Preventing Chronic Disease and Promoting Health in Michigan:
Why We Target Chronic Diseases and Injuries
Chronic diseases are long-term conditions that can be controlled, but not cured. They include diseases like heart disease, cancer, asthma, lung disease, HIV, diabetes, kidney disease, and arthritis, as well as lots of others.
Injuries can be the result of an accident (such as injuries from motor vehicle crashes, falls, sports injuries, occupational injuries, poisoning/drug overdoses, burns, and drowning) or violence (such as gunshot wounds, suicides and suicide attempts, assaults, homicides).
Together, chronic diseases and injuries have a big impact on our state.
- More than 66,000 Michigan residents die from chronic diseases and injuries each year.
- Together, chronic diseases and injuries account for 9 of the top 10 causes of death, both in Michigan and throughout the United States. (Chronic diseases alone occupy 7 of the top 10 spots.)
- Injuries are the leading cause of death for Michigan residents between the ages of 1 and 45.
- More than 5,000 state residents died from injuries during 2012; three-fourths of those deaths were the result of unintentional injuries.
✓ Lower Quality of Life1-3
- More than half of all Michigan adults are living with at least one chronic disease.
- Nearly 4 million Michigan residents have a lower quality of life because of a chronic disease.
- For every injury-related death in the United States, there are another 11 hospitalizations and 182 emergency department visits.
✓ Rising Health Care Costs1,4,5
- Chronic diseases cost 75 cents of every dollar spent on healthcare.
- Almost $10.6 billion a year is spent caring for Michigan residents with chronic diseases, and another $5.7 billion a year is spent caring for state residents with injuries.
✓ Lost Years of Life1
- Every year, the top 10 causes of death rob Michigan residents of 533,541 years of potential life; chronic diseases and injuries cause 94 percent (499,793 years) of that loss.
✓ Lost Work Production1
- Injuries cost Michigan residents almost $17.9 billion a year in lost work.
References:1. Michigan Department of Community Health, Division for Vital Records and Health Statistics. (2012). www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-73970_2944_4669---,00.html
2. Michigan Department of Community Health. Lifecourse Epidemiology and Genomics Division, Surveillance and Program Evaluation Section, Chronic Disease Epidemiology Unit. Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7-339-71550_5104_5279_39424---,00.html
3. Centers for Disease and Control, National Center for Health Statistics. NCHS Fact Sheet: NCHS Data on Injuries. (May 2012).
4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. The Power of Prevention: Chronic Disease... The Public Health Challenge of the 21st Century. (2009). www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/pdf/2009-power-of-prevention.pdf
5. DeVol R, Bedroussian A. An Unhealthy America: The Economic Burden of Chronic Disease -- Charting a New Course to Save Lives and Increase Productivity and Economic Growth. (October 2007). www.milkeninstitute.org/publications/view/321