I am a Family Member whose child's school is implementing In-School Suspension, Michigan Model for Health, PBIS, Restorative Justice, or Social-Emotional Learning, and I want to know what that means.
The Model Code of Student Conduct encourages schools to consider using proven strategies to promote positive behavior and improve negative behavior while holding students accountable and minimizing time out of the classroom. Described below are recommended practices that have been proven to benefit the student and the entire school as a whole. For more information about each strategy you may click on each link.
- In School Suspension (ISS):
In-school suspension (ISS) is a strategy used by schools to discipline students for their behavior while ensuring that they participate in the academic process in some way. It consists of students being removed from the normal school environment, and spending their day (or days depending on the offense) working on their normal class work in a special classroom set aside for these students. Usually a teacher or team of teachers supervises and assists students with their assignments.
The Michigan Model for HealthTM is a curriculum that facilitates skills-based learning through lessons that include a variety of teaching and learning techniques, skill development and practice, and helps build positive lifestyle behaviors in students. It addresses the most pressing health needs students face, including social and emotional health; nutrition and physical activity; alcohol, tobacco and other drugs; and safety.
- Positive Behavior Interventions & Supports (PBIS):
This is a proactive, team-based framework for creating and sustaining safe and effective schools. The focus of school-wide PBIS is to prevent problem behavior, help students develop pro-social skills, and use problem solving for addressing existing behavior concerns.
- Restorative Justice (RJ):
This approach focuses on repairing the harm done rather than punishment. It assumes that misconduct and conflict injure those directly involved (victims and offenders) as well as the broader community to which they belong. Rather than relying on punishment, RJ expects those who cause injuries to make things right with those they have harmed and with their community. Its foundational principles of respect, accountability, healing and empathy speak to fundamental human values, ethics, and practices common in ancient cultures from First Nations (Canada) to Maori (New Zealand).
- Social and Emotional Learning (SEL):
Social and emotional learning is the process of developing students' and adults' social and emotional competencies-the knowledge, skills, attitudes, and behaviors that individuals need to make successful choices. SEL helps individuals understand and regulate their emotions, successfully complete goals, see others' perspectives, develop positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.