Facts About Michigan Agriculture

  • There are just under 10 million acres of farmland in Michigan, and the state is home to roughly 47,600 farms.

  • The food and agriculture industry contributes $104.7 billion annually to the state’s economy.

  • Michigan's food and agriculture system is a large portion of this state’s workforce. Total employment resulting from this sector is approximately 805,000, which accounts for about 17 percent of the state’s employment.

  • Michigan produces more than 300 commodities on a commercial basis, including tart cherries, blueberries, dry beans, floriculture products, and cucumbers for pickles.

  • Livestock (including dairy) has the greatest economic impact at $5.13 billion, followed by field crops with an economic impact of $5.12 billion.

  • The total impact of nursery and landscape production, including backward linked industries, is $1.26 billion. The direct value of the vegetable sector is $278.32 million with a total economic impact of approximately $428.2 million. The direct economic impact of fruit production in the state is $485.44 million. The total economic activity including backward linked industries related to fruit production is $753.01 million.

  • In 2018, Michigan exported $1.98 billion in food and agricultural products. Michigan’s top export markets are Canada, Mexico, Japan, South Korea, and China.

  • Michigan's top agricultural exports are processed food products; wood and wood products; soybeans and soybean meal; vegetables and dry beans; and cereals, baked goods, and pasta.

  • Exports help boost farm prices and income, while also supporting more than 17,065 Michigan jobs both on and off the farm in food processing, storage, and transportation.

  • Every $1 in export activity generates another $2.87 in economic activity, meaning Michigan’s total agriculture exports of $1.98 billion have a local impact of an additional $5.6 billion.