Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)

Contact: Air Quality Related Issues: Robert Irvine, 517-648-7367
Agency: Environment, Great Lakes, and Energy

Nitrogen dioxide is formed during combustion processes that create extremely high temperatures such as those that result from burning coal, oil, and gas fuels, and from burning fuels in motor vehicle engines. Nitrogen oxides are necessary for the formation of ground level ozone and can contribute to acid rain. The human respiratory system is susceptible to effects caused by exposure to nitrogen dioxide. Asthmatics are particularly sensitive to these effects.

Monitoring results show that ambient nitrogen dioxide levels have remained near the 0.02 parts per million (ppm) level since 1992, which is less than one-half of the standard. Michigan has never recorded a violation of the nitrogen dioxide standard. Michigan has been in attainment for nitrogen dioxide since March 3, 1978.