Infant clothes and teddy bear hanging off clothes

Health disparities are defined as measured health differences between two populations, regardless of the underlying reasons for the differences.

Health inequities are defined as differences in health across population groups that are systemic, unnecessary and avoidable, and are therefore considered unfair and unjust.

Health equity is defined as the absence of systematic disparities in health and its determinants between groups of people at different levels of social advantage. To attain heath equity means to close the gap in health between populations that have different levels of wealth, power, and/or social prestige.

Social determinants of health are defined as the social, economic, and environmental factors that contribute to the overall health of individuals and communities. Social factors include, for example, racial and ethnic discrimination; political influence; and social connectedness. Economic factors include income, education, employment, and wealth. Environmental factors include living and working conditions, transportation, and air and water quality.

Source-Michigan health equity roadmap

To learn more about reducing infant mortality and achieving health equity for all Michiganders visit:

Infant Mortality causes

Eliminate disparities in infant mortality

Michigan Infant Mortality

Pregnancy related deaths

Health Equity Michigan

Affordable Care Act 

Healthy People 2020

National Association of County & City Health Officials