July Jobless Rates Increase Seasonally in Most Michigan Regional Labor Markets

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in July rose seasonally in 15 of the state’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Total employment and workforce levels fell over the month in the majority of regions.

“The jobless rate hikes were typical for July, and the largest rate increases were mostly concentrated in the state’s southern half and metro regions,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “Jobs fell in July due to seasonal staffing cuts in local government education along with temporary layoffs in Michigan’s auto industry due to the annual vacation shutdown/retooling period at a number of factories.”

During July, the unemployment rate increases in the 15 regions ranged from 0.1 to 1.1 percentage points with a median advance of 0.3 of a percentage point.  The most pronounced over-the-month jobless rate advances were recorded in the Flint (+1.1), Saginaw (+0.8), Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (+0.6) and Lansing-East Lansing (+0.6) Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs).  Unemployment rates edged down over the month in the Upper Peninsula (-0.2) and the Northwest Lower Michigan region    (-0.1).  In July, regional unemployment rates in Michigan ranged from 3.6 to 6.2 percent.  The July Michigan non-seasonally adjusted jobless rate was 4.8 percent, while the national unadjusted rate was 4.1 percent.

Unemployment Rates Down Over Year

Since July 2017, jobless rates declined in 16 of the 17 Michigan regions.  Unemployment rate reductions over the year ranged from 0.7 to 1.5 percentage points with a significant median drop of 1.1 percentage points.  The largest rate declines since July 2017 occurred in the Monroe (-1.5), Battle Creek (-1.3) and Muskegon (-1.2) MSAs along with the Northeast Lower Michigan region (-1.2) and the Upper Peninsula (-1.2).  The unemployment rate in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn MSA was unchanged at 5.0 percent over this period.

Total Employment Down Over Month, Up Over Year

From June to July, total employment levels fell seasonally in 15 regions with a median drop of 0.8 percent.  The largest over-the-month employment reductions on a percentage basis were posted in the Jackson (-2.1%), Flint (-2.0%) and Saginaw (-1.7%) MSAs.  Total employment increased seasonally in July in the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+2.0%) and the Northeast Lower Michigan region (+0.4%).

Since July 2017, total employment advanced in 15 areas by 0.1 to 2.4 percent with a solid median gain of 1.0 percent.  The largest percentage employment growth took place in the Monroe (+2.4%), Lansing-East Lansing (+2.3%), Ann Arbor (+2.2%) and Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.2%) metro areas.  Very minor employment reductions from July 2017 to July 2018 were registered in the Battle Creek and Detroit-Warren-Dearborn MSAs.

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Mixed Over Year

In July, workforce levels decreased seasonally in 13 regions with a median reduction of 0.8 percent.  Notable over-the-month labor force declines were shown in the Jackson (-1.7%), Battle Creek (-1.1%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (-1.0%) and Midland (-1.0%) MSAs.  A relatively large seasonal labor force gain in July was displayed in the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+2.0%) while minor advances were recorded in the Northeast Lower Michigan region, along with the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn and Muskegon MSAs.

Since July 2017, labor force levels advanced in ten regions and declined in six areas.  Workforce reductions were mostly moderate with the exceptions of the Battle Creek (-1.4%) and Niles-Benton Harbor (-0.9%) MSAs.  Over-the-year labor force advances were most prominent in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+1.2%), Ann Arbor (+1.1%) and Lansing-East Lansing (+1.1%) MSAs.  The Muskegon metro area labor force was essentially unchanged since July 2017.

Seasonal Cuts in July Payroll Jobs

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan fell by 72,000 or 1.6 percent in July to 4,422,000.  Public sector jobs decreased in July by 36,000 or 6.1 percent statewide primarily due to seasonal cutbacks in Local government education (-36,000) with the beginning of summer break at area schools.

Private sector jobs in Michigan dropped in July by 36,000 or 0.9 percent.  Seasonal job reductions were recorded in Professional and business services (-23,000), Education and health services             (-7,000),  Manufacturing (-6,000) and Trade, transportation and utilities (-6,000).  Essentially all of the job cuts in Professional and business services took place in the Temporary help sector while the job reductions in Education and health services mostly occurred in Educational services.  The decline in Manufacturing jobs was concentrated in the auto industry due to the annual vacation shutdown/retooling period.

In July, payroll jobs fell in all of the state’s 14 metro regions with reductions ranging from 0.2 to 2.9 percent with a significant median drop of 1.8 percent.  The largest percentage declines were posted in the Jackson (-2.9%), Flint (-2.7%) and Monroe (-2.5%) MSAs.

Since July 2017, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs rose statewide by 78,000 or 1.8 percent.  Nine of Michigan’s 14 metro regions reported job gains over this period led by the Monroe (+2.4%), Kalamazoo-Portage (+2.3%), Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.2%) and Lansing-East Lansing (+2.2%) MSAs.  Four metro areas recorded minor payroll job declines over the year, with reductions limited to 0.3 percent or less while jobs in the Flint metro region were essentially unchanged since July 2017.

County Jobless Rates Up Over Month, Down Over Year

Fifty-six of Michigan’s 83 counties posted seasonal unemployment rate increases in July, with a median advance of 0.4 of a percentage point.  Twenty-one counties recorded jobless rate declines in July, while the rates in six counties were unchanged.  Since July 2017, unemployment rates fell in 79 counties with a substantial median reduction of 1.1 percentage points.  Jobless rates increased marginally over the year by 0.1 of a percentage point in the remaining four counties.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”   

 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

192,800

195,400

195,000

-0.2%

1.1%

Total Employment

183,200

188,500

187,200

-0.7%

2.2%

Unemployment

9,600

7,000

7,800

11.4%

-18.8%

Rate (percent)

5.0

3.6

4.0

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

64,600

64,400

63,700

-1.1%

-1.4%

Total Employment

60,700

61,500

60,600

-1.5%

-0.2%

Unemployment

3,900

2,900

3,100

6.9%

-20.5%

Rate (percent)

6.1

4.5

4.8

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

51,500

51,500

51,300

-0.4%

-0.4%

Total Employment

48,100

48,900

48,500

-0.8%

0.8%

Unemployment

3,300

2,600

2,700

3.8%

-18.2%

Rate (percent)

6.5

5.1

5.4

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,138

2,129

2,137

0.4%

0.0%

Total Employment

2,030

2,036

2,029

-0.3%

0.0%

Unemployment

108

93

108

16.1%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

5.0

4.4

5.0

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

185,900

186,800

185,300

-0.8%

-0.3%

Total Employment

173,000

177,300

173,800

-2.0%

0.5%

Unemployment

13,000

9,500

11,500

21.1%

-11.5%

Rate (percent)

7.0

5.1

6.2

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

 

   
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

576,600

589,300

583,400

-1.0%

1.2%

Total Employment

550,300

569,900

562,200

-1.4%

2.2%

Unemployment

26,300

19,400

21,200

9.3%

-19.4%

Rate (percent)

4.6

3.3

3.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,400

75,300

74,000

-1.7%

-0.5%

Total Employment

70,100

72,000

70,500

-2.1%

0.6%

Unemployment

4,300

3,300

3,500

6.1%

-18.6%

Rate (percent)

5.8

4.4

4.7

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

167,700

169,900

169,200

-0.4%

0.9%

Total Employment

158,600

162,900

161,800

-0.7%

2.0%

Unemployment

9,100

6,900

7,400

7.2%

-18.7%

Rate (percent)

5.4

4.1

4.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

245,400

248,700

248,000

-0.3%

1.1%

Total Employment

231,700

239,000

237,000

-0.8%

2.3%

Unemployment

13,700

9,700

11,000

13.4%

-19.7%

Rate (percent)

5.6

3.9

4.5

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

41,100

41,200

40,800

-1.0%

-0.7%

Total Employment

38,900

39,500

39,000

-1.3%

0.3%

Unemployment

2,200

1,700

1,800

5.9%

-18.2%

Rate (percent)

5.4

4.2

4.4

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

 

   

 

         
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

76,700

78,000

77,300

-0.9%

0.8%

Total Employment

71,800

74,600

73,500

-1.5%

2.4%

Unemployment

4,900

3,400

3,800

11.8%

-22.4%

Rate (percent)

6.4

4.4

4.9

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

80,100

80,000

80,100

0.1%

0.0%

Total Employment

74,800

75,900

75,800

-0.1%

1.3%

Unemployment

5,300

4,100

4,300

4.9%

-18.9%

Rate (percent)

6.6

5.1

5.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

75,600

75,400

74,900

-0.7%

-0.9%

Total Employment

71,200

71,900

71,300

-0.8%

0.1%

Unemployment

4,300

3,500

3,600

2.9%

-16.3%

Rate (percent)

5.7

4.7

4.8

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

88,400

88,900

88,200

-0.8%

-0.2%

Total Employment

82,700

84,500

83,100

-1.7%

0.5%

Unemployment

5,700

4,400

5,100

15.9%

-10.5%

Rate (percent)

6.5

5.0

5.8

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

140,400

140,500

139,700

-0.6%

-0.5%

Total Employment

131,200

132,800

132,200

-0.5%

0.8%

Unemployment

9,200

7,700

7,500

-2.6%

-18.5%

Rate (percent)

6.5

5.5

5.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

 

     

 

         
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

86,200

85,600

86,000

0.5%

-0.2%

Total Employment

80,000

80,500

80,800

0.4%

1.0%

Unemployment

6,200

5,100

5,200

2.0%

-16.1%

Rate (percent)

7.2

5.9

6.0

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

161,100

158,700

161,900

2.0%

0.5%

Total Employment

152,400

151,800

154,800

2.0%

1.6%

Unemployment

8,800

7,000

7,000

0.0%

-20.5%

Rate (percent)

5.4

4.4

4.3

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jul-17

Jun-18

Jul-18

% change

% change

MICHIGAN (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,942

4,954

4,950

-0.1%

0.2%

Total Employment

4,674

4,741

4,711

-0.6%

0.8%

Unemployment

268

213

239

12.2%

-10.8%

Rate (percent)

5.4

4.3

4.8

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

 

                  MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

                                                        JULY 2018

             

1

Mackinac County

3.1

 

43

Marquette County

5.2

2

Ottawa County

3.4

 

44

Kalkaska County

5.3

3

Grand Traverse County

3.5

 

45

Huron County

5.4

4

Kent County

3.6

 

46

Manistee County

5.4

5

Livingston County

3.6

 

47

Otsego County

5.4

6

Clinton County

3.7

 

48

Lenawee County

5.4

7

Leelanau County

3.7

 

49

St. Joseph County

5.4

8

Allegan County

3.7

 

50

Bay County

5.4

9

Barry County

3.9

 

51

Muskegon County

5.4

10

Oakland County

3.9

 

52

Luce County

5.5

11

Dickinson County

4.0

 

53

Gogebic County

5.5

12

Washtenaw County

4.0

 

54

Alpena County

5.5

13

Cheboygan County

4.2

 

55

Lapeer County

5.6

14

Kalamazoo County

4.2

 

56

Oceana County

5.6

15

Charlevoix County

4.3

 

57

Gratiot County

5.6

16

Ionia County

4.3

 

58

Delta County

5.6

17

Eaton County

4.4

 

59

Gladwin County

5.8

18

Midland County

4.4

 

60

Saginaw County

5.8

19

Menominee County

4.6

 

61

Houghton County

5.9

20

Mason County

4.6

 

62

Sanilac County

5.9

21

Emmet County

4.7

 

63

Crawford County

6.0

22

Ingham County

4.7

 

64

Mecosta County

6.1

23

Macomb County

4.7

 

65

Alcona County

6.2

24

Cass County

4.7

 

66

Clare County

6.2

25

Branch County

4.7

 

67

Genesee County

6.2

26

Isabella County

4.7

 

68

Schoolcraft County

6.3

27

Jackson County

4.7

 

69

Chippewa County

6.3

28

Benzie County

4.8

 

70

Tuscola County

6.4

29

Newaygo County

4.8

 

71

Wayne County

6.4

30

Shiawassee County

4.8

 

72

Alger County

6.5

31

Calhoun County

4.8

 

73

Baraga County

6.5

32

Berrien County

4.8

 

74

Iosco County

6.5

33

Antrim County

4.9

 

75

Keweenaw County

6.5

34

Montcalm County

4.9

 

76

Ogemaw County

6.7

35

Hillsdale County

4.9

 

77

Lake County

6.8

36

Monroe County

4.9

 

78

Arenac County

6.9

37

Iron County

5.0

 

79

Roscommon County

7.2

38

Osceola County

5.0

 

80

Ontonagon County

7.3

39

Missaukee County

5.1

 

81

Presque Isle County

7.3

40

St. Clair County

5.1

 

82

Oscoda County

7.4

41

Van Buren County

5.1

 

83

Montmorency County

8.1

42

Wexford County

5.1