Health disparities are defined as measured health differences between two populations, regardless of the underlying reasons for the differences.
Health inequities are defined as differences in health across population groups that are systemic, unnecessary and avoidable, and are therefore considered unfair and unjust.
Health equity is defined as the absence of systematic disparities in health and its determinants between groups of people at different levels of social advantage. To attain heath equity means to close the gap in health between populations that have different levels of wealth, power, and/or social prestige.
Social determinants of health are defined as the social, economic, and environmental factors that contribute to the overall health of individuals and communities. Social factors include, for example, racial and ethnic discrimination; political influence; and social connectedness. Economic factors include income, education, employment, and wealth. Environmental factors include living and working conditions, transportation, and air and water quality.
To learn more about reducing infant mortality and achieving health equity for all Michiganders visit: