Michigan Coordinated Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Indicators:
Diagnosed with High Blood Pressure

By Local Health Department (View full size.)


By Prosperity Region (View full size.)
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Indicator:  Adults who reported that they have high blood pressure

What it measures:  Percent of adults who reported that they have ever been told by their doctor that they have high blood pressure. (Note: Women who have had high blood pressure only during pregnancy and adults who have been told they were borderline hypertensive were considered to not have been diagnosed with high blood pressure.)

Why it is important:  High blood pressure (also called hypertension) is known as "the silent killer," because of its lack of symptoms and warning signs. High blood pressure is defined as a systolic pressure (the top number in a blood pressure measurement) of 140 mmHg or higher or a diastolic pressure (the bottom number in a blood pressure measurement) of 90 mmHg or higher. A diagnosis of high blood pressure is made when a patient's blood pressure measurement has been elevated on at least two different visits to his/her healthcare provider.

The higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk of heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney disease. In fact, high blood pressure is the number one modifiable risk factor for both stroke and congestive heart failure. High blood pressure is one of the nation's leading causes of death and is responsible for nearly one in six adult deaths each year.

(Sources:  Impact of Heart Disease and Stroke in Michigan;  2013 Michigan CVD Fact Sheet;  High Blood Pressure Among Michigan Adults)

MDHHS programs that address this indicator:   MDHHS data for this indicator:  Michigan Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System

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