January Unemployment Rates Increase Seasonally in All Michigan Regional Labor Markets

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in January rose in all of the state’s 17 major labor market areas, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Total employment and workforce levels fell seasonally in the majority of areas.

“Michigan’s regional labor force and job trends were very typical for January, as payroll jobs fell in many seasonal industry sectors with the onset of the winter months,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “Since January 2017, the majority of local labor markets recorded moderate jobless rate declines, while payroll jobs increased in most of the state’s metro areas.”

During January, jobless rate increases throughout the state’s various major labor markets ranged from 0.5 to 1.4 percentage points with a median advance of 0.9 of a percentage point.  The most pronounced January rate jumps were recorded in the Northeast Lower Michigan region (+1.4), the Saginaw Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) (+1.3), and the Bay City MSA (+1.3).  In January, regional unemployment rates in Michigan ranged from 3.6 to 10.6 percent.  The January Michigan non-seasonally adjusted jobless rate was 5.3 percent, while the national unadjusted rate was 4.5 percent.

Unemployment Rates Down Over Year

Since January 2017, jobless rates fell in eleven regions, increased slightly in the Lansing-East Lansing (+0.4), Monroe (+0.4), and Saginaw (+0.2) MSAs, and were unchanged in the Bay City, Flint and Grand Rapids-Wyoming MSAs.  Unemployment rate reductions ranged from 0.1 to 0.8 of a percentage point with a minor median decline of 0.3 of a percentage point.  The largest over-the-year reductions occurred in the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn MSA (-0.8), the Upper Peninsula (-0.6), and the Northwest Lower Michigan region (-0.4).

Total Employment Down Over Month, Up Over Year

From December to January, total employment fell seasonally in all 17 regions.  Seasonal employment drops ranged from 0.8 to 2.2 percent with a median reduction of 1.4 percent. 

Since January 2017, total employment advanced in ten areas, declined in five regions and was essentially unchanged in the Niles-Benton Harbor and Flint MSAs.  Increases ranged from 0.1 to 1.3 percent with the largest gains posted in the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+1.3%), the Grand Rapids-Wyoming MSA (+1.0%), the Muskegon MSA (+0.7%) and the Northeast Lower Michigan region (+0.7%).  The largest over-the-year employment reductions were registered in the Battle Creek MSA (-1.5%), the Midland MSA (-1.1%) and the Saginaw metro area (-0.9%).

Note:  Labor force, employment, and unemployment data for all 12 months of 2017 have been recently revised.  Payroll job data for all industries was revised for 2016 and 2017, and for certain industries back to 1990.  Estimates for January 2018 are not comparable to previously released data.  For newly revised estimates, go to www.michigan.gov/lmi or call 313-456-3090.                                                                                     

Labor Force Levels Down Over Month, Mixed Over Year

Between December and January, workforce levels fell seasonally in 14 regions with reductions ranging from 0.3 to 1.4 percent, with a moderate median decline of 0.5 percent.  The biggest January decreases occurred in the Ann Arbor (-1.4%), the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn (-1.4%) and the Niles-Benton Harbor (-1.0%) MSAs.  Three regions, the Bay City and Lansing-East Lansing MSAs along with the Northeast Lower Michigan region, reported minor workforce growth in January.

Since January 2017, labor force levels rose in seven regions, declined in seven areas and were unchanged in the Flint, Jackson and Kalamazoo-Portage MSAs.  The median labor force increase over the year was 0.5 percent, while the median decline was 0.6 percent.

Seasonal Drop in January Payroll Jobs

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan declined by 87,000 or 2.0 percent in January to 4,323,000.  Typical seasonal job cuts were registered in Professional and business services (-26,000), Government (-16,000), Leisure and hospitality services (-10,000), Construction (-9,000), Education and health services (-9,000) and Professional and business services (-8,000). 

Within Trade, transportation and utilities, Retail trade jobs fell by 19,000 in January as merchants cut seasonal jobs with the end of the holiday shopping period.  Jobs fell in January in both Local and State government education as local schools and universities were not fully staffed after the holiday break.

In January, payroll jobs declined in all 14 metro areas.  Regional job cuts ranged from 1.7 to 3.1 percent with a median decrease of 2.4 percent. 

Since January 2017, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs rose statewide by 41,000 or 1.0 percent.  Nine of Michigan’s 14 major metropolitan regions posted overall job gains over the year ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 percent, with the largest increases shown in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+1.4%), Muskegon (+1.3%) and Ann Arbor (+1.1%) MSAs.  Over-the-year job reductions were reported in the Midland (-1.4%), Battle Creek (-1.2%), Bay City (-0.8%) and Saginaw (-0.6%) MSAs.  Jobs were little changed since January 2017 in the Niles-Benton Harbor MSA.

County Jobless Rates Up Over Month, Down Over Year

Seventy-eight of Michigan’s 83 counties posted seasonal jobless rate hikes in January, with a median increase of a full percentage point.  Five counties, all from the Upper Peninsula, reported jobless rate reductions over the month. 

Since January 2017, unemployment rates were down in 62 counties, up in 13 counties and were unchanged in the remaining eight.  Over the year rate changes were moderate.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted January workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for January.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”                                       

 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

190,600

194,300

191,600

-1.4%

0.5%

Total Employment

183,500

188,300

184,600

-2.0%

0.6%

Unemployment

7,100

6,000

7,000

16.7%

-1.4%

Rate (percent)

3.7

3.1

3.6

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

63,700

63,200

62,700

-0.8%

-1.6%

Total Employment

60,200

60,100

59,300

-1.3%

-1.5%

Unemployment

3,500

3,100

3,400

9.7%

-2.9%

Rate (percent)

5.5

4.9

5.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

51,200

50,700

50,900

0.4%

-0.6%

Total Employment

47,800

47,900

47,500

-0.8%

-0.6%

Unemployment

3,500

2,800

3,400

21.4%

-2.9%

Rate (percent)

6.8

5.5

6.8

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,092

2,112

2,083

-1.4%

-0.4%

Total Employment

1,973

2,026

1,982

-2.2%

0.5%

Unemployment

119

86

101

17.4%

-15.1%

Rate (percent)

5.7

4.1

4.9

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

180,900

182,400

180,900

-0.8%

0.0%

Total Employment

168,900

172,000

168,900

-1.8%

0.0%

Unemployment

12,000

10,400

12,000

15.4%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

6.6

5.7

6.6

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

565,000

573,100

570,400

-0.5%

1.0%

Total Employment

542,200

553,000

547,600

-1.0%

1.0%

Unemployment

22,800

20,100

22,700

12.9%

-0.4%

Rate (percent)

4.0

3.5

4.0

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

73,900

74,200

73,900

-0.4%

0.0%

Total Employment

69,800

70,900

69,900

-1.4%

0.1%

Unemployment

4,200

3,300

4,000

21.2%

-4.8%

Rate (percent)

5.6

4.4

5.4

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

166,900

168,400

166,900

-0.9%

0.0%

Total Employment

158,300

160,900

158,600

-1.4%

0.2%

Unemployment

8,600

7,500

8,400

12.0%

-2.3%

Rate (percent)

5.2

4.5

5.0

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

248,400

249,000

249,900

0.4%

0.6%

Total Employment

237,000

239,300

237,300

-0.8%

0.1%

Unemployment

11,500

9,700

12,600

29.9%

9.6%

Rate (percent)

4.6

3.9

5.0

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

40,400

39,900

39,800

-0.3%

-1.5%

Total Employment

38,000

38,100

37,600

-1.3%

-1.1%

Unemployment

2,300

1,900

2,300

21.1%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

5.8

4.6

5.7

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   

 

         
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

75,500

75,900

75,600

-0.4%

0.1%

Total Employment

71,800

72,700

71,600

-1.5%

-0.3%

Unemployment

3,700

3,100

4,000

29.0%

8.1%

Rate (percent)

4.9

4.1

5.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,100

77,700

77,300

-0.5%

0.3%

Total Employment

72,300

73,600

72,800

-1.1%

0.7%

Unemployment

4,800

4,100

4,500

9.8%

-6.3%

Rate (percent)

6.2

5.3

5.9

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

72,400

72,800

72,100

-1.0%

-0.4%

Total Employment

68,000

69,100

68,000

-1.6%

0.0%

Unemployment

4,400

3,700

4,200

13.5%

-4.5%

Rate (percent)

6.1

5.1

5.8

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

87,600

87,300

87,000

-0.3%

-0.7%

Total Employment

82,000

82,600

81,300

-1.6%

-0.9%

Unemployment

5,600

4,600

5,700

23.9%

1.8%

Rate (percent)

6.4

5.3

6.6

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

137,300

137,300

136,700

-0.4%

-0.4%

Total Employment

125,800

127,700

126,100

-1.3%

0.2%

Unemployment

11,500

9,700

10,600

9.3%

-7.8%

Rate (percent)

8.3

7.0

7.7

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095                                                                               

     

 

         

 

         
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

81,700

82,000

82,100

0.1%

0.5%

Total Employment

72,900

74,400

73,400

-1.3%

0.7%

Unemployment

8,900

7,500

8,700

16.0%

-2.2%

Rate (percent)

10.8

9.2

10.6

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

146,200

148,100

147,500

-0.4%

0.9%

Total Employment

135,200

139,200

137,000

-1.6%

1.3%

Unemployment

11,000

8,900

10,400

16.9%

-5.5%

Rate (percent)

7.5

6.0

7.1

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Jan-17

Dec-17

Jan-18

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,835

4,876

4,835

-0.8%

0.0%

Total Employment

4,560

4,659

4,580

-1.7%

0.4%

Unemployment

275

217

255

17.5%

-7.3%

Rate (percent)

5.7

4.4

5.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

                   MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

                                                      JANUARY 2018

               

1

Washtenaw County

3.6

 

43

Mecosta County

6.8

 

2

Ottawa County

3.7

 

44

Bay County

6.8

 

3

Oakland County

3.8

 

45

Osceola County

6.9

 

4

Kent County

3.9

 

46

Lapeer County

7.1

 

5

Livingston County

4.0

 

47

Gratiot County

7.1

 

6

St. Joseph County

4.3

 

48

Otsego County

7.3

 

7

Kalamazoo County

4.4

 

49

Van Buren County

7.4

 

8

Clinton County

4.6

 

50

Mason County

7.4

 

9

Macomb County

4.6

 

51

Charlevoix County

7.5

 

10

Allegan County

4.7

 

52

Delta County

7.5

 

11

Barry County

4.9

 

53

Sanilac County

7.7

 

12

Ionia County

4.9

 

54

Missaukee County

7.8

 

13

Branch County

5.0

 

55

Luce County

7.9

 

14

Ingham County

5.1

 

56

Tuscola County

8.0

 

15

Isabella County

5.1

 

57

Baraga County

8.1

 

16

Dickinson County

5.2

 

58

Gladwin County

8.2

 

17

Eaton County

5.3

 

59

Iron County

8.2

 

18

Grand Traverse County

5.3

 

60

Benzie County

8.3

 

19

Hillsdale County

5.3

 

61

Crawford County

8.3

 

20

Monroe County

5.3

 

62

Keweenaw County

8.4

 

21

Cass County

5.4

 

63

Manistee County

8.4

 

22

Calhoun County

5.4

 

64

Antrim County

8.5

 

23

Jackson County

5.4

 

65

Clare County

8.7

 

24

Lenawee County

5.6

 

66

Kalkaska County

9.0

 

25

Menominee County

5.7

 

67

Emmet County

9.2

 

26

Midland County

5.7

 

68

Ontonagon County

9.2

 

27

Wayne County

5.8

 

69

Alcona County

9.4

 

28

Berrien County

5.8

 

70

Lake County

9.4

 

29

Montcalm County

5.9

 

71

Oscoda County

9.4

 

30

Gogebic County

5.9

 

72

Iosco County

9.5

 

31

Muskegon County

5.9

 

73

Oceana County

9.6

 

32

Newaygo County

6.0

 

74

Chippewa County

9.7

 

33

St. Clair County

6.0

 

75

Alger County

10.4

 

34

Houghton County

6.3

 

76

Ogemaw County

10.7

 

35

Wexford County

6.5

 

77

Arenac County

11.2

 

36

Huron County

6.6

 

78

Schoolcraft County

11.3

 

37

Leelanau County

6.6

 

79

Roscommon County

11.9

 

38

Genesee County

6.6

 

80

Presque Isle County

13.0

 

39

Saginaw County

6.6

 

81

Montmorency County

13.2

 

40

Marquette County

6.7

 

82

Cheboygan County

18.8

 

41

Shiawassee County

6.7

 

83

Mackinac County

21.6

 

42

Alpena County

6.8