse County

2.8

 

50

Saginaw County

3.9

9

Ionia County

2.9

 

51

Antrim County

4.0

10

Washtenaw County

2.9

 

52

Oceana County

4.0

11

Kalamazoo County

3.0

 

53

Monroe County

4.0

12

Leelanau County

3.0

 

54

Muskegon County

4.0

13

Ingham County

3.1

 

55

Kalkaska County

4.1

14

Dickinson County

3.1

 

56

Macomb County

4.1

15

Huron County

3.2

 

57

Manistee County

4.1

16

Livingston County

3.3

 

58

Tuscola County

4.1

17

Isabella County

3.3

 

59

Genesee County

4.1

18

St. Joseph County

3.3

 

60

Otsego County

4.2

19

Midland County

3.3

 

61

Gogebic County

4.2

20

Charlevoix County

3.4

 

62

Alpena County

4.2

21

Montcalm County

3.4

 

63

Luce County

4.3

22

Newaygo County

3.4

 

64

Chippewa County

4.3

23

Oakland County

3.4

 

65

Lapeer County

4.4

24

Menominee County

3.4

 

66

St. Clair County

4.5

25

Cass County

3.4

 

67

Clare County

4.6

26

Hillsdale County

3.4

 

68

Crawford County

4.6

27

Shiawassee County

3.4

 

69

Gladwin County

4.6

28

Jackson County

3.4

 

70

Iosco County

4.6

29

Osceola County

3.5

 

71

Alcona County

4.7

30

Branch County

3.5

 

72

Baraga County

4.7

31

Lenawee County

3.6

 

73

Oscoda County

4.7

32

Mason County

3.6

 

74

Arenac County

4.8

33

Calhoun County

3.6

 

75

Lake County

4.8

34

Berrien County

3.6

 

76

Ogemaw County

5.0

35

Emmet County

3.7

 

77

Alger County

5.1

36

Missaukee County

3.7

 

78

Presque Isle County

5.1

37

Van Buren County

3.7

 

79

Schoolcraft County

5.1

38

Wexford County

3.7

 

80

Wayne County

5.4

39

Gratiot County

3.7

 

81

Roscommon County

5.5

40

Delta County

3.7

 

82

Ontonagon County

5.8

41

Marquette County

3.7

 

83

Montmorency County

6.2

42

Bay County

3.7