February Jobless Rates Little Changed in Michigan's Regional Labor Markets

Lansing – Seasonally unadjusted unemployment rates in the state’s 17 major labor market areas recorded mostly minor changes in February, according to the Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.  Total employment and workforce levels rose in all areas over the month.

“Michigan’s regional labor markets in February were steady.  Local area jobless rates logged only marginal changes of 0.2 of a percentage point or less in 12 of the state’s major regions,” said Jason Palmer, director of the Bureau of Labor Market Information & Strategic Initiatives.  “However, payroll job counts moved upward in nearly all metropolitan areas over the month.”

During February, unemployment rates increased in eight regions, declined in five areas, and were unchanged in the remaining four.  Rate advances ranged from 0.1 to 0.7 of a percentage point with the only notable increases recorded in the Northeast Lower Michigan region (+0.7), the Upper Peninsula (+0.6) and the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+0.5).  Jobless rate gains in the remaining five areas were limited to 0.2 of a percentage point or less.  The most pronounced over-the-month jobless rate reductions were posted in the Lansing-East Lansing Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Detroit-Warren-Dearborn MSA, with rates declining by 0.6 and 0.3 of a percentage point respectively.  In February, regional unemployment rates in Michigan ranged from 3.6 to 11.3 percent.  The February Michigan non-seasonally adjusted jobless rate was 5.2 percent, while the national unadjusted rate was 4.4 percent.

Unemployment Rates Stable Over the Year

Since February 2017, unemployment rates declined in seven regions, increased in seven areas and were unchanged in the remaining three.  Over-the-year rate reductions were limited to 0.2 of a percentage point or less apart from the 0.6 of a percentage point drop in the Detroit-Warren Dearborn MSA.  Rate hikes over this period were restricted to 0.2 of a percentage point or less.

Total Employment Up Over Month, Year

From January to February, total employment levels rose seasonally in all 17 regions.  Employment gains ranged from 0.3 to 2.1 percent with a solid median advance of 1.3 percent.  The largest over-the-month increases were registered in the Lansing-East Lansing (+2.1%) and Ann Arbor (+1.9%) MSAs. 

Since February 2017, total employment rose in 13 regions with additions ranging from 0.1 to 1.5 percent.  The median advance over this period was 0.7 percent.  The largest over-the-year gains were displayed in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming MSA (+1.5%), the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+1.3%) and the Ann Arbor metro area (+1.1%).  Employment reductions over the year were recorded in the Battle Creek (-1.0%), Midland (-1.0%) and Saginaw (-0.6%) MSAs.  Total employment was essentially unchanged in the Bay City area since February 2017.

Note:  Labor force, employment, and unemployment data for all 12 months of 2017 have been recently revised.  Payroll job data for all industries was revised for 2016 and 2017, and for certain industries back to 1990.  Estimates for January and February 2018 are not comparable to previously released data.  For newly revised estimates, go to www.michigan.gov/lmi or call 313-456-3090.

Labor Force Levels Up Over Month, Year

Between January and February, workforce levels increased seasonally in all 17 regions, with advances ranging from 0.6 to 2.3 percent.

Since February 2017, labor force levels rose in 12 state regions.  The largest workforce gains over this period were reported in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming MSA (+1.6%), the Northwest Lower Michigan region (+1.2%) and the Ann Arbor MSA (+1.0%).  Four regions recorded labor force reductions over the year ranging from 0.2 to 1.0 percent, while the workforce in the Upper Peninsula was unchanged.

February Payroll Jobs Up Seasonally

The monthly survey of employers indicated that seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs in Michigan rose by 32,000 or 1.2 percent in February to 4,349,000.  Over-the-month payroll job gains were led by increases in Government (+13,000), Professional and business services (+8,000) and Education and health services (+8,000).  Lesser job additions were posted in Leisure and hospitality services (+4,000) and Manufacturing (+3,000).  The only notable job reduction in February was recorded in Trade, transportation and utilities (-6,000).

Within the Government sector, jobs in State government education (+8,000) and Local government education (+5,000) advanced seasonally due to the continued return of students to colleges, universities and local schools following the holiday break.  Job gains in Education and health services were primarily due to a seasonal increase in Private education (+7,000).

In February, payroll jobs were up in 13 of the state’s 14 metro regions.  Metro area job gains ranged from 0.3 to 1.9 percent with the largest percentage advances reported in the Ann Arbor (+1.9%) and Lansing-East Lansing (+1.8%) MSAs.  Payroll jobs were down slightly in the Muskegon MSA (-0.3%).

Since February 2017, seasonally unadjusted payroll jobs rose statewide by 51,000 or 1.2 percent.  Eleven of Michigan’s 14 major metro regions recorded over-the-year job additions ranging from 0.6 to 2.1 percent with a median gain that matched the statewide increase of 1.2 percent.  The largest metro job increases since February 2017 were posted in the Grand Rapids-Wyoming (+2.1%), Monroe (+1.9%) and Ann Arbor (+1.7%) MSAs.  Metro region job reductions over this period were registered in the Midland (-1.4%), Battle Creek (-0.9%) and Saginaw (-0.3%) MSAs.

County Jobless Rates Up Over Month, Down Over Year

Fifty-one of Michigan’s 83 counties reported mostly minor jobless rate hikes in February while 22 counties showed moderate rate reductions.  The rates in the remaining 10 counties were flat.  Since February 2017, unemployment rates declined in 47 counties, rose in 22 counties and were unchanged in 14.  Most over-the-year county rate changes were small.

Note:  Data in this release is not seasonally adjusted.  As a result, employment and unemployment trends may differ from previously released Michigan seasonally adjusted data.

A breakdown of seasonally unadjusted February workforce estimates for Michigan and its 17 major labor market areas follows, along with a listing of county jobless rates for February.

Note to Editors:  Please ensure that the source for state unemployment rates reads “Michigan Department of Technology, Management & Budget.”                                                                                                                    

 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

ANN ARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Washtenaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

193,300

191,700

195,300

1.9%

1.0%

Total Employment

186,300

184,700

188,300

1.9%

1.1%

Unemployment

7,000

7,000

7,100

1.4%

1.4%

Rate (percent)

3.6

3.6

3.6

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

BATTLE CREEK MSA

     

month

year

(Calhoun County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

64,100

62,700

63,600

1.4%

-0.8%

Total Employment

60,600

59,300

60,000

1.2%

-1.0%

Unemployment

3,500

3,400

3,600

5.9%

2.9%

Rate (percent)

5.4

5.4

5.6

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

BAY CITY MSA

     

month

year

(Bay County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

51,300

50,800

51,200

0.8%

-0.2%

Total Employment

47,700

47,400

47,700

0.6%

0.0%

Unemployment

3,500

3,400

3,500

2.9%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

6.9

6.8

6.8

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

DETROIT-WARREN-DEARBORN MSA

     

month

year

(Data in thousands)

         

(Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Lapeer,

         

Livingston, St. Clair counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

2,097

2,082

2,099

0.8%

0.1%

Total Employment

1,989

1,981

2,002

1.1%

0.7%

Unemployment

108

101

98

-3.0%

-9.3%

Rate (percent)

5.2

4.9

4.6

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

FLINT MSA

     

month

year

(Genesee County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

182,100

181,200

182,900

0.9%

0.4%

Total Employment

170,200

169,200

170,900

1.0%

0.4%

Unemployment

12,000

12,000

12,000

0.0%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

6.6

6.6

6.5

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

GRAND RAPIDS - WYOMING MSA

     

month

year

(Barry, Kent, Montcalm, Ottawa counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

569,100

570,100

578,400

1.5%

1.6%

Total Employment

547,300

547,400

555,300

1.4%

1.5%

Unemployment

21,700

22,700

23,100

1.8%

6.5%

Rate (percent)

3.8

4.0

4.0

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

JACKSON MSA

     

month

year

(Jackson County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

74,400

74,000

74,900

1.2%

0.7%

Total Employment

70,300

70,000

71,000

1.4%

1.0%

Unemployment

4,100

4,000

4,000

0.0%

-2.4%

Rate (percent)

5.5

5.4

5.3

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

KALAMAZOO - PORTAGE MSA

     

month

year

(Kalamazoo and Van Buren counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

168,900

167,000

169,500

1.5%

0.4%

Total Employment

160,600

158,700

160,800

1.3%

0.1%

Unemployment

8,400

8,400

8,700

3.6%

3.6%

Rate (percent)

5.0

5.0

5.1

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

LANSING - EAST LANSING MSA

     

month

year

(Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

251,200

249,500

253,200

1.5%

0.8%

Total Employment

240,100

236,900

241,900

2.1%

0.7%

Unemployment

11,100

12,600

11,300

-10.3%

1.8%

Rate (percent)

4.4

5.1

4.5

   
           

Contact: Marcus Reason, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 335-8341

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

MIDLAND MSA

     

month

year

(Midland County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

40,700

39,800

40,300

1.3%

-1.0%

Total Employment

38,400

37,500

38,000

1.3%

-1.0%

Unemployment

2,300

2,300

2,300

0.0%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

5.7

5.7

5.8

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

MONROE MSA

     

month

year

(Monroe County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

76,200

75,600

76,600

1.3%

0.5%

Total Employment

72,200

71,600

72,500

1.3%

0.4%

Unemployment

4,000

4,000

4,100

2.5%

2.5%

Rate (percent)

5.3

5.3

5.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

MUSKEGON MSA

     

month

year

(Muskegon County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

77,200

77,300

77,800

0.6%

0.8%

Total Employment

72,600

72,700

73,100

0.6%

0.7%

Unemployment

4,600

4,500

4,700

4.4%

2.2%

Rate (percent)

6.0

5.9

6.1

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

NILES - BENTON HARBOR MSA

     

month

year

(Berrien County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

73,300

72,200

73,600

1.9%

0.4%

Total Employment

68,900

68,100

69,200

1.6%

0.4%

Unemployment

4,300

4,200

4,400

4.8%

2.3%

Rate (percent)

5.9

5.8

6.0

   
           

Contact: Leonidas Murembya, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 841-5634

           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

SAGINAW MSA

     

month

year

(Saginaw County)

         

Civilian Labor Force

88,100

86,600

87,700

1.3%

-0.5%

Total Employment

82,400

80,900

81,900

1.2%

-0.6%

Unemployment

5,700

5,700

5,700

0.0%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

6.5

6.6

6.5

   
           

Contact: Evan Linskey, DTMB Regional Economic Analyst (517) 241-8272

   
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

UPPER PENINSULA LMA

     

month

year

(15 counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

139,800

136,600

139,800

2.3%

0.0%

Total Employment

127,900

126,000

128,100

1.7%

0.2%

Unemployment

11,900

10,600

11,600

9.4%

-2.5%

Rate (percent)

8.5

7.7

8.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

NORTHEAST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Alcona, Alpena, Cheboygan, Crawford,

         

Iosco, Montmorency, Ogemaw, Oscoda, 

         

Otsego, Presque Isle, Roscommon counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

82,400

82,100

82,900

1.0%

0.6%

Total Employment

73,000

73,400

73,600

0.3%

0.8%

Unemployment

9,400

8,700

9,300

6.9%

-1.1%

Rate (percent)

11.4

10.6

11.3

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

NORTHWEST LOWER MICHIGAN

     

month

year

(Antrim, Charlevoix, Emmet, Benzie,

         

Grand Traverse, Kalkaska, Leelanau,

         

Manistee, Missaukee, Wexford counties)

         

Civilian Labor Force

147,000

147,400

148,700

0.9%

1.2%

Total Employment

135,700

137,000

137,400

0.3%

1.3%

Unemployment

11,300

10,500

11,300

7.6%

0.0%

Rate (percent)

7.7

7.1

7.6

   
           

Contact: Brandon Betz, Regional DTMB Economic Analyst (517) 335-3875

   
           
 

Feb-17

Jan-18

Feb-18

% change

% change

MICHIGAN  (Data in thousands)

     

month

year

Civilian Labor Force

4,867

4,833

4,889

1.2%

0.5%

Total Employment

4,603

4,578

4,634

1.2%

0.7%

Unemployment

264

255

254

-0.4%

-3.8%

Rate (percent)

5.4

5.3

5.2

   
           

Contact: Jim Rhein, DTMB Economic Analyst (313) 456-3095

     

 

                  MICHIGAN COUNTIES RANKED BY UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

                                                   FEBRUARY 2018

               

1

Oakland County

3.6

 

43

Huron County

6.9

 

2

Washtenaw County

3.6

 

44

Leelanau County

7.2

 

3

Ottawa County

3.8

 

45

Mecosta County

7.2

 

4

Kent County

3.9

 

46

Marquette County

7.2

 

5

Livingston County

3.9

 

47

Alpena County

7.3

 

6

St. Joseph County

4.1

 

48

Otsego County

7.4

 

7

Clinton County

4.2

 

49

Van Buren County

7.6

 

8

Eaton County

4.4

 

50

Sanilac County

7.7

 

9

Kalamazoo County

4.4

 

51

Mason County

7.7

 

10

Macomb County

4.4

 

52

Tuscola County

7.9

 

11

Ingham County

4.6

 

53

Charlevoix County

8.1

 

12

Ionia County

4.6

 

54

Missaukee County

8.1

 

13

Barry County

4.8

 

55

Delta County

8.2

 

14

Allegan County

4.8

 

56

Luce County

8.3

 

15

Branch County

4.9

 

57

Gladwin County

8.4

 

16

Hillsdale County

5.1

 

58

Keweenaw County

8.5

 

17

Lenawee County

5.2

 

59

Baraga County

8.7

 

18

Jackson County

5.3

 

60

Iron County

8.7

 

19

Monroe County

5.3

 

61

Crawford County

8.8

 

20

Wayne County

5.5

 

62

Antrim County

8.9

 

21

Cass County

5.5

 

63

Clare County

8.9

 

22

Isabella County

5.5

 

64

Benzie County

9.0

 

23

Grand Traverse County

5.6

 

65

Manistee County

9.0

 

24

Dickinson County

5.6

 

66

Oscoda County

9.3

 

25

Menominee County

5.6

 

67

Alcona County

9.5

 

26

Calhoun County

5.6

 

68

Kalkaska County

9.7

 

27

St. Clair County

5.7

 

69

Iosco County

10.0

 

28

Midland County

5.8

 

70

Ontonagon County

10.0

 

29

Berrien County

6.0

 

71

Emmet County

10.1

 

30

Montcalm County

6.1

 

72

Lake County

10.1

 

31

Gogebic County

6.1

 

73

Oceana County

10.3

 

32

Shiawassee County

6.1

 

74

Chippewa County

10.5

 

33

Muskegon County

6.1

 

75

Ogemaw County

11.0

 

34

Newaygo County

6.2

 

76

Schoolcraft County

11.3

 

35

Gratiot county

6.3

 

77

Alger County

11.5

 

36

Genesee County

6.5

 

78

Arenac County

11.7

 

37

Saginaw County

6.5

 

79

Roscommon County

12.0

 

38

Lapeer County

6.7

 

80

Montmorency County

14.1

 

39

Osceola County

6.7

 

81

Presque Isle County

14.7

 

40

Wexford County

6.7

 

82

Cheboygan County

20.9

 

41

Bay County

6.8

 

83

Mackinac County

24.2

 

42

Houghton County

6.9