Preventing Chronic Disease and Promoting Health in Michigan:
How These Indicators Were Chosen

Chronic diseases and injury are the leading causes of death in Michigan

The Michigan Coordinated Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Indicators provide a succinct, accurate snapshot of the state's progress toward the prevention and control of chronic diseases and injuries. As a set, they help form the basis for the state's integrated system of tracking and reporting Michigan's progress in this arena.

The indicators are a product of the former Michigan Department of Community Health Coordinated Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Epidemiology Workgroup. Members of the group worked together over the course of several months to first identify and then sift through dozens of indicators used at the national and state levels by governmental agencies, academia, and stakeholder organizations.

Workgroup members then prioritized their list of potential indicators based upon the current and ongoing data needs in Michigan, as well as each indicator's timeliness and applicability. In some instances, indicators could not be selected for the final list because of gaps in data collection capabilities or staffing, training, and/or software limitations.

The final set includes 40 chronic disease and injury indicators organized into four categories:

  • Prevention and Risk Reduction;
  • Management of Existing Disease;
  • Outcomes; and
  • Structural and Environmental Factors.

Some of these 40 indicators have not yet been made into interactive files because there currently is no reliable source of state-level data for them. Interactive pages for these indicators will be added as data become available.

Where We Got This Information
One of the primary sources of data for these indicators is the annual Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (MiBRFSS), a statewide telephone survey of Michigan adults that focuses on health behaviors, medical conditions, and preventive health care practices.

Other sources include:

In addition, selected Healthy People 2020 objectives have been used as reference benchmarks for some indicators.

Other MDHHS Statistics and Reports of Interest
MDHHS collects and analyzes a great deal more chronic disease and injury control data than is shown in this set of indicators. For that reason, indicators may be added (or deleted) as needs shift or staffing and/or technologies change.

The following websites provide a sampling of other valuable data sets MDHHS has created to track the collective health of Michigan's residents.