Licensed Private Security Police Officers Act
By definition, private security police are security guards who are employed by a business organization for the purpose of protecting the premises of that specific employer. Security guard agencies, employing security personnel who provide protection to other business entities, and licensed by the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA), are not eligible for the security police license or the arrest authority granted in PA 330, Section 30.
Public Act 330 was first enacted in 1968 over concerns about the regulation and training of security guards. Amendatory Act 473 of 2002, effective October 1, 2002, separated the private security guard agencies, alarm systems, and private investigators from the State Police and placed them under the umbrella of LARA. The Michigan Commission on Law Enforcement Standards (MCOLES) is responsible for administering the functions of 1968 PA 330 related to the private security police.
Licensed private security police officers, also referred to as "arrest authority" security guards, have misdemeanor arrest authority while on active duty, on their employer's premises and in full uniform. One person, usually a security manager, is responsible for licensure and all of the employees that have the arrest authority must meet minimum requirements related to age, security or law enforcement experience and suitable background including absence of any felony conviction and specific misdemeanor convictions.
Licensed private security police officers are empowered to hire employees that have misdemeanor arrest authority. The law requires these employees to be trained as required by the department. Currently, security police officers are required to be trained in the following areas:
- Legal - criminal law and procedure; civil law and diversity
- Special Curriculum - including either firearms familiarization or firearms proficiency if carrying firearms and defensive tactics
- Critical Incident Curriculum - CPR/first aid; non-violent intervention, and emergency preparedness
- Patrol Operation
- Annual, Mandatory Maintenance Curriculum - first aid; emergency preparedness; legal update; defensive tactics and firearms range qualifications or strategic video training for those who carry firearms
Currently, there are 14 licensed private security police agencies in Michigan:
- Ascension St. John Hospital & Medical Center
- Beaumont Medical Center
- Detroit Medical Center
- Detroit Public Schools
- General Motors Company
- Henry Ford Health System
- Lansing School District
- Memorial Healthcare
- Renaissance Center Management Corp.
- Spectrum Health
- St. Joseph Mercy Health System
- University of Detroit Mercy
- University of Michigan
- Wayne County Community College District
The administration of railroad police officer commissions has also been assumed by MCOLES. The Commission's contact person for these entities is Darnell Blackburn at 517-242-5049 or firstname.lastname@example.org.