Population characteristics are important to consider when describing the impacts of disease or illness on a population. A population is a group of people within a certain area or in a specific group. Certain factors, like your sex, age, or income, can influence your health, your risk for certain diseases, and your risk during a public health emergency. The same is true for populations.
Understanding a population is very important for public health programs and epidemiological studies. Knowing a population’s characteristics can help public health professionals understand the relationship between environmental conditions and related diseases. Some research shows that these characteristics affect a population’s exposure to environmental hazards. For example, minority and low-income populations may have greater exposure to environmental conditions that can affect their health. These groups are more likely to live near hazardous waste sites, in areas with more pollution, and in poor housing conditions.
The characteristics can also provide information about vulnerabilities in a population including those that are more likely to be:
- At higher risk for illness and disease
- Exposed to chemicals in the environment
- Affected by a public health emergency
MiTracking provides demographic data from federal agencies. The data are based on populations as a whole rather than individual members of a population.
The demographic data available on MiTracking include:
- Race and ethnicity