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Food Safety

Written Food Safety Program Requirements

Section 111 of the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-265) amended section 9(h) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act by requiring school food authorities (SFAs) to implement a food safety program for the preparation and service of school meals served to children in the school year beginning July 1, 2005. The program must be based on Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) principles and conform to guidance issued by the Department of Agriculture (USDA). All SFAs must have a written and fully implemented food safety program that complies with HACCP principles.  

The document, Guidance for School Food Authorities: Developing a School Food Safety Program Based on the Process Approach to HACCP Principles, serves as USDA guidance for the implementation of HACCP-based food safety programs in school participating in the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) or the School Breakfast Program (SBP). This guidance identifies the minimum elements that must be included in a food safety program based on HACCP principles. 

  • Plan must cover any facility or part of a facility where food is stored, prepared, or served.

Food Safety Inspection Requirements

Section 111 of the Child Nutrition and WIC Reauthorization Act of 2004 (Public Law 108-265) amended Section 9(h) of the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act regarding food safety inspections required in schools participating in the National School Lunch or School Breakfast Programs. Previously, participating schools were required to obtain a minimum of one food safety inspection per school year or comply with the frequency required by local standards. 

Beginning July, 1, 2005, each school must now obtain at least two food safety inspections each school year. The inspections must be conducted by a State or local governmental agency responsible for food safety inspections. In addition, schools must post, in a publicly visible location, a report on the most recent food safety inspection and provide a copy of the food safety inspection report to a member of the public upon request. The Reauthorization Act also requires State Agencies to annually audit the school food safety inspections and submit the results to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 

  • Must request two food service establishment inspections each school year and document this effort. 
  • Post the most recent food safety inspection report. 
  • Provide copies of food safety inspection reports to the public, as requested. 
  • Implement a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plan. 
  • Comply with the Michigan Food Law and the currently adopted Food Code. 

HAACP Guidance

Developing a Food Safety Program Based on HACCP Principles

Food Safety Inspection Requirements

Food Safety Requirements in School Meals Programs - Frequently Asked Questions


Food Manager Certification  

Certified Food Manager Information  

Share Table Guidance

Use of Share Tables in Child Nutrition Programs

MDE - Updated Guidance Regarding Share Tables

MDARD Memo: Share Tables - USDA Guidance and Application of Food Code


USDA FNS Food Safety Resources

Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD)

Best Practice: Handling Fresh Produce in Schools

Center of Excellence for Food Safety Research in Child Nutrition Programs

USDA FSIS Food Safety & Inspection Service

Fight Bac! - Partnership for Food Safety Education

Food-Safe Schools Action Guide

Buying Local - Approved Food Sources for Food Establishments

Local Public Health Department Locator

Produce Safety Resources


USDA Nondiscrimination Statement

In accordance with federal civil rights law and U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) civil rights regulations and policies, this institution is prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex (including gender identity and sexual orientation), disability, age, or reprisal or retaliation for prior civil rights activity.

Program information may be made available in languages other than English. Persons with disabilities who require alternative means of communication to obtain program information (e.g., Braille, large print, audiotape, American Sign Language), should contact the responsible state or local agency that administers the program or USDA’s TARGET Center
at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TTY) or contact USDA through the Federal Relay Service at (800) 877-8339.

To file a program discrimination complaint, a Complainant should complete a Form
AD-3027, USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form which can be obtained online at: USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form, from any USDA office, by calling
(866) 632-9992, or by writing a letter addressed to USDA. The letter must contain the complainant’s name, address, telephone number, and a written description of the alleged discriminatory action in sufficient detail to inform the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights (ASCR) about the nature and date of an alleged civil rights violation. The completed
AD-3027 form or letter must be submitted to USDA by:

  1. mail:
        U.S. Department of Agriculture
        Office of the Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
        1400 Independence Avenue, SW
        Washington, D.C. 20250-9410; or

  2. fax:
        (833) 256-1665 or (202) 690-7442; or

  3. email:


This institution is an equal opportunity provider.