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How can I protect myself from being liable for legacy contamination from a prior owner when purchasing contaminated property?
A person can buy, lease, or foreclose on contaminated property and be protected from liability for cleanup of existing contamination on the property if they: 1) conduct a baseline environmental assessment (BEA) and 2) disclose it to EGLE and subsequent purchasers and transferees of the property, as outlined in Part 201 (Environmental Remediation) and Part 213 (Leaking Underground Storage Tanks). Additional information regarding BEAs can be found on EGLE’s BEA webpage.
Where can I get information about contaminated properties?
EGLE’s Environmental Mapper is an online application that allows users to view sites of environmental contamination under Part 201, leaking underground storage tank sites (both active and closed) regulated under Part 213, and underground storage tank facilities (both open and closed) regulated under Part 211. In addition, users can view any land use or resource use restrictions imposed on a property that has been provided to EGLE. Users can search and display sites based on city, county, EGLE district, and/or Michigan legislative districts. Internal map functions allow the user to view and search for sites within a certain distance, lot of land, or stream segments. Additional information regarding Environmental Mapper can be found on EGLE’s Environmental Mapper webpage.
EGLE’s Remediation Information Data Exchange (RIDE) database includes the Inventory of Facilities. The Inventory of Facilities database allows for the convenience of searching for contaminated properties regulated by EGLE under both Part 201 (Environmental Remediation) and Part 213 (Leaking Underground Storage Tanks) in one location. Contaminated properties or facilities regulated under Part 201 and Part 213 will be displayed, are searchable, and are sortable based on several categories, including: location name, facility identification (FID) number, regulatory program, address, county, EGLE district, political districts, risk condition, and more. Additional information regarding RIDE can be found on EGLE’s RIDE webpage.
Additionally, to determine if EGLE has information about a specific property and review/receive a copy of that information for that property, contact: EGLE-FOIA@michigan.gov.
What is vapor intrusion?
Vapor intrusion sometimes occurs where chemicals were spilled, leaked, or dumped and not cleaned up. For example, properties such as gas stations, dry cleaners, or businesses operating metal parts degreasers use chemicals like gasoline or solvents that can cause vapor intrusion. If these chemicals are mishandled and get into the ground, they can move through the soil and groundwater. Although the chemicals are often released as liquid, they easily evaporate, becoming a vapor in the air that you often cannot see or smell. At some point, the vapors may come in contact with your home or business – usually around your basement or your floor. These vapors may get into your home through openings such as cracks, or other openings around pipes and sumps. This is a concern because you may breathe in these harmful vapors without knowing it. Additional information regarding vapor intrusion can be found on EGLE’s Vapor Intrusion webpage.
What kind of contractors do I need to help me with contamination issues?
Environmental Cleanup Consultants: When you are required to clean up or revitalize a contaminated site resulting from accidental releases, environmental spills, or the removal of underground storage tanks where there is a need for:
- Ground or groundwater clean-up
- Removal and disposal of contaminants
- Environmental investigation, sampling, monitoring, and testing
- Well construction and/or abandonment
- Ecological risk assessments
- Feasibility studies
- Remedial design and construction
- Air, soil, or ground and surface water monitoring or treatment
- Financing options for remediation
- Brownfield redevelopment activities
Waste and Materials Management Consultants: For help managing solid waste, liquid industrial by-product, and/or hazardous wastes that require:
- Waste characterizations, including sampling and analysis of media and debris
- On-site management of hazardous waste accumulation and labeling
- Waste minimization or pollution prevention projects
- Secondary containment projects
- Transportation of waste off-site
- Large quantity generator biennial reporting
- Landfill construction, permitting, monitoring, and well design